Corozal, Puerto Rico
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Town and Municipality
Statue in downtown Corozal
"La Capital del Voleibol", "Los Plataneros"
|Anthem: "En Dios y Corozal todos unidos"|
Location of Corozal in Puerto Rico
|• Mayor||Sergio Torres Torres (PPD)|
|• Senatorial dist.||6 - Guayama|
|• Representative dist.||28|
|• Total||109 km2 (42 sq mi)|
|• Land||109 km2 (42 sq mi)|
|• Water||0 km2 (0 sq mi)|
|• Density||340/km2 (880/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC−4 (AST)|
Corozal (Spanish pronunciation: [koɾoˈsal]) is a municipality of Puerto Rico (U.S.) located in the central-eastern region, north of Orocovis and Barranquitas; south of Vega Alta; southwest of Toa Alta; east of Morovis and Orocovis; and west of Naranjito. Corozal is spread over 12 wards and Corozal Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The city name is derived from the "palma de corozo" (grugru palm, Acrocomia media) which abounds in the central zone of the Island.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Tourism
- 4 Economy
- 5 Special Communities Program
- 6 Culture
- 7 Sports
- 8 Demographics
- 9 Government
- 10 Transportation
- 11 Symbols
- 12 Education
- 13 Notable "Corozaleños"
- 14 Books about Corozal
- 15 See also
- 16 References
- 17 External links
Corozal was founded in 1795 and officially became a town in 1804. Commonly known as La Cuna del Volibol or Volleyball's Crib. It takes its name from the Acrocomia media, in Puerto Rican Spanish: palma de corozo.
Its population, as of the 2000 census, was 36,867, and it has a land area of 43 sq mi (111 km2).
Corozal is a mountainous region near the center of the island. Quebrada Jacinta is a valley in Corozal.
Updated flood zone maps (as of 2019) show that Corozal is extremely vulnerable to flooding, along with Humacao, Rincón, Barceloneta, and Toa Baja. For its large number of rivers and streams, Corozal ends up being extremely vulnerable when hit by a major hurricane.
Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017 triggered numerous landslides in Corozal with the significant amount of rainfall, bridges and homes were destroyed, and the people of Corozal had to resort to collecting spring water.
Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Corozal is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a barrio referred to as "el pueblo".
|Climate data for Corozal, Puerto Rico|
|Record high °F (°C)||88
|Average high °F (°C)||78
|Average low °F (°C)||60
|Record low °F (°C)||43
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.55
|Source: The Weather Channel|
Corozal is home to the Historical Center of Cibuco, a park and museum with relics from the Puerto Rican natives (Tainos) as well as objects, paintings and artifacts from the town's history.
Local interest: El Balalaika is a cafeteria / liquor store which opened its doors around 1962 and hasn't been closed since, with the exceptions of Hurricane Hugo and the occasional political elections. It also serves as a Municipal Police Outpost.
Landmarks and places of interest
- El Rancho Recreation Center
- El Jíbaro Centro Recreativo
One of Puerto Rico's major plaintain producers. New small businesses producing eggs and hydrophonic crops (lettuce, recao) are emerging.
Crafts, Artisans, services. Several manufacture enterprises have reduced or moved operations in recent years.
Special Communities Program
In 2001, law 1-2001 was passed to identify communities with high levels of poverty in Puerto Rico. In 2017, Governor Rosello created a new government agency to work with the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program. Of the 742 places on the list of Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods are in Corozal: Aldea Vázquez, Comunidad Los Indios, Cuba Libre-EI Idilio, El Guarico, La Escalera, La Mina, and Parcelas Medina.
