Inscriptional Pahlavi

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Inscriptional Pahlavi
Gold-Münze Ardaschir I Sassaniden.jpg
Coin of Ardashir I (r. 224–42) with Inscriptional Pahlavi writings
Languages Middle Iranian languages
Time period
171–38 BC
Parent systems
Aramaic alphabet
Direction Right-to-left
ISO 15924 Phli, 131
Unicode alias
Inscriptional Pahlavi

Inscriptional Pahlavi is the earliest attested form of Pahlavi scripts, and is evident in clay fragments that have been dated to the reign of Mithridates I (r. 171–38 BC). Other early evidence includes the Pahlavi inscriptions of Arsacid era coins and rock inscriptions of Sassanid kings and other notables such as Kartir. This script contains 19 characters which are not joined.[1]



  1. ^ Livinsky, BA; Guang‐Da, Zhang; Samghabadi, R Shabani; Masson, Vadim Mikhaĭlovich (March 1999), Dani, Ahmad Hasan, ed., History of civilizations of Central Asia, Multiple history, 3. The crossroads of civilizations: A.D. 250 to 750, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, p. 89, ISBN 978-81-208-1540-7 .