Hazara diaspora

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hazara diaspora
Flag of Hazaristan2.png
Total population

(2,000,000 2016 estimate are diasporas)

Approximately 25% from total population
c. (7,000,000–8,000,000)[1]
Regions with significant populations
 Pakistan 1,000,000 (2011)[2][3]
 Iran 500,000 (2014)[4]
Europe 130,000[5]
 Germany 40,000 (2015)[6]
 Turkey 26,000 (2016)
 Australia 20,000 (2016)[7]
 Sweden 23,000 (2016)
 Syria 14,000 (2015)
 United Kingdom 12,000 (2015)[8]
 United States 10,000
 Netherlands 9,000
 Canada 4,300 (2006)[9]
 Indonesia 3,800[10]
Languages
Persian
(varieties of Dari and Hazaragi)
Religion
Shia Islam (Twelver and Ismaili), with a Sunni minority (see Aimaq Hazara)[11]

The Hazara people, a Persian-speaking ethnic group originating in the Hazaristan region of central Afghanistan, have established a large diaspora which consists of many communities in different countries around the world as part of the later Afghan diaspora. There are currently a million Hazara who live in the Balochistan province of Pakistan (mostly in and around the city of Quetta),[12][13] a large number of whom have been settled in the country for generations and are now Pakistani citizens. A similarly large Hazara community is also present in Iran,[12] as part of the Hazara and Afghan diaspora.

Apart from Pakistan and Iran, a large number of Hazara have migrated to countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia and in Europe, mostly due to an unstable political and economic situation prevailing back home as well as the ongoing persecution of Hazara people in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Overseas communities[edit]

Australia[edit]

The Hazara Council of Australia is an organization formed by the Hazara community of Australia.[14] Arman Monthly is a Persian-language magazine distributed nationwide which is published by the Hazara community. The 2003 Australian documentary film Molly & Mobarak is based on a Hazara asylum seeker who enters Australia, falls in love with a local girl and faces possible deportation as his temporary visa nears expiration.

India[edit]

The Attarwala claim to be descended from a group of Mughal Hazaras soldiers who were initially settled in Agra, during the rule of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir. According to their recorded documents, they then migrated to Ahmedabad via Gwalior, Ratlam and Godhra. This migration followed their participation of the community in the 1857 Indian War of Independence. Once settled in Gujarat, the community took up the occupation of manufacturing of perfumes known as ittars. The word attarwala means the manufacturer of perfumes. A second migration took place in 1947 from Agra, after the partition of India, with some member immigrating to Pakistan, while others joining their co-ethnics in Ahmedabad. The Attarwala are now found mainly in Ahmedabad, while those in Pakistan are found mainly in Karachi

Mongolia[edit]

Mongolia's Tsahim Örtöö Foundation (Цахим өртөө сүлжээ) offers scholarships for Hazara high school graduates in Afghanistan and Pakistan to study for five years at the National University of Mongolia. Each US$52,000 scholarship is financed by charitable donations from Mongolian companies and professional associations, as well as individual Mongolian citizens living abroad.[15][16]

United States[edit]

Hassan Poladi, writer and intellectual, who was a US citizen.

Shakeeb Hamdard, is the first winner of Afghan Star, a TV reality show in Afghanistan. He lives in Jacksonville, Florida.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ James B. Minahan (10 Feb 2014). Ethnic Groups of North, East, and Central Asia: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 99. ISBN 9781610690188. Due to a lack of census statistics, estimates of the total Hazara population range from five million to more than eight million. 
  2. ^ Census of Afghans in Pakistan 2005, UNHCR Statistical Summary Report (retrieved August 14, 2016)
  3. ^ Yusuf, Imran. "Who are the Hazara?". Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  4. ^ Smyth, Phillip (3 June 2014). "Iran's Afghan Shiite Fighters in Syria". The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Retrieved 22 June 2017. 
  5. ^ Talib, Husayn (19 August 2017). "Austria holds refugee talks as young Hazaras flee persecution to make 'dangerous' journey to Europe". ABC News. Retrieved 29 February 2016. 
  6. ^ The population of people with descent from Afghanistan in Germany is 76,000. Hazara make up an estimated 20% of the population of Afghanistan depending to the source. The Hazara population in Germany is estimated from these two figures. (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "Second collective deportation of rejected asylum seekers from Germany arrives in Afghanistan - Germany - DW - 24.01.2017". DW.COM. 
  7. ^ Talib, Husayn (19 August 2017). "The Hazaras of Dandenong". Retrieved 9 May 2015. 
  8. ^ The population of people with descent from Afghanistan in UK is 76,000. Hazara make up an estimated 20% of the population of Afghanistan depending to the source. The Hazara population in UK is estimated from these two figures. archived on 25 April 2007
  9. ^ The population of people with descent from Afghanistan in Canada is 48,090. Hazara make up an estimated 20% of the population of Afghanistan depending to the source. The Hazara population in Canada is estimated from these two figures. Ethnic origins, 2006 counts, for Canada
  10. ^ Afghan Hazaras' new life in Indonesia: Asylum-seeker community in West Java is large enough to easily man an eight-team Afghan football league, Al Jazeera, 21 March 2014, retrieved 5 August 2016 
  11. ^ The Afghans, Their History and Culture, Religion Archived 2010-12-28 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ a b Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (ed.), 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fifteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com/.
  13. ^ Census of Afghans in Pakistan, UNHCR Statistical Summary Report (retrieved 22 October 2011)
  14. ^ "Hazara Council Australia". HCAustralia.org.au. Retrieved 15 January 2018. 
  15. ^ B. Daariimaa (2010-12-01), "'Бид Монголд эрх чөлөөг мэдэрдэг'", Gogo News, retrieved 2011-10-23 
  16. ^ Mongolian Scholarship for Hazara students from Afghanistan and Pakistan, 2009-06-05, retrieved 2011-10-23 
  17. ^ "Ahmad Hamdard - 3 Public Records Found". www.instantcheckmate.com. Retrieved 2018-04-07.