LGBT representation in children's television

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Rebecca Sugar, a creator devoted to creating LGBT children's media, speaking at New York Comic Con 2014

LGBT representation in children's television programming is representation of LGBT topics, themes, and people in television programming meant for children. LGBT representation in children's programming was often uncommon to non-existent for much of television's history up to the 2010s, but has significantly increased since then.

Early children's programming addressing LGBT-related subject matter in the United States includes two episodes of CBS Schoolbreak Special. "What If I'm Gay?" originally aired on March 31, 1987.[1] The episode told the story of a teenage boy struggling to come to terms with his sexuality. It was nominated for three Daytime Emmy Awards, winning for Outstanding Direction in Children's Programming. The 1993 episode "Other Mothers" featured a boy who was afraid that his friends would think he was gay because he has two mothers. The episode was nominated for five Daytime Emmys, winning for Outstanding Writing in a Children's Special, Outstanding Performer in a Children's Special (Justin Whalin) and Outstanding Sound Mixing in a Children's Special.[2] In 1986, HBO broadcast The Truth About Alex, which told the story of a high school athlete who discovers that his best friend Alex is gay.

LGBT representation on Nickelodeon[edit]

On June 18, 2002, children's cable network Nickelodeon ran a program entitled Nick News Special Edition: My Family Is Different. Produced by Linda Ellerbee's Lucky Duck Productions and hosted by Ellerbee, My Family Is Different featured children of gay and lesbian parents talking with children from households that oppose equal rights for gay and lesbian families.[3] This program was subject to much criticism from Christian organizations, such as the Washington-based Traditional Values Coalition, who believed the program pushed a "pro-homosexual agenda" and was not suitable for children.[4] Another organization that opposed this episode was the Parents Television Council who claimed they had no problem with same-sex parents but did not think it was appropriate for Nickelodeon's young target audience.[5]

The confirmation of SpongeBob in SpongeBob SquarePants as asexual was not done directly in the show. In 2005, in response to criticism from Focus on the Family, a Christian fundamentalist organization,[6][7] and the American Family Association,[8] also a Christian fundamentalist organization,[9][10] series creator Stephen Hillenburg described him as asexual, not gay.[11][12][13] He repeated this in 2002 when Focus on the Family claimed that SpongeBob SquarePants was "homosexual propaganda,"[14] with Alan Sears, head of the Alliance Defense Fund, and James Dobson of Focus on the Family saying the same.[15][16] In 2016, it was revealed that Hillenburg instructed those working on the show that SpongeBob should never have a romantic relationship, since he is asexual (as all real-life sea sponges are) and is too innocent for it.[17]

Nickelodeon followed a similar path. On December 19, 2014, The Legend of Korra, another Nickelodeon show, aired their season finale, which showed Korra and Asami holding hands,[18] showing they are in a relationship.[19][20] As such, the show became one of the first western children's animation series to not only feature major LGBT characters, but also a lead LGBT character.[21][22] In the aftermath of series finale, which aired on Nickelodeon and Nick.com, there were debates about "queer representation in children's media."[23] Some noted that while the relationship between two bisexual characters, Korra and Asami, was built up during the course of the series, the words "I love you" were never uttered, nor did the characters kiss.[24] Similarly, Kya of The Legend of Korra was shown to be lesbian in the graphic novel following the series finale.[25] In July 2019, Michael Dante DiMartino, one of the series creators, in an interview with EW, noted that while the show's crew had always believed Kyoshi was bisexual, her feelings toward women and men were actually only explored in the young adult novel and in the comics branching off of the series.[26]

On June 2, 2015, gay drag queen RuPaul guest starred as a snail in the episode "Costume Boxing!" of the series Bubble Guppies.[27] He also guest starred as Jackie Slitherstein in the Harvey Beaks episode "Harvey's Favorite Book" which aired on July 18, 2015.[28] The next year, Nickelodeon's Hey Arnold! was confirmed to have two gay characters. Eugene Horowitz and Mr. Robert Simmons were confirmed as gay in July 2016 by the show's creator show's creator Craig Bartlett, but not explicitly stated in the series.[29]

On July 20, 2016, an interracial gay couple, Howard and Harold McBride, was introduced in an episode of The Loud House titled "Overnight Success."[30] This couple was described by Michael Rubiner, executive producer of the show from 2018 to present, as only natural,[30] Even so, the latter was censored by a South African broadcaster, DStv,[31] despite the fact that it was met with "overwhelmingly positive reaction."[32] They would be the first pair of married male characters to be depicted on a Nickelodeon series.[32][33][34] In later years, Luna Loud would be revealed as a bisexual girl who sent a love letter to a girl named Sam Sharp in the June 2017 episode "L is for Love". She is also revealed to have a crush on a boy named Hugh.[35][36][34] Later on, Sam seems to feel similarly about Luna and appears to reciprocate Luna's feelings in that episode and others, with Lori describing them as beginning to date in the episode "Racing Hearts," though neither character calls their excursion a date throughout the episode.[37][38][39][37] Apart from this, in August 2019, the voice actor for Dana Dufresne, Maddie Taylor, revealed that the character had transitioned from a man to a trans woman, like herself, and said that the character would return in another episode within season 4.[40] However, Season 4 concluded on July 23, 2020, although Dana would later reappear in the Season 6 episode "Prize Fighter". Additionally, the show featured two lesbian characters. In a February 2020 episode, Lainey, one of Lynn's roller derby team, is dating a girl named Alice.[41][42] In 2021, GLAAD noted that the Loud House features Luna Loud, a possibly bisexual character,[43] and Sam, her girlfriend, along with Howard and Harold McBride, "the two Dads of the protagonist’s best friend Clyde."[44]

In October 2017 it was reported that a kiss between two female characters, Zarya Moonwolf and Kitty Boon, on the Nickelodeon show, Mysticons, was in danger of being cut.[45] Despite this, the show showed the "development of a female-female romance," between Zarya, a main character, and her childhood friend, Kitty, known as "MoonBoon," culminating in romantic moments.[46] In August 2018, the show's creator, Sean Jara, confirmed the two as a couple, noting that only one version of the episode was created and that the show's creative team fought for a kiss, but lost even though they managed "to keep the integrity of the love story."[47] In later tweets, Jara said there is a "beautiful love story" between Zarya and Kitty in the show, referring to the interactions between the two characters in episode 37 ("The Princess and the Pirate"), stated the importance of showing "love between LGBTQ characters on TV," and said that the kiss was cut from the episode because of "systemic homophobia" in the kids television industry, crediting Rebecca Sugar for making strides.[47] He then opined on the continual battle for more LGBTQ representation, cited an Entertainment Weekly article about LGBTQ representation in cartoons,[48] and praised the battles for more representation which go on behind the scenes. He said this saying that Nick did not pick up the show for more than 40 episodes[49] and, once again, confirmed Kitty and Zarya as a lesbian couple.[50] Later, in September, Jara said that they treated the Kitty and Zarya relationship "like all the other relationships in the show."[51] He added that while he was nervous and aware of possible roadblocks, Matt Ferguson, the show's director, supported it, as did his writing team, with Ferguson adding that pushback came from not from people who were "evil" but rather from those who were "trying to do the best job at their particular job."

