List of Chinese flags

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This is a list of flags of entities named "China".

National flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description
Flag of the Republic of China.svg 1928–present Flag of the Republic of China Commonly known as "Taiwan". A red field, with a blue canton containing a 12-ray white sun. This flag flew over Mainland China until 1949, and is presently flown on the island of Taiwan and other islands under the control of the ROC. This flag can be sometimes seen in Mainland China, for historical and unofficial use.
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 1949–present Flag of the People's Republic of China Commonly known as "China". A red field, with a large yellow star at the canton, with four smaller stars to the right. This flag is flown in Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau.

Imperial flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1862-1889).svg 1862–1890 The flag of Qing dynasty Azure Dragon on a plain yellow field with the red sun of the three-legged crow in the upper left corner.
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1889-1912).svg 1890–1912 The flag of Qing dynasty Rectangular variant of above flag.
Imperial standard of the Qing Emperor.svg 1616-1862 Standard of the Qing Emperor

Special administrative regions flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description
Flag of Hong Kong.svg 1997–present Flag of Hong Kong A white, five-petal Bauhinia blakeana on a red field with 1 star on each of the petals. The Chinese name of Bauhinia × blakeana has also been frequently shortened as 紫荊/紫荆 (洋 yáng means "foreign" in Chinese, and this would be deemed inappropriate by the PRC government), although 紫荊/紫荆 refers to another genus called Cercis. A statue of the plant has been erected in Golden Bauhinia Square in Hong Kong. Although the flowers are bright pinkish purple in colour, they are depicted in white on the Flag of Hong Kong.
Flag of Macau.svg 1999–present Flag of Macau A lotus flower above a stylized bridge and water in white, beneath an arc of five gold, five-pointed stars on a green field

City flags[edit]

As of 18 November 1997, the Chinese Government banned localities from making and using local flags and emblems.[1] Despite this law, some cities have adopted their own flag that often includes their local emblem as shown below.

Flag Duration Use Description
Flag of the City of Harbin.svg May 1997–January 1998 Flag of Harbin[2] A white, five-petal flower surrounding a snowflake on a dark green field
Flag of the City of Suzhou.svg December 1995–present Flag of Suzhou[3]
Flag of the City of Nanjing (1988-1997).svg December 1986–December 1997 Flag of Nanjing[4]
Flag of the City of Shangrao.png March 2009–present Flag of Shangrao
Flag of the City of Kaifeng.svg March 2006–present Flag of Kaifeng

Military flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description
Bordered Yellow Banner.svg 1615–1911 Flag of the Bordered Yellow Banner of the Eight Banners The Eight Banners was created in the early 17th century by Nurhaci to unify the Jurchen people into the Manchu dynasty. The first three banners were under the direct command of the Emperor himself.
Plain Yellow Banner.svg 1615–1911 Flag of the Plain Yellow Banner of the Eight Banners
Plain White Banner.svg 1615–1911 Flag of the Plain White Banner of the Eight Banners
Plain Red Banner.svg 1615–1911 Flag of the Plain Red Banner of the Eight Banners
Bordered White Banner.svg 1615–1911 Flag of the Bordered White Banner of the Eight Banners
Bordered Red Banner.svg 1615–1911 Flag of the Bordered Red Banner of the Eight Banners
Plain Blue Banner.svg 1615–1911 Flag of the Plain Blue Banner of the Eight Banners
Bordered Blue Banner.svg 1615–1911 Flag of the Bordered Blue Banner of the Eight Banners




Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1862-1889).svg 1862–1890 Used on Qing Dynasty naval ships for identification Same as national flag.
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1889-1912).svg 1890–1912 The flag of the Qing Beiyang fleet Square version of above flag.
Flag of Fleet Commander of the Beiyang Fleet.svg 1888-1895 The flag of the Fleet Commander of the Beiyang fleet.
Chinese-army Wuhan flag (1911-1928) 18 dots.svg
Chinese-army Wuhan flag (1911-1928) 19 dots.svg
1911–1928 Flag of the Wuchang uprising; army flag of the Republic of China The banner of the Wuchang uprising of October 10, 1911, subsequently used as the flag of the army of the Republic of China, ca. 1913–28.
Flag of the Republic of China Army.svg 1924–present Flag of the Republic of China Army (formerly National Revolutionary Army) The Blue Sky with a White Sun with a red border.
Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg 1924–present Naval Jack of the Republic of China Navy Identical to the Kuomintang flag (see below).
Flag of the Republic of China Air Force.svg 1924–present Flag of the Republic of China Air Force
Flag of the Republic of China Marine Corps.svg 1924–present Flag of the Republic of China Marine Corps
Flag of the Republic of China Military Police.svg 1924–present Flag of the Republic of China Military Police
ROC Ministry of National Defense Flag.svg 1924–present Flag of the Ministry of National Defense of the Republic of China (Republic of China Armed Forces).
People's Liberation Army Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 1948–present Flag of the People's Liberation Army A red field with a yellow star at the canton, and the Chinese numerals for "8" and "1", the date of the PLA's establishment on 1 August 1927.
Ground Force Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 1992–present Flag of the People's Liberation Army Ground Force The PLA flag with a green stripe at the bottom.
Naval Jack of the People's Republic of China (1950s).svg 1950s Flag of the People's Liberation Army Navy The red flag with PLA emblem and a bule stripe in the center.
Naval Ensign of China.svg 1992–present Ensign of the People's Liberation Army Navy The PLA flag with 5 horizontal lines, 3 blue and 2 white at the bottom, representing the sea.
Air Force Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 1992–present Ensign of the People's Liberation Army Air Force The PLA flag with a blue stripe at the bottom representing the sky.
Rocket Force Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 2016–present Ensign of the People's Liberation Army Rocket Force The PLA flag with a gold yellow stripe at the bottom.
People's Armed Police Flag.svg 2018–present Ensign of the People's Armed Police Force The PLA flag with three green bars at the bottom.

