List of Chinese flags

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This is a list of flags of entities named "China".

National flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description
Flag of the Republic of China.svg 9 December 1928 – present Flag of the Republic of China Commonly known as "Taiwan". A red field, with a blue canton containing a 12-ray white sun. This flag flew over mainland China until 1949, and is presently flown on the island of Taiwan and other islands under the control of the ROC. This flag can sometimes be seen in Mainland China, for historical and unofficial use.
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 1 October 1949 – present Flag of the People's Republic of China Commonly known as "China". A red field, with a large yellow star with four smaller stars to the right at the canton. This flag is flown in mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau.

Imperial flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1862-1889).svg 1862–1890 Flag of the Qing dynasty Azure Dragon on a plain right triangle yellow field with the red sun of the three-legged crow in the upper left corner.
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1889-1912).svg 1890–1912 Flag of the Qing dynasty Rectangular variant of above flag
Imperial standard of the Qing Emperor.svg 1862–1912 Standard of the Qing Emperor Qing dynasty imperial standard for the Emperor of China.

Provinces[edit]

The PRC-controlled mainland does not have provincial flags, but the ROC-controlled area has a flag for one of its two provinces.

Flag Duration Use Description
Taiwan Province Flag.svg Taiwan Province

Special administrative regions flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description
Flag of Hong Kong.svg 1 July 1997 – present Flag of Hong Kong A white, five-petal Bauhinia blakeana on a red field with 1 star on each of the petals. The Chinese name of Bauhinia × blakeana has also been frequently shortened as 紫荊/紫荆 ( yáng means "foreign" in Chinese, and this would be deemed inappropriate by the PRC government), although 紫荊/紫荆 refers to another genus called Cercis. A statue of the plant has been erected in Golden Bauhinia Square in Hong Kong.
Flag of Macau.svg 20 December 1999 – present Flag of Macau A lotus flower above a stylized bridge and water in white, beneath an arc of five gold, five-pointed stars on a green field

City and county flags[edit]

As of 18 November 1997, the Chinese Government banned localities from making and using local flags and emblems.[1] Despite the ban, some cities have adopted their own flag that often includes their local emblem as shown below. The ROC-controlled areas continues to use the respective flags.

Flag Duration Use Description
Kunming-China-ROC-Flag-(1922-1949).png 1922–1949 Flag of Kunming[2] The flag features the former city emblem which consists of two intersecting red circles which represent the harmony of sun and moon, as well as western and eastern ideas. In the middle is a golden stylized symbol of a character.
Flag of the City of Harbin.svg May 1997 – January 1998 Flag of Harbin[3] A white, five-petal flower surrounding a snowflake on a dark green field
Flag of the City of Suzhou.png December 1995 – present Flag of Suzhou[4]
December 1986 – present Flag of Nanjing[5]
FLAG OF THE CITY OF SHANGRAO CHINA.svg March 2009 – present Flag of Shangrao
Flag of the City of Kaifeng.svg March 2006 –present Flag of Kaifeng
Kaohsiung flag.svg 2010–present Flag of Kaohsiung City Stylized "". The colors symbolize sunshine, vitality, environmental protection, and the ocean.[6]
Flag of New Taipei City.svg 2010–present Flag of New Taipei City Stylized "" in the form of four hearts arranged to resemble a four-leaf clover.
Taichung City flag.svg 2008–present Flag of Taichung City
Flag of Tainan City.svg 2010–present Flag of Tainan City
Flag of Taipei City.svg 2010–present Flag of Taipei City
Flag of Taipei City 1981-2010.svg 1981–2010 Flag of Taipei City Previous flag used by Taipei City, with its seal on top of 16 horizontal stripes of white and blue.
Flag of Taoyuan County.svg 2014–present Flag of Taoyuan City
Chiayi City flag.svg Flag of Chiayi City
Hsinchu City flag.svg Flag of Hsinchu City
Flag of Keelung City.svg Flag of Keelung City
Flag of Changhua County.svg Flag of Changhua County
Chiayi County flag.svg Flag of Chiayi County
Hsinchu County flag.svg Flag of Hsinchu County
Flag of Hualien County.svg Flag of Hualien County
Kinmen County flag.svg Flag of Kinmen County
Lienchiang County flag.svg Flag of Lienchiang County
Miaoli County flag.svg Flag of Miaoli County
Flag of Nantou County.svg Flag of Nantou County
Flag of Penghu County.svg Flag of Penghu County
Pingtung County flag.svg Flag of Pingtung County
Taitung County flag.svg Flag of Taitung County
Yilan County flag.svg Flag of Yilan County
Yunlin County flag.svg Flag of Yunlin County

