Araria

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Araria
City
Araria is located in Bihar
Araria
Araria
Location in Bihar, India
Araria is located in India
Araria
Araria
Araria (India)
Coordinates: 26°09′N 87°31′E / 26.15°N 87.52°E / 26.15; 87.52Coordinates: 26°09′N 87°31′E / 26.15°N 87.52°E / 26.15; 87.52
Country India
StateBihar
DistrictAraria
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • BodyAraria Municipal Council
 • District MagistrateShri Prashanth Kumar C.H.(IAS)
Elevation
47 m (154 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total79,021
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu, Maithili
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
854311, 8543XX
Vehicle registrationBR-38
Lok Sabha constituencyAraria
Vidhan Sabha constituencyAraria
Websitehttps://araria.nic.in

Araria is a city and a municipality that is the headquarters of Araria district in the state of Bihar, India. Araria is situated in the northern part of Bihar.

Etymology[edit]

During the British Raj the area was under the administration of a British district collector and municipal commissioner, Alexander John Forbes (1807-1890) of East India Company. Forbes had a bungalow at the same location. Consequently the area was known as 'residential area' also abbreviated as 'R-area'. Overtime the name transformed to 'Araria' and the neighbouring subdivision came to be known as 'Forbesganj'.[1]

History[edit]

Araria is a part of the Mithila region.[2] Mithila first gained prominence after being settled by Indo-Aryan peoples who established the Mithila Kingdom (also called Kingdom of the Videhas).[3]

During the late Vedic period (c. 1100–500 BCE), Kingdom of the Videhas became one of the major political and cultural centers of South Asia, along with Kuru and Pañcāla. The kings of the Kingdom of the Videhas were called Jankas.[4] The Mithila Kingdom was later incorporated into the Vajji confederacy, which had its capital in the city of Vaishali, which is also in Mithila.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Araria is primarily a rural district; 93% of the total population live in the rural areas (713 villages). Only two out of nine tehsils have urban population that is concentrated in Forbesganj and Araria(Census 2001).

In 2008 survey findings, Araria lagged behind the all India average in seven out of eight indicators and also lagged behind the all India level in terms of two more health related indicators. Most of the villages lack some basic infrastructure: 92 percent are without any medical facilities; 20 percent of the villages lack formal facilities of education of any type; 597 out of 713 villages are without electricity; and 50 percent of the villages are without all-weather road connectivity. The overall work participation rate is 40.3 percent, which is much less in case of the female population. Agriculture laborers dominate the labor force (64.7% of the total) that is almost double of the national average.

Religions in Araria Town
Religion Percent
Hindus
59.05%
Muslims
40.11%
Others
0.83%

There is a substantial concentration of minority (mainly Muslims) population. Against the state average of 20.52%, Muslims constitutes 49.4 per cent of the total rural populations, but their percentages are 77.5% in Jokihat, 62.70% of Araria, and 46.8% in Palasi subdivisions. The number of minority groups - Christian, Sikh, Buddhist and Jains - are less in comparison. The rural literacy rate is 33.2 percent, much below the state and national averages. The worst is female literacy rate, i.e. 20.4%. In other words, only one out of five women is literate. Even sex ratio, i.e., 917 is less than state and all India level.

Kulhayya people is majorly living in this region.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Araria is located at 26°09′N 87°31′E / 26.15°N 87.52°E / 26.15; 87.52.[6] It has an average elevation of 47 metres (154 feet). Araria is situated at the northern part of Purnia and Madhepura in Bihar. Borders of Araria are surrounded by Nepal in northern side, Kishanganj in eastern side and Supaul at south-west side. The district came into existence by division of Purnia district on Makar Sankranti day of 1990. The district touches the Indo-Nepal international border also this area is very close to three countries: Nepal, Bangladesh, and Bhutan. Hence, the district is important in terms of security. Jogbani is the last point of Araria and after that, Morang district of Nepal starts.

