|No. 32, 34|
|Born:||March 7, 1950|
Fort Dix, New Jersey, U.S.
|Died:||December 20, 2022 (aged 72)|
Sewickley, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Height:||6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)|
|Weight:||230 lb (104 kg)|
|High school:||Rancocas Valley Regional|
(Mount Holly, New Jersey)
|College:||Penn State (1968–1971)|
|NFL Draft:||1972 / Round: 1 / Pick: 13|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Career NFL statistics|
|Player stats at NFL.com · PFR|
Franco Harris (March 7, 1950 – December 20, 2022) was an American football running back who played in the National Football League (NFL) for 13 seasons, primarily with the Pittsburgh Steelers. He played college football at Penn State University and was selected by the Steelers in the first round of the 1972 NFL Draft. Harris spent his first 12 seasons with Pittsburgh, earning nine Pro Bowl selections, and was a member of the Seattle Seahawks in his last.
A four-time Super Bowl winner with the Steelers, Harris was the Most Valuable Player (MVP) of Super Bowl IX. He also scored the "Immaculate Reception" touchdown, one of professional football's most famous plays, which gave the Steelers their first playoff win en route to their first Super Bowl title. Harris was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1990.
Early life and education
Harris was born in Fort Dix, New Jersey. His father, Cad Harris, a Black soldier, served in World War II and was stationed in Italy during the war. His mother, Gina Parenti Harris, was a native Italian and became a "war bride", who moved with her husband when he returned to the United States after the end of the war.
Harris graduated from Rancocas Valley Regional High School in Mount Holly Township, New Jersey, in 1968. He then attended Penn State University, where he played on the Nittany Lions football team. Although he was primarily a blocker for the running back during his first year at Penn State, he amassed a career total of 2,002 yards rushing with 24 touchdowns and averaged over 5 yards per carry, while also catching 28 passes for 352 yards and another touchdown. He led the team in scoring in 1970.
Harris's statistics during his final three seasons at Penn State are as follows:
- 1969: 115 carries for 643 yards and 10 touchdowns; 12 catches for 189 yards.
- 1970: 142 carries for 675 yards and 8 touchdowns; 6 catches for 66 yards.
- 1971: 123 carries for 684 yards and 6 touchdowns; 10 catches for 97 yards and 1 touchdown.
Harris was selected 13th overall in the first round of the 1972 NFL Draft by the Pittsburgh Steelers despite assistant personnel director Bill Nunn and head coach Chuck Noll preferring Robert Newhouse. In his first season with the Steelers (1972), Harris was named the NFL Rookie of the Year by The Sporting News and NFL Offensive Rookie of the Year by the Associated Press. In that season he gained 1,055 yards on 188 carries, with a 5.6 yards per carry average. He also rushed for 10 touchdowns and caught one touchdown pass. He was popular with Pittsburgh's large Italian-American population: his fans, including "Brigadier General" Frank Sinatra, dubbed themselves "Franco's Italian Army" and wore army helmets with his number on them.
During his rookie season, Harris was a key player in one of professional football's most famous plays, dubbed the "Immaculate Reception" by Pittsburgh sportscaster Myron Cope. In the first round of the playoffs, the Oakland Raiders were leading the Steelers 7–6 with 22 seconds to play when a Terry Bradshaw pass was deflected away from intended receiver John "Frenchy" Fuqua as defender Jack Tatum arrived to tackle him. Harris snatched the ball just before it hit the ground and ran it into the endzone, resulting in the Steelers' first playoff win.
Harris was chosen for nine consecutive Pro Bowls (1972–1980), and was All-Pro in 1977. Harris rushed for more than 1,000 yards in eight seasons, breaking a record set by Jim Brown. The running back tandem of Harris and Rocky Bleier combined with a strong defense to win four Super Bowls following the 1974, 1975, 1978, and 1979 seasons. On January 12, 1975, he was the Most Valuable Player of Super Bowl IX; in that game he rushed for 158 yards and a touchdown on 34 carries for a 16–6 win over the Minnesota Vikings. Harris was the first African American as well as the first Italian-American to be named Super Bowl MVP. Harris was a major contributor for the Steelers in all of their first four Super Bowl wins. His Super Bowl career totals of 101 carries for 354 yards are records and his four career rushing touchdowns are tied for the second-most in Super Bowl history.
