Eta Kappa Nu

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Eta Kappa Nu
ΗΚΝ
Eta Kappa Nu shield.png
Founded October 28, 1904; 113 years ago (1904-10-28)
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Type Honor society
Emphasis Electrical and computer engineering
Mission statement "encouraging and recognizing excellence in the electrical and computer engineering fields"[1]
Colors      Navy blue,      Scarlet[2]
Symbol Eta Kappa Nu logo.png Wheatstone bridge
Publication THE BRIDGE (originally The Electrical Field)[3]
Chapters Over 250
Members 200,000+[1] lifetime
Headquarters 445 Hoes Lane
Piscataway, New Jersey
USA
Website https://hkn.ieee.org

Eta Kappa Nu (ΗΚΝ) or IEEE-HKN is the international honor society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). The organization promotes excellence in the profession and in education through an emphasis on scholarship, character, and attitude.  Membership is a lifelong designation for individuals who have distinguished themselves as students or as professionals in electrical engineering, computer engineering, computer science, and other fields of IEEE interest.

Eta Kappa Nu was founded on 28 October 1904 as an independent honor society for electrical engineering.  It has expanded its scope through the years and it became an organizational unit within IEEE in 2010.  Over 250 collegiate chapters have been chartered world-wide and more than 200,000 members have been elected to membership.  These chapters recognize high scholarship through membership and foster a culture of service and volunteerism within their host departments. They are noted for student-led engagement with peers, faculty, and industry through tutoring, maker-space management, networking events, etc.  Most members are inducted as students, but distinguished professionals may be inducted as well.  The guiding ideals for membership eligibility of scholarship, character, and attitudehave remained unchanged since the early years.

The corporate IEEE-HKN supports the chapters and the profession with a variety of signature activities.  An annual Founders Day promotion on the 28thof October encourages chapters to celebrate HKN and to engage in service in their local community.  An annual student conference addresses networking, leadership, and professional development objectives.  A prominent awards program includes six award categories to promote educational and career excellence.  An online magazine, THE BRIDGE, is the archival publication for students, alumni members, and others in the profession and industry.

History of HKN/IEEE-HKN[edit]

Many HKN chapters have campus visibility through monuments such as this Bridge at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Eta Kappa Nu was founded on 28 October 28 1904 as the national honor society for electrical engineering students at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.  Maurice L. Carr and nine other undergraduates formed the first chapter and developed a national structure.  Their vision for the honor association combined collegiate engagement with a professional community to aid student and alumni members and to support the general profession.  Character and attitude were designated along with scholarship as the three ideals to be recognized and promoted through membership and activity.  Hence, HKN is concerned with more than simply scholarship and the collegiate experience.

The first century of Eta Kappa Nu began with M. L. Carr as the first national president and additional chapters chartered at Purdue University, Ohio State University, and Illinois Institute of Technology.   By the centennial in 2004, more than 200 student chapters as well as several alumni chapters had been chartered.  These chapters have sustained records of local service and engagement activities. The national organization developed prominent awards for outstanding chapters, students, teachers, young professionals, and service in electrical engineering.  The scope expanded to both electrical and computer engineering in 2000. Also, HKN created a membership path for professionals and an Eminent Member recognition for career accomplishments. The early history is documented in History of Eta Kappa Nu by Larry Down.

The second century of Eta Kappa Nu has a continued emphasis on the original vision, but the program and structure have been modified.  Its signature activities have been revised to include special attention on service and student conferences.  It has formalized a relationship within IEEE as an organizational unit in which HKN is now IEEE-HKN.  This merger became effective 1 September 2010. As a result of the merger, chapters are being chartered internationally and membership eligibility is expanded to all IEEE fields of interest.  The headquarters was moved to IEEE in Piscataway, NJ. IEEE-HKN has close ties with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department Heads Association (ECEDHA).

Symbols of IEEE-HKN[edit]

Eta Kappa Nu was founded in 1904 as the honor society for electrical engineering, but the scope has since expanded to include related fields.  The name is based on the Greek word for amber “elektron” from which the English words “electron,” electricity,” and “electronic” are derived.  In Greek, the word is ΗΛΕΚΤΡΟΝ. The first, fourth, and last letters form the society name of Eta Kappa Nu, which abbreviates to HKN.  The emblem is a stylized representation of a Wheatstone bridge. This circuit is used to determine an unknown resistance from three known resistances.  A membership analogy is made in which career success is determined when a balance of scholarship, character, and attitude is achieved.  These three ideals are the basis for member eligibility.

