Vidhan Parishad

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The Vidhan Parishad or the State Legislative Council is the upper house in those states of India that have a bicameral legislature. Article 169 of the Constitution of India provides for the establishment of a Vidhan Parishad. As of 2018, 7 out of 29 states have a State Legislative Council.[1] Members of the Legislative Councils (MLCs) are elected by local bodies, state legislative assembly, governor, graduates and teachers. They are elected for a term of 6 years in the legislative council. One third of the members are retired in every two years.


Each Member of the Legislative Council (MLC) serves for a six-year term, with terms staggered so that the terms of one third of a council's membership expire every two years. This arrangement parallels that for the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India.

MLCs must be citizens of India, at least 30 years old, mentally sound, not an insolvent, and on the voters' list of the state for which he or she is contesting an election. He or she may not be a Member of Parliament at the same time.

The size of the Vidhan Parishad cannot be more than one third of the membership of the Vidhan Sabha. However, its size cannot be less than 40 members (except in Jammu and Kashmir, where there are 36 by an Act of Parliament.)

MLCs are chosen in the following manner:

List of State Legislative Councils[edit]

State Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad) Image List of constituencies Location/state capital Number of constituencies Governing party
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council Andhra Pradesh Secreteriat.jpg List of constituencies of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council Amaravati 58 Telugu Desam Party
Bihar Legislative Council List of constituencies of the Bihar Legislative Council Patna 75 Janata Dal (United)
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council List of constituencies of the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council 36 Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party
Karnataka Legislative Council Vidhana Souda , Bangalore.jpg List of constituencies of the Karnataka Legislative Council Bangalore 75 Indian National Congress
Maharashtra Legislative Council
Vidhan Bhavan1.jpg
List of constituencies of the Maharashtra Legislative Council 78 Bharatiya Janata Party
Telangana Legislative Council Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly.jpg List of constituencies of the Telangana Legislative Council Hyderabad 40 Telangana Rashtra Samithi
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council Vidhan Sabha Lucknow.jpg List of constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council Lucknow 100 Bharatiya Janata Party
Total 462

Proposed State Legislative Councils[edit]

The existence of a State Legislative Council has proven politically controversial. A number of states that have had their Council abolished have subsequently requested its re-establishment; conversely, proposals for the re-establishment of the Council for a state have also met with opposition. Proposals for abolition or re-establishment of a state's Legislative Council require confirmation by the Parliament of India.

See also[edit]