John Samuel Waters Jr.
April 22, 1946
John Samuel Waters Jr. (born April 22, 1946) is an American filmmaker, writer, actor, and artist. He rose to fame in the early 1970s for his transgressive cult films, including Multiple Maniacs (1970), Pink Flamingos (1972) and Female Trouble (1974). He wrote and directed the comedy film Hairspray (1988), which was an international success and was later adapted into a hit Broadway musical. He has written and directed other films, including Polyester (1981), Cry-Baby (1990), Serial Mom (1994), Pecker (1998), and Cecil B. Demented (2000). His films contain elements of post-modern comedy and surrealism.
As an actor, Waters has appeared in Sweet and Lowdown (1999), Seed of Chucky (2004), 'Til Death Do Us Part (2007), Excision (2012), and Suburban Gothic (2014). More recently, he performs in his touring one-man show This Filthy World. He often worked with actor and drag queen Divine and his regular cast of the Dreamlanders.
Waters also works as a visual artist and across different media, such as installations, photography, and sculpture. In 2016, he received an honorary degree from the Maryland Institute College of Art. The audiobooks he narrated for his books Carsick and Mr. Know-It-All were nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album in 2015 and 2020, respectively. In 2018, Waters was named an officer of the Order of Arts and Letters in France.
Waters was born April 22, 1946, in Baltimore, Maryland, one of four children born to Patricia Ann (née Whitaker) and John Samuel Waters, a manufacturer of fire-protection equipment. He was raised Roman Catholic by his mother, though his father was not. Through his mother, who immigrated to the United States from Victoria, British Columbia, Canada as a child, he is the great-great-great-grandson of George Price Whitaker of the Whitaker iron family. Waters grew up in Lutherville, Maryland, a suburb of Baltimore. His boyhood friend and muse, Glenn Milstead, later known as Divine, also lived in Lutherville. Waters lived at 313 Morris Avenue in Lutherville from his early teenage years until he moved out in his early twenties. Waters and Milstead shot many of their early films at the house, dubbing the front lawn the "Dreamland Lot".
The film Lili inspired an interest in puppets in the seven-year-old Waters, who proceeded to stage violent versions of Punch and Judy for children's birthday parties. Biographer Robrt L. Pela says that Waters's mother believes the puppets in Lili had the greatest influence on Waters's subsequent career (though Pela believes tacky films at a local drive-in, which the young Waters watched from a distance through binoculars, had a greater effect).
Cry-Baby was also a product of Waters's boyhood, because of his fascination as a seven-year-old with the "drapes" then receiving intense news coverage because of the murder of Carolyn Wasilewski, a young "drapette", and his admiration for a young man living across the street who had a hot rod.
Waters was privately educated at the Calvert School in Baltimore. After attending Towson Jr. High School in Towson, Maryland, and Calvert Hall College High School in nearby Towson, he graduated from Boys' Latin School of Maryland. While still a teen, he made frequent trips into downtown Baltimore to visit Martick's, a beatnik bar, where he and Milstead met many of their later film collaborators. He was underage and couldn't enter the bar proper, but loitered in the adjacent alley, where he relied on the kindness of patrons to slip him drinks.
Waters's first short film was Hag in a Black Leather Jacket.
MGM's The Wizard of Oz (1939) had a profound effect on Waters' creative mind, He said about it:
I was always drawn to forbidden subject matter in the very, very beginning. The Wizard of Oz opened me up because it was one of the first movies I ever saw. It opened me up to villainy, to screenwriting, to costumes. And great dialogue. I think the witch has great, great dialogue.
Waters has stated that he takes an equal amount of joy and influence from high-brow "art" films and sleazy exploitation films.
In January 1966, Waters and some friends were caught smoking marijuana on the grounds of NYU, and he was soon kicked out of his dormitory. He returned to Baltimore, where he completed his next two short films, Roman Candles and Eat Your Makeup. They were followed by the feature-length films Mondo Trasho and Multiple Maniacs.
Waters's films became Divine's primary star vehicles. All of Waters's early films were shot in the Baltimore area with his company of local actors, the Dreamlanders—which, in addition to Divine, included Mink Stole, Cookie Mueller, Edith Massey, David Lochary, Mary Vivian Pearce, Susan Walsh, and others. Waters met Edith Massey while she was a bartender at Pete's Hotel.