The shield of HKN dates from 1927 and symbolizes several aspects of HKN history.  The three ideals are represented prominently by the three cubes of magnetite in the diagonal band and are also represented in the emblem atop the shield.  (Early forms of the Greek letters are used in the center of this version.)  The caduceus in the honor point of the shield is a memorial to founder Maurice L. Carr who favored this symbol.  The hand of Jupiter stands for the first chapter Alpha and the ten lightning bolts refer to the original ten founding members.  The shield incorporates the colors for HKN - navy blue to represent loyalty and scarlet to represent zeal.  Student members will often wear honor cords in these colors at their graduation.  Members are also encouraged to wear pins of either the emblem or the shield.

A ceremony is the last step in members’ entry into HKN.  An induction ritual reviews the history, the three ideals, and the symbols as described here.  In addition, the induction officials will speak as avatars, or in the voice, of selected historical individuals.  This HKN review and the use of avatars reflect an intention to honor and to remember the contributions of the past.

Recognitions and Awards[edit]

IEEE-Eta Kappa Nu membership is an honor-society recognition and is achieve through qualification, election, and induction.  Any student chapter may conduct the membership process for undergraduates, graduate students, and professional members.  Minimum scholastic or professional qualifications are defined.  However, a chapter may set higher scholastic or career qualifications and will evaluate the character and attitude qualifications locally.  An alumni chapter or the Board of Governors may conduct a membership process for professional members.  During the induction ceremony, new members commit themselves to the ideals of HKN.

An Eminent Member category was approved as the highest membership grade in 1941 and the first recognitions were in 1950. This grade is reserved for “those individuals, who by their technical attainments and contributions to society, have shown themselves to be outstanding leaders in an IEEE-designed field of interest, and great benefactors to society.”  Individuals must be recognized during their lifetimes for the Eminent Member category; deceased individuals may be recognized as Honorary Eminent Members. Only 134 Eminent Members and 10 Honorary Eminent Members have been so recognized by the HKN.

IEEE-HKN has an annual awards program to honor accomplishment related to the Eta Kappa Nu vision.  The initial award category was created in 1932 for outstanding chapter activities.  Several awards are named for important HKN volunteers. The six award categories are shown below.  

  • Outstanding Chapter Award
  • Alton B. Zerby and Carl T. Koerner Outstanding Student Award
  • C. Holmes MacDonald Outstanding Teaching Award
  • Outstanding Young Professional Award
  • Distinguished Service Award
  • Vladimir Karapetoff Outstanding Technical Achievements Award

THE BRIDGE Magazine[edit]

THE BRIDGE magazine is an open-access publication of IEEE and is the archival, flagship publication of IEEE-Eta Kappa Nu.  Features relate to technical, historical, and professional interests of the membership and other content deals with activities of the organization.  Chapters, student members, and alumni are welcome to submit potential content.  Alton B. Zerby, Executive Secretary 1934-1958, wrote that the magazine started “as a vehicle of communication between students and alumni.”  It continues to connect students and alumni, as well as to promote the activities and recognition programs of IEEE-HKN and to highlight the development of technology and the profession.  The magazine is managed by volunteers, an Editor-in-Chief and an Editorial Board (standing committee of IEEE-HKN), with assistance from the IEEE-HKN Director and other staff.  

The history of the magazine dates back to the first publication of Eta Kappa Nu which was a short booklet entitled The Electric Field.  This name continued until 1908.  The name of The Eta Kappa Nu Yearbookwas used briefly.  The first use of THE BRIDGE as the publication name occurred in 1910.  The volume label was added later and the volume count dates to the publication year of 1905.  The number of issues per year has varied from one to four.  Originally a print publication, the magazine became electronic-only after the HKN merger with IEEE in 2010.  Recent issues have won numerous international awards for excellence.