Harris claimed that he extended his career and thus his contribution to the team's objectives (including four Super Bowl victories) by avoiding unnecessary contact.
With the retirement of O. J. Simpson after the 1979 season, Harris became the career rushing leader among active players. Following the 1983 season, Harris and Walter Payton were both closing in on Jim Brown's NFL rushing record, and Harris asked the Rooney family for a pay raise. Believing that Harris was on the downside of his career, they refused and Harris threatened to hold out. The Steelers released him during training camp in 1984 and he then signed with the Seattle Seahawks during the 1984 season. He played just eight games with the team, gaining only 170 yards before retiring (192 yards short of Jim Brown's record).
In his 13 professional seasons, Harris gained 12,120 yards (then 3rd all-time) on 2,949 carries, a 4.1 yards per carry average, and scored 91 rushing touchdowns (then also 3rd). He caught 307 passes for 2,287 yards, a 7.4 yards per reception average, and nine receiving touchdowns. Harris's 12,120 career rushing yards rank him 12th all time in the NFL, while his 91 career rushing touchdowns rank him 10th all time tied with Jerome Bettis.
In 1990, Harris and his former Penn State teammate Lydell Mitchell founded Super Bakery (renamed RSuper Foods in 2006), which produced nutrition-oriented food for schoolchildren. Harris and Mitchell also partnered in 1996 to rescue the Parks Sausage Company in Baltimore, the first African-American–owned business to go public in the U.S.
In 2007, Harris was chosen by Forest City Enterprises to lead a charitable foundation they created, related to the development of a casino for downtown Pittsburgh that would be managed by Harrah's.[better source needed]
In August 2008, Harris attended the 2008 Democratic National Convention, in Denver, Colorado, as part of the Pennsylvania delegation. Harris voted for Barack Obama on December 15, 2008, as one of Pennsylvania's 21 Democratic presidential electors.
In January 2011, Harris became co-owner of the Pittsburgh Passion. Also in 2011, Harris briefly worked with The Meadows Racetrack and Casino, before the casino suspended the relationship after his comments in support of Joe Paterno, his coach while at Penn State, during the Penn State child sex abuse scandal.
In 2019, Harris starred in the NFL's 100th Anniversary commercial recreating the Immaculate Reception with Terry Bradshaw.
Harris was married to Dana Dokmanovich. They had one son together: Franco "Dok" Harris, who ran as a third-party candidate in the 2009 Pittsburgh mayoral election and finished in second place with 25% of the vote. Franco’s brother, Pete Harris, played football for Penn State and died of a heart attack on August 15, 2006, at age 49.
Harris served as part of the advisory board of Penn State's Center for Food Innovation, and in the fall of 2009 was named a Conti Professor by Penn State's School of Hospitality Management. He was involved in, and provided funding to, Penn Staters for Responsible Stewardship, a group aimed at ousting the members of Penn State's board of trustees.
Death and tributes
"We are truly heartbroken. The reality of losing such a magnificent individual has not yet settled in. We have shared Franco with so many people throughout our lives and in so many ways. Beyond his incredible career in the NFL Franco represents what is best in humanity: kindness, charity, decency, and humility. He led by example on and off the field with the goal of making this a better world for us all. We know he has touched so many of you and we mourn with you. We will remain steadfast in living and achieving the world that he wanted to build."
—Statement from Franco Harris's family following his death
Harris died in his sleep at his home in Sewickley, Pennsylvania on December 20, 2022 at age 72, three days before the 50th anniversary of the "Immaculate Reception". Harris' death was considered sudden, as he had been active on social media just days before his death and had spoken to visitors at the Heinz History Center the day before his death including a live interview with KDKA-TV from the Heinz History Center. He was set to attend a ceremony at halftime during a Steelers game against the Las Vegas Raiders on December 24, 2022, to retire his jersey number. Hours before his death, Harris recorded an interview with Steelers defensive end Cameron Heyward for his podcast in what would be his last public interview, during which he ironically commented about how he was "feeling good" and happy to have made it to the 50th anniversary of the "Immaculate Reception".