Abbey White of Insider reported that when the show's studio changed the series to center on four teenage girls, Jara brought in more women and queer writers to the show's writing team, who were "responsible for building out an arc between lesbian characters Zarya Moonwolf and Kitty Boon," which fans gave the shipping name of "MoonBoon."[43] Jara recalled that he sent in the script for a kiss of the two characters to the show's studios, and Nickelodeon, and fellow producers working on the show, but the moment never aired, despite support from Nickeledon, because a partner was concerned that the storyline was not "age-appropriate" for young viewers. As a result, despite Jara's attempts to convince the partner, the creative team had to scrap the kiss, and almost had to unravel the whole love story between Zarya and Kitty, but Jara fought for that to be included. In the article, Nelvana confirmed in a statement that the decision to remove the kiss was made during production of the show's Season Two, and said that they are committed to having "creative storytelling with diversity and inclusion at the forefront" when it comes to BIPOC and LGBTQ representation.

In 2019, Nickelodeon released Rocko's Modern Life: Static Cling, a television film and sequel to their 1993 series Rocko's Modern Life through Netflix. The producers worked with GLAAD to ensure that the transgender character, in the form of cartoonist frog Rachel Bighead (known as Ralph Bighead in the original series) as well as a plotline involving her coming out to her parents, Ed and Bev Bighead, was respectful to the LGBTQ+ community and fit within the show itself.[52] The same year, in September, animated miniseries Middle School Moguls began airing on the channel. One of the characters was a non-binary fashion mogul named Wren.[53] Also, one character, Yuna, in the main cast, had two moms, who appeared in two episodes as secondary characters who give Yuna moral support, giving her the inspiration to finish her fashion designs.[54]

In 2020, Nickelodeon debuted a new television show, Danger Force. The episode Say My Name portrayed two dads of a lost child in which Danger Force was trying to find his parents.[44] The same show also featured all four members (two males, two females) having a crush on male heartthrob, Creston. On June 13, 2020, Nickelodeon promoted LGBTQ+ characters in their shows, highlighting SpongeBob SquarePants and The Legend of Korra.[55] While some said this "proved" that SpongeBob was gay, Stephen Hillenburg, back in 2005, said he considered SpongeBob to be asexual, with one writer for Out writing "it's important to realize that those who are asexual are queer as well and are just as welcome to dawn rainbows and celebrate Pride this month."[55] It's Pony introduced Heston's aunt Meg and her girlfriend Marti.[56][57]

In February 2021, Nickelodeon posted an online-exclusive video on the Blue's Clues & You! YouTube channel featuring an alphabet song in which the letter "P" stood for "P is full of Pride!" and featured multiple Pride flags.[58][59] In May and, the same channel posted Pride Parade-themed songs that were performed by Drag Queen Nina West.[60] Betty Deville, mother of Phil and Lil DeVille, appears in the Rugrats reboot series, which began in May 2021. In the original series, she was married to a man Howard DeVille. In the reboot, Betty is a gay single mother.[61] Betty is voiced by queer actress Natalie Morales. Morales described the character as a "single mom with her own business who has twins" but still hangs out with her community and friends, even casually talking about her ex-girlfriend.[62] In the first episode "Second Time Around", Angelica sets Grandpa Lou up with dates on a seniors-only dating app called Silver Beagles. One of the dates is a man named Graham who is charmed by Lou. Graham becomes a recurring character in later episodes and is revealed to be bisexual.

In June 2021, Kevin Sullivan, a story editor for The Loud House told Insider that no one stopped him from using the word "lesbian" as part of a storyline involving Luna and Sam, her crush, and that he was proud of the whole episode.[43] Sullivan added that the fact Luna wasn't more directly identified as a lesbian was not due to pressure from Nickelodeon and that he is glad the team didn't push it further because Luna then becomes "representative of so many more young people struggling with their identity." The Danger Force episode Manlee Man features a transgender boy Quinn played by real-life transgender actor Sasha Cohen. The episode was nominated for a GLAAD Award.[63]

In September 2021, Izzy Garcia, the Green Ranger from Power Rangers Dino Fury was revealed to be a lesbian in the episode "The Matchmaker".[64][65] She is the second LGBTQ Power Ranger in the franchise as Trini was portrayed as a lesbian in the 2017 Power Rangers film. The series won a GLAAD Award for Outstanding Kids and Family Programming.[66]

In December 2021, The Casagrandes season 3 episode "Throwing Pains" revealed Ronnie Anne's classmate Becky to be a lesbian as she is in a relationship with a girl named Dodge.[67]

In February 2022, the Big Nate episode "The Pimple" featured substitute teacher Donna. She is revealed to be a lesbian when Donna introduced her wife Kathleen to Dee Dee.[68] In the same month, the Baby Shark's Big Show! episode "The Great Skate Case" introduced Vola's moms Viv and Vera. They also later appeared in the Mother's Day episode "Operation Happy Mommies".[69] Viv is voiced by bisexual comedian and actress Sherry Cola.

In July 2022, The Loud House episode "Food Courting" confirmed Leni's friend Miguel to be gay when he had a crush on a guy named Gavin.[70] Miguel is voiced by gay actor Tonatiuh Elizarraraz.

Monster High (2022) features a non-binary Frankie Stein and Deuce Gorgon's mothers Medusa and Lyra.[71] Frankie Stein is voiced by non-binary actor Iris Menas.

Star Trek: Prodigy features Zero, a genderless alien who prefers they/them pronouns.[72]

In November 2022, the Transformers: EarthSpark two-part midseason finale "Age of Evolution" introduce Nightshade, one of the three new Terrans.[73] Nightshade uses they/them pronouns. Nightshade is voiced by non-binary actor Z Infante.

LGBT representation on PBS[edit]

In 2005, PBS planned to release an episode of the children's series Postcards from Buster, titled "Sugartime", in which the animated bunny, Buster Baxter, visits the children of two lesbian mothers. When education secretary Margaret Spellings stated disapproval of the planned episode, PBS withdrew plans for airing.[74] Spellings believed the episode to be inappropriate for children as well as a misuse of governmental funding that the show had received. Lisa Reilly (WGBH Member Services), stands by the episode stating that, "We believe, as do WGBH's educational advisers on this series, that the program is appropriate for our audience and fits the series' mission to introduce children to the rich and varied cultures that make up the United States, including kids living in a wide range of family structures."[75] Apart from Reilly's statement, then-PBS chief operating officer Wayne Godwin said the episode brought up an issue that was "best left for parents and children to address together at a time and manner of their own choosing", while spokesperson Lea Sloan said it was "sensitive in today’s political climate." Godwin also claimed that the episode conflicted with PBS's purpose. This rationale was criticized by FAIR for violating the "terms of its Education Department grant", calling what PBS did an act of "political pandering," and asking people to contact PBS, calling on them to "support programming according to their mandate, not political pressures."[76] Years later, Rebecca Sugar described Spellings' idea as "absurd," saying she recognized the challenges of creating LGBTQ+-friendly animation when she tried to enter the animation field.[77]

Years later, the episode "Sugartime" was described as "one of the earliest LGBTQ representation moments in kids' TV," airing on only a few stations.[78] The executive producer of Postcards from Buster and Arthur, Carol Greenwald, said they wanted to "showcase how there are so many different kinds of kids." Greenwald said the pulling of the episode was due to Spelling trying to "prove her conservative credentials." At the time, the episode was one of the earliest confirmed representations of LGBTQ people "in US animated children's TV," apart from characters in Superman: The Animated Series and Gargoyles.

