Hazara diaspora

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The Hazara people, a Dari-speaking ethnic group originating in the Hazarajat region of central Afghanistan have established a large diaspora which consists of many communities in different countries around the world as part of the later Afghan diaspora. There are currently over half a million Hazara who live in the Balochistan province of Pakistan (mostly in and around the city of Quetta),[1][2] a large number of whom have been settled in the country for generations and are now Pakistani citizens. A similarly large Hazara community is also present in Iran,[1] as part of the Hazara and Afghan diaspora.

Apart from Pakistan and Iran, a large number of Hazara have migrated to countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia and in Europe, mostly due to an unstable political and economic situation prevailing back home as well as the ongoing persecution of Hazara people in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Overseas communities[edit]

Australia

The Hazara Council of Australia is an organisation formed by the Hazara community of Australia.[3] Arman Monthly is a Persian-language magazine distributed nationwide which is published by the Hazara community. The 2003 Australian documentary film Molly & Mobarak is based on a Hazara asylum seeker who enters Australia, falls in love with a local girl and faces possible deportation as his temporary visa nears expiration.

India

The Attarwala claim to be descended from a group of Mughal Hazaras soldiers who were initially settled in Agra, during the rule of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir. According to their recorded documents, they then migrated to Ahmedabad via Gwalior, Ratlam and Godhra. This migration followed their participation of the community in the 1857 Indian War Independence. Once settled in Gujarat, the community took up the occupation of manufacturing of perfumes known as ittars. The word attarwala means the manufacturer of perfumes. A second migration took place in 1947 from Agra, after the partition of India, with some member immigrating to Pakistan, while others joining their co-ethnics in Ahmedabad. The Attarwala are now found mainly in Ahmedabad, while those in Pakistan are found mainly in Karachi

Mongolia

Mongolia's Tsahim Örtöö Foundation (Цахим өртөө сүлжээ) offers scholarships for Hazara high school graduates in Afghanistan and Pakistan to study for five years at the National University of Mongolia. Each US$52,000 scholarship is financed by charitable donations from Mongolian companies and professional associations, as well as individual Mongolian citizens living abroad.[4][5]

United States

Hussain Andaryas is a Hazara American who is a Christian activist and editor of the Afghan Times, an Afghan Christian news network.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (ed.), 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fifteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com/.
  2. ^ Census of Afghans in Pakistan, UNHCR Statistical Summary Report (retrieved 22 October 2011)
  3. ^ Hazara Council Australia
  4. ^ B. Daariimaa (2010-12-01), "'Бид Монголд эрх чөлөөг мэдэрдэг'", Gogo News, retrieved 2011-10-23 
  5. ^ Mongolian Scholarship for Hazara students from Afghanistan and Pakistan, 2009-06-05, retrieved 2011-10-23