Waters's early campy movies present exaggerated characters in outrageous situations with hyperbolic dialogue. Pink Flamingos, Female Trouble and Desperate Living, which he labeled the Trash Trilogy, pushed hard at the boundaries of conventional propriety and censorship.
Move toward the mainstream
Waters's 1981 film Polyester starred Divine opposite former teen idol Tab Hunter. It was the first time that Waters was not the primary camera operator for his own work, as he had started collaborating with local film student David Insley. Since then, his films have become less controversial and more mainstream, although works such as Hairspray, Cry-Baby, Serial Mom, Pecker and Cecil B. Demented still retain his trademark inventiveness. Hairspray, the last film he produced, became a hit Broadway musical that swept the 2003 Tony Awards; and a film adaptation of the Broadway musical was released in theaters on July 20, 2007 to positive reviews and commercial success. Cry-Baby, itself a musical, also became a Broadway musical.
In 2004, the NC-17-rated A Dirty Shame marked a return to Waters' earlier, more controversial work of the 1970s. Currently, it is the most recent film he directed.
In 2007, Waters became the host ("The Groom Reaper") of 'Til Death Do Us Part, a program on America's Court TV network.
In 2008, he planned to make a children's Christmas film, Fruitcake starring Johnny Knoxville and Parker Posey. Filming was set for November 2008, but the project was shelved in January 2009. In 2010, Waters told the Chicago Tribune that "Independent films that cost $5 million are very hard to get made. I sold the idea, got a development deal, got paid a great salary to write it—and now the company is no longer around, which is the case with many independent film companies these days."
In October 2022, it was announced that Waters will adapt his novel, Liarmouth, into a film. Village Roadshow Pictures will produce, and Waters will write and direct.
Waters has often created characters with alliterated names for his films, such as Corny Collins, Cuddles Kovinsky, Donald and Donna Dasher, Dawn Davenport, Fat Fuck Frank, Francine Fishpaw, Link Larkin, Motormouth Maybelle, Mole McHenry, Penny and Prudy Pingleton, Ramona Ricketts, Sandy Sandstone, Sylvia Stickles, Todd Tomorrow, Tracy Turnblad, Ursula Udders, Wade Walker and Wanda Woodward.
Waters is a bibliophile, with a collection of over 8,000 books. In 2011, during a visit to the Waters house in Baltimore, Andrew Edgecliffe-Johnson observed:
Bookshelves line the walls but they are not enough. The coffee table, desk and side tables are heaped with books, as is the replica electric chair in the hall. They range from Taschen art tomes such as The Big Butt Book to Jean Genet paperbacks and a Hungarian translation of Tennessee Williams with a pulp fiction cover. In one corner sits a doll from the horror spoof Seed of Chucky, in which Waters appeared. It feels like an eccentric professor's study, or a carefully curated exhibition based on the life of a fictional character.
Waters has had his fan mail delivered to Atomic Books, an independent bookstore in Baltimore, for over 20 years.
Puffing constantly on a cigarette, Waters appeared in a short film, shown in film art houses, announcing that "no smoking is permitted" in the theaters. The spot was directed by Douglas Brian Martin and produced by Douglas Brian Martin and Steven M. Martin. They also created two other short films, for the Nuart Theatre (a Landmark Theater) in West Los Angeles, California, in appreciation for their showing Pink Flamingos for many years. It is shown immediately before any of Waters' films, and before the midnight showing of The Rocky Horror Picture Show.
Waters played a minister in Blood Feast 2: All U Can Eat, directed by Herschell Gordon Lewis.
Waters is a board member of the Maryland Film Festival, and has selected and hosted a favorite film there each year since its launch in 1999. He is also on the advisory board of the Provincetown International Film Festival, and has hosted events and presented awards there every year since it was founded in 1999.
He is a contributor to Artforum magazine and author of its year-end Top Ten Films list.
Waters hosts an annual performance, "A John Waters Christmas", which was launched in 1996 at the Castro Theatre in San Francisco, and in 2018 toured 17 cities over 23 days.