It wasn't until 2019 when PBS aired an Arthur episode titled "Mr. Ratburn and the Special Someone", the Season 22 premiere, which featured Mr. Ratburn and Patrick marrying each other.[79][80] He and his husband are the only LGBT characters in the series.[81][82] Later, the episode was banned by some Alabama broadcasters.[83] The episode was nominated for a GLAAD Media Award.[84]

In 2020, an episode of Clifford the Big Red Dog aired on Amazon Prime Video and PBS Kids, titled "Dogbot". It featured Dr. and Rayla Mulberry, the two moms of Samantha Mulberry.[85] Dr. Mulberry is voiced by Maggie Cassella, a lesbian actress. The episode was nominated for a GLAAD Media Award.[86]

LGBT representation on Cartoon Network[edit]

In the 2010s, Cartoon Network became one of the key places for shows with LGBTQ characters and storylines. Some reviewers argued that when Disney and Cartoon Network are compared, its "easy to see who actually cares about LGBT representation," noting that for shows on Cartoon Network, "LGBT characters aren't centered around their sexuality."[87] Others noted that the network hosted shows which were "strong champions for LGBT representation," like Adventure Time and Steven Universe.[88] However, the creator of Steven Universe, Rebecca Sugar was told point-blank by executives that queer romance could have ended their show.[89] In 2020, Cartoon Network aired the final episodes of the Steven Universe epilogue miniseries Steven Universe Future.[44]

LGBT representation on Disney Channel[edit]

Disney series have often featured LGBTQ characters in its programming, since the founding of the Disney Channel, although these depictions have often been limited or characters have been secondary, rather than primary, characters, like Sheriff Blubs and Deputy Durland in Gravity Falls,[90] a bisexual character named Jackie Lynn Thomas in Star vs. the Forces of Evil,[91][92][93] and a lesbian (and interracial) married couple in Doc McStuffins.[94][95][74] Additionally, Orka and Flix are gay couple in Star Wars Resistance,[96][97][98] Big City Greens had a gay couple,[99] DuckTales, featured two dads of Violet Sabrewing,[100] and Amphibia introduced the same-sex couple,[101] to name a few characters. The reboot The Proud Family: Louder and Prouder features an interracial gay couple and a character who is confirmed to be gender non-conforming and gay.[102][103][104]

The Owl House, on the other hand, during its series run, dropped subtext and hints that several characters, like Luz Noceda and Amity Blight, within the show are LGBTQ+.[105][106] The episode "Eda's Requiem" features a character named Raine Whispers, who goes by they/them pronouns and is voiced by transgender and non-binary actor Avi Roque.[107][108] In March 2022, Lilith, Eda's older sister was confirmed to be aromantic asexual.[109][110][111]

In 2017, Disney Channel in the United Kingdom aired a coming out scene on The Lodge, where Josh (Joshua Sinclair-Evans) explains to another character that girls are "not his type". The scene was the first coming out scene to be aired on a Disney Channel series.[112][113] Also in 2017, Disney the creators of Andi Mack had the character Cyrus Goodman played by Joshua Rush come out as gay in the episode titled "Hey, Who Wants Pizza?" which was the first episode of season 2. In an effort to ensure the story arc was age appropriate for the network's young audience, Disney consulted with groups such as PFLAG, GLAAD, Common Sense Media, and The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy.[114] In a 2019 episode titled "One and a Minyan", Cyrus became the first Disney character ever to say the word "gay" in its modern meaning when coming out to his male best friend, Jonah Beck (portrayed by Asher Angel). In the episode's finale, Cyrus held hands with the character TJ Kippen, and the two were confirmed to be a couple by various members of the cast and crew. These were not the channel's first depiction of LGBT characters as Good Luck Charlie debuted the channel's first lesbian couple on January 26, 2014. While many celebrities tweeted their support (including former Disney star Miley Cyrus), conservative watch group One Million Moms was not quiet about their disapproval of the episode and launched an email campaign against the network. They were joined in support by other conservative groups such as Family Research Council.[115][116]

LGBT representation on Amazon Video[edit]

In 2017, Amazon Video premiered the animated video series Danger & Eggs, for what would become its only season.[117][118] Even so, it would break barriers with the amount of representation. The show, co-created by a trans woman named Shadi Petosky,[119] was filled with LGBTQ+ characters: a femme "brown-skinned energetic creative" named Reina,[120] a genderqueer character named Milo, who uses they/them pronouns[121][122] Furthermore, the voice of Milo, an agender model named Tyler Ford said their character is an "accurate representation" of them.[120] The show's final episode introduced the dads of Corporate Raider Jim,[121] and a new trans teen, Zadie, who sings about acceptance and helps the series protagonists understand the meaning of a chosen family.[123] By February 2018, the future of Danger and Eggs was uncertain. As Petosky put it at the time, she felt that the show was in limbo, with the loss of the crew, without "much concern or enthusiasm" about the show, saying it "just slipped through the cracks."[124] She lamented that the show's fate is up the new executive team on the show and predicted the show would probably be cancelled as a result. In June 2021, the Mayor, a recurring character in the series, was confirmed as a trans woman.[125]

In May 2021, in response to a fan, Petosky noted that the show had "4 trans women and 2 nonbinary voice actors who did 19 characters," specifically pointing to non-binary actors like River Butcher and Tyler Ford, and trans women such as herself, Angelica Ross, Jazz Jennings, and Molly Ritchie.[126] In June 2021, Petosky, described as the "first known transgender showrunner in animation," described to Insider the challenges in producing her show, which follows a "young masc lesbian," D.D. Danger, said that she felt emboldened when Amazon picked up the show even with fears on whether a "trans person would even be allowed to run a show," with posters of Transparent in the corporate workplace.[127] She noted that it the overt "queer themes and elements of LGBTQ culture," driven by a queer crew and cast, was a hard-fought battle with "little arguments, and battles, and suspensions" as the show was in production. For instance, she was told to use the term "Rainbow Parade" rather than use the word "Pride."

Another Amazon Video series Pete the Cat, premiered in 2017 with a New Years' special. The character Sally Squirrel has two fathers Syd and Sam, both voiced by gay actors Jim Parsons and Jesse Tyler Ferguson respectively.[128][125]

In 2019, Amazon Video premiered The Bug Diaries which centers on three young bugs writing diaries. Worm has two mothers Mama Worm and Moma Worm. Mama Worm is voiced by lesbian comedian Wanda Sykes.[128][125]

LGBT representation on CBBC[edit]

In November 1994, Byker Grove featured the first gay kiss on UK children's television.[129] It broached the subject of "coming out" when Noddy Fishwick kissed his close friend Gary Hendrix at the back of a cinema. This scene caused outrage in the British tabloids and calls for producer Matthew Robinson to be sacked.[129] However the BBC strongly backed the storyline, which received countrywide support from gay teenagers, many teachers, and parents.[130] The 2004 series saw the character of Bradley agonising over his sexuality and eventually coming out as gay to his girlfriend Sadie, after a romantic holiday together had failed to live up to their expectations.

