Chinese emperors family tree (late)

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This is a family tree of Chinese emperors from the Mongol conquest of 1279 to end of the Qing dynasty in 1912.

Chinese emperors family tree (ancient)Chinese emperors family tree (early)Chinese emperors family tree (middle)Chinese emperors family tree (late)

Yuan dynasty and Northern Yuan dynasty[edit]

The following is the Yuan dynasty family tree. Genghis Khan founded the Mongol Empire in 1206. The empire became split beginning with the succession war of his grandsons Kublai Khan and Ariq Boke. Kublai Khan, after defeating his younger brother Ariq Boke, founded the Yuan dynasty in China in 1271. The dynasty was overthrown by the Ming dynasty during the reign of Toghun Temür in 1368, but it survived in Mongolia, known as the Northern Yuan dynasty; years of reign over the Northern Yuan dynasty (up to 1388) are given in brackets.

Yesükhei Baghatur
Есүхэй баатар.jpg
1 2 3 (1) 4 (2) 5 (3) 6 (4)
Belgutei Bekhter Temujin
Genghis Khan
~1162–1227

YuanEmperorAlbumGenghisPortrait.jpg
Taizu 太祖
Khagan 1206–1227
Hasar Hachiun Temüge
1168–1246
1 2 3 4
Jochi
Juchi Khan.JPG
c.1181–1227
Chagatai
Chagatai Khan.JPG
1183–1242
Ögedei Khan
~1186–1241

YuanEmperorAlbumOgedeiPortrait.jpg
Taizong 太宗
Khagan 1229–1241
Töregene
Great Khatun
1242–1246
Tolui
~1190–1232

Tolui Khan.jpg
Ruizong 睿宗
(Khagan 1227–1229)
1 1 2 3 4
Oghul Qaimish
d. 1251
Khagan
1248–1251
Güyük Khan
~1206–1248

Dingzong 定宗
Khagan 1246–1248
Möngke Khan
~1208–1259

Xianzong 憲宗
Khagan 1251–1259
Kublai Khan
1215–1294
YuanEmperorAlbumKhubilaiPortrait.jpg
Khagan 1260–1271

Shizu 世祖
1271–1294
Hulagu
~1217–1265
Hulagu Khan.jpg
Ilkhan 1256–1265
Ariq Böke
d. 1266
Ariq Böke.jpg
Khagan 1260?
2
Zhenjin 真金
1243–1286

Yuzong 裕宗
1 2 3
Gammala
1263-1302
Xianzong 顯宗
Darmabala
d. 1292

Shunzong 順宗
Temür
Öljeytü Khan
1265–1307

YuanEmperorAlbumTemurOljeituPortrait.jpg
Chengzong 成宗
1294–1307
1 1 2
Yesün Temür Khan
1293–1328

Taiding 泰定
1323–1328
Kayishan
Külüg Khan
1281–1311

YuanEmperorAlbumQaishanKulugPortrait.jpg
Wuzong 武宗
1307–1311
Ayurbarwada
Buyantu Khan
1286–1320

YuanEmperorAlbumAyurbarvadaBuyantuPortrait.jpg
Renzong 仁宗
1311–1320
1 1 2 1
Ragibagh Khan
~1320–1328?

Tianshun 天順
1328
Kuśala
Khutughtu Khan
1300–1329

Mingzong 明宗
1329
Tugh Temür
Jayaatu Khan
1304–1332

YuanEmperorAlbumTughTemurPortrait.jpg
Wenzong 文宗
1328–1329
1329–1332
Shidibala
Gegeen Khan
1303–1323

Yingzong 英宗
1321–1323
1 2
Toghun Temür
Ukhaantu Khan
1320–1370

Huizong 惠宗
1333–68 (–1370)
Rinchinbal Khan
1326–1332

YuanEmperorAlbumIrinchinbalPortrait.jpg
Ningzong 寧宗
1332
Northern Yuan
dynasty
Ayushiridara
Biligtü Khan

Zhaozong 昭宗
1370–1378
Tögüs Temür
Uskhal Khan

Yizong 益宗
1378–1388
uncertain
lineage/ancestry
Yesüder
Jorightu Khan
1358–1388–1392
Elbeg
Nigülesügchi

