São José do Rio Preto

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São José do Rio Preto
Município de
São José do Rio Preto
Views of the city
Views of the city
Flag of São José do Rio Preto
Official seal of São José do Rio Preto
Rio Preto
Location of São José do Rio Preto
Location of São José do Rio Preto
São José do Rio Preto is located in Brazil
São José do Rio Preto
São José do Rio Preto
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 20°48′29″S 49°22′52″W / 20.80806°S 49.38111°W / -20.80806; -49.38111Coordinates: 20°48′29″S 49°22′52″W / 20.80806°S 49.38111°W / -20.80806; -49.38111
Country Brazil
State São Paulo
MesoregionSão José do Rio Preto
FoundedMarch 19, 1852
City EstablishedJuly 19, 1894
 • MayorEdinho Araújo (PMDB)
 • Municipality431.30 km2 (166.53 sq mi)
 • Urban
117.43 km2 (45.34 sq mi)
489 m (1,604 ft)
 • Municipality456,245
 • Density946.53/km2 (2,451.5/sq mi)
 • Urban
Time zoneUTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal Code
Area code(s)+55 17
WebsitePrefecture of São José do Rio Preto
Editora Literatus

São José do Rio Preto (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐ̃w̃ ʒuˈzɛ du ʁiw ˈpɾetu]) is a municipality (cidade/município) in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The city is located at the north/northwest portion of the state, 440 km (273 mi) from the city of São Paulo and 700 km (435 mi) from Brasília. With 456,245 inhabitants (IBGE/2018), is the 10th biggest city of the state and the 36th biggest in Brazil.[1]

Founded in 1852, its history is closely linked with trade, the provision of services and agriculture. In 1912, the railroad Araraquarense arrived and stopped in the city for 20 years, transforming São José do Rio Preto into the commercial center of the region.

Known as Rio Preto, is the center of a Mesoregion with 1,569,220[2] inhabitants in 29,387 km². The Microregion of São José do Rio Preto has a population of 763,534 inhabitants.[3]


Before the 19th century, the region was inhabited by the Kaingang, an indigenous people, that was gradually reduced or assimilitated, due to migration, the bandeiras and miscegenation.[4] In the 19th century, farmers from Minas Gerais settled in the region.

The city was founded on March 19, 1852, by João Bernardino de Seixas Ribeiro, after Luis Antônio da Silveira donated part of his lands to the Catholic Church, in tribute to Saint Joseph, aiming the creation of a city.[5] These lands from the farm gave birth to the city.

In 1894, São José do Rio Preto was officially established as a municipality, with the emancipation from Jaboticabal. The newly created city had around 26,000 km². With the arrival of the railroad, the Estrada de Ferro Araraquarense, in 1912, the city became the commercial center of the region, stocking and radiating the goods from the region and the state capital.[5]

The city in 1909

Origin of the name[edit]

The literal translation is "Saint Joseph of the Black River". The city's name origin comes from the fact that Saint Joseph (São José) is the patron saint of the city, and the Rio Preto (Black river) cuts the city lands. A wooden sculpture of Saint Joseph wearing boots belongs to the city cathedral and no one knows for sure where it came from, but it has been in the city since it was a village in the 19th century, part of the city of Araraquara.[6]

People believe that migrants from the state of Minas Gerais brought the sculpture with them in the 19th century, and that is the origin of part of the name. The river was believed black because there was a dense forest in the area, and even though the water was clear, the darkness made the river look black. March 19, Rio Preto's birthday, is Saint Joseph's Day and a holiday in the city.

Between 1906 and 1944, the name was shortened to "Rio Preto" and in 1944 there was a proposal for changing the city's name to "Iboruna" (Black river in Tupi language), but the name returned to the current form.[7]


São José do Rio Preto
Climate chart (explanation)
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

The city is located on the region between the rivers Grande, Paraná and Tietê. The Vegetation is a mixture of Cerrado (Grass savanna) with traces of the Mata Atlântica (Atlantic Forest). The topography is formed by a slightly undulated relief, with a medium elevation of 489 m (1,604 ft).[8]


According to the IBGE,[9] the clime is tropical, characterized by a mild and dry winter and hot, rainy summer.

At the Köppen climate classification, the city is on a tropical savanna climate area, although the annual average temperature is of 23 °C. The annual average precipitation varies between 1,300 and 1,500 mm. In 2008, there were 1,593 mm of rain.[8]

Neighbouring cities[edit]


São José do Rio Preto is the biggest city of a region with strong agrarian tradition (Northwest of São Paulo). The city concentrates the Commerce and the specialized Service sector of the region. The Tertiary sector is the economic basis of the city. There are about 75 bank branches in the city. Hospitals, clinics, schools, universities, shopping centers (malls) and the commerce in general, attracts people from throughout the region and other parts of Brazil.

Agriculture and livestock (Primary sector) accounts for less than 1% of the GDP, but are relevant in the region.[8] Sugarcane, natural rubber, oranges and maize are the most cultivated.[8]

The Industry is formed by 3 major industrial districts, with the "Distrito Dr. Waldemar de Oliveira Verdi" being the biggest, and 13 smaller districts (mini distritos). There's a prevalence of small and medium businesses, with diversified production.

The GDP observed in 2009 was R$7,879,048,000.[10]

84.53% of the GDP is generated by the Tertiary sector and 15.19% by the Industry.[11]


The HDI of the city, measured by the UNDP, was 0.834 in 2000, being 0.814 in Income, 0.916 in Education and 0.772 in Life expectancy.[12] The HDI for Brazil was 0.766 in the year 2000.[13] In 2008 there were 38 homicides in the city, making an homicide rate of 9.2/100 thousand inhabitants.[14]

Populational Change[8]
Year Population
1960 84.039
1970 124.034
1980 188.601
1991 283.761
1996 323.368
2000 358.523
2018 480.750 (estimate)
2011[15] 412.075
2012[16] 415.769

The city has 2 districts: Engenheiro Schmitt, with 17,680 inhabitants (2009), and Talhado, with 4,502 inhabitants (2009).[8] São José do Rio Preto has about 360 neighbourhoods.

Vila Imperial and Redentora, near the Center

In 2010, the IBGE accounted 137,233 occupied and permanent households.[17]


  • Population: 408,258 (IBGE/2010)
  • Area: 431.31 km² (166.5 sq mi)
  • Urban area: 117.43 km² (45.3 sq mi)
  • Population density: 946.53/km² (2,451.5/sq mi)
  • Urbanization: 93.9% (2010)
  • Sex ratio (Males to Females): 92.58 (2012)
  • Birth rate: 12.63/1,000 inhabitants (2011)
  • Infant mortality: 7.11/1,000 births (2011)
  • Homicide rate: 9.2/100 thousand ppl[14]
  • Literacy rate: 96.8 (2010)[18]
  • HDI: 0.734 (UNDP/2000)

All indicators are from SEADE[11] and IBGE[1]

Other statistics[edit]

  • Registered vehicles: 324,011 (Feb/2013)[19]
  • Bank agencies: 82 (Febraban/2013)
  • Mobile phones: 111.61%[20]


The city does have a major Library, called 'Biblioteca Pública Municipal "Dr. Fernando Costa", a public institution, and the major theater is the Teatro Municipal "Humberto Sinibaldi Neto". There are other theater venues, like the Paulo Moura Theater, located at the old Swift factory, and the SESI Theater.

"Paulo Moura" Theater

A vegetable oil factory from the 1940s, the "Swift", is a public cultural center since 1983, when it was bought by the city government.[21] In June, 2012, a new theater venue was opened at the "Swift", the Teatro Municipal "Paulo Moura", with 954 seats.[22]

Around July of every year, the city holds the "International Theater Festival". Foreign and Brazilian theater groups join the Festival, offering presentations and experimental workshops, both in traditional theater houses, open air stages, and other less traditional performance venues.[23]

Rodeos are popular throughout the region and the surrounding states. Rio Preto has annual festivals and competitions of the genre.[24]

The city has a lively nightlife with many bars and clubs offering different styles of music. One of the most popular hotspots in Rio Preto is the Rock bar "Vila Dionísio", which showcases local acts as well as tribute bands and themed events.

The city hosts annually a LGBT parade, the "Parada do Orgulho GLSBT de Rio Preto", gathering thousands of people from the all parts of Brazil.[25] As the city incorporates modern-day values of diversity and social inclusion, the local LGBT community has become more visible and active in the cultural experiences of the city.


Rio Preto has affiliates of the ultra-conservative corporate media companies Evangelical Rede Record and Pro-business and anti-worker Rede Globo, and is the head office for Rede Vida (Life Network), a catholic television network with national presence. The city has a branch of the NET, a cable television operator

There are two daily newspapers in the city, the Diário da Região[26] (Region's Diary) and the Bom Dia (Good Day).[27]

Urban structure[edit]

Hospital de Base, a public institution
São José do Rio Preto City Hall


There are 8 hospitals in São José do Rio Preto, with 1.681 beds.[8] The Hospital de Base, a public institution, is the biggest hospital of the city.


The city has 36 state schools and 51 private schools, from infant to secondary education, and 153 municipal schools, including pre-kindergarten and an extensive net of K-12 educational experiences (elementary schools, middle schools, and high schools.[8] Rio Preto also has three public universities: a branch of the UNESP, called Ibilce,[28] the FAMERP,[29] specialized in Medicine, and the FATEC (Faculdades de Tecnologia do Estado de São Paulo). The city also has various private universities, such as Unirp, UNIP, Unorp, Unilago.

