Katihar

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Katihar district.
Katihar
कटिहार
كٹيہار
কাটিহার
City
Katihar is located in Bihar
Katihar
Katihar
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 25°32′N 87°35′E / 25.53°N 87.58°E / 25.53; 87.58Coordinates: 25°32′N 87°35′E / 25.53°N 87.58°E / 25.53; 87.58
Country India
State Bihar
District Katihar
Elevation 20 m (70 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 240,565
Languages
 • Main Hindi, Urdu, Maithili Surjapuri,
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 854105
Lok Sabha constituency Katihar
Vidhan Sabha constituency

Katihar

Member Of Parliament - Mr. Taariq Anwar (NCP)

Member Of Legislative Assembly - Mr. Tar Kishore Prasad (BJP)

Vehicle Registration Code - BR 39
Website katihar.bih.nic.in

Katihar is a city situated in the eastern part of the state of Bihar in India. It is the regional headquarter of Katihar district.It is one of the larger cities of Bihar & is known all over East India for its highly strategic railway junction.

The city of Katihar is one of the most well maintained cities in Bihar with the city well lighted up throughout the night.There are LED lamposts fixed to a stretch of up to 5-6 kilometers through the middle of two-laned road leading to Katihar Junction & further up to Binodpur area via a roadway bridge. There are also 2-3 walkover bridges to facilitate localites because the entire city is traversed through a wide space occupied by a network of railway tracks.

Transport[edit]

Katihar is well connected to almost all major cities of the country due to the widespread railway network existing over here. Katihar is also called "The Gateway of North-East."Almost every train heading forward towards the major cities of North East India be it Guwahati, Siliguri or Dimapur is bound to pass through Katihar with the city being a major halt for most of these trains.There are two Rajdhani Express trains which are bound for Delhi from Guwahati & Dimapur respectively & have got their major halt in Katihar .Barsoi station which is regulated under Katihar Junction also has a stoppage of New Jalpaiguri-Kolkata Shatabdi Express. Millions of passengers from almost entire Seemanchal region utilize Katihar junction everyday to reach to their desired destinations all over India.Patna, Kolkata, Guwahati, Lucknow, New Delhi, Mumbai, Amritsar, Bangalore & Ranchi to name a few are the major cities to which Katihar hosts trains for. Katihar Junction railway station is thus an important railway station on Indian railway map & one of the biggest junctions in entire East India.The number of platforms & passenger movements in Katihar are more than any of the other Tier-2 cities of India be it Kota, Mathura or Siliguri . Katihar Junction railway station is a division in NFR. Katihar Junction railway station is a six line junction:

Katihar is also the headquarter of Katihar Railway Division.

Katihar is not so well connected through road network to the neighbouring cities of Bihar and other neighbouring states due to its interior location. An excellent state highway however connects it to Purnia from where NH 31 , NH 57 & NH 107 passes through or starts through.

The nearest commercial airport is located at Bagdogra (160 km) near Siliguri (West Bengal).

Education[edit]

Katihar Ramakrishna Mission

Katihar has many education institutions. Some CBSE schools in city are:-

  • Kendriya Vidyalaya
  • Ramakrishna Mission Vidyamandir (estd. in 1951; the oldest surviving school of Katihar; it used to be under WBBSE& WBCHSE ) Ref. - List of Ramakrishna Mission institutions
  • Hari Shankar Nayak High School
  • International School Of East India
  • Scottish Public School
  • Netaji Vidyamandir (only Bengali medium school in Katihar under WBBSE )
  • AAM children Academy
  • Katihar English School.
  • Ramakrishna Mission Sarda Vidyamandir
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Katihar
  • Colonels Academy
  • SBP Vidya Vihar
  • Don Bosco School
  • KidZee
  • Sakura International School
  • New Pattern English School
  • Tauheed Institute of IT
  • Maheshwari academy
  • Govt. High School, Katihar
  • Umaa devi Mishra Girls High School, Katihar
  • Grovor Girls High School, Katihar
  • M B T A Islamia High School, Katihar
  • Adarsh High School, Katihar
  • Gandhi High school, Katihar
  • Al-Samad private industrial Training Institute.

