Burke, Virginia

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Burke, Virginia
Houses in Burke, October 2016
Houses in Burke, October 2016
Location of Burke in Fairfax County, Virginia
Location of Burke in Fairfax County, Virginia
Burke, Virginia is located in Northern Virginia
Burke, Virginia
Burke, Virginia
Location of Burke in Fairfax County, Virginia
Burke, Virginia is located in Virginia
Burke, Virginia
Burke, Virginia
Burke, Virginia (Virginia)
Burke, Virginia is located in the United States
Burke, Virginia
Burke, Virginia
Burke, Virginia (the United States)
Coordinates: 38°46′53″N 77°16′15″W / 38.78139°N 77.27083°W / 38.78139; -77.27083Coordinates: 38°46′53″N 77°16′15″W / 38.78139°N 77.27083°W / 38.78139; -77.27083
Country United States
State Virginia
County Fairfax
Area
 • Total8.7 sq mi (22.6 km2)
 • Land8.6 sq mi (22.3 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation
256 ft (78 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total41,055
 • Density4,771/sq mi (1,842.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
22009, 22015
Area code(s)703, 571
FIPS code51-11464[1]
GNIS feature ID1494192[2]

Burke is an unincorporated section of Fairfax County, Virginia, United States traditionally defined as the area served by the Burke post office (Zip Code 22015). Burke includes two census-designated places: The Burke CDP, population 41,055 in 2010[3] and the Burke Centre CDP, population 17,326.

History[edit]

Burke is named after Silas Burke (1796–1854), a 19th-century farmer, merchant, and local politician who built a house on a hill overlooking the valley of Pohick Creek in approximately 1824. The house still stands.[4] When the Orange and Alexandria Railroad was constructed in the late 1840s, the railroad station at the base of that hill was named "Burke's Station" after Burke, who owned the land in the area and donated a right-of-way to the railroad company. The community that grew up around the railroad station acquired a post office branch in 1852. The railroad tracks located on the same historical line are owned by the Norfolk Southern Railway and form part of the Manassas line of the Virginia Railway Express commuter rail system, which has two stations (Rolling Road and Burke Centre) in the Burke area. The original Burke Station building can still be seen in the community, turned 90 degrees from its historical footprint.[5]

Strip mall in Burke

During the Civil War, the railway station was garrisoned by Union troops. The Bog Wallow Ambush occurred nearby in 1861.[6] On December 28, 1862, Confederate cavalry under General J.E.B. Stuart raided the station. Stuart seized supplies from the area, destroyed a nearby bridge, monitored Union messages passing over the telegraph lines, and then famously sent a telegram to Union Quartermaster General Montgomery C. Meigs complaining of the poor quality of the mules he had captured.[5][7] Further action was seen in the neighborhood in 1863.[8]

In 1903, Henry C. Copperthite, changed the name of the post office from Burke's Station to "Burke" after buying the Burke House and 241 acres (98 ha) to build a racetrack for trotting and pacing horses. In 1914, his factory in Georgetown was producing 50,000 pies a day, earning him the nickname "King of Pie" and making him the largest non-government employer in Washington, D.C. He built four hotels, stables and expanded the general store in Burke. Burke became a popular summer destination where people could attend fairs, see horse races, foot races, motorcycle races, exhibition boxing and baseball games. Special trains ran to Burke from Union Station in D.C., Alexandria, Prince William and Loudoun counties and as far away as Richmond. Copperthite installed the first phones in Burke, and his stables housed the horses of President McKinley and Vice President Theodore Roosevelt. The site of the racetrack was marked by a historic marker erected by Fairfax County in 2016.[9][10]

The area remained predominantly rural well into the mid-20th century. After World War I, the population grew as federal government workers moved into the area, commuting by train to Washington.

In 1951, the U.S. Civil Aeronautics Administration announced plans to condemn 4,520 acres (1,830 ha) of land in Burke to construct a second airport to serve the Washington metropolitan area.[11] After a lengthy lobbying campaign by area residents, the government in 1958 selected a different site near Chantilly, Virginia, which would become Washington Dulles International Airport. Land that had been purchased to build the airport was later developed into Burke Lake Park and the planned community of Burke Centre.[12]

The first large subdivision in the vicinity, Kings Park, was constructed beginning in 1960, and was followed by many others over the next two decades, converting Burke into a densely populated suburban community.

A historic marker in Burke denotes the Huldah Coffer House, owned by a prominent resident of the county for many years.[13] Another, privately erected, notes the site of the former Lee Chapel Methodist church, which was purposely burned in 1951 after having been abandoned for some years, but whose cemetery remains on the site.[14]

Geography and climate[edit]

Map of the Burke CDP

Burke is located south of the center of Fairfax County at 38°46′53″N 77°16′15″W / 38.78139°N 77.27083°W / 38.78139; -77.27083 (38.781480, −77.270750).[15] The Burke CDP is bordered by the CDPs of Burke Centre to the west, Kings Park West to the northwest, Long Branch and Wakefield to the north, Kings Park to the northeast, West Springfield to the east, Newington Forest to the south, and South Run to the southwest. Burke Lake Park, which borders the Burke CDP to the southwest and is not part of any CDP, is a large recreational park operated by the Fairfax County Park Authority, featuring a golf course and woodland surrounding Burke Lake.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Burke CDP has a total area of 8.7 square miles (22.6 km2), of which 8.6 square miles (22.3 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2), or 1.22%, is water.[3] Most of the water making up Burke consists of artificial ponds and lakes.

