Siliguri

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Siliguri
শিলিগুড়ি
सिलिगुडि
Metropolitan city
Siliguri view.jpg
Lions Clock Tower Siliguri.jpg
Siliguri city centre.jpg
Big-Baazar-Siliguri-2.JPG
Clockwise from the top :
Old view of Siliguri
Durgapuja in Siliguri, City Centre
Cosmos Mall, Lions Clock Tower

Siliguri (About this sound pronunciation ) is a city which spans across the Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts in the Indian state of West Bengal. The city is located on the banks of the Mahananda River and the foothills of the Himalayas.

Demographics[edit]

Based on Census data of 2011, the city had a population of 705,579, while the population of Siliguri UA/Metropolitan is 1,057,438.[1][2] Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. In Siliguri, 10% of the population is under six years of age.

Due to the city's booming economy, it has drawn people from Bihar, Jharkhand, North Bengal, North-East, Sikkim and other parts of India in search of livelihood. Siliguri also has a large population of Tibetans and a notable number of Bhutanese permanently settled in the city[3]

History[edit]

Siliguri's modern history began in the 19th century when the British East India Company constructed a railway line linking the city with Kolkata, which was extended to Darjeeling in 1881. With the establishment of a rail link, the area's economy began to grow and Siliguri became known for the four ‘T's: tea, timber, tourism and transport.

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

There are three railway stations serving the town, Siliguri Town railway station, Siliguri Junction railway station and New Jalpaiguri railway station. New Jalpaiguri railway station, also known as NJP, was opened in 1964 as a greenfield project. This station connects the twin cities of Jalpaiguri and Siliguri to the rest of the country by railway. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway Toy Train is the main attraction of this station. The station is the second largest railway station in the north-east after Guwahati and was awarded as the cleanest railway of India in 2011[citation needed]

Air[edit]

Bagdogra Airport is about 16 km (9.9 mi) west of Siliguri The local airport of Jalpaiguri which is about 7 kilometres away from the city proper at Shobhabari has modern passenger facilities, however no airlines operate from this airport at the moment.[citation needed]

Another nearby airport is the Bagdogra Airport, situated about 48 km away from the city centre which is the only functioning airport in the region. This airport is connected to Bangalore, Chandigarh, New Delhi, Kolkata, Guwahati, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangkok, Kathmandu and Paro.[citation needed]

Recreation[edit]

Bengal Safari Park or the Siliguri Zoo is located just within the city limits.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Silguri
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20
(68)
22
(72)
25
(77)
30
(86)
31
(88)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
28
(82)
26
(79)
24
(75)
21
(70)
26.8
(80.4)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
8
(46)
13
(55)
20
(68)
24
(75)
25
(77)
26
(79)
25
(77)
23
(73)
16
(61)
8
(46)
4
(39)
16.2
(61)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8
(0.31)
18
(0.71)
33
(1.3)
94
(3.7)
300
(11.81)
658
(25.91)
818
(32.2)
643
(25.31)
538
(21.18)
142
(5.59)
13
(0.51)
5
(0.2)
3,266
(128.58)
Source: Siliguri Weather

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Siliguri City Population Census 2011 - West Bengal". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Siliguri Metropolitan Urban Region Population 2011 Census". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "Bangla immigrants to be pushed back". The Times Of India. 5 November 2001. 

External links[edit]