Rincón, Puerto Rico

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Rincón

Municipio de Rincón
Town and Municipality
Closeup of ocean, sand, tree trunk and sunset shining through at Maria's Beach
Sunset at Maria's Beach in Rincón
Flag of Rincón, Puerto Rico
Flag
Nicknames: 
"El Pueblo de los Bellos Atardeceres", "Pueblo del Surfing"
Anthem: "Rincón es mi pueblo querido"
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Rincón Municipality
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Rincón Municipality
Coordinates: 18°20′25″N 67°15′06″W / 18.34028°N 67.25167°W / 18.34028; -67.25167Coordinates: 18°20′25″N 67°15′06″W / 18.34028°N 67.25167°W / 18.34028; -67.25167
Commonwealth Puerto Rico
Founded1771
Barrios
Government
 • MayorCarlos López Bonilla (PPD)
 • Senatorial dist.4 - Mayagüez
 • Representative dist.18
Area
 • Total29.4 sq mi (76.12 km2)
 • Land13.9 sq mi (36 km2)
 • Water15.5 sq mi (40.12 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total15,200
 • Density520/sq mi (200/km2)
Demonym(s)Rincoeños
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
ZIP Code
00677
Area code(s)787/939
Major routesPR secondary 115.svg
Websitewww.rincon.org

Rincón (Spanish pronunciation: [riŋˈkon]) is a municipality of Puerto Rico founded in 1771 by Don Luis de Añasco, who previously founded Añasco in 1733. It is located in the Western Coastal Valley, west of Añasco and Aguada. Rincón is spread over 9 barrios and Rincón Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastián Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The municipality is home to many of the surfing beaches in Puerto Rico, including Domes, Marias,[1] Tres Palmas, Sandy Beach, Pools Beach, and Rincón Town Beach Plaza. It is also home to Caribbean beaches including Córcega Beach.

The word "Rincón" means corner. Rincón is on the northwestern part of Puerto Rico.[2]

History[edit]

Rincón was founded in 1771 by Don Luis de Añasco. In 1885, Benito Cumpiano was mayor of Ríncon and in 1890, Victor Cumpiano was Ríncon's mayor.[3]

Hurricane Maria[edit]

Hurricane Maria relief efforts in Rincón on October 15, 2017

Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017 triggered numerous landslides in Rincón with the significant amount of rainfall.[4][5]

Geography[edit]

Rincón is located on the western coast of Puerto Rico.[6]

Updated flood zone maps (as of 2019) show that Rincón is extremely vulnerable to flooding, along with Humacao, Toa Baja, Barceloneta, and Corozal. For its high levels of erosion, Rincón is vulnerable in the case of a major hurricane.[7]

Barrios[edit]

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Rincón is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a barrio referred to as "el pueblo".[8][9][10][11]

  1. Atalaya
  2. Barrero
  3. Calvache
  4. Cruces
  5. Ensenada
  6. Jagüey
  7. Pueblo, (not to be confused with Rincón barrio-pueblo)
  8. Puntas
  9. Rincón barrio-pueblo
  10. Río Grande

Sectors[edit]

Barrios (which are like minor civil divisions)[12] in turn are further subdivided into smaller local populated place areas/units called sectores (which means sectors in English). The types of sectores may vary, from normally sector to urbanización to reparto to barriada to residencial, among others.[13]

Special Communities[edit]

Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico (Special Communities of Puerto Rico) are marginalized communities whose citizens are experiencing a certain amount of social exclusion. A map shows these communities occur in nearly every municipality of the commonwealth. Of the 742 places that were on the list in 2014, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods were in Rincón: La Playa Sector in Barrero, Cerro Los Pobres, El Pico in Atalaya, Hoyo Caliente, and Parcelas Stella.[14][15]

Bodies of water[edit]

  • Gorges: Caflo García, Grande de Calvache (longest), Los Ramos, Piletas, Punta Ensenada.
  • River: Río Grande

Economy[edit]

Punta Higüeras Lighthouse

The 1968 World Surfing Championship was held at Domes Beach in Rincón. Since then, surfers from around the world have been visiting Rincón.