In 2014, Waters began hosting an annual "Camp John Waters" event in Kent, Connecticut. Adult fans from as far away as Australia and Chile "relive their sleepaway camping days" with an "extra-campy theme weekend." Notable guests have included Debbie Harry, Patricia Hearst, Kathleen Turner, Mink Stole and Randy Harrison.
In 2019, the Film Society of Lincoln Center celebrated its 50th anniversary at a gala where John Waters spoke in tribute to the Center along with Martin Scorsese, Dee Rees, Pedro Almodovar, Tilda Swinton, Jake Gyllenhaal, Michael Moore, Paul Dano and Zoe Kazan.
Since the early 1990s, Waters has been making photo-based artwork and installations that have been internationally exhibited in galleries and museums. In 2004, the New Museum in New York City presented a retrospective of his artwork curated by Marvin Heiferman and Lisa Phillips. His most recent exhibition John Waters: Indecent Exposure was exhibited at the Baltimore Museum of Art from October 2018 to January 2019 and later traveled to the Wexner Center for the Arts. Prior to that, Waters exhibited Rear Projection in April 2009, at the Marianne Boesky Gallery in New York and the Gagosian Gallery in Los Angeles. Waters has been represented by C. Grimaldis Gallery in Baltimore, Maryland, since 2002 and by Marianne Boesky Gallery in New York since 2006.
Waters's pieces are often comical, such as Rush (2009), a super-sized, tipped-over bottle of poppers (nitrite inhalants), and Hardy Har (2006), a photograph of flowers that squirts water at anyone who traverses a taped line on the floor. Waters has characterized his art as conceptual: "The craft is not the issue here. The idea is. And the presentation."
In November 2020 Waters promised to donate 372 artworks from his personal collection, including some of his own work as well as pieces by 125 artists, including Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Cy Twombly, Cindy Sherman and more, to the Baltimore Museum of Art. In recognition of the donation, the museum named its rotunda after Waters, but Waters also insisted the museum name an all-gender bathroom after him. Both the rotunda and the bathroom were renamed for Waters in time for the opening of the first exhibition of his bequeathed collection, Coming Attractions: The John Waters Collection on November 20, 2022. Waters, who serves on the museum's board of directors, has stated the museum will fully acquire all of his art after his death.
With the motif "My life is so over-scheduled, what will happen if I give up control?", Waters completed a hitchhiking journey across the United States from Baltimore to San Francisco, turning his adventures into a book titled Carsick. On May 15, 2012, while on the hitchhiking trip, Waters was picked up by 20-year-old Myersville, Maryland, councilman Brett Bidle, who thought Waters was a homeless hitchhiker standing in the pouring rain. Feeling bad for Waters, he agreed to drive him four hours to Ohio.
The next day, indie rock band Here We Go Magic tweeted that they had picked John Waters up hitchhiking in Ohio. He was wearing a hat with the text "Scum of the Earth". In Denver, Colorado, Waters reconnected with Bidle (who had made an effort to catch up with him); Bidle then drove him another 1,000 miles (1,600 km) to Reno, Nevada. Before parting ways, Waters arranged for Bidle to stay at his San Francisco apartment: "I thought, you know what, he wanted an adventure, too ... He's the first Republican I'd ever vote for."
Bidle later said: "We are polar opposites when it comes to our politics, religious beliefs. But that's what I loved about the whole trip. It was two people able to agree to disagree and still move on and have a great time. I think that's what America's all about."
Although he maintains apartments in New York City and (since 2008) in San Francisco's Nob Hill, as well as a summer home in Provincetown, Waters mainly resides in Baltimore. All his films are set and shot there. He is recognizable by his trademark pencil moustache.
An openly gay man, Waters is an avid supporter of gay rights and gay pride. In a 2019 interview, he said that he dislikes publicly discussing his personal life, adding that he had a partner but that they both preferred to keep the relationship private.
Waters was a great fan of the music of Little Richard when growing up. He has said that, ever since he shoplifted a copy of the Little Richard song "Lucille" in 1957, at the age of 11, "I've wished I could somehow climb into Little Richard's body, hook up his heart and vocal cords to my own, and switch identities." In 1987, Playboy magazine employed Waters, then aged 41, to interview his idol, but the interview did not go well, with Waters later remarking: "It turned into kind of a disaster."
In 2009, Waters advocated the parole of former Manson family member Leslie Van Houten. He devotes a chapter to Van Houten in his book Role Models (2010).
