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August 3, 1925 |
|High school:||South Shore (Chicago)|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Career NFL statistics|
|Coaching stats at PFR|
Marvin Daniel Levy (born August 3, 1925) is a former American and Canadian football coach, front office executive, and author. He served as head coach in the Canadian Football League (CFL) for the Montreal Alouettes (1973–1977) and in the National Football League (NFL) for the Kansas City Chiefs (1978–1982) and the Buffalo Bills (1986–1997), coaching the Bills to four consecutive American Football Conference championships. He was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2001.
Levy's family emigrated from Montreal, Canada. His father, a decorated World War I veteran, ran a small business on the South Side of Chicago. He graduated from South Shore High School in Chicago in 1943. Following graduation, he enlisted in the Army Air Forces and spent the remainder of World War II in the military; Levy was discharged from the army shortly after the war ended.
Though he was known to use historical examples to inspire his teams, Levy corrected those who used war and combat metaphors to describe football games by telling them that he actually fought in a war and that football and war were in no way comparable. Referring to the Super Bowl, he once said "This is not a must-win; World War II was a must-win".
Levy enrolled at Coe College in Iowa. There he earned varsity letters in football, track, and basketball. He obtained a degree in English literature, was granted membership in the Phi Beta Kappa Society, and was twice voted student council president. He was also a member of the Tau Kappa Epsilon fraternity. He was admitted to Harvard University for graduate studies in 1951, earning a master's degree in English history.
Levy's first coaching job was at St. Louis Country Day School, coaching football and basketball, the latter in which he coached to a championship. Two years later, Levy returned to Coe College as an assistant football coach (1953–1954) and in his second stint as a head coach, he also won a championship—this time in basketball with NBA Coach Bill Fitch as one of his players. In 1954, he joined the coaching staff at the University of New Mexico and was named head coach in 1958. In two seasons as head coach, he guided the Lobos to a 14–6 record and earned Skyline Conference Coach of the Year honors both years. He interviewed with the University of California, Berkeley on February 2, 1960, and was announced as the new head coach of the Cal Bears on February 5, 1960. Despite selecting a young Bill Walsh as a coaching assistant, Levy's best record during his four-season tenure as head coach at Cal from 1960 to 1963 was 4–5–1. He finished his college coaching career with a five-year stint as head coach at the College of William & Mary where he twice earned Southern Conference Coach of the Year honors.
Levy began his professional football coaching career in 1969 as kicking teams coach for the Philadelphia Eagles before joining George Allen's staff as a special teams coach for the Los Angeles Rams in 1970. He followed Allen to Washington, D.C. in 1971, where he served as the Washington Redskins' special teams coach for two seasons. Levy then served as the head coach of the Montreal Alouettes of the Canadian Football League for five seasons. He coached Montreal to three CFL Grey Cup appearances and two championships, and won the Annis Stukus Trophy (Coach of the Year) in 1974. Levy returned to the NFL in 1978 as head coach of the Kansas City Chiefs. He coached the Chiefs for five seasons with steady improvement each year, but was fired at the end of the strike-shortened 1982 season with a 3–6 record.
Midway through the 1986 season, following a two-year hiatus from coaching and one season as the head coach of the Chicago Blitz of the USFL, Levy returned to the NFL as head coach of the Buffalo Bills. He finished the season with a 2–5 record. In 1987, his first full season with the Bills, the team returned to respectability with a 7–8 record and were in the playoff hunt throughout most of the season. The following season the team posted a 12–4 record and won the first of six AFC Eastern Division titles. With his high-powered "no-huddle" offense, Levy's Bills went on to lead his AFC championship team to four consecutive Super Bowl appearances.
From 1988 through 1997, the Bills were first in the AFC in winning percentage and second only to the San Francisco 49ers in the NFL. Levy, the winningest coach in Bills' history, recorded a 112–70 regular season record and was 11–8 in the playoffs during his eleven seasons with the Bills. He was named NFL Coach of the Year in 1988 and AFC Coach of the Year in 1988, 1993, and 1995.
Levy's coaching tree is among the largest of any NFL head coach; however, this is largely due to the fact that he once had Bill Walsh as an assistant and most of Walsh's assistants never worked under Levy. Among notable non-Walsh coaches are Wade Phillips, who succeeded Levy as the Bills' head coach and also served as head coach of the Denver Broncos and Dallas Cowboys (along with interim coaching stints for the New Orleans Saints, Atlanta Falcons, and Houston Texans), as well as former Baltimore Ravens and Baltimore/Indianapolis Colts coach Ted Marchibroda, and former New York Sentinels head coach Ted Cottrell.