Rincón has a tourism economy which also boasts scuba diving, snorkeling, and sunsets.[16] Rincón has also been an area for internet-based companies to set up shop.

In 2007, Rincón was the site for the ISA World Masters where local surfer Juan Ashton won first place in the Masters division.

Agriculture[edit]

Fruits and sugar canes are the primary sources of agriculture in Rincón. Cattle ranching also is popular.

Industry[edit]

Casa Isleña Inn in Rincón

In Rincón the major industry is tourism.[17]

The Boiling Nuclear Superheater (BONUS) Reactor Facility, also known to the locals as "Domes", is a decommissioned nuclear plant in Rincón, Puerto Rico. The construction of BONUS started in 1960, and the reactor had its first controlled nuclear chain reaction on April 13, 1964, achieving full power operation in September 1965. Operation of the BONUS reactor was terminated in June 1968 because of technical difficulties and the ensuing need for high-cost modifications.[18] General decontamination of the reactor was performed with the goal of meeting unrestricted use criteria in all accessible areas of the building. Residual radioactive materials remaining in the structure were isolated or shielded to protect site visitors and workers. During subsequent years, more radioactive contamination was identified in portions of the building, and additional clean-up and shielding activities were conducted in the 1990s and early 2000s.[18] It was Puerto Rico's only nuclear reactor.

Demographics[edit]

Puerto Rico was ceded by Spain in the aftermath of the Spanish–American War under the terms of the Treaty of Paris of 1898 and became a territory of the United States. In 1899, the United States conducted its first census of Puerto Rico finding that the population of Rincón was 6,641.

Historical population
Census Pop.
19006,641
19107,2759.5%
19208,47616.5%
19308,178−3.5%
19409,25613.2%
19509,8886.8%
19608,706−12.0%
19709,0944.5%
198011,78829.6%
199012,2133.6%
200014,76720.9%
201015,2002.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[19]
1899 (shown as 1900)[20] 1910-1930[21]
1930-1950[22] 1960-2000[23] 2010[10]

Tourism[edit]

"Art Walk", a community initiative to build the social fabric of Rincón, takes places every Thursday. Locals and tourists mingle in the Plaza de recreo in downtown Rincón to enjoy food, drinks, music and local art.[24]

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

There are 53 beaches in Rincón.[25] Main attractions of Rincón include:

Culture[edit]

Surfing[edit]

Mar Azul Surf Shop in Rincón

Rincón is well known as a surfing destination. Rincón rose to international recognition through the 1968 World Surfing Championship, which was held at Domes and Maria's Beaches. The winter surf along Rincón's coast is some of the best in the region. Generally regarded as one of the best surf spots across the globe, Rincón draws surfers from around the world and is the center of the island's surf scene. Dubbed the "Caribbean's Hawaii," winter waves here can approach 25–30 feet (6.7m) in height, sometimes equaling the force of the surf on Oahu's north shore. Famed surfing beaches in town include Little Malibu, Tres Palmas, Maria's, Indicators, Domes, Pools, Sandy Beach and Antonio's. The best time to surf is from November through March, but summer storms can also kick up the surf during the late summer.

Festivals and events[edit]

Rincón celebrates its patron saint festival in September. The Fiestas Patronales de Santa Rosa de Lima is a religious and cultural celebration that generally features parades, games, artisans, amusement rides, regional food, and live entertainment.[6][27]

Other festivals and events celebrated in Rincón include:

  • Whale watching – January and February
  • Traditional Festival of the Humpback Whale – March
  • Surfing season – all year long
  • Ultimate Dirt Challenge – March
  • Rincón International Film Festival – April
  • Coconut Festival – May
  • Rincon Triathlon – June

Government[edit]

Like all municipalities in Puerto Rico, Rincón is administered by a mayor. The current mayor is Carlos López Bonilla, from the Popular Democratic Party (PPD). López was elected at the 2000 general election.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district IV, which is represented by two senators. In 2016, Luis Daniel Muñiz Cortés and Evelyn Vázquez were elected as District Senators.[28]

Transportation[edit]

There are 8 bridges in Rincón.[29]

Symbols[edit]

Flag[edit]