Throughout his life, Waters has been open about his recreational drug use, including marijuana and LSD, particularly in regards to his creative process. Waters began using LSD as a teenager, "tak[ing] LSD and see[ing]…movies all the time". Waters was often on LSD while making his early films, claiming in a 2016 interview "I was on LSD [during Multiple Maniacs], I don't remember [how long it took to shoot the film]!" Even in his 70s, Waters used LSD recreationally. In 2022, Waters said that if he were to write his younger self a letter, he would say "quit smoking [cigarettes] and do everything else". Waters quit smoking around 2004, saying "the only thing I've ever regretted in my whole life [was] smoking cigarettes. Because it was a nightmare giving up. It's the only thing the government ever told me that was true: It does kill you!"
|1964||Hag in a Black Leather Jacket||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Short film|||
|1968||Eat Your Makeup||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|||
|Dorothy, the Kansas City Pot Head||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Abandoned after two days of filming|
|1970||The Diane Linkletter Story||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Short film|||
|2000||Cecil B. Demented||Yes||Yes||No||No||No|||
|2004||A Dirty Shame||Yes||Yes||No||No||No|||
|2007||Hairspray||No||No||Yes||No||No||Co-producer and consultant|||
|TBA||Liarmouth||Yes||Yes||No||No||No||Author of source material|||
|1969||Mondo Trasho||Reporter||Voice cameo; uncredited|
|1972||Pink Flamingos||Mr. J||Voice; uncredited|
|1986||Something Wild||Used car salesman||Cameo|||
|1989||Homer and Eddie||Robber #1||Cameo|||
|1994||Serial Mom||Ted Bundy||Voice cameo; uncredited|
|1998||Pecker||Pervert on phone|
|1999||Sweet and Lowdown||Mr. Haynes|||
|2000||Cecil B. Demented||Reporter||Cameo; uncredited|||
|2002||Blood Feast 2: All U Can Eat||The Reverend||Cameo|||
|2004||Seed of Chucky||Pete Peters|||
|2006||Plagues & Pleasures on the Salton Sea||Narrator||Voice; documentary|||
|This Film Is Not Yet Rated||Himself||Documentary|||
|Jackass Number Two||Himself|||
|The Junior Defenders||Narrator||Voice; direct-to-DVD|||
|In the Land of Merry Misfits||Narrator||Voice|||
|Of Dolls and Murder||Narrator||Voice; documentary|||
|2015||Alvin and the Chipmunks: The Road Chip||Airplane passenger||Cameo|||
|1990||21 Jump Street||Mr. Bean||Episode: "Awomp-Bomp-Aloobomb, Aloop Bamboom"|||
|1993, 1995||Homicide: Life on the Street||Bartender;
R. Vincent Smith
|1997||The Simpsons||John||Voice; episode: "Homer's Phobia"|||
|1998||Frasier||Roger||Voice; episode: "The Maris Counselor"|
|2006–2007||'Til Death Do Us Part||Groom Reaper||Main; 14 episodes|||
|2006||John Waters Presents Movies That Will Corrupt You||Himself (host)||13 episodes|||
|2007||My Name Is Earl||Funeral director||Episode: "Kept a Guy Locked in a Truck"|||
|2011||Superjail!||Quetzalpocetlan||Voice; episode "Ghosts"|
|2012||Fish Hooks||The Yeti Lobster||Voice; episode: "Rock Yeti Lobster"|
|2013, 2018||Mickey Mouse||Wadsworth Thorndyke III||Voices; 2 episodes|
|2014||Mr. Pickles||Dr. Kelton||Voice; episode: "Coma"|
|2015||RuPaul's Drag Race||Himself||Guest judge; episode: "Divine Inspiration"|||
|2016||Clarence||Captain Tom||Voice; episode: "Plane Excited"|
|Hairspray Live!||—||Associate producer|
|2017||Feud: Bette and Joan||William Castle||Episode: "Hagsploitation"|||
|2018||The Blacklist||Himself||Episode: "Sutton Ross (No. 17)"|||
|Liverspots and Astronots||O-Dor||Voice; episode: "The Exorcism of O-Dor"|
|2019||Tigtone||Fertile Centaur||Voice; episode: "...and the Freaks of Love"|
|2020–2021||Law & Order: Special Victims Unit||Floyd Cougat (credited as "Pornmonger man")||2 episodes|||
|2021||Finding Your Roots||Himself (guest)||Episode: "To the Manor Born"|||
|2022||Search Party||Sheffield||2 episodes|||