Chapters[4][edit]

IEEE-Eta Kappa Nu collegiate chapters are present at education institutions of higher learning across the world.  These chapters are designated by a Greek letter or letters starting with the first chapter Alpha at the University of Illinois. The following table gives the chapter name, host institution, charter date, and location.

Chapter University Founded Location
Alpha University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Oct 28, 1904 Urbana-Champaign, Illinois
Beta Purdue University Jan 1, 1905 West Lafayette, Indiana
Gamma Ohio State University Mar 21, 1905 Columbus, Ohio
Delta Illinois Institute of Technology Mar 23, 1905 Chicago, Illinois
Epsilon Pennsylvania State University Dec 4, 1909 University Park, Pennsylvania
Zeta Case Western Reserve University 1910 Cleveland, Ohio
Theta University of Wisconsin–Madison Apr 30, 1910 Madison, Wisconsin
Iota University of Missouri Jun 12, 1911 Columbia, Missouri
Kappa Cornell University Jan 27, 1912 Ithaca, New York
Lambda University of Pennsylvania Mar 12, 1913 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Mu University of California, Berkeley Dec 18, 1915 Berkeley, California
Nu Iowa State University May 13, 1916 Ames, Iowa
Xi Auburn University Apr 12, 1920 Auburn, Alabama
Omicron University of Minnesota May 22, 1920 Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota
Pi Oregon State University Dec 19, 1921 Corvallis, Oregon
Rho University of Colorado at Boulder Mar 4, 1922 Boulder, Colorado
Sigma Carnegie Mellon University May 19, 1923 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Tau University of Cincinnati May 26, 1923 Cincinnati, Ohio
Upsilon University of Southern California Jun 26, 1925 Los Angeles, California
Phi Union College Feb 20, 1926 Schenectady, New York
Psi University of Texas at Austin Apr 24, 1928 Austin, Texas
Omega Oklahoma State University–Stillwater Feb 15, 1930 Stillwater, Oklahoma
Beta Alpha Drexel University Mar 1, 1935 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Beta Gamma Michigan Technological University Jun 6, 1936 Houghton, Michigan
Beta Delta University of Pittsburgh May 14, 1937 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Beta Epsilon University of Michigan Apr 25, 1937 Ann Arbor, Michigan
Beta Eta North Carolina State University May 28, 1938 Raleigh, North Carolina
Beta Theta Massachusetts Institute of Technology Apr 15, 1939 Cambridge, Massachusetts
Beta Kappa Kansas State University May 6, 1939 Manhattan, Kansas
Beta Lambda Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University May 18, 1940 Blacksburg, Virginia
Beta Mu Georgia Institute of Technology May 17, 1941 Atlanta, Georgia
Beta Nu Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute May 11, 1942 Troy, New York
Beta Xi University of Oklahoma May 16, 1942 Norman, Oklahoma
Lambda Rho Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education Sept 06, 1943 Monterrey, Nuevo León, México
Beta Omicron Marquette University Jan 21, 1945 Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Beta Pi[permanent dead link] City College of New York Feb 16, 1946 New York, NY
Beta Rho West Virginia University Apr 2, 1947 Morgantown, West Virginia
Beta Sigma University of Detroit Mercy Jun 21, 1947 Detroit, Michigan
Beta Tau Northwestern University Jan 21, 1948 Evanston, Illinois
Beta Upsilon University of Kentucky Apr 24, 1948 Lexington, Kentucky
Beta Phi University of Tennessee Dec 11, 1948 Knoxville, Tennessee
Beta Psi University of Nebraska-Lincoln May 14, 1949 Lincoln, Nebraska
Beta Chi South Dakota School of Mines and Technology May 11, 1949 Rapid City, South Dakota
Beta Omega University of Connecticut May 21, 1949 Storrs, Connecticut
Gamma Alpha Manhattan College Jan 18, 1950 Riverdale, New York
