Siliguri

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Siliguri
শিলিগুড়ি
Metropolitan City/Urban Agglomeration
Nickname(s): Gateway City to Northeast India
Siliguri is located in West Bengal
Siliguri
Siliguri
Location of Siliguri in West Bengal
Coordinates: 26°43′N 88°26′E / 26.71°N 88.43°E / 26.71; 88.43Coordinates: 26°43′N 88°26′E / 26.71°N 88.43°E / 26.71; 88.43
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri
Named for Largest city of North Bengal,
Government
 • Type Municipal Corporation
 • Body Siliguri Municipal Corporation
 • Police commissioner K Jayaraman (IPS)
Area
 • Metropolitan City/Urban Agglomeration 260 km2 (100 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[1]
 • Metro[2] 705,579
Demonym(s) Siligurians, Siliguribashi
Languages
 • Official Bengali and English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 734 001-734 015
Telephone code +91353
Vehicle registration WB 74 / WB 73 2
Lok Sabha constituency Darjeeling
Vidhan Sabha constituency Siliguri, Dabgram-Phulbari
Website www.siligurismc.com

1The coordinates given here are in metric system and based upon the Microsoft Encarta Reference Library Map Center 2005

2 The Vehicle Code given here based upon the Siliguri Sub Divisional Court documentations.

Siliguri (About this sound pronunciation ) is a city located in the Darjeeling district and Jalpaiguri district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Siliguri is located on the banks of the Mahananda River and the foothills of the Himalayas.

History[edit]

The city of Siliguri began on the banks of the Mahananda River at Saktigarh, a small town which is now in the southern part of the city. When the British East India Company introduced railways to Northeast India, it enhanced the importance of the region. The population of the town continuously increased leading to its expansion because of many immigrants from Bangladesh, Nepal, southern Bhutan and adjacent Indian states.[3]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Silguri
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23
(73)
25
(77)
28
(82)
31
(88)
33
(91)
35
(95)
34
(93)
31
(88)
28
(82)
26
(79)
24
(75)
23
(73)
28.4
(83)
Average low °C (°F) 3
(37)
10
(50)
13
(55)
21
(70)
24
(75)
25
(77)
26
(79)
25
(77)
23
(73)
16
(61)
10
(50)
4
(39)
16.7
(61.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8
(0.31)
18
(0.71)
33
(1.3)
94
(3.7)
300
(11.81)
658
(25.91)
818
(32.2)
643
(25.31)
538
(21.18)
142
(5.59)
13
(0.51)
5
(0.2)
3,266
(128.58)
Source: Siliguri Weather

Demographics[edit]

Siliguri has experienced a huge surge in population in recent times.[when?] Based on Census data of 2011, the city had a population of 513,264, while the population of Siliguri UA/Metropolitan is 705,579.[2][1] Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. In Siliguri, 10% of the population is under six years of age.

Siliguri has received waves of immigration over the years, most prominent being the migrants from the erstwhile East Bengal during the Partition of India, Nepal and Bihar. In addition, people from Jharkhand and other parts of India have also come to the city in search of livelihood.[4]

Education[edit]

SIT(Siliguri Institute of Technology)

Bengali and English are the primary languages of instruction; Nepali and Hindi are also used.[5][dead link][6][not in citation given]

After completing their secondary education, students typically enroll in schools that have a higher secondary facility and are affiliated with the West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education, the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education, or the Central Board of Secondary Education.[5][dead link] They usually choose a focus on liberal arts, business, or science. Vocational programs are also available.[5][dead link] Siliguri Boys High School (SBHS) is the oldest school of the city founded in 1918.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/192-siliguri.html
  2. ^ a b http://www.census2011.co.in/census/metropolitan/186-siliguri.html
  3. ^ Sailen Debnath, The Dooars in Historical Transition ISBN 9788186860441
  4. ^ "Bangla immigrants to be pushed back". The Times Of India. 5 November 2001. 
  5. ^ a b c "Annual Report 2007–2008" (PDF). Department of School Education, Government of West Bengal. p. 69. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  6. ^ "List of schools in Kolkata". West Bengal Board of Secondary Education. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  7. ^ http://www.schoolspedia.com/website/siliguri-baradakanta-vidyapith-darjeeling/

External links[edit]