Immediately after his death, many gave public tributes. Terry Bradshaw, who had found out about Harris's death from his wife after seeing a text message from Mel Blount, had just seen Harris two weeks prior, filming material related to the Immaculate Reception's anniversary and was in a "state of shock". Bradshaw praised Harris, saying that "as a teammate, he was just the best." Steelers president Art Rooney II, who like the rest of the Rooney family was close to Harris, said through a statement by the team that "From his rookie season, which included the Immaculate Reception, through the next 50 years, Franco brought joy to people on and off the field. He never stopped giving back in so many ways. He touched so many, and he was loved by so many." In addition to Penn State itself, two Penn State alumni with connections to the Steelers—Harris's former teammate Jack Ham and current Steelers tight end Pat Freiermuth—also paid their respects to Harris. Other tributes would later come out by current and former Steelers as well as other Pittsburgh celebrities such as Joe Greene, Jerome Bettis, Najee Harris, Ben Roethlisberger, Hines Ward, Tony Dungy, T. J. Watt, Trai Essex, Arthur Moats, James Conner, current Steelers head coach Mike Tomlin, Charlie Batch, Kurt Angle, Mark Madden, Tony Dorsett, Darrelle Revis, Billy Gardell, and Joe Manganiello; the Penguins and Pirates also paid tribute. The December 27, 2022 episode of Pittsburgh Dad covering the aforementioned Steelers-Raiders game (a 13-10 Steelers win) featured a tribute to Harris from the titular character.
Despite only playing briefly with the Seahawks, the team also acknowledged Harris's passing; other tributes from the NFL came from the Raiders, Baltimore Ravens, Emmitt Smith, Michael Irvin, Shannon Sharpe, Eric Dickerson, O. J. Simpson, Barry Sanders, Larry Csonka, Jack Youngblood, and NFL commissioner Roger Goodell. Longtime ESPN personality Chris Berman paid tribute to Harris. Presidents Joe Biden and Barack Obama also paid tribute to Harris. U.S. Senator-elect John Fetterman released a statement mourning Harris, who supported his 2022 candidacy.
The Steelers held a public viewing for Harris at Acrisure Stadium on December 27, 2022 prior to the family holding a private funeral service.
In 1984, Harris received the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement. In 1999, he was ranked number 83 on The Sporting News list of the 100 Greatest Football Players. In 2006, The Heinz History Center, home of the Western Pennsylvania Sports Museum, installed a life-size figure of Harris in the grand concourse of Pittsburgh International Airport, which recreates the "Immaculate Reception". He was inducted into the New Jersey Hall of Fame in 2011. On December 24, 2022, the 50th anniversary of the "Immaculate Reception", Harris became the third Steeler to have his number (32) retired; the first two were Ernie Stautner (70) and Joe Greene (75).
In popular culture
In John Grisham's 2008 novel Playing For Pizza, the fullback of the Parma Panthers is nicknamed Franco as a tribute to his hero, Franco Harris, to whom he refers as the "greatest Italian football player". A fictional version of Harris is depicted in the season 3 premiere episode of This Is Us.
- ^ "The 10 Greatest NFL Fullbacks in History", Sports Cheat Sheet, December 20, 2015, archived from the original on September 27, 2018, retrieved September 27, 2018
- ^ "Franco Harris: still goal-bound 'He has always known where he wanted to go'" Archived April 23, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, by Sean Somerville, Baltimore Sun, September 22, 1996
- ^ "Black and Gold Soul with Italian Legs" Archived October 19, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Sports Illustrated, December 11, 1972.
- ^ The Ultimate New Jersey High School Yearbook. 1998.
- ^ DiSanto, Matt (February 2, 2020). "Franco Harris' 'Immaculate Reception' Voted Greatest Moment in NFL History". Onward State.
- ^ a b c "Franco Harris College Stats". College Football @ Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on January 6, 2015. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
- ^ Franco Harris, Class of 1990 – Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved December 22, 2022.
- ^ Denlinger, Ken. "Steelers Forged By Draft Masters," The Washington Post, Friday, January 18, 1980. Retrieved December 22, 2022.
- ^ "Franco Harris Stats". Pro Football Reference. Retrieved December 22, 2022.
