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Traditionally, a jersey is an item of knitted clothing, generally made of wool or cotton, with sleeves, worn as a pullover, as it does not open at the front, unlike a cardigan. It is usually close-fitting and machine knitted in contrast to a guernsey that is more often hand knit with a thicker yarn. The word is usually used interchangeably with sweater.
Alternatively, the shirt worn by members of a sports team as part of the team uniform is also referred to as a jersey.
Jersey, in the Channel Islands, was famous for its knitting trade in medieval times, and because of that original fame, the name "jersey" is still applied to many forms of knitted fabric, which transferred to the garments made from the fabric.
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A sports jersey is a shirt worn by members of a team to identify their affiliation with the team. Jerseys identify their wearers' names and/or numbers, generally showing the colors and logo of the team. Numbers are frequently used to identify players, since uniforms give players a similar appearance.
A jersey may also include the logo of the team's sponsor.
A cycling jersey is a specialised jersey designed to be used in road cycling. Cycling jerseys are usually made of synthetic microfiber material to aid in wicking sweat away from the skin to allow it to evaporate. Specific colours or patterns represent certain statuses in these races, such as the yellow jersey of the leader of the general classification in the Tour de France, or the rainbow jersey for the world champion.
The main garment of an ice hockey uniform, which was traditionally called a sweater, is increasingly known as a hockey jersey. Basketball jerseys are usually sleeveless. Baseball jerseys are usually button up.
- Kane, C.D.; Patil, U.J.; Sudhakar, P. (1 August 2007). "Studies on the Influence of Knit Structure and Stitch Length on Ring and Compact Yarn Single Jersey Fabric Properties". Textile Research Journal. 77 (8): 572–582. doi:10.1177/0040517507078023. S2CID 138629386.
- Shinn, W.E. (1 March 1955). "An Engineering Approach to Jersey Fabric Construction". Textile Research Journal. 25 (3): 270–277. doi:10.1177/004051755502500314. S2CID 137398059.
- Shishoo, Roshan (29 August 2005). Textiles in Sport. Elsevier. ISBN 9781845690885 – via Google Books.
- Media related to Jerseys at Wikimedia Commons