Puducherry Legislative Assembly

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Puducherry Legislative Assembly
புதுச்சேரி சட்டப் பேரவை
പുതുച്ചേരി നിയമസഭ
పుదుచ్చేరి శాసనసభ
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
Leadership
Leader of the House
Leader of the Opposition
Structure
Seats 30
PUDUCHERRY LEGISLATIVE assembly.svg
Political groups

Government Coalation (17)
     INC (15)
     DMK (2)
Opposition (13)
     AINRC (8)
     AIADMK (4)

     Independent (1)
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
16 May 2016
Puducherry Legislative Assembly

The Puducherry Legislative Assembly is the unicameral legislature of the Indian union territory (UT) of Puducherry, which comprises four districts: Puducherry, Karaikal, Mahé and Yanam. The legislative assembly has 30 seats, of which 5 are reserved for candidates from scheduled castes. Members are elected directly by the people on the basis of universal adult franchise.

Geographically, the area under the Puducherry UT consists of three disjointed regions, with Puducherry and Karaikal districts surrounded by districts of Tamil Nadu, Yanam district an enclave of East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh, and Mahé district bordered by districts of Kerala. The four districts were ruled by French before they were integrated into India in 1962. For ease of administration, during French rule, the area under these four districts was divided into 39 assembly constituencies. After becoming a UT of India, Puducherry was divided into 30 assembly constituencies, which were restructured in 2005 by the Delimitation Commission of India.

Assembly during French rule[edit]

In 1946, French India (Inde française) became Overseas territory (Territoire d'outre-mer) of France. Then a Representative Assembly (Assemblée représentative) was created. The Assembly had 44 seats, including five of Chandernagor. Pondicherry had 22 seats, viz Muthialpet, Mouroungapacom–Nainar Mandapam, Embalam–Kalamandapam, Couroussoucoupom, Cassicade, Pondicherry–Raj Bhavan, Bussy Street, Ouppalam, Bahour, Nettappakam, Oulgaret, Sellipet–Suthukeni, Mannadipet, Oussoudou, Villenour, Calapeth, Saram–Lawspet, Nellitope, Archivak–Ariancoupom, Tavalacoupom, Courouvinatam–Karaiamputtur and Rettiarpalayam. Karaikal had 12 representatives in the assembly from these seats: Cotchery–Mada Kovil, Thirumeniyazhar, Neravy, Tirounalar–Tharparinswarar Kovil, Tirounalar–Padhrakaliamman Kovil, Nedungadu, Karikal Nord, Karikal Sud, Karikal Central, Karaikovilpattu, Grand Aldée-Nord and Grand Aldée-Sud. Mahé had three representatives from the seats of Mahé Town, Pallor and Pandakkal. Yanaon had two seats Kankalapet and Adi Andhrapet.

Merger and formation of Union Territory[edit]

French Government transferred the four enclaves to the Indian Union under a de facto treaty on 1 November 1954. Later the territory was merged with India on 16 August 1962.

As the people aspired for a popular Government, the Indian Parliament enacted the Government of Union Territories Act, 1963 that came into force on 1 July 1963, and the pattern of Government prevailing in the rest of the country was introduced in this territory also, but subject to certain limitations. Under Article 239 of the Indian Constitution, the President of India appoints an Administrator with such designation as he may specify to head the administration of the territory. The President also appoints the Chief Minister. The President on the advice of the Chief Minister appoints the other Ministers.

Governance[edit]

The Centre is represented by the Lt Governor, who resides at the Raj Niwas, Rangapillai Street, the former palace of the French Governor General of Puducherry. The Central government is more directly involved in the financial well-being of the territory, as against the states where financial administration, given a budgeted central grant is the responsibility to the state governments. Consequently, Puducherry has at various times, enjoyed lower taxes, especially in the indirect category.

Constituencies[edit]

The structure of the Puducherry Legislature is unicameral. The Legislative Assembly consists of 30 members. The people on the basis of adult franchise directly elect all the members.

In terms of the provisions of the Government of Union Territories Act, 1963 the normal tenure of the Assembly is five years, unless sooner dissolved. There are 16 Committees in the Assembly.

Parliamentary and assembly constituencies of Puducherry were redesigned by Delimitation Commission of India based on data obtained in 2001 census of India.[2]

Before delimitation[edit]

The Puducherry Legislative Assembly has 30 constituencies. Out of them 21 constituencies belong to Puducherry, Karaikal has 6 in number, Mahé has 2 in number and Yanam has a single constituency.

Puducherry was divided among these 21 assembly constituencies: Muthialpet, Cassicade, Raj Bhavan, Bussy, Oupalam, Orleampeth, Nellithope, Modeliarpeth, Ariankuppam, Embalom (SC), Nettapakkam, Kuruvinatham, Bahour (SC), Thirubuvanai (SC), Mannadipeth, Ossudu (SC), Villenour, Ozhukarai, Thattanchavady, Reddiarpalayam and Lawspet.