|The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel||Lazarus||Episode: "Interesting People on Christopher Street"|||
|Bubble Guppies||Baron Von Bland||Episode: Taste Buddies|
- American Cinema
- The Andy Warhol Diaries (TV series)
- Beautiful Darling
- Celebrity Ghost Stories
- The Cockettes
- Divine Waters
- Divine Trash
- The Drexel Interview
- I Am Divine
- Love Letter to Edie
- E! True Hollywood Story
- Fabulous! The Story of Queer Cinema
- Le Grand Journal (Canal+)
- Guest of Cindy Sherman
- HBO's First Look
- Here's Looking At You, Boy – The Coming Out of Queer Cinema
- How Porn Conquered the World
- The Incredibly Strange Film Show
- Inside Deep Throat
- Intimate Portrait
- It Came From Kuchar
- Little Castles
- Midnight Movies: From the Margin to the Mainstream
- Of Dolls and Murder
- Pie in the Sky: The Brigid Berlin Story
- Queens of Disco (BBC Four)
- Tab Hunter Confidential
- The Simpsons 20th Anniversary Special – In 3-D! On Ice!
- That Man: Peter Berlin
- This Film Is Not Yet Rated
- VH1 Behind the Music (Blondie)
- William S. Burroughs: A Man Within
- This Filthy World – Waters's touring one-man show, made into a feature film directed by Jeff Garlin
- A John Waters Christmas – A CD of Christmas songs compiled by Waters
- Mommie Dearest (1981) – Audio commentary on film's "Hollywood Royalty Edition" DVD release (2006)
- The Little Mermaid Special Edition DVD (2006) – Interview on 'making of' documentary about Howard Ashman, the theatre (i.e. Little Shop of Horrors), and the inspiration behind the character Ursula: Divine
- A Date with John Waters (2007), a CD collection of songs Waters finds romantic
- Christmas Evil DVD release (2006) – Audio commentary
- Breaking Up with John Waters – Waters's third CD compilation is currently in the works
- The Other Hollywood – Commentary and opinions about pornography throughout the book
- "The Creep" (featuring Nicki Minaj) – Appeared on a television set in The Lonely Island's music video "The Creep", which made its debut on Saturday Night Live. Waters gives the introduction to the song and he is credited as a featured artist on the album.
- Art:21 – Introducing Host for Season Two, "Stories" episode – PBS DVD series
- Waters, John (1981). Shock Value. New York: Dell Pub. Co. ISBN 044057871X.
- Waters, John (1986). Crackpot: The Obsessions of John Waters. New York: Scribner. ISBN 0026244403.
- Waters, John; Hainley, Bruce (2003). Art: A Sex Book. New York: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0500284350.
- Waters, John (2010). Role Models. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 9780374251475.
- Waters, John (2014). Carsick: John Waters Hitchhikes Across America. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 978-0374298630.
- Waters, John (2017). Make Trouble. Chapel Hill, NC: Algonquin Books. ISBN 978-1616206352.
- Waters, John (2019). Mr. Know-It-All: The Tarnished Wisdom of a Filth Elder. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 9780374214968.
- Waters, John (2022). Liarmouth: A Feel-Bad Romance. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 9780374185725.
- Waters, John (1988). Trash Trio: Three Screenplays: Pink Flamingos, Desperate Living, Flamingos Forever. New York: Vintage Books. ISBN 0394759869.
- Waters, John (2005). Hairspray, Female Trouble and Multiple Maniacs: Three More Screenplays. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press. ISBN 1560257024.
- Photo collections
- Waters, John (1997). Director's Cut. New York: Scalo. ISBN 393114156X.
- Waters, John (2006). Unwatchable. New York: Marianne Boesky Gallery. ISBN 0977950301.
Awards and nominations
In 1999, Waters was honored with the Filmmaker on the Edge Award at the Provincetown International Film Festival. In September 2015, the British Film Institute ran a programme to celebrate 50 years of Waters films which included all of his early films, some previously unscreened in the UK.