Khan
1361-1393-1399
Örüg Temür
Khan
1402–1408
Oyiradai
?-1415–1425
(?)
Engke Khan
?–1392
Gün Temür
1377-1400-1402
Kharghochok
哈尔古楚克都古楞
特穆尔鸿台吉
1363-1399
Öljei Temür
Bunyashir Khan
1379-1408–1412
Adai Khan
1390–1425–1438
Ajai
阿齋
1399-1438
Delbeg Khan
1395-1412–1415
Toghtoa Bukha
Taisun Khan
1413-1433–1453
Obogh Manduulun
Manduul Khan
1438–1475-1478
Agbarjin
1454
Markörgis Khan
1448–1455–1465
Molon Khan
?-1465–1466
Kharghochok
?-1453
Bayan Mongke
1453-1479
Batumöngke
Dayan Khan
1464–1479–
1517/1543
Turbolad
1482-before1517
Bars Bolud Jinong
Barsbolad Khan
1490–1516–1519
Bodi Alagh
1504–1519–1547
Anda
Altan Khan
1507–1582
Daraisung Guden
1520–1547–1557
Sengge Düüreng
?-1582—1586
Tümen Zasagt
1539-1558–1592
Namudai Sechen
1586 — 1607
Buyan Sechen
1554–1556–1604
Boshugtu
1613—1627
Mangghus Emùbù
1627—1634
Ligdan Khutugtu
1588–1603–1634
Ejei Khongghor
?–1634–
1635
-1661

Ming dynasty and Southern Ming[edit]

The following is a simplified family tree for the Ming dynasty, which ruled China between 1368 and 1644.

Those who became emperor are listed in bold, with their years of reign. In China, Ming emperors are best known by their temple names, which are given second below, after the personal name. (The Jianwen Emperor was not awarded a temple name: his posthumous name, Huidi (惠帝), is used instead.) The names given in bold are era names, the form by which Ming emperors are most commonly known in English, but which technically refer to the timespan of an emperor's reign rather than to the emperor himself. (Xingzong and Ruizong are temple names: they never actually ruled, but Xingzong was posthumously granted an emperor's title and Ruizong was raised posthumously to the status of emperor by his son, the Jiajing Emperor, in the Great Rites Controversy.) The imperial family's original family name was Zhu (朱), but the Hongwu Emperor opted for the dynastic name Ming (明), meaning "brilliant". After the fall of the dynasty in 1644 and the Chongzhen Emperor's suicide, a series of Ming princes based in the south of China claimed the imperial title, their court being known as the Southern Ming dynasty. These claimants are given with their era names, and the timespans of their purported reigns in brackets. Their purported periods of rule are given in brackets. In 1662, Koxinga regained control of Taiwan from the Dutch colonial regime, and established a state for those who wished restore the Ming dynasty to power. This state lasted until 1683, when it submitted to the Qing dynasty. Legend:

Zhu Yuanzhang 朱元璋
1328–1398

明太祖.jpg
Taizu 太祖
Hongwu 洪武
1368–1398
1 4 10 17 23
Zhu Biao 朱標
1355–1392
Xingzong 興宗
Zhu Di 朱棣
1360–1424

明太宗(成祖).jpg
Chengzu成祖
Yongle 永樂
1402–1424
Zhu Tan 朱檀
1370-1389
Prince Huang
of Lu 魯荒王
Zhu Quan
朱權
1378–1448
Prince of
Ning 寧王
Zhu Jing 朱桱
1388–1415
Prince Ding
of Tang 唐定王
2 1 1
Zhu Yunwen 朱允炆
1377–1402?

Jianwen Emperor.jpg
Huidi 惠帝
Jianwen 建文
1398–1402
Zhu Gaochi 朱高熾
1378–1425

明仁宗.jpg
Renzong 仁宗
Hongxi 洪熙
1424–1425
Zhu Zhaohui
朱肇煇
1388-1466
Prince Jing
of Lu
Zhu Qiongda
朱瓊炟
d. 1475
Prince Xian
of Tang 唐憲王
1 1 7 1
Zhu Wenkui
朱文奎
1396-?
Zhu Zhanji 朱瞻基
1399–1435