Climate data for Burke
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 44
(7)
49
(9)
58
(14)
69
(21)
78
(26)
85
(29)
89
(32)
87
(31)
81
(27)
70
(21)
59
(15)
48
(9)
68
(20)
Average low °F (°C) 24
(−4)
26
(−3)
33
(1)
42
(6)
52
(11)
61
(16)
66
(19)
65
(18)
58
(14)
45
(7)
36
(2)
28
(−2)
45
(7)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.48
(88)
3.01
(76)
4.13
(105)
3.54
(90)
4.42
(112)
3.69
(94)
4.26
(108)
3.98
(101)
4.30
(109)
3.48
(88)
3.41
(87)
3.41
(87)
45.11
(1,145)
Source: Weather.com[16]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
198033,835
199057,73470.6%
200057,7370.0%
201041,055−28.9%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 57,737 people, 19,215 households, and 15,756 families residing in the community. Burke is the largest community in Virginia recognized by the Census Bureau, other than counties and incorporated cities (although 11 cities and Arlington, Virginia have greater populations). The population density was 5,008.0 people per square mile (1,933.4/km2). There were 19,367 housing units at an average density of 1,679.9/sq mi (648.5/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 74.36% White, 14.66% Asian, 5.04% African American, 3.27% from two or more races, 0.21% Native American, 0.08% Pacific Islander, and 2.37% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.43% of the population.

There were 19,215 households, out of which 44.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.6% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.0% were non-families. 13.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.30.

The population distribution by age is 27.9% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 30.6% from 45 to 64, and 5.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in Burke is $113,034, and the median income for a family was $125,905. Males had a median income of $66,149 versus $41,933 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $34,936. About 1.5% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Elementary and secondary school students in Burke are served by the Fairfax County Public School System. The elementary schools in Burke are White Oaks, Terra Centre, Fairview and Cherry Run, although students also attend Ravensworth and Kings Park/Kings Glen as well Sangster. Burke is home to Lake Braddock Secondary School, though many students within the district attend Robinson Secondary School and West Springfield High School, as well as South County Secondary School.

Public libraries[edit]

Fairfax County Public Library operates the Pohick Regional Library, the Burke Centre Library, and the Kings Park Library in the CDP.[17]

Transportation[edit]

Burke is served by two Virginia Railway Express stations, Burke Centre and Rolling Road, both on the Manassas line. It is also served by the Metrobus (Washington, D.C.) system, via the 17A, B, G, H, K, and L and the 18G, H, J, P, R, and S routes, with rush-hour-only service to the Pentagon and Springfield Metro stations.

Recreation and events[edit]

Recreation[edit]

Along the boundaries of adjoining Fairfax Station, Burke Lake Park is an 888-acre (3.59 km2) park centered on a 218-acre (0.88 km2) recreational lake. The park contains a 4.68-mile (7.53 km) jogging trail, campsites, numerous picnic and sports areas, an 18-hole par three golf course with driving range, a disc golf course, miniature golf course, boat rental, amphitheater, ice cream parlor, carousel, and miniature train ride.

Events[edit]

  • From April through December, the Burke Farmers Market takes place each Saturday morning, from 8 a.m. to 12 p.m., in the Burke Centre VRE station parking lot.[18]
  • Burke Centre hosts a fall festival for two days, every September.
  • Burke Nursery & Garden Center hosts a Pumpkin Playground every October.

Communities[edit]

Burke Centre is a 1,700-acre (690 ha) planned community that was formerly part of the Burke CDP but is now a separate census-designated area. It is located west of Burke and is divided into five subcommunities: The Commons, The Landings, The Oaks, The Ponds and The Woods. Other notable communities in the Burke area include Rolling Valley West, Burke Village I & II, Lakepointe, Longwood Knolls, Burke Lake Meadows, Edgewater, Lake Braddock, Signal Hill, Crownleigh, and Cherry Run along with Burke Station Square.

Nearby towns, communities, etc.[edit]

All distances are by road from Burke Station, the original settlement of Burke:

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Burke CDP, Virginia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 22, 2016.[dead link]
  4. ^ "Silas Burke House Historical Marker". Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  5. ^ a b https://www.hmdb.org/m.asp?m=12. Retrieved 3 February 2020. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ "Bog Wallow Ambush Historical Marker". Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  7. ^ "Burke's Station Historical Marker". Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  8. ^ "Burke's Station Historical Marker". Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  9. ^ "Burke, Mount Vernon: Copperthite Race Track Receives Historical Marker". Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  10. ^ MSH. "The Historic Marker at Burke Nursery". Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  11. ^ Winship, Thomas (14 June 1951). "450-Acre Tract in Fairfax County Located West of Shirley Hwy.: Burke, Va. Selected As Site of Airport". The Washington Post. ProQuest 152367943.
  12. ^ "Dulles Airport was originally supposed to be in Burke, but neighbors successfully stopped it". Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  13. ^ "The Huldah Coffer House Historical Marker". Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  14. ^ "Lee Chapel Church Historical Marker". Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  16. ^ "Average Weather for Burke, VA". The Weather Channel. Retrieved July 14, 2010.
  17. ^ "Library Branches." Fairfax County Public Library. Retrieved on October 21, 2009.
  18. ^ "Burke Farmers Market". Retrieved 2019-06-18.

Further reading[edit]

  • Netherton, Nan & Rose, Ruth Preston (1988). Memories of Beautiful Burke, Virginia. Burke: Burke Historical Society. ISBN 0-9620619-0-5.

External links[edit]