Mende Kikakui script

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Mende Kikakui
Languages Mende
Creator Mohammed Turay
ISO 15924 Mend, 438
Direction Right-to-left
Unicode alias
Mende Kikakui


Final Accepted Script Proposal
"Mɛɛnde yia" in Mende script Kikakui (read from right to left)

The Mende Kikakui script is a syllabary used for writing the Mende language of Sierra Leone.


It was devised by Mohammed Turay (born ca. 1850), an Islamic scholar, at a town called Maka (Barri Chiefdom, southern Sierra Leone). One of Turay's Quranic students was a young man named Kisimi Kamara. Kamara was the grandson of Turay's sister. Kamara also married Turay's daughter, Mariama. Turay devised a form of writing called 'Mende Abajada' (meaning 'Mende alphabet'), which was inspired in part by the Arabic abjad and in part by the Vai syllabary.

Turay's "Mende Abajada" was adjusted a bit (order of characters) by Kamara and probably corresponds to the first 42 characters of the script, which is an abugida. Kamara developed the script further with help from his brothers, adding more than 150 other syllabic characters. Kamara then popularized the script and gained quite a following as result -- which he used to help establish himself as one of the most important chiefs in southern Sierra Leone during his time (he was not a 'simple village tailor' as suggested by some contemporary writers).

Kikakui is still used today, but perhaps by less than 500 people. There is also an associated number writing system, which is entirely original (and, like the characters of the script, written from right to left).


Mende Kikakui script was added to the Unicode Standard in June 2014 with the release of version 7.0.

The Unicode block for Mende Kikakui is U+1E800–U+1E8DF:

Mende Kikakui[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+1E80x 𞠀 𞠁 𞠂 𞠃 𞠄 𞠅 𞠆 𞠇 𞠈 𞠉 𞠊 𞠋 𞠌 𞠍 𞠎 𞠏
U+1E81x 𞠐 𞠑 𞠒 𞠓 𞠔 𞠕 𞠖 𞠗 𞠘 𞠙 𞠚 𞠛 𞠜 𞠝 𞠞 𞠟
U+1E82x 𞠠 𞠡 𞠢 𞠣 𞠤 𞠥 𞠦 𞠧 𞠨 𞠩 𞠪 𞠫 𞠬 𞠭 𞠮 𞠯
U+1E83x 𞠰 𞠱 𞠲 𞠳 𞠴 𞠵 𞠶 𞠷 𞠸 𞠹 𞠺 𞠻 𞠼 𞠽 𞠾 𞠿
U+1E84x 𞡀 𞡁 𞡂 𞡃 𞡄 𞡅 𞡆 𞡇 𞡈 𞡉 𞡊 𞡋 𞡌 𞡍 𞡎 𞡏
U+1E85x 𞡐 𞡑 𞡒 𞡓 𞡔 𞡕 𞡖 𞡗 𞡘 𞡙 𞡚 𞡛 𞡜 𞡝 𞡞 𞡟
U+1E86x 𞡠 𞡡 𞡢 𞡣 𞡤 𞡥 𞡦 𞡧 𞡨 𞡩 𞡪 𞡫 𞡬 𞡭 𞡮 𞡯
U+1E87x 𞡰 𞡱 𞡲 𞡳 𞡴 𞡵 𞡶 𞡷 𞡸 𞡹 𞡺 𞡻 𞡼 𞡽 𞡾 𞡿
U+1E88x 𞢀 𞢁 𞢂 𞢃 𞢄 𞢅 𞢆 𞢇 𞢈 𞢉 𞢊 𞢋 𞢌 𞢍 𞢎 𞢏
U+1E89x 𞢐 𞢑 𞢒 𞢓 𞢔 𞢕 𞢖 𞢗 𞢘 𞢙 𞢚 𞢛 𞢜 𞢝 𞢞 𞢟
U+1E8Ax 𞢠 𞢡 𞢢 𞢣 𞢤 𞢥 𞢦 𞢧 𞢨 𞢩 𞢪 𞢫 𞢬 𞢭 𞢮 𞢯
U+1E8Bx 𞢰 𞢱 𞢲 𞢳 𞢴 𞢵 𞢶 𞢷 𞢸 𞢹 𞢺 𞢻 𞢼 𞢽 𞢾 𞢿
U+1E8Cx 𞣀 𞣁 𞣂 𞣃 𞣄 𞣇 𞣈 𞣉 𞣊 𞣋 𞣌 𞣍 𞣎 𞣏
U+1E8Dx 𞣐 𞣑 𞣒 𞣓 𞣔 𞣕 𞣖
1.^ As of Unicode version 8.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points


Konrad Tuchscherer, African Script and Scripture: The History of the Kikakui (Mende) Writing System for Bible Translations," African Languages and Cultures, 8, 2 (1995), pp. 169-188. <>

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