Outspoken pundit Chuck Dickerson worked under Levy for several years in Buffalo before being fired.
Levy retired in 1997 and became an analyst for NFL.com. In 2001 Levy was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio. Along with former Bills' special-teamer Steve Tasker, Levy did local broadcasts for the Bills' pre-season games until being appointed the Bills' general manager in 2006. During the regular season he was a part of the Chicago Bears pregame show on ESPN Radio 1000 (WMVP-AM), as well as a Bears postgame show on Comcast SportsNet.
On January 5, 2006, Bills owner Ralph Wilson enlisted Levy, at the age of 80, to act as General Manager and Vice President of Football Operations for the Buffalo Bills. Following the resignation of Mike Mularkey, there was initial speculation (created by Levy's own comments at a team press conference) that Levy would resume a coaching role with the team. To eliminate this speculation, and to minimize any future tension between Levy and the Bills' new head coach, team owner Wilson said: "To say it very, very succinctly, Marv Levy is our general manager. He will never be the coach."
Levy's first order of business was to hire a new coach as a replacement for Mularkey, who resigned within days of Levy's appointment. After a strenuous interview process Levy and team owner Wilson hired Detroit Lions interim head coach Dick Jauron as coach. Jauron had been head coach of the Chicago Bears.
Following the Bills' last game of the 2007 season, Levy decided to step down as GM of the Bills (his two-year contract had expired). He has returned to live in his native Chicago, although he also spent some time in Montreal mentoring then-Alouettes head coach Marc Trestman. Levy stated he would be open to returning to coaching if asked. He has also admittedly not paid much attention to professional football in the past several years as of 2017.
In 2009, Levy collaborated with Buffalo football historian Jeffrey J. Miller to write a book entitled Game Changers: The Greatest Plays in Buffalo Bills Football History. In August 2011, Levy published a second book, Between the Lies, featuring a team based loosely on the Bills (including a quarterback named "Kelly James") progressing to the Super Bowl against a Los Angeles-based team and its take-no-prisoners head coach, while a scandal erupts, placing the integrity of the game at risk.
A lifelong Chicago Cubs fan, Levy was among a select few people in attendance at both the 1945 World Series (which he attended while on furlough from the Army Air Forces) and the 2016 World Series. Levy's fourth book, the children's book Go Cubs Go, is about the 2016 series.
Head coaching record
|New Mexico Lobos (Mountain States Conference) (1958–1959)|
|California Golden Bears (Athletic Association of Western Universities) (1960–1963)|
|William & Mary Indians (Southern Conference) (1964–1968)|
|1964||William & Mary||4–6||4–3||T–4th|
|1965||William & Mary||6–4||5–1||2nd|
|1966||William & Mary||5–4–1||4–1–1||T–1st|
|1967||William & Mary||5–4–1||2–2–1||4th|
|1968||William & Mary||3–7||2–3||5th|
|William & Mary:||23–25–2||17–10–2|
|National championship Conference title Conference division title or championship game berth|
|Team||Year||Regular Season||Post Season|
|Won||Lost||Ties||Win %||Finish||Won||Lost||Win %||Result|
|MTL||1973||7||6||1||.536||3rd in East||1||1||.500||Lost to Ottawa Rough Riders in East Final.|
|MTL||1974||9||5||2||.625||1st in East||2||0||1.000||Won over Edmonton Eskimos in 62nd Grey Cup.|
|MTL||1975||9||7||0||.563||2nd in East||2||1||0.667||Lost to Edmonton Eskimos in 63rd Grey Cup.|
|MTL||1976||7||8||1||.469||3rd in East||0||1||0.000||Lost to Hamilton Tiger-Cats in East Semi-Final.|
|MTL||1977||11||5||0||.689||1st in East||2||0||1.000||Won over Edmonton Eskimos in 65th Grey Cup.|
|CFL Total||43||31||4||.577||7||3||.700||Won two Grey Cup Championships.|
|KC||1978||4||12||0||.250||5th in AFC West||-||-||-||-|
|KC||1979||7||9||0||.438||5th in AFC West||-||-||-||-|
|KC||1980||8||8||0||.500||3rd in AFC West||-||-||-||-|