- ^ Gayla, Marella (June 27, 2018). "Remembering Al Vento and Franco's Italian Army". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on January 9, 2019. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
- ^ Cope, Myron (December 21, 1997). "Backtalk; An Immaculate Explanation of the Truth". The New Yotk Times. Retrieved December 22, 2022.
- ^ "Football History – Pro Football Hall of Fame Official Site". profootballhof.com. Archived from the original on December 27, 2008. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
- ^ "'Immaculate Reception' Still Lifts a Region's Spirits 50 Years Later". NECN. Associated Press. December 19, 2022. Retrieved December 22, 2022.
- ^ Robinson, Sam. "Hall Of Fame RB Franco Harris Dies at 72". Pro Football Rumors.
- ^ "Harris gets his 1,000 years as Cleveland thousands boo". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. December 19, 1983. p. 15. Retrieved December 22, 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
- ^ De La Fuente, Homero (December 21, 2022). "Pittsburgh Steelers legend Franco Harris, known for 'Immaculate Reception,' dead at age 72". CNN.
- ^ "Super Bowl, NFL Black History Firsts". ABC News.
- ^ "Super Bowl Week Conjures Up Bright Moments". WGBO. February 1, 2017.
- ^ "TSN Presents – Football's 100 Greatest Players". June 27, 2008. Archived from the original on June 27, 2008. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
- ^ Goodman, Mark (January 13, 1980). "A Class Act from the Start, O.J. Simpson Retires in Style". The Central New Jersey Home News. p. 173 – via Newspapers.com.
- ^ Stoneking, Dan (October 3, 1980). "Here comes Franco!". The Minneapolis Star. p. 14 – via Newspapers.com.
- ^ "Franco Harris ended career with Seahawks". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
- ^ Smith, Yaneek (January 24, 2011). "10 NFL Greats We Wish Had Played for Just One Team". Bleacher Report.
- ^ "NFL Career Rushing Yards Leaders Through 1984 - Pro-Football-Reference.com". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Archived from the original on November 13, 2017. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
- ^ "NFL Career Rushing Touchdowns Leaders Through 1984 - Pro-Football-Reference.com". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Archived from the original on November 13, 2017. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
- ^ NFL Rushing Leaders, archived from the original on August 10, 2009, retrieved October 12, 2009
- ^ "The Super Bakery Story" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 28, 2011. Retrieved October 26, 2009.
- ^ "Philadelphia company buys Parks Sausage Co". Observer-Reporter. February 4, 1999. Archived from the original on April 23, 2021. Retrieved March 25, 2018 – via Google News.
- ^ "CEO welcomes a challenge". Reading Eagle. June 14, 1992. Archived from the original on April 23, 2021. Retrieved March 25, 2018 – via Google News.
- ^ "Forest City Enterprises : Press Releases". November 1, 2007. Archived from the original on November 1, 2007.
- ^ "AP News Wire, Associated Press News". Retrieved March 6, 2023.
- ^ "The Associated Press: It's official: Barack Obama elected 44th president". Archived from the original on December 18, 2008. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
- ^ "AP/Inquirer: Obama wins ... in a formality". Philadelphia Daily News. Archived from the original on December 17, 2008. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
- ^ "OWNERSHIP – Official Website of the Pittsburgh Passion Women's Football Team". March 29, 2013. Archived from the original on March 29, 2013. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
- ^ Schilken, Chuck, "Franco Harris loses job for comments supporting Joe Paterno"[dead link], Los Angeles Times, November 16, 2011, 9:32 am. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
- ^ Carroll, Charlotte. "Watch: NFL's 100th anniversary Super Bowl ad". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved December 22, 2022.
- ^ a b Sandomir, Richard; Victor, Daniel (December 21, 2022). "Franco Harris, Steeler Who Caught 'Immaculate Reception,' Dies at 72". The New York Times. Retrieved December 21, 2022.
- ^ SUMMARY REPORT – Allegheny County – 2009 General Election, Allegheny County Board of Elections, November 3, 2009, archived from the original on November 8, 2009, retrieved November 4, 2009
- ^ "Kdka.com – Brother of Former Steeler Passes Away". Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved February 13, 2007.