Proposed national flags of the Republic of China[edit]

Proposed national flags of the People's Republic of China[edit]

In July 1949, a contest was announced for a national flag for the newly founded People's Republic of China (PRC). From a total of about 3,000 proposed designs, 38 finalists were chosen. In September, the current flag, submitted by Zeng Liansong, was officially adopted, with the hammer and sickle removed.[5]

Alternative proposal[edit]

Selection of proposals[edit]

Non-state flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description
Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg 1895–present Flag of the Kuomintang The "Blue Sky with a White Sun", 12 rays of the sun represent progressive ideals.
Flag of the Chinese Communist Party.svg 1921–1951
1996-present
Flag of the Communist Party of China Communist hammer and sickle.
Flag of the Chinese Communist Party (Pre-1996).svg 1951–1996 Flag of the Communist Party of China Communist hammer and sickle.
中华民国元帅旗.svg 1925-1953 Flag of the China Party for Public Interest #
Flag of CDSP.svg 1946 China Democratic Socialist Party flag #
Commander-in-Chief Flag of the Republic of China (Beiyang Government).svg 1927-1928 Commander-in-Chief Flag of the Republic of China (Beiyang Government)
Commander-in-Chief Flag of the Republic of China.svg 1929–present Standard of the President of the Republic of China
Standard of the Vice President of the Republic of China.svg 1947–1986 Standard of the Vice President of the Republic of China Abolished with Act of Ensign of the Republic of China Navy (海軍旗章條例) on Jan. 3rd, 1986.
Civil Ensign of the Republic of China.svg 1929–1966 Civil Ensign of the Republic of China Four serrated yellow stripes are added to the flag of the Republic of China for use as a civil ensign at sea. Present civil ensign is national flag.
Flag of the Customs of the People's Republic of China.svg 1950s Flag of the Customs of the People's Republic of China

Historical national flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description

-

Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1862-1889).svg 1862–90 Flag of the Qing Dynasty Naval flag, quasi-national flag on international occasions.
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1889-1912).svg 1889–1912 Flag of the Qing Dynasty Official national flag since 1889.
Flag of China (1912–1928).svg 1912–28 First flag of the Republic of China, or "Five-colored flag" It was widely flown even before the Republic of China in Shanghai and eastern parts of north China until 1928. The stripe representation: red for Han Chinese, yellow for Manchus, blue for Mongols, white for Hui and black for Tibetans. Later used by the Japanese puppet states of the East Hebei Autonomous Council and Chinese Provisional Government.
Flag of the Empire of China 1915-1916.svg
Yuan Flag (Propose).svg
1916 Flags of Yuan Shikai's Empire of China. The version with the red saltire was more commonly used than the version with the red centered cross.
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Mainland China: 1924–49
Taiwan: 1945–present
Flag of the Republic of China; Naval Ensign Naval Ensign from 1913 for the Republic of China. Not used in areas administrated by the People's Republic of China except in historical venues. Currently used as the national flag of the Republic of China.
Chinese soviet flag.svg 1931–34 Jiangxi Soviet republic flag Hammer and sickle along with Chinese characters for China Communist (Zhonggong, 中共) written in classical word order, i.e., read from the right.
National Flag of Chinese Soviet Republic.svg 1931–34 Flag of Chinese Soviet Republic National emblem on a red flag.
Flag of Fujian People's Government.svg 1933–34 Flag of Fujian People's Government