Gamma Beta Northeastern University Mar 4, 1950 Boston, Massachusetts
Gamma Gamma Clarkson University Apr 29, 1950 Potsdam, New York
Gamma Delta Worcester Polytechnic Institute Jun 2, 1950 Worcester, Massachusetts
Gamma Epsilon Rutgers University Jun 3, 1950 New Brunswick, New Jersey
Gamma Zeta Michigan State University Mar 13, 1951 East Lansing, Michigan
Gamma Theta Missouri University of Science and Technology Apr 26, 1952 Rolla, Missouri
Gamma Iota University of Kansas May 24, 1952 Lawrence, Kansas
Gamma Kappa New Jersey Institute of Technology May 13, 1952 Newark, New Jersey
Gamma Lambda Columbia University New York, New York
Gamma Mu Texas A&M University Oct 8, 1955 College Station, Texas
Gamma Nu Texas Tech University Apr 21, 1956 Lubbock, Texas
Gamma Xi University of Maryland, College Park May 25, 1957 College Park, Maryland
Gamma Omicron Southern Methodist University May 6, 1957 University Park, Texas
Gamma Pi University of Virginia May 27, 1957 Charlottesville, Virginia
Gamma Rho[permanent dead link] South Dakota State University Nov 16, 1957 Brookings, South Dakota
Gamma Chi New Mexico State University May 9, 1959 Las Cruces, New Mexico
Gamma Psi Lafayette College May 16, 1959 Easton, Pennsylvania|
Gamma Omega Mississippi State University Dec 10, 1959 Starkville, Mississippi
Delta Beta[permanent dead link] Lamar University May 13, 1960 Beaumont, Texas
Delta Gamma Louisiana Tech University May 13, 1960 Ruston, Louisiana
Delta Epsilon Ohio University May 21, 1960 Athens, Ohio
Delta Zeta Washington University in St. Louis May 19, 1960 St. Louis, Missouri
Delta Eta University of Massachusetts Amherst May 21, 1960 Amherst, Massachusetts
Delta Iota Louisiana State University Apr 16, 1961 Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Delta Kappa University of Maine - Orono, Maine
Delta Mu Villanova University May 16, 1961 Villanova, Pennsylvania
Delta Nu University of Alabama Apr 14, 1962 Tuscaloosa, Alabama
Delta Xi Air Force Institute of Technology Feb 2, 1962 Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio
Delta Omicron University of New Mexico Apr 8, 1962 Albuquerque, New Mexico
Delta Pi Colorado State University May 18, 1962 Fort Collins, Colorado
Delta Rho University of North Dakota May 11, 1962 Grand Forks, North Dakota
Delta Sigma University of Notre Dame Apr 14, 1962 South Bend, Indiana
Delta Tau University of Louisiana-Lafayette May 19, 1962 Lafayette, Louisiana
Delta Phi University of South Carolina May 17, 1962 Columbia, South Carolina
Delta Chi The Cooper Union New York, NY
Delta Omega University of Hawaii at Manoa April 9, 1963 Honolulu, Hawaii
Epsilon Alpha Cleveland State University Apr 11, 1963 Cleveland, Ohio
Epsilon Beta Arizona State University May 4, 1963 Tempe, Arizona
Epsilon Gamma University of Toledo Apr 11, 1963 Toledo, Ohio
Epsilon Delta Tufts University Jan 11, 1964 Medford, Massachusetts
Epsilon Eta Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology Oct 27, 1965 Terre Haute, Indiana
Epsilon Theta California State University, Long Beach Feb 13, 1965 Long Beach, California
Epsilon Iota San Jose State University January, 2015 San Jose, California
Epsilon Kappa University of Miami Dec 4, 1965 Coral Gables, Florida
Epsilon Lambda Vanderbilt University Apr 22, 1966 Nashville, Tennessee
Epsilon Mu University of Texas at Arlington Apr 30, 1966 Arlington, Texas
Epsilon Nu California State University, Los Angeles May 14, 1966 Los Angeles, California
Epsilon Xi Wichita State University May 22, 1966 Wichita, Kansas
Epsilon Omicron University of Delaware May 20, 1966 Newark, Delaware
Epsilon Rho Tennessee Technological University May 12, 1967 Cookeville, Tennessee
Epsilon Sigma University of Florida Dec 1, 1967 Gainesville, Florida
Epsilon Tau University of California, Santa Barbara May 29, 1969 Santa Barbara, California