- ^ "Conti Symposium to Focus on Healthy, Cost-Effective Food". hhdev.psu.edu. October 7, 2009. Archived from the original on August 14, 2014. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
- ^ 200 flock to King of Prussia in support of Paterno, Philadelphia Daily News
- ^ Damp, Patrick (December 25, 2022). "Pittsburgh Sports Year In Review: Looking back on the biggest sports stories of 2022". CBS Pittsburgh. Retrieved December 30, 2022.
- ^ "Steelers Hall-of-Famer Franco Harris dead at 72". WTAE. Retrieved December 21, 2022.
- ^ Graves, Will (December 21, 2022). "Steelers Hall of Fame running back Franco Harris dies at 72". Associated Press News. Retrieved December 21, 2022.
- ^ Rutter, Joe (December 21, 2022). "Steelers great Franco Harris dies at age 72". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved December 21, 2022.
- ^ Koroza, Alex (December 22, 2022). "In One of His Final Interviews, Franco Harris Discussed His Excitement for Saturday's Ceremony". Steelers Depot. Retrieved December 30, 2022.
- ^ Guggenheimer, Paul (December 21, 2022). "Terry Bradshaw in 'state of shock' over Franco Harris' death". Trib Live. Retrieved December 30, 2022.
- ^ a b Labrlola, Bob (December 23, 2022). "Hall of Fame RB Franco Harris, 72". Pittsburgh Steelers. Retrieved December 30, 2022 – via steelers.com.
- ^ Varley, Teresa (December 23, 2022). "Reacting to the loss of a Steelers icon". Pittsburgh Steelers. Retrieved December 30, 2022 – via steelers.com.
- ^ YouTube[dead link]
- ^ "Berman: Can't think of Steelers without thinking of Franco Harris – ESPN Video". December 21, 2022.
- ^ "Statement from President Joe Biden on the Passing of Franco Harris" (Press release). The White House. December 21, 2022. Retrieved December 30, 2022.
- ^ "Joe Biden, Barack Obama Mourn Franco Harris' Death, 'An Extraordinary Man'". TMZ. December 21, 2022. Retrieved December 30, 2022.
- ^ "Pittsburghers mourn the loss of Franco Harris, as stories of his legend pour in". 90.5 WESA. December 21, 2022. Retrieved December 23, 2022.
- ^ "Franco", John Fetterman on YouTube, retrieved December 23, 2022
- ^ "Public viewing for Franco Harris held at Acrisure Stadium". December 28, 2022.
- ^ "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement". achievement.org. American Academy of Achievement. Archived from the original on December 15, 2016. Retrieved November 27, 2020.
- ^ "Franco Harris to be inducted into NJ Hall of Fame – Philly". Philadelphia Daily News. Archived from the original on September 22, 2017. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
- ^ "Steelers retire Franco Harris' No. 32 during emotional halftime ceremony days after Hall of Famer's death". NFL.com. December 24, 2022.
- ^ "Steelers legend Franco Harris dead at 72". December 21, 2022.
- ^ Robinson, Alan. "Joe Greene only 2nd player in Steelers history to get number retired". TribLIVE.com. Archived from the original on November 13, 2017. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
- ^ "Bio – Franco Harris". onlc.com.
- ^ Keegan, Kayla (September 26, 2018). "Here's What Franco Harris Might Have to Do With 'This Is Us'". Good Housekeeping. Retrieved December 21, 2022.
- 1950 births
- 2022 deaths
- 2008 United States presidential electors
- 21st-century American politicians
- African-American players of American football
- American Conference Pro Bowl players
- American football running backs
- American people of Italian descent
- National Football League Offensive Rookie of the Year Award winners
- National Football League players with retired numbers
- Penn State Nittany Lions football players
- Pennsylvania Democrats
- People from Mount Holly, New Jersey
- People from Sewickley, Pennsylvania
- Pittsburgh Steelers players
- Players of American football from New Jersey
- Players of American football from Pittsburgh
- Pro Football Hall of Fame inductees
- Rancocas Valley Regional High School alumni
- Seattle Seahawks players
- Sportspeople from Burlington County, New Jersey
- Super Bowl MVPs