In 2014, Waters was nominated for a Grammy for the spoken word version of his book, Carsick. His follow-up record, Make Trouble, was produced by Grammy-winning producer, Ian Brennan, and released on Jack White's Third Man Records in the fall of 2017.
In 2016, Waters received an honorary degree from the Maryland Institute College of Art in Baltimore during the college's undergraduate commencement ceremony. In 2018, Waters was named an Officier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, a cultural award from the French government.
|1988||Sundance Film Festival||Grand Jury Prize||Hairspray||Nominated|||
|1989||Independent Spirit Awards||Best Feature||Nominated|
|2015||Grammy Awards||Best Spoken Word Album||Carsick: John Waters Hitchhikes Across America||Nominated|||
- LGBT culture in New York City
- List of self-identified LGBTQ New Yorkers
- Biography portal
- Film portal
- LGBT portal
- United States portal
- ^ Brady, Tara. "Divine times: Mink Stole, the über-fabulous Dreamlander, recalls the heyday of trash". The Irish Times. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
- ^ "John Waters and Dennis Lim to Receive Insignia of the Order of Arts and Letters". Cultural Services of the French Embassy in the United States. April 16, 2018. Retrieved May 19, 2018.
- ^ a b Rasmussen, Frederick N. (February 16, 2014). "Patricia Waters, mother of filmmaker, dies at 89". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 9, 2022.
- ^ Egan 2011, p. 214.
- ^ Stated on Finding Your Roots, January 19, 2021
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- ^ Gunts, Ed. “Filmmaker John Waters’ Boyhood Home Goes up for Sale”. ‘’Baltimore Fishbowl’’. Published July 17th, 2020. Accessed February 24th, 2023.
- ^ Pela 2002
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- ^ Waters, John (2010). Role Model. MacMillan. p. 105. ISBN 978-1429944571.
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- ^ "Noteworthy Alumni". Boys' Latin School of Maryland. Archived from the original on June 29, 2018. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
- ^ Waters, John (1981). Shock Value. New York: Dell Pub. Co. p. 42. ISBN 044057871X.
- ^ Lewis, John (August 8, 2013). "Seeing Red" (text/html). Baltimore magazine. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
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- ^ "The John Waters Interview". Stuff. September 21, 2011. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
You can feel the influence of rock'n'roll in so many of Waters's films. Hairspray and Cry Baby might seem the obvious candidates, but his filmography is littered with litanies, strewn with sharp-talking teens with alliterative names.
- ^ Edgecliffe-Johnson, Andrew (November 18, 2011). "John Waters on the couch". FT (Financial Times) Magazine. Archived from the original on December 10, 2022.
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- ^ Waters 2006
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- ^ Levi, Lawrence (2009-09). "Inside Man". Modern Painters, September 2009. Retrieved from http://www.artinfo.com/news/story/32381/inside-man/.
- ^ "John Waters says it's 'fitting' to have an art museum's bathrooms named after him: As It Happens". CBC Radio. November 13, 2020. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
- ^ ”Coming Attractions: The John Waters Collection November 20, 2022 - April 16 2023”. artbma.com Accessed March 13th, 2023.
- ^ ”John Waters, art connoisseur”. ‘’CBS Sunday Morning”. Published March 12th, 2023. Accessed March 13th, 2023.
- ^ a b c Itzkoff, Dave (May 25, 2012). "John Waters Tries Some Desperate Living on a Cross-Country Hitchhiking Odyssey". The New York Times. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
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- ^ Rosen, Jill (May 18, 2012). "Baltimore Insider". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- ^ LaRocca, Lauren (September 21, 2018). "John Waters Shares Highlights from Baltimore Museum of Art Retrospective". Baltimore magazine. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
- ^ "John Waters Is the Godfather of Baltimore's Art Scene". www.vulture.com. November 2018. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
- ^ "Fans". Dreamland News. Archived from the original on June 15, 2009. Retrieved January 3, 2013.
- ^ Gunts, Ed (May 15, 2019). "John Waters is never wrong". Washington Blade. Retrieved February 24, 2022.
- ^ Waters, John (November 28, 2010). "When John Waters met Little Richard". The Guardian. London. Retrieved November 30, 2009.
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