Other historical flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description
War Ensign of Germany (1892-1903).svg 1897–1914 Flag of Tsingtau, Kiautschou[6] Imperial War Flag of the German Empire.
Gouverneurflagge.svg 1897–1914 Flag of the Governor of Tsingtau[7] Gouverneurflagge of the German Empire.
Reichsdienstflagge der Kaiserlichen Marine 1893-1918.svg 1897–1914 Civil flag of Tsingtau, Kiautschou[8] Reichskriegsflagge der Kaiserliche Marine of the German Empire.
British Weihaiwei flag.svg 1903–1930 Flag of the Weihaiwei under British rule A British Blue Ensign with two Mandarin ducks standing on a beach.
Flag of Hong Kong (1871–1876).svg 1870–1876 Flag of the British colony of Hong Kong A British Blue Ensign with a crowned "HK".
Flag of Hong Kong (1876–1941 and 1945–1955).svg 1876–1955 Flag of the British colony of Hong Kong A British Blue Ensign with local waterfront scene.
Flag of Hong Kong (1955–1959).svg 1955–1959 Flag of the British colony of Hong Kong A British Blue Ensign with local waterfront scene.
Flag of Hong Kong (1959–1997).svg 1959–1997 Flag of the British colony of Hong Kong A British Blue Ensign with the coat of arms of Hong Kong (1959–1997).
HK Regional Council Logo.svg 1985–1999 Flag of the Regional Council (Hong Kong) A stylized Bauhinia blakeana leaf outline in white, in the form of a diagonally-tilted capital "R", on a green background, representing the green of the leaves.
HKUrbanCouncil.svg 1960s–1999 Flag of the Urban Council (Hong Kong) A stylized Bauhinia blakeana flower outline in white on a pink background, representing the colour of the flower.
Flag of the Governor of Hong Kong 1910.svg 1910–1941, 1945–1959 Flag of the Governor of Hong Kong
Flag of the Governor of Hong Kong.svg 1959–1997 Flag of the Governor of Hong Kong
Flag of Portugal (1667).svg 1670–1830 Flag of Portugal, used in colonial era colony of Macau The Portuguese flag was used in colonial-era Macau, as there was no territorial flag.
Flag of Portugal (1830).svg 1830–1911 Flag of Portugal, used in colonial era colony of Macau The Portuguese flag was used in colonial-era Macau, as there was no territorial flag.
Flag of Portugal.svg 1911–1999 Flag of Portugal, used in colonial era colony of Macau The Portuguese flag was used in colonial-era Macau, as there was no territorial flag.
Bandeira do Leal Senado.svg 1975–1999 Flag of the Municipality of Macau, one of two local municipal governments. A light blue field charged with the coat of arms of the Municipality of Macau. This was the flag used at the handover to China in 1999.
Flag of the Government of Portuguese Macau (1976–1999).svg 1975–1999 Flag of Portuguese colonial Government of Macau. A light blue field charged with the coat of arms of the Government of Macau. During the Portuguese administration this flag also represented the Territory of Macau in the international forums, although it was not the official flag of the Portuguese colony.
Flag of Portuguese Macau Unofficial.svg 1975–1999 (Not Official) Variant flag of Portuguese colonial Government of Macau. Not official variant without the Kingdom of the Algarve castles in the coat of arms. This flag was found at the University of Macau in a photo of International University sports meeting and it was used in the parade. Although this flag was never used officially, some sports media used it instead of the Portuguese Flag to represent the colony.
Flag of Fengtian clique.svg until
29 December 1928
Flag of Fengtian clique. Used by warlords until Chinese reunification (1928).
Flag of Manchukuo.svg 1932–1945 Flag of Manchukuo A yellow field with the red, blue, white, and black stripes of the first flag of the Republic of China (see above) in the canton.
Flag of Reformed Government of the Republic of China.svg 1938-1940 Five Races Under One Union flag, used by the Reformed Government of the Republic of China A modified version of the Five Races Under One Union, displaying a tongue of fire and text at its center.
Flag of the Mengjiang.svg 1939-1945 Flag of Mengjiang A horizontal pattern of yellow, blue, white, red, white, blue, and yellow again.
Flag of the Republic of China-Nanjing (Peace, Anti-Communism, National Construction).svg 1940–1943 Flag of the Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China. Used by the Japanese puppet government until 1943 when the pennant was removed and the regular ROC flag took its place. The pennant reads "Peace, Anti-Communism, National Construction".
Flag of the Republic of China-Nanjing (Peace, Anti-Communism).svg 1940–1943 Flag of the Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China. Used by the Japanese puppet government until 1943 when the pennant was removed and the regular ROC flag took its place. The pennant reads "Peace, Anti-Communism".
Flag of the Republic of China-Nanjing (Peace, National Construction).svg 1940–1943 Flag of the Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China. Used by the Japanese puppet government until 1943 when the pennant was removed and the regular ROC flag took its place. The pennant reads "Peace, National Construction".
Flag of the Shanghai International Settlement.svg 1845–1943 Flag of the Shanghai International Settlement

Note that Hong Kong and Macau were handed over to the People's Republic of China in 1997 and 1999 respectively.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 中共中央办公厅、国务院办公厅关于禁止自行制作和使用地方旗、徽的通知 (Chinese Communist Central Governmental Notice to Ban Making and Using Local Flags and Emblems)
  2. ^ 哈尔滨市市旗市徽制作和使用管理暂行办法 Archived 2005-03-21 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ 蘇州市城鄉建設檔案館
  4. ^ 市徽图案废止后著作权的归属
  5. ^ 《中华人民共和国国旗国徽国歌档案》,中央档案馆编,中国档案出版社出版,2009。
  6. ^ Kiautschou Tsingtau
  7. ^ Kiautschou Tsingtau
  8. ^ Kiautschou Tsingtau

External links[edit]