Area under Karaikal district was divided among the following 6 assembly constituencies: Cotchery, Karaikal, Karaikal South, Neravy-Grand Alde, Tirunallar and Neduncadu (SC).

Assembly constituencies of Mahé and Palloor were from Mahé district. The Yanam district formed a single assembly constituency, i.e. Yanam.

After delimitation[edit]

Post delimitation, the Puducherry parliamentary constituencies is divided among 30 assembly constituencies, as before. Now, Yanam and Mahé districts form a single constituency each, viz Yanam and Mahé, respectively.[2] The area under Karaikal district forms 5 assembly constituencies, viz Nedungadu, Thirunallar, Karaikal North, Karaikal South and Neravy T R Pattinam.[2] The area under the Puducherry district forms 23 assembly constituencies, viz Mannadipet, Thirubuvanai, Ossudu, Mangalam, Villianur, Ozhukarai, Kadirkamam, Indira Nagar, Thattanchavady, Kamaraj Nagar, Lawspet, Kalapet, Muthialpet, Raj Bhavan, Oupalam, Orleampeth, Nellithope, Mudaliarpet, Ariankuppam, Manavely, Embalam, Nettapakkam and Bahour.[2]

The constituencies of Thirubuvanai, Ossudu, Embalam, Nettapakkam and Nedungadu are reserved for candidates from SC.[2]

Current MLA[edit]

Puducherry Region[edit]

Constituency
No.
Name Reserved for
(SC/ST/None)
District Current MLA Party Lok Sabha
constituency
1 Mannadipet None Puducherry T.P.R. Selvame All India N.R. Congress Puducherry
2 Thirubuvanai SC Puducherry B. Kobiga All India N.R. Congress Puducherry
3 Ossudu SC Puducherry E. Theeppainthan Indian National Congress Puducherry
4 Mangalam None Puducherry S. Kumaravel All India N.R. Congress Puducherry
5 Villianur None Puducherry A. Namassivayam Indian National Congress Puducherry
6 Ozhukarai None Puducherry Mnr. Balan Indian National Congress Puducherry
7 Kadirkamam None Puducherry N.S.J. Jayabal All India N.R. Congress Puducherry
8 Indira Nagar None Puducherry N. Rangaswamy All India N.R. Congress Puducherry
9 Thattanchavady None Puducherry Ashok Anand All India N.R. Congress Puducherry
10 Kamaraj Nagar None Puducherry V. Vaithilingam Indian National Congress Puducherry
11 Lawspet None Puducherry VP Sivakolundhu Indian National Congress Puducherry
12 Kalapet None Puducherry M. O. H. F. Shahjahan Indian National Congress Puducherry
13 Muthialpet None Puducherry Vaiyapuri Manikandan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Puducherry
14 Raj Bhavan None Puducherry K. Lakshminarayan Indian National Congress Puducherry
15 Oupalam None Puducherry A. Anbalagan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Puducherry
16 Orleampeth None Puducherry R. Siva Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Puducherry
17 Nellithope None Puducherry V Narayanasamy Indian National Congress Puducherry
18 Mudaliarpet None Puducherry Baskar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Puducherry
19 Ariankuppam None Puducherry T. Djeamourthy Indian National Congress Puducherry
20 Manavely None Puducherry R.K.R. Anantharaman Indian National Congress Puducherry
21 Embalam SC Puducherry M. Candassamy Indian National Congress Puducherry
22 Nettapakkam SC Puducherry V. Vizeaveny Indian National Congress Puducherry
23 Bahour None Puducherry Danavelou Indian National Congress Puducherry

Karaikal Region[edit]

Constituency
No.
Name Reserved for
(SC/ST/None)
District Current MLA Party Lok Sabha
constituency
24 Nedungadu SC Karaikal Chandirapriyanga All India N.R. Congress Puducherry
25 Thirunallar None Karaikal R. Kamalakkannan Indian National Congress Puducherry
26 Karaikal North None Karaikal P.R.N. Thirumurugan All India N.R. Congress Puducherry
27 Karaikal South None Karaikal K.A.U. Asana All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Puducherry
28 Neravy T R Pattinam None Karaikal A.Geetha Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Puducherry

Mahe Region[edit]

Constituency
No.
Name Reserved for
(SC/ST/None)
District Current MLA Party Lok Sabha
constituency
29 Mahe None Mahe V.Ramachandran Independent Puducherry

Yanam Region[edit]

Constituency
No.
Name Reserved for
(SC/ST/None)
District Current MLA Party Lok Sabha
constituency
30 Yanam None Yanam Malladi Krishna Rao Indian National Congress Puducherry

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Congress leader V Narayanasamy stakes claim to form government in Puducherry". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. 2016-05-30. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies in the UT of Pondicherry on the basis of 2001 Census" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 30 March 2005. Retrieved 25 January 2013. 

External links[edit]