|Trade names||Fluonex, Lidex, Lidex-E, Lonide, Lyderm, Metosyn and Vanos)|
|AHFS/Drugs.com||Micromedex Detailed Consumer Information|
|CompTox Dashboard (EPA)|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||494.532 g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
Fluocinonide (sold under various trade names) is a potent glucocorticoid used topically as an anti-inflammatory agent for the treatment of skin disorders such as eczema and seborrhoeic dermatitis. It relieves itching, redness, dryness, crusting, scaling, inflammation, and discomfort.
The usual prescription concentration is 0.05% as a topical cream, ointment, solution, or gel. The application area should normally not be covered after application. In certain cases, the physician may recommend the use of an occlusive dressing after application to increase the rate and depth of absorption. The frequency of application depends on the condition being treated and the area affected, but most often it should be applied 2 to 4 times a day.
Fluocinonide ranks as a "high-potency" (second-highest rank) topical corticosteroid. Minimal amounts should be used for a minimal length of time to avoid the occurrence of adverse effects.[medical citation needed]
Fluocinonide should not be used if infection is present. It should not be applied to the eyes or to sensitive areas such as the genitals or anus.[medical citation needed]
A common potential adverse effect is skin atrophy (thinning of the skin). Systemic absorption of topical corticosteroids can produce reversible hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) suppression, manifestations of Cushing's syndrome, hyperglycemia, and glucosuria in some patients.
Fluocinonide should be used with caution when treating children, pregnant women, nursing mothers, and anyone using the medication for longer than two weeks.
- Topical steroid relative strength groupings list
- MedlinePlus Drug Information: Fluocinonide Topical
- "Fluocinonide Topical". MedlinePlus. US National Library of Medicine, NIH. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- Dog Allergies www.squidoo.com/dogallergy
- Zenoble RD, Kemppainen RJ (September 1987). "Adrenocortical suppression by topically applied corticosteroids in healthy dogs". Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 191 (6): 685–8. PMID 2824410.