Created and designed by Evaristo Cardona Moreno and art performed by Jose Luis Cardona Martinez (his eldest son). The colors of the Rincón flag are red, orange, yellow, green and white. The triangle has a five-pointed white star representing the urban zone. There are white stars of equal size which represent the 9 barrios. The red and orange symbolize the vitality and vigor of its people. The yellow symbolizes Christianity, the green symbolizes vegetation and hope for progress and the white symbolizes the integrity between its barrios and urban zone.[30]

Coat of arms[edit]

Created and designed by Angel L. Cardona Moreno, the shield consists of a green and orange Spanish blazon, with a yellow band inclined left to right. To the right and on a green background a cross, symbol of Christendom. To the left and on an orange background a Spanish ship, symbol of the discovery of Puerto Rico, in the coasts of Rincón (this is greatly disputed, as the towns of Aguada, Rincón, and Añasco all claim entry-point status).[30]

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History of Maria's Beach | Maria's Beach". Archived from the original on 2016-07-23. Retrieved 2016-09-20.
  2. ^ "The Official Tourism Association of Rincon Homepage. Hotels, Vacation Rentals, Activities and More!". Archived from the original on 2008-03-08. Retrieved 2008-01-26.
  3. ^ Puerto Rico. Office of Historian (1949). Tesauro de datos historicos: indice compendioso de la literatura histórica de Puerto Rico, incluyendo algunos datos inéditos, periodísticos y cartográficos (in Spanish). Impr. del Gobierno de Puerto Rico vol. 2. p. 306. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  4. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS. Archived from the original on 2019-03-03. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  5. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2019-03-03. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  6. ^ a b "Rincón Municipality". enciclopediapr.org. Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH). Archived from the original on 2017-10-27. Retrieved 2019-03-20.
  7. ^ Alvarado León, Gerardo E. "Sobre 250,000 estructuras están en zonas inundables" (PDF). Junta de Planificación - Gobierno de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). El Nuevo Día. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 June 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  8. ^ Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. (1969). Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969. Archived from the original on 2018-12-26. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  9. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  10. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-02-20. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  11. ^ "Map of Rincón at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-03-24. Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  12. ^ "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Archived from the original on 13 May 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  13. ^ "PRECINTO ELECTORAL LARES 053" (PDF). Comisión Estatal de Elecciones (in Spanish). PR Government. 14 June 2019. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  14. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza: Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (First ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  15. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Archived from the original on 24 June 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  16. ^ Barbara Balletto (2003). Insight Guide Puerto Rico. Langenscheidt Publishing Group. pp. 196–. ISBN 978-981-234-949-1. Archived from the original on 2018-12-28. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  17. ^ "The Rincón Puerto Rico Online Guide". Archived from the original on 2010-09-01. Retrieved 2010-11-10.
  18. ^ a b "BONUS, Puerto Rico, Decommissioned Reactor Fact Sheet" (PDF). Legacy Management. Department of Energy. 2009-04-04. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2009-11-19. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
  19. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  20. ^ "Report of the Census of Porto Rico 1899". War Department Office Director Census of Porto Rico. Archived from the original on July 16, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  21. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 17, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  22. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 30, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  23. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 24, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  24. ^ https://www.arinconvenienttruth.com/post/art-walk-a-community-effort-to-revitalize-rinc%C3%B3n-s-social-infrastructure
  25. ^ "Las 1,200 playas de Puerto Rico [The 1200 beaches of Puerto Rico]". Primera Hora (in Spanish). April 14, 2017. Archived from the original on December 12, 2019. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
  26. ^ https://www.discoverpuertorico.com/article/queer-qa-kara-keefe-lesbian-restaurateur
  27. ^ "Puerto Rico Festivales, Eventos y Actividades en Puerto Rico". Puerto Rico Hoteles y Paradores (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-07-17.
  28. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived 2013-01-15 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  29. ^ "Rincón Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Archived from the original on 20 February 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  30. ^ a b "RINCON". LexJuris (Leyes y Jurisprudencia) de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). 19 February 2020. Archived from the original on 19 February 2020. Retrieved 17 September 2020.

External links[edit]