Dongducheon

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Dongducheon
동두천시
Municipal City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Dongducheon-si
 • McCune-Reischauer Tongduch'ŏn-si
Jihaeng Station in Dongducheon
Jihaeng Station in Dongducheon
Official logo of Dongducheon
Emblem of Dongducheon
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country  South Korea
Region Sudogwon
Administrative divisions 7 dong, 145 tong, 1172 ban
Area
 • Total 95.66 km2 (36.93 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 82,623
 • Density 864/km2 (2,240/sq mi)
 • Dialect Seoul
Website Dongducheon Office

Dongducheon (Korean pronunciation: [toŋ.du.tɕʰʌn]) is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea.

The city, to the north of Seoul, is strategically important for the defense of the Korean capital. The main camps of the United States Second Infantry Division are in the city, and the division command is at Uijeongbu.

History[edit]

Under Goguryeo, the dynasty's territory extended southward into Korean peninsula, and Dongducheon became part of the kingdom in the form of naeulmae hyun (a certain form of ancient village land holding). Later Dongducheon became Sacheon village of Unified Silla in the North-South States Period. It was part of the district of Yangju in Goryeo.[1]

Modern[edit]

In 1963, its status was raised to that of a township, Tongducheon (eup). In 1981, Dongducheon City was established, encompassing Yangju county.

Statistics[edit]

Statistics of land use.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Dongducheon (1981–2010, extremes 1998–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.9
(57)
19.8
(67.6)
24.7
(76.5)
31.0
(87.8)
33.4
(92.1)
35.2
(95.4)
35.7
(96.3)
36.4
(97.5)
33.2
(91.8)
29.7
(85.5)
26.2
(79.2)
16.3
(61.3)
36.4
(97.5)
Average high °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
5.8
(42.4)
11.4
(52.5)
18.8
(65.8)
23.9
(75)
27.6
(81.7)
28.5
(83.3)
29.7
(85.5)
26.1
(79)
20.3
(68.5)
12.0
(53.6)
4.1
(39.4)
17.5
(63.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
−0.8
(30.6)
4.5
(40.1)
11.4
(52.5)
16.9
(62.4)
21.4
(70.5)
24.0
(75.2)
24.5
(76.1)
20.0
(68)
12.9
(55.2)
5.2
(41.4)
−1.9
(28.6)
11.2
(52.2)
Average low °C (°F) −9.2
(15.4)
−6.3
(20.7)
−1.2
(29.8)
5.0
(41)
11.0
(51.8)
16.3
(61.3)
20.5
(68.9)
20.7
(69.3)
15.2
(59.4)
7.2
(45)
−0.1
(31.8)
−6.9
(19.6)
6.0
(42.8)
Record low °C (°F) −26.2
(−15.2)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−10.7
(12.7)
−4.7
(23.5)
2.6
(36.7)
8.0
(46.4)
15.3
(59.5)
12.1
(53.8)
4.4
(39.9)
−4.7
(23.5)
−10.1
(13.8)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−26.2
(−15.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 20.8
(0.819)
22.7
(0.894)
38.8
(1.528)
72.7
(2.862)
93.6
(3.685)
142.8
(5.622)
424.0
(16.693)
408.3
(16.075)
172.8
(6.803)
51.1
(2.012)
35.8
(1.409)
19.6
(0.772)
1,502.9
(59.169)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.8 5.3 8.4 8.6 9.6 11.1 17.0 15.5 9.1 7.0 7.4 7.6 112.4
Average snowy days 7.1 5.3 3.6 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 6.6 24.6
Average relative humidity (%) 63.3 58.6 56.8 55.5 64.0 69.8 80.0 78.1 74.6 69.9 64.2 62.4 66.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 175.3 171.8 189.5 193.4 207.6 181.5 109.2 149.2 163.2 187.3 159.5 163.2 2,050.6
Percent possible sunshine 57.3 56.4 51.1 48.9 47.1 41.0 24.3 35.4 43.7 53.8 52.3 54.8 46.0
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[2][3][4] (percent sunshine and snowy days)[5]

Festivals[edit]

Since 1999, Dongducheon has annually hosted the Dongducheon Rock Festival, one of the biggest rock festivals in South Korea. In 2007, the festival was held at Camp Nimble, a former US Army installation returned to South Korea.

A maple festival is held every autumn in several streets and parts of the city.

Education[edit]

There are 10 high schools, 15 middle schools, 38 elementary schools, and Hanbuk University.

U.S. Military Bases[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ddc21.net/_foreign/eng/m02/a02_b01_c01.asp Homepage of Dongducheon city(eng)
  2. ^ "평년값자료(1981–2010), 동두천(98)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  3. ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최고기온 (℃) 최고순위, 동두천(98)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  4. ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최저기온 (℃) 최고순위, 동두천(98)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  5. ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°55′N 127°04′E / 37.917°N 127.067°E / 37.917; 127.067