Military flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description
Bordered Yellow Banner.svg 1615–1911 Flag of the Bordered Yellow Banner of the Eight Banners The Eight Banners was created in the early 17th century by Nurhaci to unify the Jurchen people into the Manchu dynasty. The first three banners were under the direct command of the Emperor himself.
Plain Yellow Banner.svg 1615–1911 Flag of the Plain Yellow Banner of the Eight Banners
Plain White Banner.svg 1615–1911 Flag of the Plain White Banner of the Eight Banners
Plain Red Banner.svg 1615–1911 Flag of the Plain Red Banner of the Eight Banners
Bordered White Banner.svg 1615–1911 Flag of the Bordered White Banner of the Eight Banners
Bordered Red Banner.svg 1615–1911 Flag of the Bordered Red Banner of the Eight Banners
Plain Blue Banner.svg 1615–1911 Flag of the Plain Blue Banner of the Eight Banners
Bordered Blue Banner.svg 1615–1911 Flag of the Bordered Blue Banner of the Eight Banners
Green Standard Army.svg 1644–1912 Flag of the Green Standard Army
Black Flag Army Flag.svg 1860s–1885 Flag of the Black Flag Army
Yihetuan flag.png 1890s–1901 Flag of the Yihetuan
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1862-1889).svg 1862–1890 Used on Qing Dynasty naval ships for identification Same as national flag
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1889-1912).svg 1890–1912 The flag of the Qing Imperial Chinese Navy Square version of above flag
Flag of Fleet Commander of the Beiyang Fleet.svg 1874–1890 The flag of the Admiral of the Beiyang Fleet from 1874–1890.
Flag of the Admiral of the Beiyang Fleet.svg 1890–1909 The flag of the Admiral of the Beiyang Fleet from 1890–1909.
Imperial Chinese Navy Admiral's Flag (1909-1911).svg 1909–1911 The flag of the Admiral of the Beiyang Fleet from 1909–1911.
Chinese-army Wuhan flag (1911-1928) 18 dots.svg
Chinese-Army-Wuhan-Flag-1911-1928 dots19.svg
1911–1928 Flag of the Wuchang uprising; army flag of the Republic of China The banner of the Wuchang uprising of 10 October 1911, subsequently used as the flag of the army of the Republic of China, ca. 1913–28.
Republic of China Army Flag.svg 1924–present Flag of the Republic of China Army (formerly National Revolutionary Army) The Blue Sky with a White Sun with a red border.
Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg 1924–present Naval Jack of the Republic of China Navy Identical to the Kuomintang flag (see below).
Republic of China Air Forces Flag.svg 1924–present Flag of the Republic of China Air Force
Republic of China Marine Corps Flag.svg 1924–present Flag of the Republic of China Marine Corps
Republic of China Military Police Flag.svg 1924–present Flag of the Republic of China Military Police
Flag of the Republic of China Reserve Command.svg 1945–present Flag of the Republic of China Armed Forces Reserve
Flag of the Republic of China Combined Service Force.svg 1946–2012 Flag of the Republic of China Joint Logistics Command
ROC Ministry of National Defense Flag.svg 1924–present Flag of the Ministry of National Defense of the Republic of China (Republic of China Armed Forces)
Flag of the Coast Guard Administration of the Republic of China.svg 2000–present Flag of the Republic of China Coast Guard
Flag of the Taiwan Garrison Command.svg 1945–1992 Flag of the Taiwan Garrison Command
Flag of police of the Republic of China (1912).svg 1912–1928 Flag of the Republic of China Police (1912–1928)