|KC||1981||9||7||0||.563||3rd in AFC West||-||-||-||-|
|KC||1982||3||6||0||.333||4th in AFC West||-||-||-||-|
|BUF||1986||2||5||0||.286||4th in AFC East||-||-||-||-|
|BUF||1987||7||8||0||.467||4th in AFC East||-||-||-||-|
|BUF||1988||12||4||0||.750||1st in AFC East||1||1||.500||Lost to Cincinnati Bengals in AFC Championship.|
|BUF||1989||9||7||0||.563||1st in AFC East||0||1||.000||Lost to Cleveland Browns in Divisional Game.|
|BUF||1990||13||3||0||.813||1st in AFC East||2||1||.667||Lost to New York Giants in Super Bowl XXV.|
|BUF||1991||13||3||0||.813||1st in AFC East||2||1||.667||Lost to Washington Redskins in Super Bowl XXVI.|
|BUF||1992||11||5||0||.688||2nd in AFC East||3||1||.750||Lost to Dallas Cowboys in Super Bowl XXVII.|
|BUF||1993||12||4||0||.750||1st in AFC East||2||1||.667||Lost to Dallas Cowboys in Super Bowl XXVIII.|
|BUF||1994||7||9||0||.438||4th in AFC East||-||-||-||-|
|BUF||1995||10||6||0||.625||1st in AFC East||1||1||.500||Lost to Pittsburgh Steelers in Divisional Game.|
|BUF||1996||10||6||0||.625||2nd in AFC East||0||1||.000||Lost to Jacksonville Jaguars in Wild Card Game.|
|BUF||1997||6||10||0||.375||4th in AFC East||-||-||-||-|
- Won two of three CFL championships in five seasons while head coach of the Montreal Alouettes
- Guided the Bills to six division championships (including four consecutive from 1988–1991)
- Compiled a 17–6 record (14–6 in the regular season and 3–0 in the post-season) against the winningest coach in NFL history, Don Shula. He is the only coach to have a winning record against Shula, other than Tom Flores of the Raiders, who went 6-1 against Don Shula.
- Compiled 204 CFL-NFL-USFL coaching victories (7th on the all-time list)
- One of only 15 coaches to win 100 games with one NFL team
- The only coach to compete in four Super Bowls in a row
- Retired at the age of 72; tied with George Halas as the oldest head coach in NFL history.
- First USFL alumnus to be inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame
- One of only two coaches to appear in both a Grey Cup Championship Game and the Super Bowl. The other is Bud Grant.
- Oldest coach ever to win 12 games (age 68) and 10 games (age 71) 
- Iowa Sports Hall of Fame
- List of Jews in sports
- List of National Football League head coaches with 50 wins
- Marv Levy: Where Else Would You Rather Be?, Sports Publishing, 2004. ISBN 1-58261-797-X
- Game Changers: The Greatest Plays in Buffalo Bills History (with Jeffrey Miller), Triumph Books, 2009. ISBN 1-60078-275-2
- Between the Lies (fiction), Ascend Books, 2011. ISBN 0-9830619-3-9
- Go Cubs Go! Baseball's Never Give Up Story (children's, with George Castle, illustrated by Rob Peters), Ascend Books 2017. ISBN 978-0996674270
- Jonah Goldberg (July 11, 2006). "Sports Cont'd - The Corner". National Review. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
- LA Times article on Veteran Athletes
- Schoffner, Chuck (July 14, 2012). "Marv Levy named to Des Moines Sunday Register's Iowa Sports Hall of Fame". DesMoinesRegister.com.
- Legendary coach Levy visits Alouettes training camp. Canadian Press via TSN. 11 June 2008.
- Marv Levy would be interested in Buffalo Bills job. BuffaloRumblings.com. Retrieved December 30, 2016.
- Maiorana, Sal (February 19, 2017). Marv Levy pens children's book to celebrate Cubs championship. Rochester Democrat and Chronicle. Retrieved February 19, 2017.
- "Game Changers: The Greatest Plays in Buffalo Bills Football History: Marv Levy,Jeffrey J. Miller: 9781600782756: Amazon.com: Books". Amazon.com. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
- Between the Lies. "Between the Lies: Marv Levy: 9780983061939: Amazon.com: Books". Amazon.com. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
- Marv Levy to be honored at World Series. Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved October 28, 2016.
- Mawicke, Megan (January 19, 2017). Marv Levy Pens Children’s Book About Cubs’ World Series Win. WBBM. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
- Marv Levy Record, Statistics, and Category Ranks - Pro-Football-Reference.com