Kosi river used to pass through Araria, although it has changed its path a long ago.[7] The another most important river of Araria is Panaar. Agriculture has flourished along the banks of this river, although it becomes catastrophic during the rainy season because of floods. A canal also passes through Araria. In clean weather Kangchenjunga range of mountains can be seen from here (specially after rain).[8]

Wildlife[edit]

Araria is the natural habitat of the Gangetic Dolphins. In the local rivers of Araria, Gangetic dolphins (South Asian river dolphins) are found.[9]

Culture[edit]

Durga Puja mela is one of the biggest festival celebration at different place of Araria. Many notable other festivals are celebrated like Chhat pooja, Diwali, Durga Puja, Janmashtami etc. Hindus and muslim are living friendly environment and celebrating each and every festival.

Replica Stoop: situated Near Manikpur 5 km far from Araria district headquarter going towards Forbesganj.

The movie Teesri Kasam was shot in villages of Araria. It was Basu Bhattacharya's film, based on Mare Gaye Gulfam written by Phanishwar Nath 'Renu', starring Raj Kapoor and Waheeda Rehman.

Transport[edit]

Railway[edit]

Araria is accessible to other parts of India by railways via Katihar.

Nearest Railway Station is Araria court & Araria(R S). Araria Court Railway station lies on Katihar-Jogbani Branch Line. There are daily and weekly train available for Jogbani, Purnia, Katihar, Kolkata, Begusarai, Patliputra Junction, Allahabad, Kanpur, Delhi.

Road[edit]

Connected with NH 57.

Buses for most of the districts and internal blocks are available from the bus terminal.

Airport[edit]

Nearest airport is Purnia Airport, a non commercial airport. Nearest commercial airport is Bagdogra Airport.

Politics[edit]

Araria (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is the assembly constituency representing Araria (community development block). The same constituency also includes Araria nagar parishad.[10] Avidur Rahman from Indian National Congress is the MLA elected in the 2020 Bihar Legislative Assembly election.

Araria (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is part of No 9 Araria (Lok Sabha constituency) (SC).[10] Pradeep Kumar Singh, BJP is the MP elected in the 2019 Indian general election.[11]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Prasad, Bhuvaneshwar; Agrawal, Rajendra (27 March 2013). "Telecom racket busted in sleepy Araria district of Bihar". The Times of India. TNN. Retrieved 23 August 2021.
  2. ^ "Bihar assembly elections 2020: BJP eyes winning push from Mithila | Bihar Assembly Elections 2020 Election News - Times of India".
  3. ^ Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, pages 13, 17 116–124, 141–143
  4. ^ Witzel, M. (1989). "Tracing the Vedic dialects". In Caillat, C. (ed.). Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes. Paris: Fondation Hugot. pp. 141–143.
  5. ^ Hemchandra, R. (1972). Political History of Ancient India. Calcutta: University of Calcutta.
  6. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Araria, India". www.fallingrain.com.
  7. ^ "Bihar to change Kosi's course to save ancient site, says Nitish". www.downtoearth.org.in. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  8. ^ "How clean environment offers Bihar villagers majestic view of snow-capped Himalayan peaks from balconies, rooftops". Bihar Post. 7 May 2020. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  9. ^ "Gangetic dolphins found in Bihar's Mahananda river". www.downtoearth.org.in. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  10. ^ a b "Schedule – XIII of Constituencies Order, 2008 of Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly constituencies Order, 2008 of the Election Commission of India" (PDF). Schedule VI Bihar, Part A – Assembly constituencies, Part B – Parliamentary constituencies. Retrieved 10 January 2011.
  11. ^ "Bihar Lok Sabha Election Results 2019". NDTV.com. Retrieved 22 August 2021.
  12. ^ "Who was Mohammed Taslimuddin, RJD strongman and voice of Seemanchal who died at 74 on Sunday". 18 September 2017.
  13. ^ "Subrata Roy: The not-so-beautiful story". Financial Express. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  14. ^ "Quaiser Khalid - Profile & Biography".

External links[edit]