Epsilon Upsilon Tuskegee University Nov 26, 1969 Tuskegee, Alabama
Epsilon Phi California Polytechnic State University Apr 13, 1971 San Luis Obispo, California
Epsilon Omega University of Mississippi Oxford, Mississippi
Zeta Rho University of New Haven West Haven, Connecticut
Zeta Tau San Diego State University January 21, 1974 San Diego, California
Zeta Beta Texas A&M University–Kingsville May 8, 1971 Kingsville, Texas
Zeta Gamma University of Rhode Island May 10, 1971 Kingston, RI
Zeta Delta University of Texas at El Paso May 14, 1971 El Paso, Texas
Zeta Epsilon Florida Institute of Technology May 14, 1971 Melbourne, Florida
Zeta Eta Brigham Young University May 26, 1971 Provo, Utah
Zeta Theta California State Polytechnic University, Pomona June 3, 1972 Pomona, California
Zeta Iota Clemson University Oct 8, 1972 Clemson, South Carolina
Zeta Kappa Tennessee State University Feb 1, 1973 Nashville, Tennessee
Zeta Lambda Prairie View A&M University Apr 3, 1973 Prairie View, Texas
Zeta Nu University of Tulsa May 18, 1973 Tulsa, Oklahoma
Zeta Xi University of Massachusetts Dartmouth Feb 4, 1974 Dartmouth, Massachusetts
Zeta Omicron West Virginia University Institute of Technology Mar 29, 1974 Montgomery, West Virginia
Zeta Pi University at Buffalo Apr 5, 1974 Buffalo, New York
Zeta Sigma Polytechnic Institute of New York University Dec 9, 1974 Brooklyn, New York
Zeta Phi Trine University Angola, Indiana
Zeta Chi University of Central Florida Dec 6, 1975 Orlando, Florida
Zeta Omega University of California, Irvine Feb 21, 1976 Irvine, California
Zeta Psi Southern University and A&M College February 27, 1976 Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Theta Alpha Tulane University Mar 13, 1976 New Orleans, Louisiana
Theta Delta Naval Postgraduate School Dec 7, 1977 Monterey, California
Theta Epsilon Kettering University Mar 16, 1978 Flint, Michigan
Theta Eta University of Alabama in Huntsville Apr 29, 1978 Huntsville, Alabama
Theta Kappa California State University, Fresno May 4, 1979 Fresno, California
Theta Lambda University of South Alabama Nov 30, 1979 Mobile, Alabama
Theta Mu Stony Brook University Dec 7, 1979 Stony Brook, New York
Theta Nu North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University Apr 11, 1980 Greensboro, North Carolina
Theta Xi Norwich University Apr 28, 1980 Northfield, Vermont
Theta Pi University of Missouri–Kansas City May 10, 1980 Kansas City, Missouri
Theta Rho Rice University Jan 3, 1981 Houston, Texas
Theta Tau University of Michigan-Dearborn Apr 18, 1981 Dearborn, Michigan
Theta Upsilon Lawrence Technological University Jan 16, 1982 Southfield, Michigan
Theta Phi Virginia Military Institute Apr 7, 1982 Lexington, Virginia
Theta Chi University of Colorado at Colorado Springs Apr 23, 1982 Colorado Springs, Colorado
Theta Psi University of Nevada, Reno Apr 15, 1982 Reno, Nevada
Iota Beta Milwaukee School of Engineering Feb 10, 1984 Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Iota Gamma University of California, Los Angeles Mar 29, 1984 Los Angeles, California
Iota Delta Stevens Institute of Technology May 6, 1984[5] Hoboken, New Jersey
Iota Epsilon University of Hartford Nov 3, 1984 West Hartford, Connecticut
Iota Zeta California State University, Chico Feb 22, 1985 Chico, California
Iota Eta University of Dayton Dec 7, 1985 Dayton, Ohio
Iota Theta Portland State University Mar 8, 1986 Portland, Oregon
Iota Kappa Montana State University Apr 24, 1986 Bozeman, Montana
Iota Lambda University of Illinois at Chicago Nov 24, 1986 Chicago, Illinois
Iota Nu Gannon University Apr 28, 1987 Erie, Pennsylvania
Iota Xi University of Arizona Mar 5, 1988 Tucson, Arizona
Iota Rho University of New Orleans Apr 22, 1989 New Orleans, Louisiana
