Gülbahar Hatun (wife of Mehmed II)

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Gülbahar Hatun
کل بھار خاتون
Valide-i macide
Meliketü'l-Melikât
Tâcü'l-mükerremât
Fahrü'l-muazzamat
Fatihetü'l-maeyâmin ve'l hayrat [1]
Gülbahar Hatun tomb.jpg
The interior appearance of the tomb in Gülbahar's mausoleum at the Fatih Mosque, Istanbul.
Valide Hatun of the Ottoman Empire
Tenure 3 May 1481 – 1492
Predecessor Emine Hatun
Successor Hafsa Sultan
(as Valide Sultan)
Born c. 1432
Died 1492 (aged 59–60)
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Burial Fatih Mosque, Istanbul
Spouse Mehmed the Conqueror
Issue Gevherhan Hatun
Bayezid II[2][3]
Religion Sunni Islam

Gülbahar Hatun (c. 1432 – 1492) was the Empress consort of Sultan Mehmed II, and mother[2][4] of Sultan Bayezid II of the Ottoman Empire.[1]

Life[edit]

She married Sultan Mehmed II in 1446 at Manisa.[5]

Origin[edit]

There have been differing views of her origin. The Ottoman inscription (vakfiye) describes her as Hātun bint-i Abdullah (Daughter of Abdullah), which means that her father was a convert to Islam. She was the real biological mother of Bayezid II.[1]

  • Albanian origin.[6][7][8]
  • Pontic Greek from Douvera in Trabzon.[9]

Issue[edit]

There are differing views of her issue:

Per custom, Gülbahar got the highest position as Valde Hatun in the imperial family after the sultan himself when her son, Bayezid II, ascended the throne in 1481 until her death in 1492. During her son's reign, she and the rest of the Imperial Family resided at the Old Palace (saray-ı atik) and were visited by the Sultan who on each visit used to pay his respect to his mother. In one case, Gülbahar complained of her son's rare visits and in a letter to her son wrote:

"My fortune, I miss you. Even if you don't miss me, I miss you ... Come and let me see you. My dear lord, if you are going on campaign soon, come once or twice at least so that I may see your fortune-favored face before you go. It's been forty days since I last saw you. My sultan, please forgive my boldness. Who else do I have beside you ... ?"[2]

In popular culture[edit]

In 2012 film, Fetih 1453, Gülbahar was portrayed by Şahika Koldemir.

Gülbahar's mausoleum at the Fatih Mosque, Istanbul.

Further reading[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Necdet Sakaoğlu (2008). Bu mülkün kadın sultanları: Vâlide sultanlar, hâtunlar, hasekiler, kadınefendiler, sultanefendiler. Oğlak publications. pp. 110–112. ISBN 978-9-753-29623-6.  (The name of the real biological mother of Bayezid II is given as Meliketû'l-Melikât Gül-Bahar Valide Hâtun).
  2. ^ a b c d Peirce, Leslie (1993). The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire. Oxford University Press. p. 120. ISBN 0-19-508677-5. 
  3. ^ a b Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 129, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  4. ^ Diyanet İslâm Ansiklopedisi, p.234-238, vol: 5, 1992
  5. ^ a b The Imperial House of Osman - 3
  6. ^ Edmonds, Anna (1997). Turkey's Religious Sites. Damko. p. 1997. ISBN 975-8227-00-9. 
  7. ^ Babinger, Franz (1992). Mehmed the Conqueror and His Time. Princeton University Press. p. 51. ISBN 0-691-01078-1. 
  8. ^ Bozbora, Nuray (1997), Osmanlı yönetiminde Arnavutluk ve Arnavut ulusçuluğu'nun gelişimi, pp. 81–82 
  9. ^ Heath W. Lowry (1 February 2012). The Nature of the Early Ottoman State. SUNY Press. pp. 153–. ISBN 978-0-7914-8726-6. Mother of Bayezid II was Gülbahar Hatun (a Pontic Greek from the village of Douvera in Trabzon) 
  10. ^ Sultan II. Bayezid Han, Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism, retrieved 6 February 2009 
  11. ^ Necdet Sakaoğlu (2007). Famous Ottoman women. Avea. p. 69. The graves of Gül-Bahars are very well khown. First one - Gülbahar Hatun I is in Fatih Mosque in Istanbul and the second one - Gülbahar Hatun II is in Gül-Bahar Hatun Mosque in Trabzon. Only the grave of Aisha Hatun, who was the Fourth wife of Bayezid II and the daughter of Alaüddevle Bozkurt Bey, the eleventh ruler of the Dulkadirids centered around Elbistan in Kahramanmaraş, is unknown. We do not have any documents about Aisha Hatun." He supports the theory of "Aisha Gulbahar". Another reason for this confusion is that Bayezid's mother was also Gulbahar. 
Ottoman royalty
Preceded by
Emine Hatun
Valide Hatun
1481 – 1492
Succeeded by
Hafsa Sultan
as Valide Sultan