Flag of police of the Republic of China (1932).svg 1932–1947 Flag of the Republic of China Police (1932–1947)
Flag of police of the Republic of China (1947).svg 1947–1974 Flag of the Republic of China Police (1947–1974)
Flag of police of the Republic of China.svg 1974–present Flag of the Republic of China Police (1974–present)
1927–1928 Flag of the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army Same as the 1928 version, but the left side reads "工農革命軍" (China Workers'/Peasants' Revolutionary Army). Divisions were added, for example "第二軍第一師" (Second Army, 1st Division).
中國工農紅軍軍旗.svg 1928–1930 Flag of the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army Left side reads "中國工農紅軍" (Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army).
1930 Flag of the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army Same as the 1928 version, but the left side has no characters and the top reads "全世界無產階級聯合起來" ("Proletariats of the world, unite!").
1930–1931 Flag of the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army Same as April 1930 version but top reads "全世界無產階級及被壓迫民族聯合起來" ("Proletariats and oppressed peoples of the world, unite!").
1931–1934 Flag of the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army Same as 1934 version but with blank white left side and colored fringe around the edges (6 variants - red for infantry, yellow for cavalry, black for artillery, white for engineering, blue for logistics, green for medical).
Second War Flag of Chinese Soviet Republic.svg 1934–1937 Flag of the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army
People's Liberation Army Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 1948–present Flag of the People's Liberation Army A red field with a yellow star at the canton, and the Chinese numerals for "8" and "1", the date of the PLA's establishment on 1 August 1927.
Ground Force Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 1992–present Flag of the People's Liberation Army Ground Force The PLA flag with a green stripe at the bottom.
Naval Jack of the People's Republic of China (1950s).svg 1950s Flag of the People's Liberation Army Navy The red flag with PLA emblem and a blue stripe in the center.
Naval Ensign of the People's Republic of China.svg 1992–present Ensign of the People's Liberation Army Navy The PLA flag with 5 horizontal lines, 3 blue and 2 white at the bottom, representing the sea.
Air Force Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 1992–present Ensign of the People's Liberation Army Air Force The PLA flag with a blue stripe at the bottom, representing the sky.
Rocket Force Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 2016–present Ensign of the People's Liberation Army Rocket Force The PLA flag with a gold yellow stripe at the bottom, representing the flare of missile launching.
People's Armed Police Flag.svg 2018–present Ensign of the People's Armed Police Force The PLA flag with three green bars at the bottom.
Flag of China Fire and Rescue.png 2018–present Flag of the China Fire and Rescue Service Bicolor flag in red and blue with the badge of the China Fire and Rescue Service at the top and the bilingual text "Flag of China Fire and Rescue" at the bottom.
Flag of the People's Police of the People's Republic of China.svg 2020–present Flag of the People's Police of the People's Republic of China Red flag with a blue stripe in the bottom and the badge of the People's Police in the canton.