Iota Sigma Temple University May 12, 1989 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Iota Upsilon University of Washington May 25, 1989 Seattle, Washington
Iota Phi United States Military Academy May 9, 1991 West Point, New York
Iota Chi Oakland University Nov 10, 1990 Rochester, Michigan
Kappa Alpha Northern Illinois University Mat 22, 1991 DeKalb, Illinois
Kappa Delta Florida International University Apr 3, 1992 Miami, Florida
Kappa Epsilon Binghamton University Nov 20, 1992 Binghamton, New York
Kappa Theta University of Wisconsin–Platteville Feb 26, 1994 Platteville, Wisconsin
Kappa Iota Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Prescott Apr 24, 1994 Prescott, Arizona
Kappa Nu University of North Florida May 17, 1997 Jacksonville, Florida
Kappa Xi University of South Florida Apr 25,1998 Tampa, Florida
Kappa Omicron State University of New York at New Paltz Oct 12, 1999 New Paltz, NY
Kappa Pi Boise State University Oct 27, 2001 Boise, Idaho
Kappa Rho Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis May 11, 2002 Indianapolis, Indiana
Kappa Sigma Boston University Mar 21, 2003 Boston, Massachusetts
Kappa Tau Baylor University Mar 28, 2003 Waco, Texas
Kappa Upsilon University of Texas at San Antonio Nov 19, 2004 San Antonio, Texas
Kappa Phi University of North Carolina at Charlotte Apr 29, 2005 Charlotte, North Carolina
Kappa Psi University of California, San Diego Jun 2, 2005 La Jolla, California
Kappa Chi Virginia Commonwealth University May 6, 2005 Richmond, Virginia
Kappa Omega Western Michigan University Apr 5, 2006 Kalamazoo, Michigan
Lambda Alpha University of West Florida Apr 22, 2006 Pensacola, Florida
Lambda Beta California State University, Northridge Nov 30, 2007 Northridge, California
Lambda Delta FAMU-FSU College of Engineering Apr 9, 2009 Tallahassee, Florida
Lambda Epsilon Southern Illinois University Carbondale April 28, 2010 Carbondale, Illinois
Lambda Iota The University of Hong Kong Jan 12, 2012 Hong Kong SAR, China
Lambda Theta Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia March 5, 2012 Halifax, Nova Scotia
Lambda Omega National University of Singapore Feb 2, 2013 Singapore, Singapore
Lambda Upsilon Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach Apr 26, 2014 Daytona Beach, Florida
Lambda Tau University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez Campus May 12, 2014 Mayaguez, Puerto Rico
Mu Alpha UCSI University Jan 10, 2015 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Mu Epsilon Singapore University of Technology and Design Dec 15, 2015 Singapore, Singapore
Mu Zeta Western Washington University Jan 15, 2016 Bellingham, Washington
Mu Theta Chulalongkorn University March 7, 2016 Bangkok, Thailand
Mu Eta University of KwaZulu-Natal August 22, 2016 Durban, South Africa
Mu Nu Polytechnic University of Turin March 20, 2017 Turin, Italy
Mu Xi Indian Institute of Science March 27, 2017 Bangalore, India
Lambda Lambda American University of Sharjah March 15, 2018 Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
Mu Rho Valparaiso University April 28, 2018 Valparaiso, Indiana
Mu Beta Arab Academy for Science and Technology and Maritime Transport April 28, 2018 Alexandria, Egypt

Prominent Members[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://hkn.org/about/mission.asp
  2. ^ "The Eta Kappa Nu Association Constitution" (PDF). HKN.org. January 1, 2002. p. 1. Retrieved 2010-12-16. Section 3. Colors. Colors of the Association shall be navy-blue and scarlet. 
  3. ^ http://hkn.org/about/history.asp
  4. ^ "IEEE IEEE-HKN: Chapters". www.ieee.org. Retrieved 2016-08-23. 
  5. ^ "Eta Kappa Nu". web.stevens.edu. Retrieved 2017-04-10. 

References[edit]

  • The Bridge (centennial edition), volume 100, number 1 / winter 2004

External links[edit]