International Federation for Information Processing
The International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) is a worldwide organisation for researchers and professionals working in the field of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). IFIP links over 48 national societies and academies of science, has head offices in Laxenburg, Austria and operates on a non-governmental, non-profit basis. Activities are coordinated by more than a dozen Technical Committees (TCs). Each TC covers particular aspects of computing and related disciplines, ranging from Computer Systems, Communication Systems, Information Systems, IT Applications, Human-Computer Interaction, Entertainment Computing, Software, Foundations, Artificial Intelligence, Security and Privacy, Modelling and Optimisation, ICT and Society as well as Education.
IFIP strongly promotes the principle of open access and proceedings of which IFIP holds the copyright are made electronically available via IFIP’s Open Access Digital Library. Downloading articles from IFIP’s Open DL is not only free of charge, but as opposed to commercial publishers and other professional organisations, IFIP does not charge authors of open access articles for publishing in its Open DL. Conference and workshop organizers who prefer printed proceedings can take advantage of the agreement between IFIP and Springer and publish their proceedings as part of IFIP's Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS) or Advances in Information and Communication Technology (AICT) series. Proceedings by Springer published in IFIP’s LNCS and AICT series will be included within IFIP’s Open DL after an embargo period of three years. An important activity of the IFIP Technical Committees is to organise and sponsor high quality conferences and workshops in the field of ICT. Sponsoring is generally in the form of Best Paper Awards (BPA) and/or Student Travel Grants (STG). To assist conference and workshop organizers, IFIP has facilities to host conference websites and supports conference management systems such as JEMS, which include export functions that seamlessly integrate with IFIP’s Open DL.
IFIP was established in 1960 under the auspices of UNESCO, originally under the name International Federation of Information Processing Societies (IFIPS). In preparation, UNESCO had organized the first International Conference on Information Processing, which took place in June 1959 in Paris, and is now considered the first IFIP Congress.
The name was changed to the current name in 1961. The original contribution of IFIP was the definition of the Algol 60 programming language, which was one of the first examples of truly international collaboration in computer science and left a durable mark on the entire field.
IFIP's activities are centered on its fourteen Technical Committees, which are divided into working groups. The working groups (with names like "WG 2.4 Software Implementation Technology") organize conferences, run workshops, and circulate technical papers.
- TC 1: Foundations of Computer Science
- TC 2: Software:Theory and Practice
- TC 3: Education
- TC 5: Information Technology Applications
- TC 6: Communication Systems
- TC 7: System Modeling and Optimization
- TC 8: Information Systems
- TC 9: Relationship between Computers and Society
- TC 10: Computer Systems Technology
- TC 11: Security and Protection in Information Processing Systems
- TC 12: Artificial Intelligence
- TC 13: Human-Computer Interaction
- TC 14: Entertainment Computing
The current IFIP TC1 on Foundations of Computer Science was founded in 1997. There had been an earlier TC1, Technical Committee 1 on Terminology, which was the earliest Technical Committee of IFIP. Formed in 1961, it produced a multilingual dictionary of information-processing terminology. It was later disbanded. The working groups of the current TC1 are:
- WG 1.1 Continuous Algorithms and Complexity
- WG 1.2 Descriptional Complexity
- WG 1.3 Foundations of System Specification
- WG 1.4 Computational Learning Theory
- WG 1.5 Cellular Automata and Discrete Complex Systems
- WG 1.6 Term Rewriting
- WG 1.7 Theoretical Foundations of Security Analysis and Design
- WG 1.8 Concurrency Theory
- WG 1.9 Verified Software (joint with WG 2.15)
- WG 1.10: String Algorithmics & Applications
The working groups of IFIP TC2 are:
- WG 2.1 on Algorithmic Languages and Calculi
- WG 2.2 Formal Description of Programming Concepts
- WG 2.3 Programming Methodology
- WG 2.4 Software Implementation Technology
- WG 2.5 Numerical Software
- WG 2.6 Databases
- WG 2.7 User Interface Engineering
- WG 2.8 Functional Programming
- WG 2.9 Software Requirements Engineering
- WG-2.10 on software architecture
- WG-2.11 Program Generation
- WG-2.12 Web Semantics
- WG-2.13 Open Source Software
- WG-2.15 Verified Software (joint with WG 1.9)
- WG-2.16 Programming Language Design
The formation of TC3, to deal with computers and education, was announced in 1962. Richard Buckingham of the University of London was appointed as its first chairman, and TC3 first met formally in Paris in February 1964.
Technical Committee 6 (TC6 - Communication Systems) is one of the largest TCs within IFIP in terms of activities and revenues. TC6 has nine Working Groups (WGs) as well as a number of Special Interest Groups (SIGs), the majority of which are concerned either with specific aspects of communications systems themselves or with the application of communications systems. In addition, one WG focuses on communications in developing countries. TC6 meets twice a year, in spring and fall, usually co-locating its meetings with a related conference. Examples of TC6 conferences include IFIP Networking, DisCoTec, Middleware, WiOpt, CNSM, Integrated Network Management (IM) and Wireless Days (WD).
