Fairfax County Public Schools

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Fairfax County Public Schools
Fairfax County Public Schools Logo.svg
8115 Gatehouse Road
Merrifield, Virginia, 22042
United States
Coordinates 38°52′06″N 77°13′26″W / 38.86833°N 77.22389°W / 38.86833; -77.22389Coordinates: 38°52′06″N 77°13′26″W / 38.86833°N 77.22389°W / 38.86833; -77.22389
School type Public, school division
Founded 1870
School board Ilryong Moon, (At-Large)
Pat Hynes, Chairman (Hunter Mill District)
Ryan McElveen (At-Large)
Ted Velkoff, (At-Large)
Megan McLaughlin (Braddock District)
Jane Strauss (Dranesville District)
Tammy Derenak Kaufax, (Lee District)
Sandy Evans Vice Chairman (Mason District)
Dan Storck (Mount Vernon District)
Patty Reed (Providence District)
Elizabeth Schultz (Springfield District)
Kathy Smith (Sully District)[1]
Ben Press, Student Representative
(James Madison High School)
NCES District ID 5101260[3]
Superintendent Dr. Karen Garza
Staff 23,447 [4]
Grades Pre-K–12
Enrollment 186,785 [4] (2014–2015)
Campus Suburban
Area Fairfax County, Virginia

The Fairfax County Public Schools system (abbreviated FCPS) is a school district in the U.S. commonwealth of Virginia. It is a branch of the Fairfax County government which administers public schools in Fairfax County and the City of Fairfax. FCPS's headquarters is located in the Gatehouse Administration Center in Merrifield, an unincorporated section of the county near the city of Falls Church; the headquarters has a Falls Church address but is not within the city limits.[5][6] All Fairfax County Public Schools are accredited through the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Council on Accreditation and School Improvement.[7]

With over 180,000 students enrolled, FCPS is the largest public school system in Virginia, as well as the largest in the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area. The superintendent of schools is Dr. Karen Garza. The school division is the 10th largest school system in the nation[4] and maintains the largest school bus fleet of any school system in the United States.


The public school system in Fairfax County was created after the Civil War with the adoption by Virginia of the Reconstruction-era state constitution in 1870, which provided for the first time that a free public education was a constitutional right. The first Superintendent of Schools for Fairfax County was Thomas M. Moore, who was sworn in on September 26, 1870.[8]

At the time of its creation, the Fairfax County Public Schools system consisted of 41 schools, 28 white and 13 colored schools.[8]

In 1886, Milton D. Hall was appointed superintendent. He would serve for 44 years until his retirement in 1929.[8]

Fairfax County refused to let black students attend local high schools and sent them out of the county to Manassas and Washington.[9][10] Despite the 1954 Supreme court ruling to end racial segregation, Fairfax County Schools did not begin to allow black students into white schools until 1960.[11]

FCPS took over the education of students with mental disabilities from a parent-organized cooperative in 1953. The parents had begun the program in 1950, using whatever space could be found to educate their children, but eventually asked FCPS to take control of the program.[12]

In 1954, FCPS had 42 elementary schools and 6 high schools.[11] That year, the Luther Jackson High School, the first high school for black students, opened in Falls Church.[13]

Special education classes for mentally disabled students were expanded in 1955 to four classes for "educable" (those with a mental age above 7) children at Groveton, Lincolnia, Oakton and Luther Jackson schools, and a class for "trainable" (those with a mental age of less than 6½) children at Groveton.[12]

The Fairfax County School Board voted to switch from a 7-5 to a 6-2-4 grade level configuration in 1958, necessitating the creation of what were then called intermediate schools for students in grades 7 and 8.[11] By the time the first eight intermediate schools opened in the Fall of 1960, they were already over their 1000 student capacities.[11][14]

Also in the Fall of 1960, the first black students were admitted to newly-desegregated public schools. Jerald R. Betz and Raynard Wheeler were enrolled at the Belvedere Elementary School in Falls Church, and Gwendolyn Brooks was enrolled at Cedar Lane Elementary School in Vienna.[15]

