Siliguri

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Siliguri
শিলিগুড়ি
सिलीगुड़ी
Metropolitan City/ Urban Agglomeration
Siliguri view.jpg
Lions Clock Tower Siliguri.jpg Durga Puja in Calcutta, 1995.jpg
Siliguri city centre.jpg
Big-Baazar-Siliguri-2.JPG
Clockwise from the top :
Siliguri Cityscape At The Hill Cart Road
Durgapuja in Siliguri, City Centre
Cosmos Mall, Lions Clock Tower
Nickname(s): Gateway City to Northeast India, City of Tea and Wood, Gateway City to Nepal, Bhutan, China, Bangladesh, Sikkim
Siliguri is located in West Bengal
Siliguri
Siliguri
Location of Siliguri in West Bengal
Coordinates: 26°43′N 88°26′E / 26.71°N 88.43°E / 26.71; 88.43Coordinates: 26°43′N 88°26′E / 26.71°N 88.43°E / 26.71; 88.43
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Darjeeling (62%), Jalpaiguri (38%)
Named for Largest city of North Bengal and Gateway city of Northeast India
Government
 • Type Municipal Corporation
 • Body Siliguri Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Ashok Bhattacharya(CPI(M))
 • Police commissioner C.S. Lepcha (IPS)
 • ADM / SDO Rajanvir Singh Kapur (IAS)
Area
 • Metropolitan City/ Urban Agglomeration 260 km2 (100 sq mi)
 • Metro 2,327.12 km2 (898.51 sq mi)
Area rank 3rd in West Bengal, 3rd in Northeast India
Highest elevation 140 m (460 ft)
Lowest elevation 114 m (374 ft)
Population (2011 census)[1]
 • Metropolitan City/ Urban Agglomeration 705,579
 • Rank 3rd in West Bengal, 4th in Northeast India
 • Density 2,700/km2 (7,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Siligurians, Siliguribashi
Languages
 • Official Bengali, Nepali, Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 734 001-734 015 (city limits), 734 401-734 436 (suburbs)
Telephone code 0353, 0354
Vehicle registration WB 71/72/73/74/76/772
Lok Sabha constituency Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri
Vidhan Sabha constituency Siliguri, Dabgram-Phulbari, Matigara-Naxalbari, Phansidewa
Website www.siligurismc.com www.darjeeling.gov.in www.siliguri.gov.inwww.jalpaiguri.gov.in

1The coordinates given here are in metric system and based upon the Microsoft Encarta Reference Library Map Center 2005

2 The Vehicle Code given here based upon the Siliguri Sub Divisional Court, Darjeeling District Court and Jalpaiguri District Court documentations.

Siliguri (About this sound pronunciation ) is a city spread across Darjeeling district and Jalpaiguri district in the Indian state of West Bengal. The city is located on the banks of the Mahananda River and the foothills of the Himalayas. The city lies 42 kilometres away from its twin city, Jalpaiguri which both merges up to be the largest metropolis of the region[citation needed]Siliguri Metropolitan area or Greater Siliguri covers Siliguri Municipal Corporation area(33 wards in Darjeeling District and 14 wards in Japaiguri district), 22 gram panchayats under 4 blocks (Matigara, Naxalbari, Khoribari and Phansidewa) of the Siliguri Sub Division of Darjeeling district and 4 gram panchayats under 1 block(Rajganj) of the Jalpaguri Sadar Sub Division of Jalpaiguri District.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The city of Siliguri began on the banks of the Mahananda River at Saktigarh, a small town which is now in the southern part of the city. When the British East India Company introduced railways to Northeast India, it enhanced the importance of the region. The population of the town continuously increased leading to its expansion because of many immigrants from Bangladesh, and adjacent Indian states.[3][page needed]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for patna
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20
(68)
22
(72)
25
(77)
30
(86)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
31
(88)
28
(82)
26
(79)
24
(75)
21
(70)
27.1
(80.8)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
10
(50)
13
(55)
21
(70)
24
(75)
25
(77)
26
(79)
25
(77)
23
(73)
16
(61)
10
(50)
4
(39)
16.6
(61.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8
(0.31)
18
(0.71)
33
(1.3)
94
(3.7)
300
(11.81)
658
(25.91)
818
(32.2)
643
(25.31)
538
(21.18)
142
(5.59)
13
(0.51)
5
(0.2)
3,266
(128.58)
Source: Siliguri Weather

Demographics[edit]

Based on Census data of 2011, the city had a population of 705,579, while the population of Siliguri UA/Metropolitan is 1,057,438.[2][1] Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. In Siliguri, 10% of the population is under six years of age.

People from Bihar, Jharkhand, North Bengal, North-East and other parts of India have also come to the city in search of livelihood.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Siliguri City Population Census 2011 - West Bengal". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Siliguri Metropolitan Urban Region Population 2011 Census". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  3. ^ Sailen Debnath, The Dooars in Historical Transition ISBN 9788186860441
  4. ^ "Bangla immigrants to be pushed back". The Times Of India. 5 November 2001. 

External links[edit]