On 5 January 2013, The Dumping Ground aired an episode that centered around a child, Gus Carmichael (Noah Marullo), being adopted by a same-sex couple. In the episode, it was debated whether or not the couple should be allowed to foster Gus. After the debate, the same-sex couple were able to adopt Gus.[131]

In 2013, creator of The Sarah Jane Adventures, Russell T. Davies, expressed his desire to implement a coming out scene for Luke Smith (Tommy Knight) if the series had continued past the fifth series. A boyfriend for the character, Sanjay, was written but never seen in the series. The idea was suggested by the CBBC network itself, but due to the death of cast member Elisabeth Sladen, the series ended prematurely.[132]

In 2015, the CBeebies series Hey Duggee introduced Mr. John Crab and Nigel Crab who are a same sex couple.[133]

In June 2020, Jamie Johnson character Dillon Simmonds (Patrick Ward) came out as gay, having previously been displayed as heterosexual. The storyline was highlighted for being introduced during pride month.[134] On the storyline, CBBC stated: "Coming out isn't always easy, but by being a supportive ally we can hopefully create a safe space for the people we care about to be themselves".[135]

In July 2020, CBBC aired an episode of The Next Step featuring two teenage girls kissing. Prior to the scene, characters Cleo (Dani Verayo) and Jude (Molly Saunders) were written to confess their feelings for each other, and begin a relationship together.[136] The scene made history as the first same-sex kiss to be aired on the channel.[137] Amidst both praise and criticism, the BBC defend the scene by stating: "CBBC is proud to reflect all areas of children's lives, including age appropriate representation of same sex relationships". The moment generated over 100 complaints, to which the BBC defended it, saying: "We believe that the storyline, and the kiss, was handled with sensitivity and without sensationalism, following as it did the portrayal of Jude and Cleo's developing relationship and I am afraid we do not agree that it was inappropriate for the audience age".[138]

In August 2020, CBBC transmitted an episode of Mystic where character Caleb Burford (Joshua Tan) comes out as gay to Issie Brown (Macey Chipping). The scene was described as "groundbreaking" by Digital Spy.[139]

LGBT representation on Discovery Family[edit]

Lauren Faust in 2014 with SPFF Figures. Faust is the creator of My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic

My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic on Discovery Family had a range of representation as well. It included two characters, Lyra Heartstrings and Sweetie Drops, who propose to one another in the season 9 episode "The Big Mac Question,"[140] and in the series finale, "The Last Problem," they are shown as married in a newspaper clipping.[141]

Also, King Sombra was confirmed by series writers Michael Vogel and Josh Haber to be bisexual[142] while Aunt Holiday and Auntie Lofty are aunts to the young pegasus Scootaloo and are her guardians while Scootaloo's parents are away.[37] The pair were identified as a lesbian couple by one of the show runners, Michael Vogel. According to Vogel, he and writers Nicole Dubac and Josh Haber agreed to establish the two in their first appearance in the book as a lesbian couple, though without explicitly stating as such, so that they could establish this within the shown itself. Vogel stated they felt they could show that what elements make up a family is only determined by love, and not traditional roles.[143]

The epilogue of the final episode hints that Rainbow Dash and Applejack are a domestic couple. Animation writer John Haber, producer Michael Vogel, and storyboarder Jim Miller said that it is up to fans to interpret whether they are in a relationship, but hinted at it as a possibility.[144][145][146]

The official European Spanish My Little Pony Facebook page referred to Big McIntosh as Cheerilee's querido in May 2013,[147] and in March 2016 Lauren Faust confirmed that one character in season 1 of My Little Pony was trans, but never specified which character she was talking about.[148][149] Years later, in May 2019, storyboarder, and show director of My Little Pony: Equestria Girls, Katrina Hadley, expressed her support for "Appledash".[150] A few months later, a storyboarder and co-director of the original My Little Pony series, Jim Miller, confirmed that Marble Pie found a special "somepony" for herself.[151]

In September 2019, My Little Pony: Equestria Girls began showing on YouTube. The show featured Sunset Shimmer, who has an ex-boyfriend, Flash Sentry, and crushes on Twilight "Sci-Twi" Sparkle in the human world. Katrina Hadley, storyboarder, assistant director on My Little Pony Equestria Girls: Legend of Everfree and co-director of Equestria Girls specials, said it was "pretty obvious" Shimmer was bisexual.[152] Apart from Shimmer, Rarity and Applejack were said to be on the edge of becoming a couple. Hadley described their conflict as a "little like a lovers quarrel" and that internally the staff were shipping both characters, opening the door for a romantic reading of both characters.[153][154]

LGBT representation on Netflix[edit]

Netflix has contributed substantially to LGBT representation in animation throughout the 2010s and 2020s. GLAAD described Netflix as a company taking "impressive strides in viewership and impact," when it came to LGBTQ representation.[155] Examples of original Netflix animated series with a large presence of LGBTQ characters include Kipo and the Age of Wonderbeasts and She-Ra and the Princesses of Power. In January 2021, GLAAD specifically highlighted the She-Ra and the Princesses of Power series finale which confirmed "its lead two characters, Catra and Adora, were queer and in love," and Kipo and the Age of Wonderbeasts which starred Benson, a gay character, and his love interest, Troy.[44]

LGBT representation on Hulu[edit]

The Bravest Knight was released in June 2019. The series centers on Sir Cedric, his husband Prince Andrew (voiced by gay actors TR Knight and Wilson Cruz), and their daughter Nia.[156] The series won a GLAAD award tied with High School Musical: The Musical: The Series.

In June 2021, the Madagascar: A Little Wild episode "Whatever Floats Your Float" featured an Okapi named Odee Elliot who is non-binary. Odee Elliot is voiced by Iris Menas[157] The episode was nominated for a GLAAD Award for Outstanding Children's Programming.[63]

In November 2021, a segment of Animaniacs titled "Know Your Scroll" featured a scene of two men dating.[158] Pinky, a soap opera parody in the Pinky and the Brain segment "Mouse Madness" features a love affair between two men who are both named Pinky.[159]

In December 2021, DreamWorks Dragons: The Nine Realms premiered on Hulu. The series introduced Alexandra Gonzalez's mothers Hazel and Carla Gonzalez.[160]

LGBT representation on Apple TV+[edit]

In April 2020, an episode of Helpsters titled "Nurse Nina & Farmer Flynn" was released on Apple TV+. The episode featured a same-sex wedding between the titular characters.[161]

In April 2022, Pinecone & Pony introduced a queer couple Gladys and Wren. Wren is also non-binary and prefers they/them pronouns.[162] Wren is voiced by non-binary actor Ser Anzoategui.

In May 2022, the Peanuts Mother's Day special Snoopy Presents: To Mom (and Dad), With Love was released on Apple TV+. The special features a reference to same-sex couples due to the line "some families have two moms".[163] The line received homophobic backlash from Conservative Christians as the Peanuts franchise has a long-standing relationship with the religion.

