Compostela is a third income class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 47,898. In the 2016 election, it had 29,306 registered voters.
Compostela is within the Metro Cebu area.
Compostela comprises 17 barangays:
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In the year 1844, Spanish authorities established local government units on the northern part of Cebu starting from what is now known as the town of Compostela as far north as what is now called the town of Borbon. Compostela was among the early barrios of the Danao. The newly established barrio was named Compostela on the suggestion of a Roman Catholic friar who came from the town of Compostela in Spain and brought along with him the image of that town's patron saint, Santiago de Apostol. Adopting Senor Santiago de Apostol as the parish patron saint, a parish chapel was built from light materials. As the population grew, the Spanish church authorities decided to elevate the chapel into a church so that in the year 1866 the catholic church was constructed on the same site. Up to present time, the same structure continues to be the major place of worship in Compostela.
At the turn of the 20th century, the Americans gained control over the Philippines when they defeated the Spaniards in the Battle of Manila Bay. As a consequence, the Treaty of Paris caused the reorganization and reclassification of all local government units in the country according to their population and income. The reorganization which took place in 1903 resulted in the secession of Compostela to Liloan. In 1919, Compostela became a municipality.
World War II
In 1942, the Japanese Imperial forces entered and occupied the town of Compostela.
During the Battle of Guila-Guila on 5 March 1943, guerillas and male civilians organized as the soldiers and officers of the 8th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and its subordinate units the several Infantry Regiments, Field Artillery Regiments and many others and supporting of the local troops and officers of the PCA 3rd, 8th, 82nd, 85th, 86th and 87th Infantry Division and the local Cebuano resistance groups fought the Japanese. This battle, commanded by Major Fabian M. Sanchez, resulted in numerous casualties to the Imperial Japanese Army led by General Sōsaku Suzuki.
|Population census of Compostela|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
- "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Municipal: Compostela, Cebu". PSA. Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- PSA; Census of Population (2015), "Region VII (CENTRAL VISAYAS)", Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay, retrieved 20 June 2016
- "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016.
- NSO; Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007), "Region VII (CENTRAL VISAYAS)", Total Population by Province, City and Municipality, archived from the original on 24 June 2011
- Gonzales, Glenda R. (December 2004). "Metro Cebu: A Metropolitan Area in Need of Coordinative Body" (PDF). DISCUSSION PAPER SERIES NO. 2004-49. Philippine Institute for Development Studies. Retrieved 16 February 2016.