Membership of a TC6 WG or SIG is open to leading researchers within the field, independent of the national society within the country of origin. Well-known (past) TC6 members include: Vint Cerf, André Danthine, Donald Davies, Peter Kirstein, Robert (Bob) Metcalfe, Louis Pouzin and Hubert Zimmermann. Each WG or SIG elects a chair and vice-chair for a period of three years. WG and SIG (vice-)chairs are, next to the national representatives and some key researchers, automatically member of TC6.
TC6 is a strong proponent of open access and the driving force behind the IFIP Open Digital Library (DL). The IFIP Open DL is currently operated by TC6 and eventually will move to the INRIA HAL system. To ensure maximum accessibility of accepted papers, several TC6 conferences publish their proceedings not only in the IFIP Open DL, but also in other online systems, such as IEEE Xplore, ACM DL, ResearchGate and arXiv.
TC6 supports conferences by providing Best Paper Awards (usually 500 Euro each) as well as Student Travel Grants (usually 750 Euro). Conference organizers who intend to obtain IFIP sponsorship are encouraged to fill-in the online Event Request Form (ERF). Depending on the category and type of event, IFIP may charge fees to conferences to cover the costs of (future) awards as well as the IFIP secretariat.
TC6 is composed of the following nine Working Groups (WGs):
- Working Group 6.1: Architectures and Protocols for Distributed Systems
- Working Group 6.2: Network and Internetwork Architectures
- Working Group 6.3: Performance of Communication Systems
- Working Group 6.6: Management of Networks and Distributed Systems
- Working Group 6.8: Mobile and Wireless Communications
- Working Group 6.9: Communications Systems for Developing Countries
- Working Group 6.10: Photonic Networking
- Working Group 6.11: Communication Aspects of the E-World
- Working Group 6.12: Services-Oriented Systems
In November 2015 a new Special Interest Group on "Internet of People" (IoP) has been created.
The TC7 was founded in 1972 by A.V. Balakrishnan, J.L. Lions and M. Marchuk. It is currently chaired by J. Henry. The vice-chair and immediate past chairperson is I. Lasiecka.
The aims of this Technical Committee are
- to provide an international clearing house for computational (as well as related theoretical) aspects of optimization problems in diverse areas and to share computing experience gained on specific applications;
- to promote the development of necessary high-level theory to meet the needs of complex optimization problems and establish appropriate cooperation with the International Mathematics Union and similar organisations;
- to foster interdisciplinary activity on optimization problems spanning the various areas such as Economics (including Business Administration and Management), Biomedicine, Meteorology, etc., in cooperation with associated international bodies.
The TC7 is composed of seven Working Groups (WG)
- WG 7.1 on Modeling and Simulation. Chaired by Arunabha Bagchi
- WG 7.2 on Computational Techniques in Distributed Systems. Chaired by Jean-Paul Zolésio
- WG 7.3 on Computer System Modeling. Chaired by Don Towsley
- WG 7.4 on Discrete Optimization. Chaired by Peter L. Hammer
- WG 7.5 on Reliability and Optimization of Structural Systems. Chaired by Dan M. Frangopol
- WG 7.6 on Optimization-Based Computer-Aided Modelling and Design. Chaired by Janusz Granat
- WG 7.7 on Stochastic Optimization. Chaired by Kurt Marti
The IFIP TC8 is the IFIP Technical Committee on Information Systems initiated in 1976. This committee "aims to promote and encourage the advancement of research and practice of concepts, methods, techniques and issues related to information systems in organisations. It has established the following working groups (WG 8.7 and 8.8 have closed):
- WG 8.1 Design and Evaluation of Information Systems
- WG 8.2 The Interaction of Information Systems and the Organization
- WG 8.3 Decision Support Systems
- WG 8.4 E-Business: Multi-disciplinary research and practice
- WG 8.5 Information Systems in Public Administration
- WG 8.6 Transfer and Diffusion of Information Technology
- WG 8.9 Enterprise Information Systems
- WG 8.10 Service-Oriented Systems (joint with WG 6.12/2.14)
- WG 8.11 Information Systems Security Research (joint with WG 11.13)
The IFIP Technical Committee 9 (TC9) on ICT and Society comprises nine working groups (WGs) and representatives of the national computer societies of IFIP.
The main work of the TC9 is conducted through its working groups, which organise conferences and events regularly. Additionally, the TC9 organises collectively the series of conferences Human Choice and Computers (HCC). This is a well established forum for the study of ICT and Society - the first HCC conference took place in Vienna in 1974, while the last one took place in Finland in 2014.
- WG 9.1 Computers and Work
- WG 9.2 Social Accountability and Computing
- SIG 9.2.2 Ethics and Computing
- WG 9.3 Home-Oriented Informatics and Telematics - HOIT
- WG 9.4 Social Implications of Computers in Developing Countries
- WG 9.5 Virtuality and Society
- WG 9.6 Information Technology Mis-use and the Law
- WG 9.7 History of Computing
- WG 9.8 Women and Information Technology
- WG 9.9 ICT and Sustainable Development
- WG 9.10 ICT Uses in Peace and War
The IFIP TC10 was founded in 1976 and revised in 1987. It is currently chaired by Ricardo Reis (BR). The secretary is Paolo Prinetto (IT).
