Payzawat County

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Payzawat County

پەيزاۋات ناھىيىسى
伽师县

Jiashi, Ch'ieh-shih, Faiz Abad
Location of Jiashi / Peyziwat County (red) and Kashgar Prefecture (yellow) within Xinjiang
Location of Jiashi / Peyziwat County (red) and Kashgar Prefecture (yellow) within Xinjiang
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionXinjiang
PrefectureKashgar / Kashi
SeatBarin (Baren; بارىن بازىرى / 巴仁)[1]
Area
 • Total6,600.68 km2 (2,548.54 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[1]
 • Total381,767
 • Density58/km2 (150/sq mi)
Ethnic groups
 • Major ethnic groupsUyghur[3][4][5]
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Websitewww.xjjsx.gov.cn (in Chinese)
Payzawat County
Uyghur name
Uyghurپەيزاۋات ناھىيىسى
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese伽师
Traditional Chinese伽師
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese排孜阿瓦提县
Traditional Chinese排孜阿瓦提縣

Payzawat County,[6][7][8][5] also via SASM/GNC romanization as Payziwat County[9] (Uyghur: پەيزاۋات ناھىيىسى‎; Chinese: 排孜阿瓦提县[3]), (also Faizabad and Fayzawat) and via Mandarin Chinese as Jiashi County (Chinese: 伽师) is a county in Kashgar Prefecture, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China, on the western rim of the Taklamakan Desert. To the west, the county borders Maralbexi County, to the south Yopurga County.[3]

Name[edit]

The name "Jiashi" was first used in Chinese documents of Tang Dynasty and was adopted when Emperor Guangxu established the county in 1902. Allegedly the word is a transliteration of a celestial Turkic word for jade and has the same origin to "Kashi", Mandarin transliteration for "Kashgar". The Uyghur name "Payziwat" means "God's blessing of fortune" and was sometimes used in documents in Qing Dynasty.[citation needed] Payzawat means 'beautiful land of plenty'.[3]

The region is also sometimes called "Faizabad" in historic literature.[10][11]

History[edit]

Peyziwat County was established in July 1902.[2][12]

In 1981 there was a brief pro-independence rebellion in the county staged by Uyghur activists.[13]

Between 1997-2003 there were a series of deadly earthquakes in the county.[5]

On October 20, 2014, Shaptul (Xiaputule) was changed from a township to a town.[1][14]

On the night of January 19, 2020, a strong earthquake (2020年喀什地震) damaged buildings and seriously injured at least one person in the county.[15][16][17]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Payzawat County includes six towns, seven townships, and one other area:[1][18]

Towns (بازىرى / 镇)

Townships (يېزىسى / 乡)

Others

Economy[edit]

The system of irrigation is well-developed. Agricultural products include wheat, corn, sorghum, cotton and muskmelon. Animal herding is also common, primarily sheep. Specialities of the county include the 'Payzawat melon' (伽师瓜) and white grapes without pits. Industries include tractors, electronics, leather making, construction, and cotton and melon processing.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
2000311,733—    
2010381,767+2.05%
[1]

In 1997, Uyghurs made up 97.2% of the county's population.[4]

According to the 2002 census, it has a population of 320,000.[citation needed]

As of 2009, Uyghurs made up 98.9% of the county's population.[3]

Transportation[edit]

Historical maps[edit]

Historical English-language maps including Payzawat:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ From map: "The representation of international boundaries is not necessarily authoritative."
  2. ^ From map: "The representation of international boundaries is not necessarily authoritative"

