Aikanã language

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Tubarão, Huari
Native toBrazil
Native speakers
200 (2007)[1]
  • Masaká
Language codes
ISO 639-3tba
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Aikanã (sometimes called Tubarão,[3] Corumbiara/Kolumbiara, or Huari/Uari/Wari) is an endangered language isolate[1] spoken by about 200 Aikanã people in Rondônia,[4] Brazil. It is morphologically complex and has SOV word order.[5] Aikanã uses the Latin script. The people live with speakers of Koaia (Kwaza).



Oral vowels
Front Central Back
Close i y u
Mid ɛ ø a~ə
Nasal vowels
Front Central Back
Close ĩ ũ
Mid ɛ̃
Open ã


Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m /m/ n /n/ ñ /ɲ/
Stop p /p/
b /b/
t /t/
d /d/
k /k/ /ʔ/
Fricative s /s/
th /ð/
j/h /h/
Affricates ts /t͡s~t͡ʃ/
Trills r /r/
Approximant w /w/ l /l/ y /j~ʒ/


  1. ^ a b Hein van der Voort (2007). "Theoretical and social implications of language documentation and description on the eve of destruction in Rondônia" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Aikanã". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Hein van der Voort (2004). A Grammar of Kwaza. Walter de Gruyter. p. 9. ISBN 3-11-017869-9.
  4. ^ "Ethnologue report for language code:tba". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  5. ^ "Aikana Language and the Aikanã Indian Tribe". Native Languages of the Americas website. 2008. Archived from the original on 10 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  6. ^ "Aikana Pronunciation Guide". Native Languages of the Americas website. 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  • Alain Fabre, 2005, Diccionario etnolingüístico y guía bibliográfica de los pueblos indígenas sudamericanos: AIKANA[1]