The changeover to the 6-2-4 plan was the last major initiative of Superintendent W. T. Woodson, who retired in 1961, having served at 32 years the second-longest tenure as head of the Fairfax County Public Schools system.[11][16]

In April 1961, Wilmington, North Carolina Superintendent Earl C. Funderburk was appointed as superintendent to replace Woodson.[17]

As early as 1965, Superintendent Funderburk was discussing plans to decentralize FCPS.[11] By 1967, Funderburk had put together a plan for five area offices, each serving a portion of the county, and had appointed Woodson High School Principal Robert E. Phipps and West Springfield High School Principal S. John Davis as his first two administrators that December.[11][18]

Although the school board had endorsed Funderburk's plan, they also hired the consulting firm of Cresap, McCormick & Paget to conduct an audit of the system's management organization and operations.[11] In 1968, based on their consultant's recommendations, the school board put a significantly modified version of the decentralization plan into effect, dividing FCPS into four areas which were in effect miniature school systems.[11][19][20]

In January of the following year, Funderburk resigned, telling the school board he did not want a third term as superintendent.[21] The school board selected Dr. Lawrence M. Watts from the Greece School District in Greece, New York to take the reins of the Fairfax County Public Schools system, which had grown during Funderburk's tenure from 65,000 to 122,000 students, in May 1969.[20]

In May 1970, Dr. Watts appointed Taylor M. Williams as the first black high school principal since FCPS had desegregated, placing Williams in charge of James Madison High School in Vienna.[22]

Watts' appointment of Williams would be one of his final official acts. After less than a year as superintendent, Dr. Watts died, aged 44, of a heart attack at his home in Oakton in June 1970.[23] Assistant Superintendent S. Barry Morris was named interim superintendent while the school board sought a replacement to lead the 130,000 student school system.[24]

The board did not have to look far for its new superintendent. In September 1970, Area Superintendent S. John Davis was chosen following a nationwide search to serve the remaining 33 months of Dr. Watts' four year term.[25]

During the mid-1970s, Davis had twin difficulties dealing with the start of demographic crash as well as a population shift. The student population dropped from a high of 145,385 in 1974-75 school year to an eventual low of 122,646 in 1982-83.[11] Additionally, families migrated from established eastern and central parts of the county to newer developments in the west and south, leading to the unenviable task of Davis having to request the closings of some schools while needing to build entirely new ones elsewhere.[11][26]

In a 6-5 vote, the school board voted in May 1976 to re-institute textbook rental fees, hoping to raise an additional $1.3 million to close a projected budget shortfall.[27] The plan was scrapped two months later, in July, when the board was able to find a $1.4 million surplus.[28]

In 1978, Fairfax County began countywide enforcement of its 15-year-old standardized six-point letter grading scale, which also had a ten-point spread at the bottom of the grading range.[29] The grading scale, originally set in 1963, provided that a score of 100-94% was an A, 93-87% a B, 86-80% a C, and 70-79% a D, with any score below 70% an F.[29]

The county school board adopted a $279 million budget in February 1979 which included a 5.15% cost of living raise for the system's teachers and other employees.[30] However, this increase was only slightly more than half of the inflation rate, which was at an annual rate of 9.9% that month, and far short of the 9.4% increase FCPS employees had sought. In April 1979, the Fairfax Education Association, the professional association representing teachers in the county, adopted a work-to-the-rule action, which meant that teachers would not do any work outside of the 7.5 hours per day they were contracted for.[31] Additionally, the FEA gave a vote of no confidence to Superintendent Davis.[32][33]

The vote of no confidence was considered the main factor in Davis' decision to resign from Fairfax County Public Schools on May 18, 1979 and accept an appointment as Virginia Superintendent of Public Education from Governor John N. Dalton, despite having to take a $5,000 per year pay cut.[34]

Following Davis' resignation, the Fairfax County School Board appointed Associate School Superintendent William J. Burkholder as interim superintendent.[35]

In November 1979, the School Board named Orange County, Florida superintendent L. Linton Deck Jr. as superintendent following a four-month search.[36] Deck had been a divisive figure during his 6 1/2 years in Orange County, with some residents glad to see him go, while others praised him as a strong and professional leader.[37]