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 伽师县历史沿革. XZQH.org. 14 November 2014. Retrieved 21 March 2020. 2000年第五次人口普查,伽师县常住总人口311733人,{...}2003年,伽师县总面积6600.68平方千米,{...}县政府驻巴仁镇。{...}2010年第六次人口普查,伽师县常住总人口381767人,{...}2014年10月20日,自治区政府(新政函[2014]183号)同意撤销夏普吐勒乡,设立夏普吐勒镇。调整后,全县辖3个镇、10个乡:巴仁镇、西克尔库勒镇、夏普吐勒镇、铁日木乡、英买里乡、江巴孜乡、卧里托格拉克乡、克孜勒博依乡、米夏乡、和夏阿瓦提乡、克孜勒苏乡、古勒鲁克乡、玉代克力克乡。
  2. ^ a b c 夏征农; 陈至立, eds. (September 2009). 辞海:第六版彩图本 [Cihai (Sixth Edition in Color)] (in Chinese). 上海. Shanghai: 上海辞书出版社. Shanghai Lexicographical Publishing House. p. 1046. ISBN 9787532628599. 面积6 601平方千米。{...}1902年(清光绪二十八年)置伽师县。{...}灌溉发达。农产有小麦、玉米、高粱、棉花和甜瓜。畜牧业亦盛,以绵羊为主。特产“伽师瓜”、无核白葡萄。工业有农机、电力、制革、建材、棉花和瓜果加工等。
  3. ^ a b c d e 伽师概况 [Payzawat Overview]. 伽师县人民政府网. 18 May 2009. Retrieved 21 March 2020. 伽师,维吾尔语称“排孜阿瓦提”,意为美丽富饶的地方,{...}位于新疆维吾尔自治区西南部,东邻把楚,西接疏勒,南连岳普湖,北依天山山脉的柯坪南支,西北与克孜勒苏柯尔克孜自治州阿图什毗邻{...}是塔克拉玛干沙漠西缘的一块绿洲{...} 总人口36万,其中维吾尔族占98.9%。
  4. ^ a b 1997年伽师县行政区划. XZQH.org (in Chinese). 19 November 2010. Retrieved 21 March 2020. 喀什地区辖县。位于塔克拉玛干沙漠西缘。面积6715.4平方千米,人口28.2万,有维吾尔、汉、柯尔克孜、回等14个民族,其中维吾尔族占97.2%,辖2镇11乡,县政府驻巴仁镇。
  5. ^ a b c "DEATH TOLL RISING FAST IN XINJIANG QUAKE". Radio Free Asia. 25 February 2003. Retrieved 22 March 2020. The two areas hardest-hit by the quake, which China says measured 6.8 on the open-ended Richter scale, were Maralbeshi and Payzawat (Jiashi) counties.{...}According to official Chinese media, Payzawat (Jiashi) has a population of at least 300,000, while Maralbeshi (Bachu) has a population of 260,000. Both counties are 90 percent Uyghur.
  6. ^ Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (2010). 建筑抗震设计规范 [GB50011-2010: Code for Seismic Design of Buildings] (in English and Chinese). Beijing: China Architecture & Building Press. p. 203 – via Google Books. Payzawat County
  7. ^ yan, ed. (18 January 2020). "5.4-magnitude earthquake hits Xinjiang: CENC". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 21 March 2020. A 5.4-magnitude earthquake hit Payzawat County of Kashgar Prefecture in northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region at 00:05 a.m. Saturday (Beijing Time), according to the China Earthquake Networks Center (CENC).
  8. ^ Payzawat Xian (Variant - V) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  9. ^ Eset Sulayman, Gulchehra Hoja, Jilil Kashgary, Joshua Lipes (19 May 2017). "Uyghurs Forced to Undergo Medical Exams, DNA Sampling". Radio Free Asia. Translated by Alim Seytoff and Mamatjan Juma. Retrieved 21 March 2020. A farmer from Payziwat (Gashi) county in Kashgar (Kashi) prefecture told RFA that county officials and medical personnel had set up a health checkpoint in front of the area hospital, and local cadres “urged” residents to get examined.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ Reginald C. F. Schomberg and Matthew Arnold (1930). "The Climatic Conditions of the Tarim Basin". The Geographical Journal. 75 (4): 318. doi:10.2307/1784816.
  11. ^ Michell, John; Valikhanov, Chokan Chingisovich; Venyukov, Mikhail Ivanovich (1865), The Russians in Central Asia: their occupation of the Kirghiz steppe and the line of the Syr-Daria: their political relations with Khiva, Bokhara, and Kokan: also descriptions of Chinese Turkestan and Dzungaria; by Capt. Valikhanof, M. Veniukof and [others]. Translated by John Michell, Robert Michell, E. Stanford, p. 152
  12. ^ Peyziwat County Archived 2010-09-02 at the Wayback Machine. Kashgar Government.
  13. ^ Dillon, Michael (2004). Xinjiang: China's Muslim far northwest. Routledge. pp. 59–60.
  14. ^ 关于同意伽师县夏普吐勒乡撤乡设镇的批复(新政函[2014]183号). 新疆民政 (in Chinese). 27 October 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2020. 2014年10月20日,自治区人民政府同意撤销伽师县夏普吐勒乡建制,设立夏普吐勒镇,其行政区域界线、政府驻地及隶属关系不变。
  15. ^ "Quake causes damage, injuries in China's Xinjiang region". Taiwan News. 20 January 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  16. ^ "6.4-magnitude Earthquake Jolted Xinjiang, Causing Injuries, Damaging Houses, Disrupting Service". China Central Television. 20 January 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020 – via YouTube.
  17. ^ [天下财经]新疆伽师县发生6.4级地震 多人受伤 CCTV财经. China Central Television. 20 January 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020 – via YouTube.
  18. ^ 2019年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:伽师县 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2020. 统计用区划代码 名称 653129100000 巴仁镇 653129101000 西克尔库勒镇 653129102000 夏普吐勒镇 653129103000 卧里托格拉克镇 653129104000 克孜勒博依镇 653129107000 和夏阿瓦提镇 653129200000 铁日木乡 653129201000 英买里乡 653129202000 江巴孜乡 653129205000 米夏乡 653129208000 克孜勒苏乡 653129209000 古勒鲁克乡 653129210000 玉代克力克乡 653129500000 兵团伽师总场
  19. ^ بارىن بازىرى ئالاھىدە كەسىپلەر ئارقىلىق بېيىش يولىغا ئاتلاندى. People's Daily (in Uyghur). 8 January 2018. Retrieved 22 March 2020. پەيزاۋات ناھىيەسىنىڭ بارىن بازىرى ناھىيە ئىچىگە جايلاشقان.
  20. ^ Alessandra Cappelletti (2020). Socio-Economic Development in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region Disparities and Power Struggle in China's North-West. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 243. ISBN 978-981-15-1536-1 – via Google Books. Xiaputule/Shaptul (夏普吐勒乡, شاپتۇل يېزىسى), Village 13, 14 and 15, in Jiashi/Peyzawat County
  21. ^ Kizilsu (Approved - N) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°29′18″N 76°42′45″E / 39.48833°N 76.71250°E / 39.48833; 76.71250