Child Health Day

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Child Health Day
Observed byUnited States
DateFirst Monday in October
2021 dateOctober 4  (2021-10-04)
2022 dateOctober 3  (2022-10-03)
2023 dateOctober 2  (2023-10-02)
2024 dateOctober 7  (2024-10-07)
Frequencyannual

Child Health Day (Pub.L. 105–225 (text) (PDF), 112 Stat. 1255) is a United States Federal Observance Day observed on the first Monday in October.

History[edit]

According to 36 U.S.C. § 105, on Child Health Day the president invites "all agencies and organizations interested in child welfare to unite on Child Health Day in observing exercises that will make the people of the United States aware of the fundamental necessity of a year-round program to protect and develop the health of the children of the United States."[1] The holiday was enacted by Congress in 1928, and was first celebrated on May 1, 1929[2]

In 1932, the labor activist Harriet Silverman declared the day a hypocrisy. Silverman stated that rather than providing food, clothing, shelter, or medical care the presidents merely gave their words and, and even blamed the poverty on the parents. During one of President Hoover's addresses he said "The ill-nourished child in our country is not the product of poverty; it is largely the product of 'ill-instructed children and ignorant parents'". One of Silverman's solutions to address the failures of the system that exploited the poor and the millions of starving American children was to hold Hunger March demonstrations for free clothes, free lunches in schools, free medical care, and unemployment insurance.[3]

Observances[edit]

Child Health Day. First proclaimed to be May 1 by President Coolidge in 1928, this national observance has taken place on the first Monday in October since 1960. On Child Health Day, we are encouraged to pay special attention to the physical and mental health and safety of children in the United States. Topics covered on this day include prenatal care, environmental hazards, and adolescent issues.[4]

In 2017 President Donald Trump proclaimed Child Health Day to be October 2.[5][6]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "36 U.S.C. § 105". Cornell Law School. Ithaca: Cornell University. Retrieved October 10, 2017.
  2. ^ Jahn 1958, p. 19.
  3. ^ Harriet Silverman (April 7, 1932). "The Hypocrisy of Capitalist Child Health Day" (PDF). Chronicling America. Daily Worker. Retrieved March 10, 2022.
  4. ^ "Child Health Day".
  5. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (September 30, 2017). "President Donald J. Trump Proclaims Monday, October 2, 2017, as Child Health Day". whitehouse.gov. Washington, D.C.: White House. Archived from the original on October 2, 2017. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
  6. ^ "Child Health Day, 2017". Federal Register. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration. September 30, 2017. Archived from the original on October 11, 2017. Retrieved October 11, 2017. Alt URL

Sources[edit]