|Linguistic classification||Saparo–Yawan ?|
The Peba–Yaguan language family (also Yaguan, Peban, Yáwan) is located in the northwestern Amazon, but today Yagua is the only remaining spoken language of the family.
The linguist Paul Rivet suggested that the Peba–Yaguan family divided into two branches, with Yameo in one branch, and Peba and Yagua in the other. There is extremely little documentation of Yameo and Peba, both of which are now extinct, though the town Pebas on the Amazon River clearly takes its name from this group of people. The available documentation is largely due to the efforts of early Catholic missionaries, summarized by Paul Rivet.
There is no sound scientific evidence yet that the Peba–Yaguan family is related to any other family or stock of South America (in particular, there is no evidence for grouping it with Cariban languages). There has likely been contact between the Yaguas and Bora–Witotoan peoples, perhaps particularly during the era of the rubber-trade; this may account for some structural similarities between the languages (Payne, forthcoming). Kaufman (2007) includes Sabela, Taushiro, and Omurano in his Yawan family.
gloss Yagua Peba Yameo Masamae one tékí tomätaira pwitér poetinten two nanoxõ monomoira narámue three mungoá tamoimansa pwiterorineo head ori-nó rai-no wi-nátu nato ear o-tsiwá mi-tiwa wi-tíwẽ tooth o-xaná vi-ala wi-é man wánu komoley awára fire [h]ená föla óle aule sun iñi remelané natéra raitará earth mokané kapalé pópo popo maize lelú lolú ogung tapir nechá ameisha náse
- Powlison, P. (1995). Diccionario Yagua - Castellano. (Serie Lingüística Peruana, 35). Lima: Ministerio de Educación and Summer Institute of Linguistics.
|Wiktionary has a list of reconstructed forms at Appendix:Proto-Peba-Yagua reconstructions|
- Loukotka, Čestmír (1968). Classification of South American Indian languages. Los Angeles: UCLA Latin American Center.
- Jolkesky, Marcelo Pinho De Valhery. 2016. Estudo arqueo-ecolinguístico das terras tropicais sul-americanas. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Brasília.
- Payne, Doris L. forthcoming. Source of the Yagua classifier system.
- Catholic Encyclopedia article