From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A cap is a flat headgear, usually with a visor. Caps have crowns that fit very close to the head. They made their first appearance as early as 3200 BC.[1] The origin of the word "cap" comes from the Old French word "chapeau" which means "head covering". Over time, the word has evolved and changed its meaning, but it still retains its association with headwear. Caps typically have a visor, or no brim at all.[2] They are popular in casual and informal settings, and are seen in sports and fashion.[2] They are typically designed for warmth, and often incorporate a visor to block sunlight from the eyes. They come in many shapes, sizes, and are of different brands. Baseball caps are one of the most common types of cap.[3]


The Meyrick Helmet is a Celtic: Brythonic helmet that is likely to have originated from Northern England in the 1st century AD. The flat plane extending from the rim is intended to protect the back of the neck, however some theorise it may have been turned in reverse to shield the eyes from sunlight whilst in battle
German M43-style field cap of the "Bundesgrenzschutz" (BGS) (now called Bundespolizei), the German Federal Police
A propeller hat, also known as a propeller beanie.
Phrygian cap as fashion
The only known example of an original Monmouth cap, dating from the 16th century
Flat cap
A type of knit cap sometimes called bobblehat, toque, or stocking cap

Baseball caps[edit]

Baseball cap styles and variations
Snapback baseball cap
Flexfit-style baseball cap
Fitted baseball cap

Present day depictions of caps[edit]

Caps might have started off as a way to keep people shaded from the sun, but now they are much more than that. Caps have been made a staple in both the sports and fashion industries, one leading into the other.


As stated earlier, caps are typically designed with a visor which makes it perfect for keeping a person cool from the heat and sheltering a person's eyes from the sun, so it was a matter of time before they made it to the sports industry. The first sport to adopt wearing caps was baseball, the hats were made out of straw and were worn on April 24, 1849, by the New York Knickerbockers. However, within a few years time the team began to wear a cap made of fine merino wool, that featured a crown and an attached visor. This design became the prototype for caps of that time and still the most popular in present day. It's also not the only design for baseball hats but other sports as well, such as cricket, golf and tennis.


Sportswear found its way to fashion in the nineteenth century and on the contrary to what many believe it began to actually cater to the wants and needs of women. Sports cap however made an impact on the fashion industry around the 1980s when the company New Era, who had been designing hats for sports teams, began designing and selling hats to the general public. Baseball caps, fitted caps, snapback caps and truckers hats would then be seen in music videos, films, runways and even on Princess Diana's head, which helped nurture her appearance as the "people's princess." Along with hats, sports jerseys also became available in the 1980s as well, and now licensed apparel is a multi-billion dollar industry.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Who Invented The Hat? - Amazing Hat History". Fashionable Hats. Retrieved 2020-11-17.
  2. ^ a b "Cap vs. Hat: Differentiating the Meaning of Different Headgear". Typing Adventure. 2019-07-26. Archived from the original on 2020-11-24. Retrieved 2020-11-17.
  3. ^ "Baseball Hat & Cap History". Retrieved 2020-11-17.
  4. ^ "Cap, Italian, 17th century". Metropolitan Museum of Art website.