Deck inherited the problem of needing to close underutilized schools that had first plagued Superintendent Davis.[38] 29 elementary schools, mostly in the eastern part of the county, were studied for possible closure, but Deck's recommendation in April 1980 was for eight schools to be closed, five more than the review panel had suggested.[38][39] The following month, the school board voted to close seven of the eight schools at its May 22, 1980 meeting, a move which was met with angry hisses and boos from parents in attendance.[40][41]

The work to the rule action by Fairfax County teachers which had begun in April 1979 was finally ended in May 1980.[42]

Superintendent Linton Deck accepted a new four-year contract as Superintendent of Fairfax County Public Schools in January 1981.[43] Shortly before accepting his new contract, Deck proposed making up a $2.75 million portion of his proposed $395 million 1982 school budget by instituting textbook rental fees for students.[44] Although permitted by Virginia law, the plan, which included charging textbook fees from $22 for elementary school students up to $30 per year for high school students, was jettisoned in the face of strong criticism.[45]

Controversy over Deck's handling of an investigation of recruiting violations by the Mount Vernon High School athletic department, his censure by the Fairfax Education Association for a mishandled school closing, unhappiness with his personal leadership style, which was characterized as "aggressive" and "abrasive", and pressure from the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors angry at Deck's proposed budget led to the school board forcing Deck to resign on June 24, 1982, only 1½ years into his four-year contract.[46][47] The Board appointed William J. Burkholder as acting superintendent.

At its April 25, 1991 meeting, the school board approved a plan where the county's intermediate schools, which had for the previous 31 years only served seventh and eighth grades, would add sixth graders and become middle schools.[48] Three intermediate schools, Glasgow, Holmes and Poe, added sixth grade classes.

In 1993, the four-year-old teacher merit pay was suspended due to budget cuts, and the school board voted to phase the program out completely over the next four years at its March 11 meeting.[49]

From 1965 to 2006, the county school system was headquartered at 10700 Page Avenue in an unincorporated area of the county completely surrounded by the City of Fairfax.[50][51] In 2006, FCPS moved all of its operations from the Burkholder Center, as well as from several other school-owned and leased offices, to the office building on Gatehouse Road.[52]

The school system has expanded to include over 196 schools and centers, including 22 high schools, 3 secondary schools, 23 middle schools, and 196 elementary schools. Fairfax County Public Schools (FCPS) also operates a fleet of over 1520 school buses, which transport 110,000 students every day. They operate on an operating budget of $2.5 billion, through numerous funding sources. Today, FCPS is the largest school system in Virginia, and the 10th largest in the United States. It also boasts an average on-time graduation rate of 91.3%, along with an average SAT score of 1659.[53]

On multiple accounts during the winter of the 2014-15 academic year, Fairfax County Public Schools (FCPS), along with Loudoun County Public Schools took international backlash in the #closeFCPS incident. This initially took place on January 6, 2015, when FCPS Superintendent Dr. Karen Garza and school board members made a misjudged mistake over choosing not to close nor delay all academic activities, despite inclement weather conditions. This sparked an international fandom, as enraged FCPS students, parents, and faculty took their opinions to Twitter. #closeFCPS soon was trending globally, as many across the globe questioned the illogical decision made by FCPS.[54] The school system gained massive opposition on a second account on February 19, as #closeFCPS trended globally again.[55] Fairfax County Public Schools soon released an apology, as well as a statement that they would be reviewing their policy regarding inclement weather for the future.[56]

Debate over grading policy[edit]

Fairfax County Public Schools was known for their use of a 6-point grading scale. Before May 7, 2009, 94–100% received an A, 90–93% was a B+, 84–89% was a B, and so on.

In 2008, a parent group raised concerns about whether the FCPS method of computing grades and applying weights for advanced courses was adversely affecting FCPS applicants for college admissions, honors program placements, and merit-based scholarship awards.