Proposed national flags of the Republic of China[edit]

Proposed national flags of the People's Republic of China[edit]

In July 1949, a contest was announced for a national flag for the newly founded People's Republic of China (PRC). From a total of about 3,000 proposed designs, 38 finalists were chosen. In September, the current flag, submitted by Zeng Liansong, was officially adopted, with the hammer and sickle removed.[7]

Alternative proposals[edit]

Selection of proposals[edit]

Non-state flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description
Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg 1895–present Flag of the Kuomintang The "Blue Sky with a White Sun", 12 rays of the sun represent progressive ideals.
Flag of the Chinese Communist Party.svg 1996–present Flag of the Communist Party of China Communist hammer and sickle.
Flag of the Chinese Communist Party (Pre-1996).svg 1921–1996 Flag of the Communist Party of China Communist hammer and sickle.
中国少年先锋队队旗 (大队旗).svg 1949–present Flag of Young Pioneers of China Red flag with yellow five-pointed star and torch in the middle.
Flag of the Communist Youth League of China.svg 1922–present Flag of Communist Youth League of China Red flag with encircled yellow five-pointed star.
中华民国元帅旗.svg 1925–1953 Flag of the China Party for Public Interest Stylized "" in canton
Flag of CDSP.svg 1946-2020 China Democratic Socialist Party flag Stylized "" in center
Commander-in-Chief Flag of the Republic of China (Beiyang Government).svg 1927–1928 Commander-in-Chief Flag of the Republic of China (Beiyang Government)
Commander-in-Chief Flag of the Republic of China.svg 1929–present Standard of the President of the Republic of China
Standard of the Vice President of the Republic of China.svg 1947–1986 Standard of the Vice President of the Republic of China Abolished with the Act of Ensign of the Republic of China Navy (海軍旗章條例) on 3 January 1986.
Civil Ensign of the Republic of China.svg 1929–1966 Civil Ensign of the Republic of China Four serrated yellow stripes are added to the flag of the Republic of China for use as a civil ensign at sea. Present civil ensign is national flag.
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg 1979– Chinese Taipei Olympic flag The ROC is recognized as "Chinese Taipei" in the Olympics, due to the political status of Taiwan.
Postal Ensign of China (1919-1929).svg 1919–1929 Postal ensign of China White flag with the Five-colored flag in the canton, bilingual text "Postes" in the lower hoist quarter, and a greylag goose in the fly half.
Postal Ensign of China (1929- 1935).svg 1929–1935 Postal ensign of China The "Blue Sky with a White Sun" was placed in the canton.
Flag of the Customs of the People's Republic of China.svg 1950s–present Flag of the Customs of the People's Republic of China The caduceus crossed with a golden key is added to flag of the People's Republic of China.

Historical national flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description
Flag of Ming Cheng.svg 1661–1683 Flag of the Kingdom of Tungning The Chinese character "" in a red circle outline on a plain white field.
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1862-1889).svg 1862–90 Flag of the Qing Dynasty Naval flag and quasi-national flag on international occasions.
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1889-1912).svg 1889–1912 Flag of the Qing Dynasty
Flag of Formosa 1895.svg 1895 Flag of the Republic of Formosa Tiger on a plain blue filed with azure clouds below it.
Flag of the Republic of China 1912-1928.svg 1912–28 First flag of the Republic of China, or "Five-colored flag" It was widely flown even before the Republic of China in Shanghai and eastern parts of north China until 1928. The stripe representation: red for Han Chinese, yellow for Manchus, blue for Mongols, white for Hui and black for Tibetans. Later used by the Japanese puppet states of the East Hebei Autonomous Government, the Chinese Provisional Government and Reformed Government of China.
Flag of the Empire of China (1915–1916).svg 1916 Flags of Empire of China. The version with the red saltire was more commonly used than the version with the red centered cross.
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Mainland China: 1924–49
Taiwan: 1945–present
Flag of the Republic of China; Naval Ensign Naval Ensign from 1913 for the Republic of China. Not used in areas administrated by the People's Republic of China except in historical venues. Currently used as the national flag of the Republic of China.
Chinese soviet flag.svg 1931–34 Jiangxi Soviet republic flag A red star and hammer and sickle along with Chinese characters for "Chinese Communists" (Zhonggong, 中共) written in classical word order, i.e., read from the right.
National Flag of Chinese Soviet Republic.svg 1931–34 Flag of Chinese Soviet Republic Red flag with the national emblem in the center.
Flag of Qiongya Soviet.svg Flag of the Qiongya Soviet Red flag with a yellow star with a hammer and sickle inside, with the words "Qiongya Soviet Government" (瓊崖蘇維埃政府) written across the flag.
Flag of Fujian People's Government.svg 1933–34 Flag of Fujian People's Government A horizontal bicolour of red and blue and charged with a yellow five-pointed star in the center.

