Comerío, Puerto Rico

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Comerío

Municipio Autónomo de Comerío
Town and Municipality
Comerio.jpg
Flag of Comerío
Flag
Nicknames: 
"La Perla de Plata", "Pueblo de los Guabaleros"
Anthem: "Con alma henchida de amor y ensueño"
Location of Comerío in Puerto Rico
Location of Comerío in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°13′05″N 66°13′34″W / 18.21806°N 66.22611°W / 18.21806; -66.22611Coordinates: 18°13′05″N 66°13′34″W / 18.21806°N 66.22611°W / 18.21806; -66.22611
Commonwealth Puerto Rico
FoundedJune 12, 1826
Government
 • MayorJosé A. "Josian" Santiago Rivera (PPD)
 • Senatorial dist.6 - Guayama
 • Representative dist.29
Area
 • Total73.13 km2 (28.24 sq mi)
 • Land73 km2 (28 sq mi)
 • Water.13 km2 (0.05 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total20,778
 • Density280/km2 (740/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Comerieños
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Zip code
00782
Area code+1 (spec. +1-787 and +1-939)
Major routesPR secondary 156.svg PR secondary 167.svg PR secondary 172.svg
Websitewww.comerio.gobierno.pr

Comerío (Spanish pronunciation: [komeˈɾi.o]) is a municipality of Puerto Rico located in the center-eastern region of island, north of Aibonito; south of Naranjito and Bayamón; east of Barranquitas; and west of Cidra and Aguas Buenas. Comerío is spread over 7 wards and Comerío Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Comerío was founded on June 12, 1826. Originally named "Sabana del Palmar", but later changed to Comerío, named after a local Taino Cacique (Chief) Comerio.[1]

In 1854, nearly 1000 acres (1000 cuerdas) of land were being used for agriculture. In 1894, there was one sugar and two coffee plantations (estates) in Comerío.[2]

Geography[edit]

The rivers located in Comerío are Río de la Plata and Río Hondo.[3]

Hurricane Maria[edit]

Ohio National Guard in Comerío after Hurricane Maria

Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017 triggered numerous landslides in Comerío with the significant amount of rainfall.[4][5] After the hurricane, the National Guard from Ohio were tasked with restoring water purification systems for the people of Comerío.

Barrios[edit]

Subdivisions of Comerío.

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Comerío is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a small barrio referred to as "el pueblo", near the center of the municipality.[6][7][8][9]

Tourism[edit]

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

Some of the landmarks of Comerío include:[11]

  • La Tiza Peak
  • La Mora Caves
  • La Plata River
  • Las Pailas
  • Los Pilones
  • Media Luna Recreation Park
  • Tobacco Warehouse
  • Town Square
  • El Salto Hydroelectric Dams 1 and 2

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

  • Tobacco (not as predominant lately). Comerío was known as "El Pueblo del Tabaco" (Tobacco Town), and its original flag had a tobacco plant in its center.[12]

Special Communities Program[edit]

Spearheaded by then governor Sila María Calderón, Law 1-2001 was passed in 2001,[13] to identify Puerto Rico's marginalized communities.[14] In 2017, then governor Ricardo Rosselló created a new government agency to work with the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program.[15][16] Of the 742 places on the list of Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods were in Comerio: Barriada Cielito, Sector Villa Brava in Piñas Abajo, El 26 in Palomas Abajo, El Higüero in Palomas Abajo, El Verde in Naranjo, La Juncia in Rio Hondo II, La Pietra Cedrito, Río Hondo, and Vuelta del Dos.[17]

Culture[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

  • Spring Carnival - April
  • La Mora Cave Festival - June 1,2,3
  • Jíbaro Festival - June
  • El Jobo Festival - July
  • Patron Festivities - August
  • San Andrés Apóstol Festivities - November
  • El Seco Marathon - December
  • Christmas Fantasy - December

Religion[edit]

First Methodist Church of Comerío was founded in 1904.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19008,249
191011,17035.4%
192014,70831.7%
193016,71513.6%
194018,53910.9%
195017,966−3.1%
196018,5833.4%
197018,8191.3%
198018,212−3.2%
199020,26511.3%
200020,002−1.3%
201020,7783.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]
1899 (shown as 1900)[19] 1910-1930[20]
1930-1950[21] 1960-2000[22] 2010[8]

Mestizos are typically born in this region due to tainos occupying this area heavily.

