Ceiba, Puerto Rico

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Ceiba
Town and Municipality
Machos, Ceiba, Puerto Rico - panoramio.jpg
Flag of Ceiba
Flag
Nicknames: 
"Los Come Sopas", "La Ciudad del Marlin", "Los Sin Sopa"
Anthem: "Ceiba"
Location of Ceiba in Puerto Rico
Location of Ceiba in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°14′17″N 65°37′40″W / 18.23806°N 65.62778°W / 18.23806; -65.62778Coordinates: 18°14′17″N 65°37′40″W / 18.23806°N 65.62778°W / 18.23806; -65.62778
Country United States
Territory Puerto Rico
FoundedApril 7, 1838
Government
 • MayorAngelo Cruz Ramos (PNP)
 • Senatorial dist.8 - Carolina
 • Representative dist.36
Area
 • Total200.28 km2 (77.33 sq mi)
 • Land70.5 km2 (27.2 sq mi)
 • Water129.78 km2 (50.11 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total13,631
 • Density68/km2 (180/sq mi)
Demonym(s)ceibeños
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Zip code
00735, 00742
Major routesEllipse sign 3.svg
Toll plate yellow.svg
PR primary 53.svg

Ceiba (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈseiβa]) is both a small town and municipality in northeast Puerto Rico. It is named after the famous Ceiba tree[citation needed]. Ceiba is located in the north-east coast of the island, bordering the Atlantic Ocean, south of Fajardo, north of Naguabo and southeast of Río Grande. Located about one hour's driving distance from San Juan, Ceiba is spread over 7 wards and Ceiba Pueblo (the downtown area and administrative center). It is part of the Fajardo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Ceiba, situated near Fajardo, used to be home of an American military Naval base, the Roosevelt Roads Naval Station. Most of the units were relocated and the base was closed in 2004. Ex-governor Sila María Calderón suggested turning the property into a major international airport, to serve as a relief to Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport in San Juan, and to increase the number of international airlines that operate into Puerto Rico. She was met with skepticism about these plans from such groups as environmentalists, economists and others, but in 2008, José Aponte de la Torre Airport was inaugurated at the base's former site.

Locals are commonly known as "Los Come Sopa" (The Soup Eaters). Even though there is no official reason as to why they are called this, a few stories have been suggested. Among the tales is the belief that since the town did not have a local meat market people had to travel long distances in order to buy some meat and therefore mostly ate soup.

Ceiba is also known as "La Ciudad del Marlin" (The town of the Marlin).

History[edit]

Ceiba was founded on April 7, 1838 by Luis de la Cruz. Ceiba derives its name from an Indian word Seyba, which is the name for a famous tree that grows in the island, the Ceiba pentandra (Kapok).

Ceiba was consolidated with Fajardo in the 1899 population count / census by the U.S.[1]

Geography[edit]

Ceiba[2] is home of the Ceiba Forest (787) which extends along the coastline between Ceiba and Fajardo. 95% of the forest is classified as mangrove. Various species of birds can be seen as well as turtles and manatees. Its rivers includes; Río Daguao, Río Demajagua and Río Fajardo.

The municipality extends northwest into the seas between Fajardo and Culebra and thereby includes the reefs and islets named Arrecifes Hermanos and Arrecifes Barriles.[3] The reef are closest to the coastal barrio (ward) of Machos, but barrio boundaries are not defined in that area.[4]

Hurricane Maria[edit]

Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017 triggered numerous landslides in Ceiba with the significant amount of rainfall.[5][6]

Barrios[edit]

Subdivisions of Ceiba.

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Ceiba is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a barrio referred to as "el pueblo", near the center of the municipality.[7][8][9][10]

  1. Ceiba barrio-pueblo
  2. Chupacallos
  3. Daguao
  4. Guayacán
  5. Machos
  6. Quebrada Seca
  7. Río Abajo
  8. Saco

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19205,973
19307,27521.8%
19407,021−3.5%
19509,19931.0%
19609,075−1.3%
197010,31213.6%
198014,94444.9%
199017,14514.7%
200018,0045.0%
201013,631−24.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[11] 1920-1930[12]
1930-1950[13] 1960-2000[14] 2010[9]

Tourism[edit]

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

  • Ceiba Historic Mural
  • Los Machos Beach
  • Medio Mundo Beach
  • Roosevelt Roads Base (a former United States Navy installation which is now closed)
  • The cellist Pablo Casals lived in Ceiba.