LGBT representation on HBO Max[edit]

In June 2021, Sesame Street introduced a gay couple Dave, Nina's brother, and his husband Frank in season 51. They have a daughter named Mia.[164] The episode "Family Day" won a GLAAD award for Outstanding Children's Programming.[63][66]

In July 2021, Jellystone! premiered on HBO Max. The series features Jonny Quest and Hadji Singh who are portrayed as a gay married couple rather than adoptive brothers.[165] The season 2 episode "The Sea Monster of Jellystone Cove" takes a look at their relationship. In the same thread, Iza confirmed Snagglepuss to be gay in this series. It also features Mildew Wolf who is also depicted as gay due to his flirting with Shazzan in the episode "Grocery Store."[166]

In September 2021, Little Ellen premiered on HBO Max. The series is loosely based on Ellen DeGeneres' childhood. DeGeneres is a lesbian in real life. It also features Tallulah, a bakery owner.[167] In the season 2 finale "Tallulah Ties the Knot", Tallulah marries her girlfriend Nini. Several same-sex couples are shown in the background.

LGBT representation on Peacock[edit]

In November 2020, Cleopatra in Space introduced Akila's mothers Theoda and Pothina.[168]

In January 2022, Supernatural Academy premiered on Peacock. The series introduced Jae, a non-binary faerie student who prefers they/them pronouns.[169] Jae is voiced by transgender and non-binary actor Ali J. Eisner.

In independent children's media[edit]

In September 2007, Dottie's Magic Pockets became the first available show for children in gay and lesbian families.[170]

In international children's media[edit]

"Rodney Guy", a segment on the Japanese children's series Ugo Ugo Ruga [jp], which ran from 1992 to 1994, features same-sex marriages between Wonder Gal and Officer Gal, and Sport Guy and Handy Guy in one sketch.

In 2011, the Spanish-Dutch animated series Ask Lara featured two LGBT-themed episodes. The episode "My Martin" was about Monica realizing that her crush Martin is gay. Akira also mentions having an older sister who is a lesbian.[171] The following episode "Balance" had Lara becoming friends with a lesbian girl named Jacquie.[172]

In 2018, John Hart of Gays with Kids, wrote about how 16 Hudson, which aired on TVOKids beginning in 2018, featured episodes with a character who had two dads.[173]

In 2021, Big Words, Small Stories, premiered on TVOKids. The character Oleander has two dads Ben and Teddy.[174]

In 2022, The Fabulous Show with Fay and Fluffy is a cabaret-style series aimed at preschoolers. The series features drag duo Flay Slift and Fluffy Soufflé.[175] It premiered on Family Jr. on February 20, 2022.[176] In that same year, the Peppa Pig series 7 episode "Families", revealed Penny Polar Bear has two moms Mummy Polar Bear and Dr Polar Bear.[177]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "What If I'm Gay? (1987)". BFI.
  2. ^ "CBS Schoolbreak Special - IMDb" – via www.imdb.com.
  3. ^ "GLAAD 2002".
  4. ^ Lowry, Brian (June 11, 2002). "NICKELODEON UNDER FIRE FOR A SPECIAL ON GAY PARENTS". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved 2018-04-15.
  5. ^ "NICKELODEON GETS LOTS OF ATTENTION WITH GAY SPECIAL". The Hollywood Reporter. June 25, 2002.
  6. ^ "Foundational Values". Focus on the Family. Archived from the original on 2020-10-20. Retrieved 2020-10-19. The Bible itself, as the inspired and infallible Word of God that speaks with final authority concerning truth, morality, and the proper conduct of mankind, is the sole and final source of all that we believe.
  7. ^ "A Dozen Major Groups Help Drive the Religious Right's Anti-Gay Crusade". Intelligence Report. Southern Poverty Law Center. April 28, 2005. Archived from the original on 2021-02-21. Retrieved 2021-06-11.
  8. ^ "Conservative Christian Groups Attack Children's Video". January 21, 2005. Archived from the original on 2021-02-23. Retrieved 2021-06-11.
  9. ^ Harmetz, Aljean (August 17, 1988). "'Last Temptation' to Play in Texas". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-06-13.
  10. ^ "Still Cranky After All These Years". Media Transparency. April 19, 2007. Archived from the original on 2008-12-18. Retrieved 2007-06-15.
  11. ^ "Camp cartoon star 'is not gay'". BBC News. October 9, 2002. Archived from the original on 2020-04-19. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  12. ^ "SpongeBob is asexual, says creator". The Age. January 29, 2005. Archived from the original on 2020-04-25. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  13. ^ Ellis, Adam (December 2, 2013). "19 Kids Show Characters Who Were Totally Gay Heroes". BuzzFeed. Archived from the original on 2020-03-18. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  14. ^ Emmett, Neil (November 20, 2014). "A History of the 'Gay Agenda' in Animation". Cartoon Brew. Archived from the original on 2020-03-20. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  15. ^ "History of the Anti-Gay Movement Since 1977". Intelligence Report. Southern Poverty Law Center. April 28, 2005. Archived from the original on 2021-01-21. Retrieved 2021-06-11.
  16. ^ Moser, Bob (April 28, 2005). "Anti-Gay Movement Reacts to Decision Overturning Arrest of Two Texas Men for Having Sex". Intelligence Report. Southern Poverty Law Center. Archived from the original on 2021-06-02. Retrieved 2021-06-11.
  17. ^ Waller, Vincent [@VincentWaller72] (May 20, 2016). "Probably not. It's definitely on the Steve short list, of NOs" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2020-06-22. Retrieved 2020-07-14 – via Twitter.
  18. ^ Konietzko, Bryan (December 22, 2014). "Korrasami is canon". Tumblr. Yahoo!. Archived from the original on 2020-02-08. Retrieved 2020-04-11. Our intention with the last scene was to make it as clear as possible that yes, Korra and Asami have romantic feelings for each other
  19. ^ Atkinson, Sophia (November 5, 2015). "The Complete History of Queer Characters in Cartoon Shows". Highsnobiety. TITEL MEDIA GMBH. Archived from the original on 2020-03-28. Retrieved 2020-03-28.
  20. ^ Mak, Philip (March 26, 2018). "Five family-friendly LGBTQ animated series for Pride Month". Toon Boom. Toon Boom Animation Inc. Archived from the original on 2019-07-13. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  21. ^ Robinson, Joanna (December 19, 2014). "How a Nickelodeon Cartoon Became One of the Most Powerful, Subversive Shows of 2014". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on 2015-07-12. Retrieved 2014-12-19.
  22. ^ IGN Staff (December 24, 2014). "THE LEGEND OF KORRA: IGN EDITORS REACT TO THE ENDING AND KORRASAMI". IGN. Archived from the original on 2019-03-28. Retrieved 2014-12-25.
  23. ^ Kang, Aiyi (March 4, 2015). "The effect of LGBT characters in our generation". The Sundial. California State University Northridge. Archived from the original on 2020-03-12. Retrieved 2020-04-11.
  24. ^ Rude, Mey Valdivia (March 13, 2015). ""Steven Universe" and the Importance of All-Ages Queer Representation". Autostraddle. The Excitant Group LLC. Archived from the original on 2020-04-08. Retrieved 2020-04-11.
  25. ^ B, Laura (August 15, 2017). "Korra and Asami Are Getting Bi: Turf Wars Part 1 Review". The Geekiary. Saga Event Event Planning LLC. Archived from the original on 2019-01-25. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  26. ^ Holub, Christian (July 16, 2019). "How The Rise of Kyoshi YA novel finds new things to love about Avatar: The Last Airbender". EW. Archived from the original on 2020-06-03. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
  27. ^ Rose Falcone, Dana (July 1, 2015). "RuPaul will voice a snail on Nickelodeon's 'Bubble Guppies'". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on 2018-03-26. Retrieved 2020-08-15.
  28. ^ Beaks, Harvey (July 16, 2015). "Get ready. Just 2 more days until brand new episodes of Harvey Beaks! Here's a sneak peek at "Harvey's Favorite Book" featuring RuPaul as author Jackie Slitherstein". Tumblr. Retrieved 2022-11-13.
  29. ^ Flaherty, Keely. "At Long Last, We Know Arnold's Full Name On "Hey Arnold"". BuzzFeed. BuzzFeed. Archived from the original on 2019-05-31. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
  30. ^ a b Romano, Nick (August 22, 2018). "From Steven Universe to Voltron: The fight to bring LGBTQ characters to kids' shows". Entertainment Weekly. Meredith Corporation. Archived from the original on 2019-07-07. Retrieved 2020-04-11.
  31. ^ Manzella, Sam (February 27, 2018). "9 Cartoons That Were Censored For Being Too Gay". Logo TV. Viacom International Inc. Archived from the original on 2020-03-18. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  32. ^ a b Roshanian, Arya (July 18, 2016). "Nickelodeon's 'Loud House' to Feature Married Gay Couple". Variety. Penske Media Corporation. Archived from the original on 2018-07-12. Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  33. ^ "Nickelodeon 'makes history' with its first cartoon gay married couple". PinkNews. July 18, 2016. Archived from the original on 2020-02-14. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  34. ^ a b GLAAD 2018, p. 31.
  35. ^ Anne, Valerie (June 16, 2017). "I Have a Lesbian Crush on This "Loud House" Storyline About Girls Having Crushes on Girls". Autostraddle. Archived from the original on 2020-01-04. Retrieved 2020-07-23. Luna, notably, is shown only rocking out with two other musicians, a boy and a girl...When a second letter arrives, narrowing the intended recipient to a brunette, Luna admits that she didn’t end up sending her crush a sign because she’s pretty sure Sam is out of her league.
  36. ^ Jewel Queen (March 6, 2019). "We Need to Raise the Bar for LGBTQ+ Representation in Animated Shows". The Mary Sue. Archived from the original on 2020-04-22. Retrieved 2020-07-23. Speaking of other shows, The Loud House on Nickelodeon has shown more by showing Clyde’s two dads as recurring characters in a clearly established relationship, and revealing Luna Loud to be a lesbian.
  37. ^ a b c GLAAD 2019, p. 33.
  38. ^ This GLAAD report says "Nickelodeon’s The Loud House still features a lesbian character Luna Loud, and showed her starting to date Sam, a girl from school, earlier this year."
  39. ^ Jurado, Peter (June 24, 2017). "The Loud House VS Heteronormativity". ComicsVerse. Archived from the original on 2018-09-10. Retrieved 2020-07-23.
  40. ^ Taylor, Maddie [@MaddieTaylor418] (August 8, 2019). "Figured I'd let you all know. @Nickelodeon is doing good stuff in trans and LGBT representation. Very proud of this. #TransIsBeautiful #transpride #Nickelodeon #loudhouse #animation" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2019-08-31. Retrieved 2020-04-22 – via Twitter.
  41. ^ "45 Times Cartoons Absolutely Killed It When It Comes To LGBTQ Representation". BuzzFeed. June 24, 2020. Archived from the original on 2020-06-17. Retrieved 2020-08-13.
  42. ^ Crowley, Sammie [@SammieCrowley] (February 15, 2020). "Hope my Loud House fans enjoyed today's Valentine's Day episodes!! I am obsessed with how cute Lainey and Alice are! It was important to Karla and the whole writing team that in an episode about coupling up we had LGBTQ representation. It was definitely worth fighting for ❤ 🌈" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2020-02-15. Retrieved 2020-08-13 – via Twitter.
  43. ^ a b c White, Abbey (June 15, 2021). "TV animators were forced to scrap LGBTQ-inclusive storylines due to a culture of fear. Experts say fans are changing that". Insider. Archived from the original on 2021-06-16. Retrieved 2021-06-16.
  44. ^ a b c d Where We Are on TV: 2020–2021 (PDF) (Report). GLAAD. January 2021. p. 40. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2021-01-15. Retrieved 2021-01-20.
  45. ^ Hysen, Dylan (October 23, 2017). "Kiss Between Two Female Characters in "Mysticons" Might be Cut". Overly Animated. Archived from the original on 2020-01-28. Retrieved 2020-01-28.
  46. ^ Hysen, Dylan (November 1, 2017). "10 Reasons to Drop Everything and Catch Up on "Mysticons"". Overly Animated. Archived from the original on 2020-02-21. Retrieved 2020-08-24.
  47. ^ a b ""MoonBoon" confirmed by Mysticons creator Sean Jara in August 2018". Twitter. May 8, 2020. Archived from the original on 2020-07-29. Retrieved 2020-05-08. This consists of the tweet stream by Sean Jara, which seemed better to use than citing every individual tweet.
  48. ^ Specifically an article titled "From Steven Universe to Voltron: The fight to bring LGBTQ characters to kids' shows" by Nick Romano.
  49. ^ Jara, Sean [@NovaTerron] (August 24, 2018). "Sadly no. We would have loved to continue the adventure, but Nick didn't pick us up for more than 40, so our epic journey will come to an end very soon. We're proud of our show, though, and I look forward to the day when a young kid who watched this grows up and reboots it" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2019-05-01. Retrieved 2020-08-24 – via Twitter.
  50. ^ Jara, Sean [@NovaTerron] (September 11, 2018). "Yes" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2020-08-24. Retrieved 2020-08-24 – via Twitter.
  51. ^ Mourad, Beatriz (September 26, 2018). "Sean Jara & Matt Ferguson Interview – Mysticons". Overly Animated. Archived from the original on 2020-01-22. Retrieved 2020-08-24.
  52. ^ Romano, Nick (August 7, 2019). "Rocko's Modern Life Netflix movie will feature prominent trans story arc". Entertainment Weekly. Meredith Corporation. Archived from the original on 2020-04-04. Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  53. ^ Darwish, Meaghan (October 30, 2019). "First Look at Jane Lynch & Tim Gunn's 'Middle School Moguls' Characters (PHOTOS)". TV Guide#TV Insider. NTVB Media. Archived from the original on 2019-08-26. Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  54. ^ Schuster, Kat (September 13, 2019). "Local sisters' new Nickelodeon show aims to shape young entrepreneurs". Press Telegram. Archived from the original on 2019-10-13. Retrieved 2021-01-04. "Our fashion designer Yuna has two moms and I think the way that it’s handled in the show I feel is just perfect", Jenae [Heitkamp] said. "It’s not a storyline, it just like like ‘these are my moms and they are supportive and affectionate.’"
  55. ^ a b Street, Mikelle (June 13, 2020). "This Tweet Is Why People Think SpongeBob Came Out as Gay". Out. Archived from the original on 2020-06-13. Retrieved 2020-06-13.
  56. ^ It's Pony! | Noisy Neighbors 📢 New Episode "Loud Horse". Nickelodeon. October 7, 2020. Retrieved 2022-02-16 – via YouTube.
  57. ^ It's Pony Shorts 🐴 | Hold My Spot & Screen Time. Nickelodeon. July 16, 2021. Retrieved 2022-02-16 – via YouTube.
  58. ^ "'Blue's Clues' Debuts New Alphabet Song Where 'P' Stands For 'Pride'". ScaryMommy. February 11, 2021. Archived from the original on 2021-02-12. Retrieved 2021-02-12.
  59. ^ "ABC Song 🎵 w/ Blue!--Alphabet Song for Kids". Blue's Clues & You! YouTube. Archived from the original on 2021-02-12. Retrieved 2021-02-12.
  60. ^ "'Blue's Clues' Pride Sing-Along Stars The Cutest Cartoon Drag Queen". Yahoo!. Scary Mommy. Archived from the original on 2021-05-29. Retrieved 2021-05-29.
  61. ^ Tenreyro, Tatiana (May 26, 2021). "Betty is going to be gay in the Rugrats Paramount Plus show". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 2021-05-26.
  62. ^ Green, Steven (May 28, 2021). "Rugrats Gets First LGBT Character in Reboot". Backlot Magazine. Archived from the original on 2021-05-29. Retrieved 2021-05-29.
  63. ^ a b c "GLAAD announces nominees for the 33rd Annual GLAAD Media Awards". GLAAD. January 19, 2022. Retrieved 2022-01-19.
  64. ^ Kellher, Patrick (September 8, 2021). "Power Rangers Dino Fury makes history with series' first LGBT+ ranger: 'About time!'". PinkNews. Archived from the original on 2021-09-10. Retrieved 2021-09-27.
  65. ^ "Power Rangers Dino Fury Green Ranger confirmed as LGBTQ+". Gayming. September 8, 2021. Archived from the original on 2021-09-10. Retrieved 2021-09-27.
  66. ^ a b Chapman, Wilson; Ferme, Antonio (May 6, 2022). "GLAAD Media Awards: Judith Light, Wilson Cruz Among Winners". Variety. Retrieved 2022-05-07.
  67. ^ The Casagrandes | Dodgeball Battle | Nickelodeon UK. Nickelodeon UK. February 24, 2022. Retrieved 2022-02-24 – via YouTube.
  68. ^ Can Dee Dee Make It As An Actor? 🎭 | Big Nate | Nickelodeon Cartoon Universe. Nickelodeon Cartoon Universe. April 8, 2022. Retrieved 2022-04-08 – via YouTube.
  69. ^ Nick Jr. [@nickjr] (May 8, 2022). "Celebrating moms everywhere today 💜 Happy Mother's Day!" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2022-05-08. Retrieved 2022-06-26 – via Twitter.
  70. ^ Gibson, Marcus (July 9, 2022). "Review: The Loud House "Puns and Buns/Food Courting"". Bubbleblabber. Retrieved 2022-08-13.
  71. ^ Milligan, Mercedes (July 13, 2022). "Nickelodeon & Mattel Unveil Voices for New 'Monster High' Animated Series". Animation Magazine. Retrieved 2022-07-13.
  72. ^ Milligan, Mercedes (June 14, 2021). "Meet the Starship Crew in Paramount+ Original 'Star Trek: Prodigy'". Animation Magazine. Archived from the original on 2021-06-15. Retrieved 2021-06-15.
  73. ^ Mercante, Alyssa (November 14, 2022). "New Transformers Series Introduces Its First Nonbinary Robot [Update]". Kotaku. Retrieved 2022-11-14.
  74. ^ a b Adegoke, Yomi (October 1, 2019). "Move over, Disney! Meet the woman leading the LGBT cartoon revolution". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2020-03-07. Retrieved 2020-03-11.
  75. ^ de Moraes, Lisa (January 27, 2005). "PBS's 'Buster' Gets An Education". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2019-10-30.
  76. ^ "PBS Censors Postcards From Buster". FAIR. January 31, 2005. Archived from the original on 2020-03-27.
  77. ^ Cavna, Michael (March 27, 2020). "'Steven Universe' creator says farewell, knowing her show made young LGBTQ viewers feel seen". Washington Post. Nash Holdings. Archived from the original on 2020-03-28. Retrieved 2020-04-11.
  78. ^ White, Abbey (June 21, 2021). "Kids' cartoons have more LGBTQ representation than ever before — but only if you pay for it". Insider. Archived from the original on 2021-06-23.
  79. ^ Fetters, Ashley; Escobar, Natalie (May 14, 2019). "How a Gay Character on Arthur Reflects Changing Norms in the U.S." The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company. Archived from the original on 2020-03-08. Retrieved 2020-04-19.
  80. ^ Ryder, Sherie (May 14, 2019). "US cartoon's gay wedding praised". Archived from the original on 2019-06-03. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
  81. ^ Nissen, Dano (May 14, 2019). "'Arthur' Character Comes Out as Gay and Gets Married in Season 22 Premiere". Archived from the original on 2020-01-23.
  82. ^ Warner, Sam (May 14, 2019). "Classic animated show Arthur reveals one of its main characters is LGBTQ+". Digital Spy. Archived from the original on 2019-05-31. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
  83. ^ Iati, Marisa (May 21, 2019). "'Arthur' showed children a same-sex wedding. Alabama stations refused to air it". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2019-08-17. Retrieved 2019-08-17.
  84. ^ Ramos, Dino-Ray (July 9, 2020). "GLAAD Media Awards Sets Virtual Ceremony With Hosts Fortune Feimster And Gina Yashere; Dolly Parton, Lil Nas X, Gabrielle Union, 'Pose' Cast To Appear". Deadline. Retrieved 2020-07-18.