Other historical flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description
Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Banner.svg 1851–1864 Flag of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Used by the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom until 1864.
Flag of Yettishar (1865-1873).svg 1865–1873 Flag of Yettishar Used by Yettishar until 1873.
Flag of Yettishar (1873-1877).svg 1873–1877 Flag of Yettishar Used by Yettishar until 1877.
War Ensign of Germany 1892-1903.svg 1897–1914 Flag of Tsingtau, Kiautschou[8] Imperial War Flag of the German Empire.
Gouverneurflagge.svg 1897–1914 Flag of the Governor of Tsingtau[9] Gouverneurflagge of the German Empire.
Reichsdienstflagge der Kaiserlichen Marine 1893-1918.svg 1897–1914 Civil flag of Tsingtau, Kiautschou[10] Reichskriegsflagge der Kaiserliche Marine of the German Empire.
British Weihaiwei flag.svg 1903–1930 Flag of the Weihaiwei A British Blue Ensign with two Mandarin ducks standing on a beach.
Flag of Hong Kong 1871.svg 1870–1876 Flag of the British colony of Hong Kong A British Blue Ensign with a crowned "HK" in a white disc.
Flag of Hong Kong 1876.svg 1876–1955 Flag of the British colony of Hong Kong A British Blue Ensign with local waterfront scene.
Flag of Hong Kong 1955.svg 1955–1959 Flag of the British colony of Hong Kong A British Blue Ensign with local waterfront scene.
Flag of Hong Kong (1959-1997).svg 1959–1997 Flag of the British colony (from 1983, Dependent Territory) of Hong Kong A British Blue Ensign with the coat of arms of Hong Kong (granted in 1959) in a white disc.
HKRegionalCouncilFlag.svg 1985–1999 Flag of the Regional Council (Hong Kong) A stylized Bauhinia blakeana leaf outline in white, in the form of a diagonally-tilted capital "R", on a green background, representing the green of the leaves.
HKUrbanCouncil.svg 1960s–1999 Flag of the Urban Council (Hong Kong) A stylized Bauhinia blakeana flower outline in white on a pink background representing sacredness, dignity, and love while implying harmonious coexistence of Chinese and Westerners.
Flag of the Governor of Hong Kong 1910.svg 1910–1941, 1945–1959 Flag of the Governor of Hong Kong An Union Jack defaced with the colonial badge of Hong Kong and surrounded by a green wreath.
Flag of the Governor of Hong Kong (1959-1997).svg 1959–1997 Flag of the Governor of Hong Kong An Union Jack defaced with the coat of arms of Hong Kong in a white disc and surrounded by a green wreath.
Flag Portugal (1667).svg 1670–1830 Flag of Portugal, used in colonial era colony of Macau The Portuguese flag was used in colonial-era Macau, as there was no territorial flag.
Flag Portugal (1830).svg 1830–1911 Flag of Portugal, used in colonial era colony of Macau The Portuguese flag was used in colonial-era Macau, as there was no territorial flag.
Flag of Portugal.svg 1911–1999 Flag of Portugal, used in colonial era colony of Macau The Portuguese flag was used in colonial-era Macau, as there was no territorial flag.
Bandeira do Leal Senado.svg 1975–1999 Flag of the Municipality of Macau, one of two local municipal governments. A light blue field charged with the coat of arms of the Municipality of Macau. This was the flag used at the handover to China in 1999.
Flag of Portuguese Colony Governor.svg Until 1999 Flag of the Governor of Macau A white field with two green vertical stripes charged with an Order of Christ Cross bearing the coat of arms of Portugal.
Flag of the Government of Portuguese Macau (1976-1999).svg 1975–1999 Flag of Portuguese colonial Government of Macau. A light blue field charged with the coat of arms of the Government of Macau. During the Portuguese administration this flag also represented the Territory of Macau in the international forums, although it was not the official flag of the Portuguese colony.
Flag of Portuguese Macau Unofficial.svg 1975–1999 (Not Official) Variant flag of Portuguese colonial Government of Macau. Not official variant without the Kingdom of the Algarve castles in the coat of arms. This flag was found at the University of Macau in a photo of International University sports meeting and it was used in the parade. Although this flag was never used officially, some sports media used it instead of the Portuguese Flag to represent the colony.
Flag of CER (1897).svg 1897–1915 Flag of the Chinese Eastern Railway A combination of the triangular version of the flag of the Qing dynasty and the flag of Russia, with the text "East Provinces' Railway of Great Qing" in Chinese.
Flag of CER (1915).svg 1915–1925 Flag of the Chinese Eastern Railway A combination of the triangular version of the Five Races Under One Union flag and the flag of Russia, with the text "East Provinces' Railway Company of China" in Chinese.