The aims of the Technical Committee on Computer Systems Technology are the promotion of the State-of-the-Art and the coordination of information exchange on concepts, methodologies, and tools in the stages in the life cycle of computer systems.
The TC10 is composed of four Working Groups (WG)
- WG 10.2 on Embedded Systems. Chaired by Achim Rettberg (D)
- WG 10.3 on Concurrent Systems. Chaired by Thomas Sterling (US)
- WG 10.4 on Dependable Computing and Fault Tolerance. Chaired by Paulo Verissimo (P)
- WG 10.5 on Design and Engineering of Electronic Systems. Chaired by Dominique Borrione (F)
IFIP TC12 Artificial Intelligence
IFIP TC 12 working groups:
- WG 12.1 – Knowledge Representation and Reasoning
- WG 12.2 – Machine Learning and Data Mining
- WG 12.3 – Intelligent Agents
- WG 12.4 – Semantic Web
- WG 12.5 – Artificial Intelligence Applications
- WG 12.6 – Knowledge Management & Innovation Chaired by Eunika Mercier-Laurent, AI4KM AI4KM
- WG 12.7 – Social Networking Semantics and collective Intelligence
- WG 12.8 – Intelligent Bioinformatics and Biomedical Systems
- WG 12.9 – Computational Intelligence
IFIP TC 13 is the IFIP Technical Committee on Human-Computer Interaction founded in 1989. It aims to encourage empirical research (using valid and reliable methodology, with studies of the methods themselves where necessary); to promote the use of knowledge and methods from the human sciences in both design and evaluation of computer systems; to promote better understanding of the relation between formal design methods and system usability and acceptability; to develop guidelines, models and methods by which designers may be able to provide better human-oriented computer systems; and to co-operate with other groups, inside and outside IFIP, so as to promote user-orientation and "humani-zation" in system design.
As of 2015, TC 13 has nine working groups (WG's):
- WG 13.1 - Education in HCI and HCI Curricula
- WG 13.2 - Methodology for User-centered System Design 
- WG 13.3 - Human-Computer Interaction and Disability 
- WG 13.4/2.7 - User Interface Engineering 
- WG 13.5 - Human Error, Safety and System Development
- WG 13.6 - Human Work Interaction Design 
- WG 13.7 - Human - Computer Interaction & Visualization HCIV 
- WG 13.8 - Interaction Design and International Development
- WG 13.9 - Interaction Design and Children 
List of full members as of 2015, june 22:
List of associate members as of 2015, june 22:
- Council of European Professional Informatics Societies, Ireland
- International Medical Informatics Association, Japan
- South East Asia Regional Computer Confederation (SEARCC)
- The Very Large Data Bases Endowment (VLDB), Conferences
- "IFIP Open Access Digital Library". Retrieved November 11, 2015.
- "Isaac L Auerbach". IT History Society. Retrieved April 12, 2012.
- "IFIP News March 2010 – IP3 News March 2010" (PDF). IFIP. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
- "IP3 -- Leading the Development of the Global IT Profession". IP3. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
- Technical Committees
- IFIP TC1 "Foundations of Computer Science"
- IFIP Working Group 1.2 "Descriptional Complexity"
- IFIP Working Group 9.1 "Computers and Work"
- IFIP Working Group 2.1 "Algorithmic Languages and Calculi"
- IFIP TC2 "Software: Theory and Practice"
- IFIP Working Group 2.9 "Software Requirements Engineering"
- IFIP Working Group 2.16 "Programming Language Design"
- John Impagliazzo, History of Computing and Education 2 (HCE2): IFIP 19th World Computer Congress, WG 9.7, TC 9: History of Computing, Proceedings of the Second Conference on the History of Computing and Education, August 21–24, Santiago, Chile (2006), p. 8
- TC 6 homepage
- TC 7 - System Modeling and Optimization - Aims and Scopes
- Artificial Intelligence http://www.ifiptc12.org/
- About WG 12.7 | WG 12.7 - Social Networking Semantics and Collective Intelligence. Starlab.vub.ac.be. Retrieved on 2013-08-17.
- IFIP Working Group 13.2 "Methodology for User-centered System Design"
- IFIP Working Group 13.3 "Human-Computer Interaction and Disability"
- IFIP Working Group 13.4/2.7 "User Interface Engineering"
- Working Group 13.6 "Human Work Interatcion Design"
- IFIP Working Group 13.7 "Human - Computer Interaction & Visualization HCIV"
- IFIP SIG 13.2 "Interaction Design and Children"
- IFIP - Members * (Retrieved on 2015, june 22)
- International Federation for Information Processing
- IFIP Open Digital Library
- The INTERACT IFIP International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction