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The Elymaic alphabet is a right-to-left, non-joining abjad.[1] It is derived from the Aramaic alphabet.[2] Elymaic was used in the ancient state of Elymais,[1] which was a semi-independent state of the 2nd century BCE to the early 3rd century CE, frequently a vassal under Parthian control, in the present-day region of Khuzestan, Iran (Susiana).[3]

Elymaic alphabet
LanguagesAchaemenid Aramaic[1]
Parent systems
ISO 15924Elym, 128
Unicode alias


The Elymaic alphabet was added to the Unicode Standard in March, 2019 with the release of version 12.0.

The Unicode block for Elymaic is U+10FE0–U+10FFF:

Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+10FEx 𐿠 𐿡 𐿢 𐿣 𐿤 𐿥 𐿦 𐿧 𐿨 𐿩 𐿪 𐿫 𐿬 𐿭 𐿮 𐿯
U+10FFx 𐿰 𐿱 𐿲 𐿳 𐿴 𐿵 𐿶
1.^ As of Unicode version 12.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points


  1. ^ a b c Pandey, Anshuman (2017-10-23). "L2/17226R2: Proposal to encode the Elymaic script in Unicode" (PDF). Working Group Document, ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG2 and UTC. Retrieved 2018-09-15.
  2. ^ Daniels, Peter T.; Bright, William, eds. (1996). The World's Writing Systems. Oxford University Press, Inc. p. 89. ISBN 978-0195079937.
  3. ^ Hansman, John F. "ELYMAIS". Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved 2012-12-24.