Urban transport[edit]

Rio Preto has 2 companies of mass urban transportation, the Circular Santa Luzia and the Expresso Itamarati. 300 buses operates daily, throughout the city.[8]


  • Households with enough space: 91.71% (2000)
  • Households with adequate urban infrastructure: 95.48 (2000)
  • Waste collection: 99.68% (2000)
  • Water supply: 96.60 (2000)

All indicators are from SEADE[11]


There are two professional association football clubs in the city: América-SP and Rio Preto. América-SP usually plays at Teixeirão Stadium, which has a maximum capacity of 32,168 spectators.[30] Rio Preto plays at Rio Pretão Stadium, which has a maximum capacity of 17,000 spectators.[31]

The city has a number of public sport venues, including an arena with a capacity of 6,000 seated spectators, the "Centro Regional de Eventos" (Events Regional Center), 24 public football fields, an athletic track and bocce (bocha) courts.[8] There's a wheelchair basketball team in the city, formed by members of the CAD (Friends of Disabled persons Club), competing at national level. The CAD also competes in other disabled sports.[32]




São José do Rio Preto is served by "Prof. Eribelto Manoel Reino Airport".

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Population at "Censo 2010"" (PDF) (in Portuguese). IBGE.gov.br. Retrieved 4 Jul 2011.
  2. ^ Censo 2010 of the IBGE. Data found on http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/populacao/censo2010/sinopse_tab_zip.shtm Archived 2011-06-14 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "2010 Census of the IBGE - Synopsis - Tables 761 and 1301 - Search" (in Portuguese). IBGE.gov.br. Retrieved 13 July 2011.
  4. ^ "The advance in Kaingang lands of São Paulo's West" (in Portuguese). Portal Kaingang. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
  5. ^ a b "History on the Prefecture's Official Site" (in Portuguese). Riopreto.sp.gov.br. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
  6. ^ "Historical Patrimony > Catedral de São José" (in Portuguese). Prefecture of São José do Rio Preto. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  7. ^ "Iboruna, 158 years" (in Portuguese). Diarioweb. 21 March 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-03-26. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Economic Conjuncture of the City, 2010". Conjuntura econômica de São José do Rio Preto - 2010 (in Portuguese). Retrieved 15 June 2011.
  9. ^ "Climate Map of Brazil" (PDF) (in Portuguese). IBGE. Retrieved 14 June 2011.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "Gross Domestic Product of Municipalities 2009" (PDF) (in Portuguese). IBGE.gov.br. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
  11. ^ a b c "Municipal Profile at SEADE" (in Portuguese). Fundação SEADE. Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
  12. ^ "Human Development Index, 1991 and 2000 - Municipalities" (in Portuguese). PNUD (UNDP) Brasil. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
  13. ^ "Human Development Index, 1991 and 2000 - States of Brazil". Atlas do Desenvolvimento Humano no Brasil (in Portuguese). pnud.org.br. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
  14. ^ a b "Violence Map of Brazil". Mapa da Violência 2011 (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
  15. ^ "2011 Population Estimates - IBGE" (PDF). IBGE.gov.br. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  16. ^ "2012 Population Estimates - IBGE". IBGE.gov.br. Retrieved 4 April 2013.
  17. ^ "2010 IBGE Census - SIDRA - Tables 3152 and 3157". IBGE.gov.br. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
  18. ^ "Municipal Social Indicators IBGE 2010 - São Paulo state". 2010 Census of the IBGE. IBGE.gov.br. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  19. ^ "February 2013 Fleet - Denatran" (in Portuguese). Denatran.gov.br. Archived from the original on 1 August 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  20. ^ "Brasil fecha maio com mais de 215 milhões de acessos móveis" (in Portuguese). Anatel.gov.br. 17 June 2011. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
  21. ^ "Historical Patrimony > Swift" (in Portuguese). Prefecture of São José do Rio Preto. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  22. ^ "Teatro Municipal "Paulo Moura" será inaugurado amanhã" (in Portuguese). Diário da Região. 20 June 2012. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  23. ^ "Festival Internacional de Teatro de São José do Rio Preto". Archived from the original on 2011-06-27. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
  24. ^ "Rio Preto Rodeo Country Bulls". Countrybulls.com.br. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
  25. ^ "Parada LGBTS espera reunir cerca de 80 mil pessoas" (in Portuguese). Diarioweb. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
  26. ^ "Newspaper "Diário da Região"". Retrieved 10 July 2011.
  27. ^ "Newspaper "Bom Dia"". Retrieved 10 July 2011.
  28. ^ "Unesp Rio Preto". Retrieved 15 June 2011.
  29. ^ "Famerp Rio Preto". Retrieved 15 June 2011.
  30. ^ "Capacidade dos estádios da A-2" (in Portuguese). Futebol Interior. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
  31. ^ "Riopretão - Estádio "Anísio Haddad"" (in Portuguese). Riopretoec.blogspot.com. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
  32. ^ "CAD (Friends of Disabled persons Club)" (in Portuguese). Cad.org.br. Retrieved 7 July 2011.