明宣宗.jpg
Xuanzong 宣宗
Xuande 宣德
1425–1435
Zhu Zhanyu
朱瞻墺
1409—1446
Prince Jing
of Huai 淮靖王
Zhu Taikan
朱泰堪
1412-1473
Prince Hui
of Lu 魯惠王
Zhu Zhizhi
朱芝址
d. 1485
Prince Zhuang
of Tang 唐莊王
1 2 1
Zhu Qizhen 朱祁鎮
1427–1464

明英宗.jpg
Yingzong 英宗
Zhengtong 正統
1435–1449
Tianshun 天順
1457–1464
Zhu Qiyu 朱祁鈺
1428–1457

Jingtai.jpg
Daizong 代宗
Jingtai 景泰
1449–1457
Zhu Qiquan
朱祁銓
1435-1502
Prince Kang
of Huai 淮康王
Zhu Yangzhu
朱陽鑄
1448-1523
Prince Zhuāng
of Lu 魯莊王
Zhu Miqian
朱彌鉗
Prince Gong
of Tang 唐恭王
1 1
Zhu Jianshen 朱見深
1447–1487

明憲宗.jpg
Xianzong 憲宗
Chenghua 成化
1464–1487
Zhu Jiandian
朱見澱
?-1502
Prince Duan
of Huai 淮端王
Zhu Dangcong
朱當漎
1473-1505
Prince Huai
of Lu 魯懷王
Zhu Yuwen
朱宇溫
d. 1560
Prince Jing
of Tang 唐敬王
3 4 1
Zhu Youtang 朱祐樘
1470–1505

明孝宗像.jpg
Xiaozong 孝宗
Hongzhi 弘治
1487–1505
Zhu Youyuan 朱祐杬
1476–1519

Ming Yejong.jpg
Ruizong 睿宗
Zhu Youkui
朱祐楑
1500-1537
Prince Zhuang
of Huai 淮莊王
Zhu Jianyi
朱健杙
1494-1520
Prince Dao
of Lu 魯悼王
Zhu Zhouyong
朱宙栐
d.1564
Prince Shun
of Tang 唐順王
1 2 1
Zhu Houzhao 朱厚照
1491–1521

明武宗画像.jpg
Wuzong 武宗
Zhengde 正德
1505–1521
Zhu Houcong 朱厚熜
1507–1567

明世宗.jpg
Shizong 世宗
Jiajing 嘉靖
1521–1567
Zhu Houchou
朱厚燽
1519-1563
Prince Xian
of Huai 淮宪王
朱觀𤊟
1520-1549
Prince Duan
of Lu 魯端王
Zhu Shuohuang
朱碩熿
d. 1632
Prince Duan
of Tang 唐端王
3 1
Zhu Zaihou 朱載垕
1537–1572

明穆宗.jpg
Muzong 穆宗
Longqing 隆慶
1567–1572
Zhu Zaijian
朱载坚
?-1595
Prince Shun
of Huai 淮顺王
Zhu Yitan
朱頤坦
?-1594
Prince Gong
of Lu 魯恭王
Zhu Qisheng
朱器墭
Prince Yu
of Tang 唐裕王
3 4 9
Zhu Yijun 朱翊鈞
1563–1620

明神宗.jpg
Shenzong 神宗
Wanli 萬曆
1572–1620
Zhu Yiliu
朱翊镠
1568-1614
Prince of Lu
Zhū Yiju
朱翊鉅
?-1616
Prince of Huai 淮王
Zhu Shouyong
朱壽鏞
?-1639
Prince Su
of Lu 魯肅王
Zhu Yujian 朱聿鍵
1602–1646
Long-wu.jpg
Prince of Tang
唐王

Longwu 隆武
1645–1646
Zhu Yuyue 朱聿𨮁
1605–1646
Prince of Tang 唐王

Shaowu 紹武
1646
1 3 7 3 5
Zhu Changluo 朱常洛
1582–1620

明光宗.jpg
Guangzong 光宗
Taichang 泰昌
1620
Zhu Changxun
朱常洵
1586–1641
Prince Zhong
of Fu 福忠王
Zhu Changying
朱常瀛
1601–1645
Prince Duan of Gui
桂端王
Zhu Changfang
朱常淓
1608–1646
Prince of Lu 潞王
Zhu Changqing
朱常清 d.1649
Prince of Huai

