Arutani language

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Uruak, Awake
Native toBrazil, Venezuela
RegionRoraima (Brazil); Karum River area, Bolivar State (Venezuela)
Native speakers
(42 cited 1986–2001)[1]
Arutani–Sape ?
  • Arutani
Language codes
ISO 639-3atx

Arutani (Orotani, Urutani, also known as Awake, Auake, Auaqué, Aoaqui, Oewaku, ethnonym Uruak) is a nearly extinct language spoken by only 17 individuals in Roraima, Brazil and two others in the Karum River area of Bolivar State, Venezuela. It is one of the most poorly attested extant languages in South America, and may be a language isolate. There is, however, no linguistic data on the language.[3][4] Ethnic Arutani also speak Ninam.


  1. ^ Arutani at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Arutani". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald (2010). "The status of the least documented language families in the world" (PDF). Language Documentation & Conservation. 4: 183.
  4. ^ Dixon, R. M. W.; A. Y. Aikhenvald (1999). The Amazonian languages. Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge University Press Cambridge. p. 343.

External links[edit]

  • Alain Fabre, 2005. Diccionario etnolingüístico y guía bibliográfica de los pueblos indígenas sudamericanos: AWAKE