Flag of CER (1925).svg 1925–1932 Flag of the Chinese Eastern Railway A combination with the Five Races Under One Union flag at the top and the flag of Soviet Union at the bottom.
Flag of CER (1932).svg 1932–1935 Flag of the Chinese Eastern Railway A combination with the flag of Manchukuo at the top and the flag of Soviet Union at the bottom.
Flag of France (1794–1815, 1830–1958).svg 1849–1943 (in Shanghai)
1898–1943, 1945–1946 (in Guangzhouwan)
Flag of France, used in Shanghai French Concession and French Guangzhouwan. The French flag was used in Shanghai French Concession and French Guangzhouwan, as there were no territorial flag.
Flag of the Shanghai International Settlement pre-WWI.svg 1869 – c. 1917 Flag of Shanghai Municipal Council, Shanghai International Settlement
Flag of the Shanghai International Settlement.svg c. 1917 – 1943 Flag of Shanghai Municipal Council, Shanghai International Settlement
Flag of Xinjiang-Shicai.svg 1933–1942 Flag of Xinjiang Used by Sheng Shicai's provincial government in Xinjiang until 1942.
Flag of Xinjiang-Shicai 2.svg 1942–1944 Flag of Xinjiang Used by Sheng Shicai's provincial government in Xinjiang until 1944.
Flag of Tibet.svg 1916–1951 Flag of Tibet. Used by Tibet until 1951. Currently used by the Tibetan Government in Exile located in Dharamshala, India
Chushi Gangdruk-flag.svg 1958–1974 Flag of Chushi Gangdruk. Used by Chushi Gangdruk, a Tibetan guerrilla group, until 1974.
Flag of Bogd Khaanate Mongolia.svg 1911–1920 Flag of the Bogd Khanate of Mongolia. Flag of the Bogd Khanate of Mongolia after its declaration of independence during the fall of the Chinese Qing dynasty. The flag's exact design was not standardized and variations occurred from flag to flag.[11][12][13]
Kokbayraq flag.svg 1933–1934 Flag of the First East Turkestan Republic Used by the First East Turkestan Republic until 1934.
Flag of the Second East Turkestan Republic.svg 1944–1949 Flag of the Second East Turkestan Republic Used by the Second East Turkestan Republic until 1949.
Flag of Inner Mongolian People's Republic.svg 1945 Flag of the Inner Mongolian People's Republic Used by the Inner Mongolian People's Republic until 1945.
Flag of the Dadao Municipal Government of Shanghai.svg 1937–1938 Flag of the Great Way Government.
Flag of Mongol Military Government (1936-1937).svg 1936–1939 Flag of the Mongol Military Government, which became the Flag of the Mongol United Autonomous Government in 1937. A vertical pattern of red, yellow, white as a canton on a blue field.
Flag of Chanan.svg 1938–1939 Flag of the South Chahar Autonomous Government, also known as Chanan. Later merged with the Mongol United Autonomous Government and Jinbei to create Mengjiang A vertical pattern of red, white, blue as a canton on a yellow field.
Flag of Jinbei.svg 1938–1939 Flag of the North Shanxi Autonomous Government, also known as Jinbei. Later merged with the Mongol United Autonomous Government and Chanan to create Mengjiang A vertical pattern of red, blue, white as a canton on a yellow field.
Flag of the Mengjiang.svg 1939–1945 Flag of Mengjiang A horizontal pattern of yellow, blue, white, red, white, blue, and yellow again.
Flag of the Republic of China-Nanjing (Peace, Anti-Communism, National Construction).svg 1940–1943 Flag of the Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China. Used by the Japanese puppet government until 1943 when the pennant was removed and the regular ROC flag took its place. The pennant reads "Peace, Anti-Communism, National Construction".
Flag of the Republic of China-Nanjing (Peace, Anti-Communism).svg 1940–1943 Flag of the Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China. Used by the Japanese puppet government until 1943 when the pennant was removed and the regular ROC flag took its place. The pennant reads "Peace, Anti-Communism".
Flag of the Republic of China-Nanjing (Peace, National Construction).svg 1940–1943 Flag of the Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China. Used by the Japanese puppet government until 1943 when the pennant was removed and the regular ROC flag took its place. The pennant reads "Peace, National Construction".
Flag of the Republic of China-Nanjing (War Ensign).svg 1942–1945 War Ensign of the Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China. Used by the Japanese puppet government from 1 May 1942 until the end of the regime.
Flag of the Republic of China-Nanjing (Naval Jack).svg 1940–1945 Naval Ensign of the Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China. Used by the Japanese puppet government from 1940 until the end of the regime. The pennant reads "Kuomintang".