Dongwu 東武
1648-1649
Zhu Yihai 朱以海
1618–1662

Gengyin
1645-1655
Zheng Chenggong
鄭成功
1624-1662

Koxinga 國姓爺
Ruler of
the Tungning

1661–1662
1 5 8 4
Zhu Youxiao 朱由校
1605–1627

明熹宗像.jpg
Xizong 熹宗
Tianqi 天啟
1620–1627
Zhu Youjian 朱由檢
1611–1644

Ming Chongzhen.jpg
Sizong 思宗
Chongzhen
崇禎

1627–1644
Zhu Yousong 朱由崧
1607–1646
Prince of Fu 福王

Hongguang
弘光
1644–1645
Zhu Youlang 朱由榔
1623–1662
Prince of Gui 桂王

Yongli 永曆
1646–1662
Zhu Honghuan
朱弘桓
Zhèng Shì
鄭氏

Qing dynasty[edit]

The following is a simplified family tree for the Qing dynasty, which ruled China between 1644 and the declaration of the Republic of China on January 1, 1912.

Those who became emperor of China are listed in bold, with their years of reign. Nurhaci and Hong Taiji were emperors of the dynasty, which at the time dominated the Manchuria region, but were not emperors of China as a whole; their years of reign over the dynasty are therefore given in brackets. The names given for emperors are era names, the form by which Qing emperors were most commonly known (with the exception of Puyi, who ruled as the Xuantong Emperor, but was generally known by his given name after his deposition). Puyi abdicated as head of state on February 12, 1912, but was permitted to retain his imperial titles until 1924. The imperial family's original Manchu clan name was Aisin Gioro (lit. "golden clan"). The dynasty was originally titled the Later Jin dynasty, in reference to its origins in the Jurchen-led Jin dynasty (1115–1234), by Nurhaci in 1616, but in 1636 Hong Taiji opted to replace this title with the Chinese dynastic title Qing (清), meaning "clear" or "pure".

Giocangga
覺昌安
d.1582
Taksi 塔剋世
d. 1583
Xianzu 顯祖
1 3
Nurhaci
努爾哈赤
1559–1626

Nurhaci.jpg
Taizu 太祖
1616–1626
Šurhaci
舒爾哈齊
1564–1611
Prince Zhuang
of the First Rank

莊親王
1 2 7 8 12 13 14 15 6
Cuyen
褚英
1580–1615
Crown Prince
Guanglue
廣略太子
Daišan 代善
1583–1648
Daisan.jpg
Prince Lilie
of the First Rank

禮烈親王
Abatai
阿巴泰
1589-1646
Prince Raoyu of
the Second Rank
Hong Taiji 皇太極
1592–1643

Hong taiji screenshot.jpg
Taizong 太宗
1626–1643
Ajige
阿濟格
1605–1651
Prince Ying
of the First Rank
Laimbu 賴慕布
1612-1646
Fuguo Gong
輔國公
Dorgon
多爾袞
1612–1650
Dorgon screenshot.jpg
Prince Ruizhong
of the First Rank

睿忠親王
Dodo
多鐸
1614–1649
Dodo, Prince Yu.JPG
Prince Yutong of
the First Rank

豫通親王
Jirgalang
濟爾哈朗
1599–1655
Prince Zhengxian
of the First Rank

鄭獻親王
1 5 9
Yuetuo
岳托
1599–1639
Prince Keqin
of the Second Rank

克勤郡王
Sahalin
薩哈璘
1604–1636
Prince Yingyi
of the First Rank

穎毅親王
Hooge
豪格
1609–1647
Prince Suwu
of the First Rank

肅武親王
Shuosai
碩塞
1627–1654
Prince Chengzeyu
of the First Rank

承澤裕親王
Fulin 福臨
1638–1661

Shunzhi.jpg
Shunzhi 順治
Shizu 世祖
(1643–)1644
–1661
2 3 5
Lokodhui
勒剋德渾
1619–1652
Prince
Shunchenggonghui
of the Second Rank