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Puerto Rico are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. The current mayor of Comerío is José A. Santiago, of the Popular Democratic Party (PPD). He was elected at the 2000 general elections.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VI, which is represented by two Senators. In 2012, Miguel Pereira Castillo and Angel M. Rodríguez were elected as District Senators.[23]

Symbols[edit]

Flag[edit]

Quartered in cross, of green and white, and superimposed the right superior quarter is an anchored yellow cross.[1]

Coat of arms[edit]

The Comerío coat of arms is made up quarters (4) bearing what is known as an escutcheon of displays a shield in the center. There's a green field with a golden cross in the left quarter which represents Holy Christ the Healer, the patron of the town. Green stripes on a silver field are on the lower left quarter, symbolizing the Comerío falls and the La Plata River. Three royal palms in the right quarter to remember the original name of the town, and an undulating line symbolizes the mist that often covers the town. A crown with Taino motifs represents the cacique. The tobacco plant is a reminder of what was once an important part of the economic activity of the municipality. Inscribed with “the pearl of La Plata” a reference is made to the location of Comerío, on the banks of the La Plata River and the turreted castle which is a symbol of municipalities of Puerto Rico.[1]

Transportation[edit]

Public bus from Bayamón to Comerío at Centro de Estacionamiento de Bayamón is the main public transportation.

There are 16 bridges in Comerío.[24]

Notable Comerieños[edit]

  • Celestino J. Pérez - Pharmacist, lawyer and elected legislator
  • Claudio Torres - Composer
  • Juana Colón (1886–1967) - Founder of the Socialist Party in Comerío
  • Manuel A. Pérez (1890–1951) - Professor
  • María Arroyo - Teacher, President of the Teachers Association and Senator
  • Enrique Pérez Santiago - Hematologist
  • Arturo Perez, Mayor of Comerio elected by Partido Liberal

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Comerío Municipality Founding and History". enciclopediapr.org. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  2. ^ a b Puerto Rico. Office of Historian (1949). Tesauro de datos historicos: indice compendioso de la literatura histórica de Puerto Rico, incluyendo algunos datos inéditos, periodísticos y cartográficos (in Spanish). Impr. del Gobierno de Puerto Rico. p. 191. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  3. ^ "Comerío Municipality General Information, Geography". enciclopediapr.org. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS. Archived from the original on 2019-03-03. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  5. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-03-03. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  6. ^ Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969. Archived from the original on 2018-12-26. Retrieved 2019-01-04.
  7. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  8. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-02-20. Retrieved 2019-01-04.
  9. ^ "Map of Comerío at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-03-24. Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  10. ^ "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Archived from the original on 2017-05-13. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  11. ^ "Comerío Municipality Places of Interest". enciclopediapr.org. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  12. ^ Comerio, Puerto Rico. Archived 2011-02-01 at the Wayback Machine Flags of the world. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  13. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 14 September 2018. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  14. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Archived from the original on 24 June 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  15. ^ "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Archived from the original on 24 June 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  16. ^ "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 24 June 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  17. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  18. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  19. ^ "Report of the Census of Porto Rico 1899". War Department Office Director Census of Porto Rico. Archived from the original on July 16, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  20. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 17, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  21. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 30, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  22. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 24, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  23. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived December 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  24. ^ "Comerio Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Archived from the original on 20 February 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2019.

Further reading[edit]

  • Levy, Teresita A. (2007). The History of Tobacco Cultivation in Puerto Rico, 1899--1940. ProQuest. ISBN 9780549267843.

External links[edit]