Culture[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

  • Enamorado (Lovers) Marathon - February
  • Air Show - April 2/3
  • Marlin Festival - May - June
  • Fiestas Patronales-San Antonio de Padua (Patron Saint Festivities) - June
  • Fiesta Nacional de la Raza (Race) - October
  • Marathon Del Pavo - November
  • Encendido Navideño - December

Sports[edit]

Former IBF world Jr. Middleweight boxing champion Carlos Santos hails from Ceiba. Ceiba also has an amateur AAA baseball team Los Marlins de Ceiba. Chi-Chi Rodriguez, Pro golfer is from Ceiba.

Religion[edit]

As in most towns of Puerto Rico it was founded on the Christian ideas and faith statements of the Roman Catholic Church which prevailed in previous centuries through Spaniard tradition. The town still maintains a central Roman Catholic church which can be found in the town square.

Economy[edit]

Manufacturing (plywood, apparel, hardware products).

Special Communities Program[edit]

Spearheaded by then governor Sila María Calderón, Law 1-2001 was passed in 2001,[15] to identify Puerto Rico's marginalized communities.[16] In 2017, then governor Ricardo Rosselló created a new government agency to work with the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program.[17][18] Of the 742 places on the list of Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods were in Ceiba: Saco, Las Calderonas, Parcelas Aguas Claras, Parcelas Nuevas, Prado Hermoso, and Quebrada Seca.[19]

Transportation[edit]

José Aponte de la Torre Airport offers commercial (mostly domestic) flights on four airlines; it also houses an MD-82 jet donated by American Airlines to local air mechanics students.

There are 29 bridges in Ceiba.[20]

Notable people from Ceiba[edit]

  • Carlos Santos - former IBF Junior Middleweight Champion of the World.
  • Luis Vigoreaux - radio and television show host, announcer, comedian and producer. Luis Vigoreaux was found murdered in one of Puerto Rico's most intriguing celebrity's scandal; as his wife Lydia Echevarria arranged his murder on January 17, 1983.
  • Domingo Quiñones - although born in Perth Amboy, New Jersey; Domingo Quiñones moved to Ceiba at the early age of 4 and lived there until the age of 14.
  • Pablo Casals - built his home in Ceiba at the age of 80; the place was known as "El Pesebre".
  • Rogelio Figueroa Garcia - was born in Naguabo, Puerto Rico; however, was raised in Parcelas Aguas Claras (Barrio El Corcho)in Ceiba. He is a Puerto Rican engineer, a politician, and the co-founder of the Puerto Ricans for Puerto Rico (PPR) political party.
  • McJoe Arroyo - IBF Super Flyweight world boxing champion
  • Jaron Brown - is a wide receiver for the Seattle Seahawks. He was born in Ceiba, PR

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Puerto Rico are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. The current mayor of Ceiba is Angelo Cruz Ramos, of the New Progressive Party (PNP). He was elected at the 2012 general elections.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VIII, which is represented by two Senators. In 2012, Pedro A. Rodríguez and Luis Daniel Rivera were elected as District Senators.[21]

Symbols[edit]

Flag[edit]

Ceiba's flag derives its design and colors from the municipal coat of arms. This maintains the same symbolism given to the coat of arms. It is made of two vertical lines of the same width, red in the left side and green on the right. The red side depicts a yellow cross.

Shield[edit]

It depicts a shield with golden field with a Ceiba tree in the middle. In the upper part of the shield it has a red horizontal line with a golden cross in the middle and two golden flowers in each side. The cross symbolizes the Christian faith as well as a recognition to Don Luis de la Cruz who founded the town. The golden flowers represent sugar cane flowers. Above the shield there is a golden Spanish fort.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joseph Prentiss Sanger; Henry Gannett; Walter Francis Willcox (1900). Informe sobre el censo de Puerto Rico, 1899, United States. War Dept. Porto Rico Census Office (in Spanish). Imprenta del gobierno. p. 41.
  2. ^ "Ceiba Municipality - Municipalities - EnciclopediaPR". Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH).
  3. ^ Census 2000 map of Ceiba Municipio[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Census 2000 map of Machos barrio[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  6. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  7. ^ Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969.
  8. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  9. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010.
  10. ^ "Map of Ceiba at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-03-24. Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  12. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  13. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  14. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  15. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  16. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  17. ^ "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  18. ^ "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  19. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  20. ^ "Ceiba Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  21. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived 2012-12-03 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR

External links[edit]