Compostela, Cebu

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Nickname(s): Land of the Free
Map of Cebu Province with Compostela highlighted
Map of Cebu Province with Compostela highlighted
Compostela is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°27′N 124°00′E / 10.45°N 124°E / 10.45; 124Coordinates: 10°27′N 124°00′E / 10.45°N 124°E / 10.45; 124
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Cebu Province
District 5th district of Cebu
26 December 1878
17 January 1919
Barangay 17 (see § Barangays)
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Joel Quiño (BAKUD)
 • Vice mayor Josephine Abing
 • Town Council
 • Total 53.90 km2 (20.81 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)[3]
 • Total 42,574
 • Density 790/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
 • Voters(2013)[4] 28,046
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6003
IDD: +63 (0)32
Income class 3rd class; partly urban
PSGC 072218000

Compostela is a third income class municipality in the province of Cebu Province, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 42,574.[3] In the last election, it had 28,046 registered voters.[4]

Compostela is within the Metro Cebu area.


Compostela comprises 17 barangays:[2]

  • Bagalnga
  • Basak
  • Buluang
  • Cabadiangan
  • Cambayog
  • Canamucan
  • Cogon
  • Dapdap
  • Estaca
  • Lupa
  • Magay
  • Mulao
  • Panangban
  • Poblacion
  • Rutonda
  • Tag-ubi
  • Tamiao
  • Tubigan


In the year 1844, Spanish authorities established local government units on the northern part of Cebu starting from what is now known as the town of Compostela as far north as what is now called the town of Borbon. Compostela was among the early barrios of the Danao. The newly established barrio was named Compostela on the suggestion of a Roman Catholic friar who came from the town of Compostela in Spain and brought along with him the image of that town's patron saint, Santiago de Apostol. Adopting Senor Santiago de Apostol as the parish patron saint, a parish chapel was built from light materials. As the population grew, the Spanish church authorities decided to elevate the chapel into a church so that in the year 1866 the catholic church was constructed on the same site. Up to present time, the same structure continues to be the major place of worship in Compostela.

At the turn of the 20th century, the Americans gained control over the Philippines when they defeated the Spaniards in the Battle of Manila Bay. As a consequence, the Treaty of Paris caused the reorganization and reclassification of all local government units in the country according to their population and income. The reorganization which took place in 1903 resulted in the secession of Compostela to Liloan. In 1919, Compostela became a municipality.

World War II[edit]

In 1942, the Japanese Imperial forces entered and occupied the town of Compostela.

Battle of Guila-Guila
Part of World War II

During the Battle of Guila-Guila on March 5, 1943, guerillas and male civilians organized as the soldiers and officers of the 8th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and its subordinate units the several Infantry Regiments, Field Artillery Regiments and many others and supporting of the local troops and officers of the PCA 3rd, 8th, 82nd, 85th, 86th and 87th Infantry Division and the local Cebuano resistance groups fought the Japanese. This battle, commanded by Major Fabian M. Sanchez, resulted in numerous casualties to the Imperial Japanese Army led by General Sosaku Suzuki.


Population census of Compostela
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 19,773 —    
1995 21,647 +1.71%
2000 25,083 +3.21%
2007 27,330 +1.19%
2010 28,320 +1.30%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][5]

In the last election, it had 28,046 registered voters, meaning that 66% of the population are aged 18 and over.[4]


  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Cebu". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "2013 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2013. 
  5. ^ "Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City and Municipality: Central Visayas: 1995, 2000 and 2007" (PDF). National Statistics Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 June 2011. 

External links[edit]