Cruzeiro, São Paulo

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Cruzeiro
city
Flag of Cruzeiro
Flag
Coat of arms of Cruzeiro
Coat of arms
Map of the state of São Paulo, Brazil pointing Cruzeiro
Map of the state of São Paulo, Brazil pointing Cruzeiro
Cruzeiro is located in Brazil
Cruzeiro
Cruzeiro
Map of the state of São Paulo, Brazil pointing Cruzeiro
Coordinates: 22°34′38″S 44°57′30″W / 22.57722°S 44.95833°W / -22.57722; -44.95833Coordinates: 22°34′38″S 44°57′30″W / 22.57722°S 44.95833°W / -22.57722; -44.95833
Country Brazil
Region Southeast Brazil
State São Paulo
Metropolitan Region Vale do Paraíba e Litoral Norte
Government
 • Mayor Ana Karin (PR)
Area
 • Total 305.70 km2 (118.03 sq mi)
Elevation 508 m (1,667 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Total 81,082
 • Density 270/km2 (690/sq mi)
 • Literacy rate 95.23%
Demonym(s) Cruzeirense
Postal code 12700-xxx
Area code +55-12-31xx-xxxx
Website www.cruzeiro.sp.gov.br

Cruzeiro (Portuguese meaning the Southern Cross, the Brazilian national symbol) is a city in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. It is located about 220 km (137 mi) from the state capital. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of Vale do Paraíba e Litoral Norte.[1] The population is 81,082 (2015 est.) in an area of 305.70 km².[2]

Population history[edit]

Year Population
2000 73,492
2004 74,986
2015 81,082

Coat of arms[edit]

Its coat of arms features a shield with blue on the top and white at the bottom with its part of a flag in the top left and the Southern Cross which has its golden stars on the right.

Flag[edit]

Its flag colors are red on the top left with four golden stars with a white circle and its state (São Paulo) where the city is located in the middle and with 13 stripes, seven of them are blue and six of them are white. It has a red tag reading in Portuguese Cultura Civismo meaning Civic Culture on the left, Paz meaning Peace in the middle and Liberdade e Trabalho meaning Freedom and Work on the bottom and a golden crown on the top.

Geography[edit]

The municipality is situated at an elevation of 508 m (1,667 ft) in the valley of the river Paraíba do Sul. To the north is the mountain range Serra da Mantiqueira, which reaches elevations up to 2,800 m (9,186 ft) and forms the border with the state of Minas Gerais. Cruzeiro lies about halfway between the two largest agglomerations of Brazil: São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. Within a radius of 200 km (124 mi) around Cruzeiro, the population is around 40 million people.

Transportation[edit]

The main highways around Cruzeiro are the President Dutra Highway (BR-116, São Paulo - Rio de Janeiro) and the state highways of SP-52 (towards São Lourenço, Minas Gerais) and SP-58. Cruzeiro has a station on the main railway line from São Paulo to Rio de Janeiro, but this was closed for passenger traffic in 1998.[3]

Distances[edit]

History[edit]

Cruzeiro was founded at the junction of the railway lines of three states (São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro), the railway, as well as coffee production were important in the 19th century.

The first owner of the Cruzeirense lands was Major Novaes, a resident of Fazenda Dona Tita, now a city museum.

At the Mantiqueira railway tunnel, north of the city, an important battle between the Federalists and the Constitutionalists took place in 1932.

Today, the city contains an economic focus on the area in the commercial and metallurgical industry. The old FNV (Fábrica Nacional de Vagões) now run by Maxion Rodas e Chassis, a division of an international company that makes rail components, makes up a large part of the fragile economy.

Twin towns[edit]

Cruzeiro is twinned with

References[edit]

External links[edit]