Cholón language

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Native toPeru
RegionHuallaga River valley
Extinctca. 2000
Hibito–Cholon ?
  • Cholón
Language codes
ISO 639-3cht
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Cholón, also known as Seeptsá and Tsinganeses, is a recently extinct language of Peru.


Due to the amateur Spanish pronunciation spellings used to transcribe Cholon, its sound inventory is uncertain. The following is an attempt at interpreting them (Adelaar 2004:464).

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive p t k ʔ
Affricate ts
Fricative s ʃ h
Approximant w l ʎ, j

The vowels appeared to have been similar to Spanish [a e i o u].


Cholon distinguishes masculine and feminine grammatical gender in the second person. That is, one used different forms for "you" depending on whether one was speaking to a man or a woman:

katsok 'house'
aktsok 'my house'
miktsok 'your house' (speaking to a man)
piktsok 'your house' (speaking to a woman)
intʃamma 'what did you say?' (speaking to a man)
intʃampa 'what did you say?' (speaking to a woman)


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Cholon". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  • Adelaar, Willem (2004). The Languages of the Andes. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-36275-7.
  • Fabre, Alain. 2005. Diccionario etnolingüístico y guía bibliográfica de los pueblos indígenas sudamericanos: Cholón