Some govt. colleges in city are:-

  • D.S. College, Katihar
  • K.B Jha College, Katihar
  • Govt. Polytechnic, Katihar
  • Sita Ram Chamaria College
  • M J M Mahila College
  • Sur Tulsi College

Some other important institutes of the city are :-

  • Katihar Medical College & Hospital, Katihar
  • Suryadev Law College, Katihar
  • A.M.Ashari Educational & Welfare Trust, Katihar

Katihar Medical College[edit]

Katihar Medical College and Hospital (KMCH) is a private medical college located in Katihar City suburbs & is recognized by Medical Council of India (MCI) which provides UG & PG to the students from all over Bihar as well as other states. The campus is situated at a distance of 4 Kilometres from the main town. The campus is lush which is spread over an area of 30 acres. It is affiliated to Bhupendra Narayan Mandal University, Madhepura, Bihar.[1]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 census, Katihar Urban Agglomeration had a population of 240,565.[2] Katihar Urban Agglomeration includes Katihar (Municipal Corporation plus Out Growth) and Katihar Railway Colony (Out Growth).[3] Katihar Municipal Corporation had a total population of 225,982, out of which 119,142 were males and 106,840 were females. It had a sex ratio of 897. The population below 5 years was 31,036. The literacy rate of the 7+ population was 79.87 per cent.[4] Katihar is at 193th rank in terms of its population among the top 200 cities of India as per 2011 census ( ref. List of most populous cities in India )

Urdu, Hindi, Maithili, Angika, Bengali and Surjapuri are the main languages spoken in Katihar.

Entertainment[edit]

There are several cinema halls namely Vasant Talkies, Prakash Talkies, Shyama Talkies for movie freaks. There is a stadium named after Dr. Rajendra Prasad which hosts many state level tournaments. There is a Railway Field near DRM building for sports lovers.

Economy[edit]

Katihar has a growing economy with most of its commercial activities limited to the city region.There are loads of shops, showrooms, restaurants all over the city.The Railway Junction itself generates tons of revenues throughout the year which in turn boosts the economic activities of Katihar. Katihar is in fact a Sub-Cosmopolitan city with people from various communities & states having their residence in Katihar. The lifestyle of people of Katihar is hence distinguishable from rest of the Seemanchal region due to this cosmos lifestyle. A mini mall by the name 1 India Mart has recently been constructed near Gurudwara which is a major attraction these days.

Katihar city hosts some pizza outlets too namingly U.S Pizza, Scrummies, Rolla Costa

Many motorcycle companies have their showrooms in the city i.e. Bajaj, Hero, TVS, Honda, Yamaha, Mahindra Two Wheelers. Many private banks have also opened their branches in the city.

Durga Puja & Kali Puja[edit]

The city of Katihar hosts one of the most extravagant Durga Puja and Kali Puja celebrations in entire Bihar and West Bengal. Many pandals come to the city during these periods. Artisans from Kolkata are called for statue work of goddess Durga and allies.

Katihar already has a significant Bengali population & this adds to the celebrations over here. There are lotteries & various competitions held all over the city by the Pandal hosting societies during this festive season of Katihar.

Media[edit]

Majority of people read Hindustan, Dainik Jaagran. Bengali newspapers are also available for Bengali readers. KBC News broadcasts the local news on television. People also tune into ALL INDIA RADIO for national news.

Climate[edit]

The climate of Katihar is nearly moderate with widespread rainfall during the Monsoons sometimes bringing flood to the adjoining rural areas of the Katihar District.

Rivers & Floods[edit]

The rural blocks of Katihar, namely Manihari & Karhagola, are traversed through Ganges while the Kursela region is situated on the banks of Kosi region. Both of these rivers bring massive destruction to the livelihood of people in these rural areas. Kosi is in fact also known as the Sorrow of Bihar due to its disastrous flowing frequency.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Katihar Medical College". Katihar Medical College. Retrieved 25 April 2017. 
  2. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  3. ^ "Constituents of urban Agglomerations Having Population 1 Lakh & above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  4. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 

External links[edit]