順承恭惠郡王
Fuquan
福全
1653-1703
Prince Yuxian
of the First Rank

裕憲親王
Xuanye 玄燁
1654–1722

Young Kangxi.jpg
Kangxi 康熙
Shengzu 聖祖
1661–1722
Changning
常寧
1657-1703
Prince Gong
of the First Rank

恭親王
1 2 3 4 8 9 13 14 17
Yunzhi
1672-1734
Prince Zhi
of the
Second Rank

直郡王
Yinreng 胤礽
1674–1725
Crown Prince Yinreng.jpg
Prince Limi
of the First Rank

理密親王
Yinzhi 胤祉
1677–1732
Yinzhi.jpg
Prince Chengyin
of the First Rank

誠隱親王
Yinzhen 胤禛
1678–1735

Yongzheng as Commoner's dress.jpg
Yongzheng
雍正

Shizong 世宗
1723–1735
Yinsi
胤禩
Yinsi.jpg
1681–1726
Yuntang
允禟
Yintang.jpg
1683–1726
Yinxiang
胤祥
1686–1730
Yinxiang.jpg
Prince Yixian
of the First Rank

怡賢親王
Yinti 胤禵
1688–1756
Yinti, Prince Xun, son of the Kangxi-Emperor.jpg
Prince Xunqin
of the Second
Rank
恂勤郡王
Yinli 胤禮
1697–1738
Yinli3.jpg
Prince Guoyi
of the First Rank

果毅親王
3 4 5
Hongshi
弘時
1704–1727
Hongli 弘曆
1711–1799

Qianlong1.jpg
Qianlong 乾隆
Gaozong 高宗
1735–1796
Hongzhou
弘晝
1712–1765
Prince Hegong
of the First Rank

和恭親王
5 15 17
Yongqi
永琪
1741–1766
Prince Rongchun
of the First Rank

榮純親王
Yongyan 顒琰
1760–1820

The Imperial Portrait of Emperor Jiaqing2.jpg
Jiaqing 嘉慶
Renzong 仁宗
1796–1820
Yonglin
永璘
1766–1820
Prince Qingxi
of the First Rank

慶僖親王
2 3 4
Minning 旻寧
1782–1850

清 佚名 《清宣宗道光皇帝朝服像》.jpg
Daoguang 道光
Xuanzong 宣宗
1820–1850
Miankai
绵恺
Prince Dun
of the First Rank

1795-1838
Mianxin
綿忻
Prince Rui
of the First Rank

1805-1828
Mianxing
綿性
Fuguo Gong
輔國公
4 5 6 7 1
Yizhu 奕詝
1831–1861

Emperor Xianfeng.png
Xianfeng 鹹豐
Wenzong 文宗
1850–1861
Yicong
奕誴
1831–1889
Yicong.png
Prince Dunke
of the First Rank

惇恪親王
Yixin
奕訢
1833–1898
Prince Gong.jpg
Prince Gongzhong
of the First Rank

恭忠親王
Yixuan
奕譞
1840–1891
1stPrinceChun2.jpg
Prince Chunxian
of the First Rank

醇賢親王
Yizhi
奕誌
1827-1850
Yikuang
奕劻
1838–1917
Hubert Vos's painting of Yikuang.jpg
Prince Qingmi
of the First Rank

慶密親王
1 2 1 2 7 1
Zaichun 載淳
1856–1875

002-The Imperial Portrait of a Chinese Emperor called "Tongzhi".JPG
Tongzhi 衕治
Muzong 穆宗
1861–1875
Zaiyi 載漪
1856-1922
Prince Duan (Tuan).jpg
Prince Duan
of the
Second Rank

端郡王
Zaitian 載湉
1871–1908

Guangxu Emperor.jpg
Guangxu 光緒
Dezong 德宗
1875–1908
Zaifeng
載灃
1883–1951
2ndPrinceChun1.jpg
Prince Chun
of the First Rank

醇親王
Zaitao
載濤
Prince Zaitao of Qing.jpg
1887-1970
Beile 貝勒
Zaizhen
載振
1876–1947
Zaizhen(载振).jpg
Prince Qing
of the First Rank
1 2 4
Puyi 溥儀
1906–1967

Puyi (1922).jpg
Xuantong
宣統

1908–1912,
1917
Pujie 溥傑
1907–1994
Puren 溥任
1918–2015

References[edit]

External links[edit]