Note that Hong Kong and Macau were handed over to the People's Republic of China in 1997 and 1999 respectively.

Manchukuo flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description
Flag of Manchukuo.svg 1932–1945 Flag of Manchukuo A yellow field with the red, blue, white, and black stripes of the first flag of the Republic of China (see above) in the canton.
War Ensign of Manchukuo.svg 1932–1945 War ensign of Manchukuo. Used by the Manchukuo Imperial Army.
Flag of Manchukuo Marine Office.svg 1932–1945 Flag of the Manchukuo Shipping Office. Used by the Manchukuo Shipping Office.
Flag of Manchukuo Coast Guard.svg 1932–1945 Flag of the Manchukuo Coast Guard. Used by the Manchukuo Coast Guard.
Flag of Manchukuo Marine Police.svg 1932–1945 Flag of the Manchukuo Marine Police Used by the Manchukuo Marine Police.
Flag of Manchukuo Postflag.svg 1932–1945 Flag of the Manchukuo Post Postal flag of Manchukuo.
Flag of the Emperor of Manchukuo.svg 1932–1945 Imperial standard of the Emperor of Manchukuo. Used by the Emperor of Manchukuo.
Flag of Concordia Association.svg 1931–1945 Flag of the Concordia Association. Used by the Concordia Association of Manchukuo.
Flag of Boy Scouts of Manchukuo.svg 1932–1945 Flag of the Boy Scouts of Manchukuo. Used by the Boy Scouts of Manchukuo.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 中共中央办公厅、国务院办公厅关于禁止自行制作和使用地方旗、徽的通知 (Chinese Communist Central Governmental Notice to Ban Making and Using Local Flags and Emblems)
  2. ^ ""昆明"的由来与释义" (in Chinese). 26 April 2020.
  3. ^ 哈尔滨市市旗市徽制作和使用管理暂行办法 Archived 21 March 2005 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "蘇州市城鄉建設檔案館". Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
  5. ^ 市徽图案废止后著作权的归属
  6. ^ "市徽市旗". 高雄市政府 (in Chinese). 30 September 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  7. ^ 《中华人民共和国国旗国徽国歌档案》,中央档案馆编,中国档案出版社出版,2009。
  8. ^ Kiautschou Tsingtau
  9. ^ Kiautschou Tsingtau
  10. ^ Kiautschou Tsingtau
  11. ^ "Flag of Bogd Khaanate Mongolia (1)". markodehaeck.free.fr. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  12. ^ "Flag of Bogd Khaanate Mongolia (2)". markodehaeck.free.fr. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  13. ^ "Flag of Bogd Khaanate Mongolia (3)". markodehaeck.free.fr. Retrieved 24 January 2019.

External links[edit]