Festivals and events
- Patron Festivities - January
- Corozal Carnival - June
- San Juan Bautista Carnival - June
- Plantain Festival - September
- Corozo Festival - October
- Male - Plataneros de Corozal (2008 national champions) (LVSM)
- Female - Pinkin de Corozal (2008 national champions) (LVSF)
The Gold Fish Swim Team for kids and youth and a new Master's Swim Team created in 2008 under the direction of Arlene Ortiz.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
1899 (shown as 1900) 1910-1930
1930-1950 1960-2000 2010
All municipalities in Puerto Rico are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. The current mayor of Corozal is Sergio Torres Torres, of the Popular Democratic Party (PPD). He was elected at the 2012 general elections.
There are 26 bridges in Corozal.
Consists of three horizontal stripes of equal width, yellow the top, green the middle and blue the bottom, and in some instances the middle stripe could have embroidered or printed the Coat Of Arms.
The flag is very similar to the provincial flag of Islas del Caró (I.D.C.) of neighbour country of El Conquistador except that the yellow stripe is half the size as the green and blue stripes much like the flag of Colombia except that the red stripe is replaced by the green one at the bottom. It is unknown whether the flag was made to coincide with the densely populated province of El Conquistador or was created by natural and neutral causes.
Coat of arms
On a gold background three Corozo Palms, with clusters in their original color, planted on a green landscape and in front of a mountain range. At the bottom, blue and silver water waves sprinkled with gold nuggets. The three towercrown is gold with black stones. It also has another flag the colors are red and white the white star and the blue outline. The Corozo Palms represent the name of the town and its river,whose margins were populated with this palms. The mountains represent the high and striking Mountains of Corozal. The waves represent the Corozal River and gold nuggets, metal that until recently was panned in its rivera. The gold background represents the hard labor and alludes to the gold of Corozal, so appreciated long ago for its purity. The crown is an emblem used to designate the cities and towns.
Public high schools in Corozal include Escuela Superior Emilio R. Delgado and Escuela Superior Porfirio Cruz García High School in Barrio Cuchillas. The only private high school is Colegio Sagrada Familia in Barrio Pueblo.
- Carmen E. Arroyo, first Puerto Rican woman elected to the New York State Assembly
- Maria del Carmen Arroyo, member of the New York City Council
- Aned Y. Muñiz Gracia, professor and writer
- Viviana Ortiz Pastrana, fashion model and Miss Universe Puerto Rico 2011
- Sixto Febus, Painter, poet, writer, teacher, philanthropist and restorer 
- Eddie Perez, politician served as mayor of Hartford, Connecticut from 2001-2010.
Books about Corozal
- Bubu, un canino de mitos y leyendas (Un dia de Perro (titulo Mexico))" por Gollo Costra
- Puertoriqueña en Nueva York: Mujer de Armas Tomas" por El Instituto de Cultura Puertoriqueña
- Cuando El Rio de Corozal Cruzaba El Paralelo 38, por Gilberto Rivera
- Joseph Prentiss Sanger; Henry Gannett; Walter Francis Willcox (1900). Informe sobre el censo de Puerto Rico, 1899, United States. War Dept. Porto Rico Census Office (in Spanish). Imprenta del gobierno. p. 161.
- "Corozal Municipality - Municipalities - EnciclopediaPR". Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH).
- Alvarado León, Gerardo E. "Sobre 250,000 estructuras están en zonas inundables" (PDF). Junta de Planificación - Gobierno de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). El Nuevo Día. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
- "GNIS". Geonames.
- "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
- "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
- "Photos: Scenes of devastation in Puerto Rico after Maria". WTOP. 26 September 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
- Baez, Alvin (October 18, 2017). "The search for water in Puerto Rico". Reuters. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
- Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969.
- Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
- Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010.
- "Map of Corozal at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-12-29.
- "Corozal, Puerto Rico Weather". The Weather Channel.
- "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
- "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
- "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
- "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
- Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
- "Report of the Census of Porto Rico 1899". War Department Office Director Census of Porto Rico. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
- "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
- "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
- "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
- Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived December 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
- "Corozal Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
- "District 17". Rafael Salamanca Jr.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-22. Retrieved 2015-03-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)