On January 2, 2009, Superintendent Jack D. Dale announced his decision on the issue, recommending changing the weights of advanced courses but maintaining the six-point grading scale.[57][58] Dale stated there was no conclusive evidence the six-point grading scale is disadvantageous for the students of FCPS.

Fairfax County Public Schools worked with the parent group to conduct a joint investigation into the issue. On January 22, 2009, the FCPS School Board directed Superintendent Dale to report back to it with a new version of the grading scale by March 2009.[59] The Board also approved changing the weighting for Honors to 0.5 effective with the 2009–2010 school year and for AP and IB courses to 1.0 retroactively.[59]

After investigation, the Fairfax County School Board approved a modified ten-point scale, complete with pluses and minuses. The new scale went into effect at the beginning of the 2009–10 school year. 93–100% is an A, 90–92% is a A-, and an 87–89% is a B+, and so on.[60]

Controversy over disciplinary policies[edit]

Fairfax County Public Schools disciplinary policies for drug offense came under community scrutiny starting in 2009, after two students separately committed suicide after being subject to school disciplinary proceedings.[61] Both 17-year-old Josh Anderson of South Lakes High School, who died in 2009, and 15-year-old Nick Stuban of W.T. Woodson High School, who died in 2011, had been suspended from their schools for marijuana-related offenses.[61][62] The school district also suspended at least one student for possession of her own prescription medication.[63]

Although then-Superintendent Jack D. Dale maintained that the disciplinary policy did not constitute "zero tolerance,"[64] the suicides nevertheless prompted the school board and the state legislature to revisit school disciplinary policies.[65][66] After a year-long study, the school board voted to relax punishments for marijuana possession and add parental notification requirements for students facing serious disciplinary sanctions.[67]


Fairfax Villa Elementary School – 2014
FCPS High Schools' Rankings on Newsweek's
America's Top Public High Schools.[68][69][70]
School Name 2003 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Annandale 623 516 862 924 960 1004 1279 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Centreville 177 149 99 112 106 131 141 177 246 N/A N/A N/A
Chantilly 72 94 162 133 126 136 224 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Edison 425 692 657 694 751 798 804 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Fairfax 92 196 211 157 258 133 182 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Falls Church 128 289 395 1323 390 198 486 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Hayfield N/A N/A 356 783 806 510 567 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Herndon 115 174 139 161 145 166 153 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Jefferson N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 10 8 1 1
Langley 31 50 81 72 55 102 118 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Lee 787 1019 1215 1323 801 812 1218 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Madison 787 1019 123 141 152 199 144 N/A 113 146 126 N/A
Marshall 184 187 201 211 254 159 203 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
McLean 152 128 86 76 99 115 102 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Mount Vernon 305 729 636 1323 1398 1217 1516 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Oakton 143 103 105 103 105 157 158 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
South County N/A N/A N/A N/A 143 176 308 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
South Lakes 407 383 608 842 515 570 221 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Stuart 230 371 368 458 330 285 446 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
West Potomac 108 403 295 198 221 270 550 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
West Springfield 145 141 155 172 250 263 280 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Westfield 48 126 142 179 148 192 353 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Woodson 23 34 91 65 74 72 92 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

The Newsweek rankings do not include Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology prior to 2010 because it is a selective school. Prior to 2010, Newsweek recognized it as one of America's "public elite" high schools for having few or no average students.[71][72]

High schools[edit]

Secondary schools[edit]

Alternative high schools[edit]

Middle schools[edit]

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Buzz Aldrin Elementary School
  • Annandale Terrace Elementary School
  • Louise Archer Elementary School
  • Armstrong Elementary School
  • Bailey's Elementary School for the Arts and Sciences
  • Bailey's Upper Elementary School for the Arts and Sciences
  • Beech Tree Elementary School
  • Belle View Elementary School
  • Belvedere Elementary School
  • Bonnie Brae Elementary School
  • Braddock Elementary School
  • Bren Mar Park Elementary School
  • Brookfield Elementary School
  • Bucknell Elementary School
  • Bull Run Elementary School
  • Bush Hill Elementary School
  • Camelot Elementary School
  • Cameron Elementary School
  • Canterbury Woods Elementary School
  • Cardinal Forest Elementary School
  • Centre Ridge Elementary School
  • Centreville Elementary School
  • Cherry Run Elementary School
  • Chesterbrook Elementary School
  • Churchill Road Elementary School
  • Clearview Elementary School
  • Clermont Elementary School
  • Clifton Elementary School
  • Coates Elementary School
  • Colin Powell Elementary School
  • Columbia Elementary School
  • Colvin Run Elementary School
  • Crestwood Elementary School
  • A. Scott Crossfield Elementary School
  • Cub Run Elementary School
  • Cunningham Park Elementary School
  • Daniels Run Elementary School
  • Deer Park Elementary School
  • Dogwood Elementary School
  • Dranesville Elementary School
  • Eagle View Elementary School
  • Fairfax Villa Elementary School
  • Fairhill Elementary School
  • Fairview Elementary School
  • Flint Hill Elementary School
  • Floris Elementary School
  • Forest Edge Elementary School
  • Forestdale Elementary School
  • Forestville Elementary School
  • Fort Belvoir Elementary School
  • Fort Hunt Elementary School
  • Fox Mill Elementary School
  • Franconia Elementary School
  • Franklin Sherman Elementary School
  • Freedom Hill Elementary School
  • Garfield Elementary School
  • Glen Forest Elementary School
  • Graham Road Elementary School
  • Great Falls Elementary School
  • Greenbriar East Elementary School
  • Greenbriar West Elementary School
  • Groveton Elementary School
  • Gunston Elementary School
  • William Halley Elementary School
  • Haycock Elementary School
  • Hayfield Elementary School
  • Herndon Elementary School
  • Hollin Meadows Elementary School
  • Hunt Valley Elementary School
  • Hunters Woods Elementary School for the Arts and Sciences
  • Hutchison Elementary School
  • Hybla Valley Elementary School
  • Island Creek Elementary School
  • Keene Mill Elementary School
  • Kent Gardens Elementary School
  • Kings Glen Elementary School
  • Kings Park Elementary School
  • Lake Anne Elementary School
  • Anthony T. Lane Elementary School
  • Laurel Hill Elementary School
  • Laurel Ridge Elementary School
  • Lees Corner Elementary School
  • Lemon Road Elementary School
  • Little Run Elementary School
  • London Towne Elementary School
  • Lorton Station Elementary School
  • Lynbrook Elementary School
  • Mantua Elementary School
  • Marshall Road Elementary School
  • Mason Crest Elementary School
  • McNair Elementary School
  • Mosby Woods Elementary School
  • Mount Eagle Elementary School
  • Mount Vernon Woods Elementary School
  • Navy Elementary School
  • Newington Forest Elementary School
  • North Springfield Elementary School
  • Oak Hill Elementary School
  • Oak View Elementary School
  • Oakton Elementary School
  • Olde Creek Elementary School
  • Orange Hunt Elementary School
  • Parklawn Elementary School
  • Pine Spring Elementary School
  • Poplar Tree Elementary School
  • Colin L. Powell Elementary School
  • Providence Elementary School
  • Ravensworth Elementary School
  • Riverside Elementary School
  • Rolling Valley Elementary School
  • Rose Hill Elementary School
  • Sangster Elementary School
  • Saratoga Elementary School
  • Shrevewood Elementary School
  • Silverbrook Elementary School
  • Sleepy Hollow Elementary School
  • Spring Hill Elementary School
  • Springfield Estates Elementary School
  • Stenwood Elementary School
  • Stratford Landing Elementary School
  • Sunrise Valley Elementary School
  • Terra Centre Elementary School
  • Terraset Elementary School
  • Timber Lane Elementary School
  • Union Mill Elementary School
  • Vienna Elementary School
  • Virginia Hills Elementary School
  • Virginia Run Elementary School
  • Wakefield Forest Elementary School
  • Waples Mill Elementary School
  • Washington Mill Elementary School
  • Waynewood Elementary School
  • West Springfield Elementary School
  • Westbriar Elementary School
  • Westgate Elementary School
  • Westlawn Elementary School
  • Weyanoke Elementary School
  • White Oaks Elementary School
  • Willow Springs Elementary School
  • Wolftrap Elementary School
  • Woodburn Elementary School for the Fine and Communicative Arts
  • Woodlawn Elementary School
  • Woodley Hills Elementary School

Special education centers[edit]

  • Burke Center
  • Camelot Center
  • Cedar Lane School
  • Davis Career Center
  • Key Center
  • Kilmer Center
  • Mount Vernon Center
  • Pulley Career Center
  • Quander Road School

Interagency Alternative Schools[edit]

  • Adult Detention Center
  • Boys Probation House
  • Care Connection for Children
  • Compass Day School
  • Computer Enhanced Instruction Program
  • Crossroads Residential Program
  • Devonshire Center
  • Elizabeth Blackwell School
  • Enterprise School
  • Falls Bridge School
  • Foundations (formerly Girls Probation House)[73]
  • GRANTS (GED Readiness and New Technology Skills)
  • Gunston School at South County Juvenile Court
  • Hickory Grove School
  • Hillwood School at East County Juvenile Court
  • Horizons Day School
  • Independent Study Program
  • Juvenile Detention Center
  • Northern Virginia Mental Health Institute
  • Northern Virginia Sickle Cell Center at Inova
  • Northwest Center
  • Sager School
  • Shelter Care II (formerly Less Secure Shelter)[73]
  • Sojourn House
  • Sunrise House
  • Transition Support Resource Center
  • Vista Day School at South County Juvenile Court


FCPS operates a fleet of over 1,700 school buses.[4] The fleet make-up consists of buses that are from 1997 to 2015. FCPS operates the following bus models:

Transportation is divided into several different offices. Area 1, Area 2, Area 3, and Area 4 are regional offices servicing different regions of the county. Area 1 serving the farthest south, Area 2 central south, Area 3 central north, and Area 4 serving the farthest northern region. In addition to the regional offices there is also a Central office which oversees all lower offices and a Training Center. The final office is Routing and Planning which creates bus routes. Routing and Planning which is also known as Area 7, maintains its own fleet of vehicles. The white vans and cars from Area 7 transport special needs students to special public and private schools throughout the county.

Three garages service the buses. Alban, Newington, & West Ox.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "FCPS - School Board". fcps.edu. Retrieved 18 August 2015. 
  2. ^ "Ben Press Elected Student Representative to the Fairfax County School Board". Fairfax County Public Schools (Press release). 13 February 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  3. ^ "Search for Public School Districts – District Detail for Fairfax Co Pblc Schs". National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved 17 December 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d "About FCPS". Fairfax County Public Schools. October 23, 2012. Retrieved December 17, 2011. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Block Maps Merrifield, Virginia." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on November 28, 2012.
  6. ^ Contact Us. Fairfax County Public Schools. Retrieved on November 28, 2012. "Gatehouse Administration Center 8115 Gatehouse Road Falls Church, VA 22042"
  7. ^ "Instructional Services Department". Fairfax County PublicSchools. Retrieved 11 November 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c Gott, John K.; Hogan, Katherine S. (January 1976). "Chapter II: Fairfax County Public School - A Brief History". In Wrenn, Tony P.; Peters, Virginia B.; Sprouse, Edith Moore. Legato School: A Centennial Souvenir (PDF). pp. 15–36. 
  9. ^ Russell-Porte, Evelyn Darnell (2000). A History of Education for Black Students in Fairfax County Prior to 1954 (PDF) (Thesis). Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. p. ii (abstract). Retrieved 19 September 2015. In an effort to avoid integration black students were sent outside of Fairfax County to Manassas and Washington. 
  10. ^ "Drive Begun For Negro High School". The Washington Post. 3 January 1949. Retrieved 30 October 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Duke, Daniel Linden (2005). Education Empire. Albany: State University of New York Press. ISBN 9780791464939. 
  12. ^ a b Smith, Marie (19 August 1955). "Fairfax Will Increase Classes for Retarded". The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 October 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  13. ^ Guinn, Muriel (16 February 1958). "'Happy School' Is Aim of Principal At Only All-Negro High in Fairfax". The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 October 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  14. ^ Bowie, Carole H. (29 August 1960). "Opening of 8 Schools Tests Ambitious Plan". The Washington Post. Retrieved 21 September 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  15. ^ Chapman, William (2 September 1960). "1st Negroes Join Classes In Fairfax". The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 October 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  16. ^ Bowie, Carole H. (2 November 1960). "W. T. Woodson to Resign Fairfax School Position". The Washington Post. Retrieved 19 September 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  17. ^ "Fairfax Names Head of Schools". The Washington Post. 5 April 1961. Retrieved 19 September 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  18. ^ "School Chiefs Are Chosen In Fairfax". The Washington Post. 5 December 1967. Retrieved 20 September 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  19. ^ Jacoby, Susan (19 September 1968). "Fairfax Schools Go Streamlined". The Washington Post. Retrieved 20 September 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  20. ^ a b Klose, Kevin (2 May 1969). "New York Educator Appointed To Head Fairfax School System". The Washington Post. Retrieved 20 September 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  21. ^ Klose, Kevin (10 January 1969). "Funderburk to Quit Fairfax School Post". The Washington Post. Retrieved 20 September 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  22. ^ Curry, William N. (29 May 1970). "Negro to Head Fairfax High School". The Washington Post. Retrieved 6 October 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  23. ^ "Fairfax Schools Chief Lawrence Watts, 44, Dies". The Washington Post. 16 June 1970. Retrieved 21 September 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  24. ^ Bredemeier, Kenneth (20 June 1970). "Fairfax Names Morris Acting Chief of Schools". The Washington Post. Retrieved 21 September 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  25. ^ "System Gets Local Man, Spear Davis". The Washington Post. 24 September 1970. Retrieved 21 September 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  26. ^ Grubisich, Thomas (12 May 1977). "Fairfax school bond: Uncertain fate". The Washington Post. Retrieved 28 September 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  27. ^ Rosenfeld, Megan (14 May 1976). "Fairfax Schools Vote Textbook Rental Fee". The Washington Post. Retrieved 19 October 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  28. ^ Hansard, Sara E. (23 July 1976). "Fairfax Kills Rental Fee on Textbooks". The Washington Post. Retrieved 19 October 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  29. ^ a b Locke, Maggie (19 October 1978). "Fairfax County Schools Enforce Standardized Grading Scale". The Washington Post. Retrieved 28 September 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  30. ^ Locke, Maggie; Selden, Ina Lee (9 February 1979). "Fairfax Schools Adopt $279 Million Budget". The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 September 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  31. ^ Knight, Athelia (25 April 1979). "Teachers in Fairfax Adopt Work-to-the-Rule Stance". The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 September 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  32. ^ Knight, Athelia; Selden, Ina Lee (27 April 1979). "Va. Teachers Slow After-School Activity". The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 September 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  33. ^ Knight, Athelia (1979-05-07). "A Superintendent Under Fire". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2015-09-30. 
  34. ^ Frankel, Glenn; Selden, Ina Lee (19 May 1979). "Davis Gets High Va. Post: Fairfax Superintendent Named To Top State Education Job". The Washington Post. Retrieved 29 September 2015 – via Proquest. (subscription required (help)). 
  35. ^ Selden, Ina Lee (1979-05-25). "Fairfax Replaces Superintendent". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2015-09-30. 
  36. ^ Dougherty, Kerry (1979-11-20). "Florida Educator Named by Fairfax To Head Schools". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2015-10-04. 
  37. ^ Dougherty, Kerry (1980-01-17). "Fla. City Delighted As Fairfax Takes Its School Chief". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2015-10-04. 
  38. ^ a b Dougherty, Kerry (1980-04-10). "Grappling With School Closings". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2015-10-04. 
  39. ^ Dougherty, Kerry (1980-04-24). "Eight Fairfax Schools May Close". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2015-10-04. 
  40. ^ Dougherty, Kerry (23 May 1980). "Fairfax Board Votes to Close 7 Schools as Angry Crowd Boos". The Washington Post. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
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