  85. ^ Kiley, Rachel (February 26, 2020). "One Million Moms Slams Clifford the Big Red Dog For Lesbian Moms". pride.com. Here Media. Archived from the original on 2020-04-19. Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  86. ^ "The Nominees for the 32nd Annual GLAAD Media Awards". GLAAD. January 28, 2021.
  87. ^ Sampey, Mori (March 30, 2020). "The rise of queer representation in LGBT cartoons". The Vermillion. Archived from the original on 2020-04-02. Retrieved 2020-08-24.
  88. ^ "The rise of queer representation in LGBT cartoons". Lesbian News. LN Publishing Inc. March 1, 2016. Archived from the original on 2016-03-09. Retrieved 2020-04-19.
  89. ^ Duffy, Nick (August 12, 2020). "The rise of queer representation in LGBT cartoons". PinkNews. Archived from the original on 2020-08-24. Retrieved 2020-08-24.
  90. ^ Cooper, Mariah (February 18, 2016). "Disney cartoon 'Gravity Falls' introduces gay couple". Washington Blade. Archived from the original on 2018-10-20. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  91. ^ Terracota, Sofi (May 27, 2019). "Disney presenta a su primer personaje bisexual en Star vs. Las Fuerzas del Mal" [Disney introduces its first bisexual character in Star vs. The Forces of Evil]. Tomatazos [es] (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2019-09-14. Retrieved 2020-08-18.
  92. ^ Dylan Hysen and Delaney Stovall (November 21, 2016). "Bon Bon the Birthday Clown (Star vs. the Forces of Evil)". Overly Animated (Podcast). Overly Animated Podcast. Event occurs at 6:02-8:23. Retrieved 2021-07-14.
  93. ^ Morgan, Cassandra (May 29, 2019). "Jackie Lynn Thomas, el primer personaje bisexual de Disney". TN (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2020-08-19. Retrieved 2020-08-18.
  94. ^ Joho, Jess (August 7, 2017). "Disney Channel features interracial lesbian couple and other networks should catch up already". Mashable. Mashable, Inc. Archived from the original on 2020-05-14. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  95. ^ Oh, Rebecca (August 14, 2017). "Disney Show 'Doc McStuffins' Features Interracial Lesbian Moms". NBC News. NBC. Archived from the original on 2019-09-22. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  96. ^ Baver, Kirsten (October 31, 2019). "Designing Star Wars: Star Wars Resistance". Official Star Wars website. Archived from the original on 2020-02-28. Retrieved 2020-08-19.
  97. ^ "CWK Show #298: Star Wars Resistance Season Two Press Day Coverage". Archived from the original on 2019-10-01. Retrieved 2020-08-19.
  98. ^ Convery, Stephanie (September 30, 2019). "Out of space: Star Wars Resistance has gay characters, Disney says". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2020-02-14. Retrieved 2020-08-19.
  99. ^ Houghton, Chris (December 5, 2018). "would you ever consider making an LGBT main/side character for Big City Greens? a lot of similar cartoons have gay/lesbian couples and i would love to see them represented in your lovely show". Tumblr. Archived from the original on 2019-03-19. Retrieved 2021-01-03.
  100. ^ Morrison, Matt (April 4, 2020). "DuckTales Season 3 Reveals Violet Has Two Dads". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on 2020-04-10. Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  101. ^ Disney Branded TV PR [@DisneyBrandTVPR] (October 29, 2021). ".@melissavcomedy & #DanaDavis guest star as Ally and Jess, robot-loving "IT Gals" whose expertise helps Polly bring her beloved Frobo back to life, in the new episode of #Amphibia, premiering Oct. 30 on #Disneychannel #DisneyNOW" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2021-11-07. Retrieved 2021-11-05 – via Twitter.
  102. ^ Yang, Rachel (May 12, 2021). "See first look at Zachary Quinto and Billy Porter's new characters in The Proud Family: Louder and Prouder". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2021-05-12.
  103. ^ Radulovic, Petrana (November 12, 2021). "The trailer for Disney's Proud Family revival Louder and Prouder stars a buff Suga Mama". Polygon. Retrieved 2021-11-11.
  104. ^ Radulovic, Petra (January 14, 2022). "The Proud Family: Louder and Prouder trailer brings a gorgeous update to the familiar characters". Polygon. Retrieved 2022-01-14.
  105. ^ Adams, Tim (August 9, 2020). "The Owl House: Disney Animated Series' LGBTQ+ Relationship is No Longer Subtext". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 2020-08-10. Retrieved 2020-08-10.
  106. ^ Brown, Tracy (August 10, 2020). "The five TV shows you should be watching this week – "The Owl House" (Disney Channel)". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2020-08-12. Retrieved 2020-08-12.
  107. ^ Roque, Avi [@ok_roque] (July 22, 2021). "🦉✨DREAM COME TRUE✨🦉 I guest star as Raine Whispers (pronouns: they/them), the sharp and hardworking Head Witch of the Bard Coven, in the new episode of #TheOwlHouse premiering July 24 at 10:00am ET/PT on #DisneyChannel and DisneyNOW. Make sure to check it out!!" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2021-07-23. Retrieved 2021-07-23 – via Twitter.
  108. ^ Rude, Mey (July 23, 2021). "The Owl House Is Introducing a New Nonbinary Character to the Show". Out Magazine. Archived from the original on 2021-07-23. Retrieved 2021-07-23.
  109. ^ nanopulga098 (March 13, 2022). "Be Gay Do Witchcraft Charity Drawathon!" Dana Terrace's charity stream. YouTube. Archived from the original on 2022-03-14.
  110. ^ "Video on Twitch".
  111. ^ Jones, Cissy [@cissyspeaks] (March 13, 2022). "If you listened to the letter you have your answer 💜" (Tweet). Retweeted by Dana Terrace. Archived from the original on 2021-03-14. Retrieved 2022-03-14 – via Twitter.
  112. ^ Peak, Grace. "Disney Welcomes Newest Gay Character". Arts + Culture. Retrieved 2020-07-25.
  113. ^ Martinez, Kelly. "15 Examples of LGBT Characters On Kids' Shows, Because Sometimes TV Does Good Things". BuzzFeed. Retrieved 2020-07-25.
  114. ^ Evans, Greg (October 25, 2017). "'Andi Mack' Character To Come Out As Gay: A Disney Channel First". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  115. ^ Fallon, Kevin (January 28, 2014). "Disney Channel Aired Its First Gay Couple. It Was 'Fine.'". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  116. ^ Kuruvilla, Carol. "Conservatives angry after Disney Channel debuts lesbian couple on 'Good Luck Charlie'". nydailynews.com. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  117. ^ Lodge, Daniel (July 27, 2017). "SDCC '17: Danger and Eggs represents LGBTQ community both on and off screen". Comics Beat. Archived from the original on 2017-09-20. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  118. ^ Guerrero, Desirée (November 21, 2017). "Wait, You Never Heard of Danger and Eggs?". The Advocate. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  119. ^ "'Danger & Eggs' is a groundbreaking milestone in queer representation—and it's hilarious". The Daily Dot. July 4, 2017. Archived from the original on 2020-03-24. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  120. ^ a b Rude, Mey (July 24, 2017). "The Cast and Crew of "Danger & Eggs" Chat About Their Super Weird, Super Queer Kids Show". Autostraddle. Archived from the original on 2019-05-28. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  121. ^ a b Jusino, Teresa (July 18, 2017). "Why Amazon's Danger and Eggs Is One of the Best Things to Happen to LGBTQIA Representation". The Mary Sue. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  122. ^ Rude, Mey (July 1, 2017). ""Danger & Eggs" Is The Greatest Weirdest Queer-and-Trans Inclusive Kids Show Ever". Autostraddle. Archived from the original on 2020-04-13. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  123. ^ Bendix, Trish (July 3, 2017). ""Danger And Eggs" Is The Queer Cartoon We've Been Waiting For". NewNowNext. Archived from the original on 2019-10-07. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  124. ^ Arthur, Kate (February 27, 2018). "Show Creator Says Amazon Told Her To "Tone It Down" About Politics On Twitter". BuzzFeed. Archived from the original on 2019-03-01. Retrieved 2020-09-19.
  125. ^ a b c "Explore database". Insider. Archived from the original on 2021-06-10. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
  126. ^ Petosky, Shadi [@shadipetosky] (May 30, 2021). "I thought counting was gouache cause Transparent did it constantly -- but Danger & Eggs had 4 trans women and 2 nonbinary voice actors who did 19 characters: Rhea Butcher (NB), Angelica Ross (TW), Shadi Petosky (TW), Tyler Ford (NB), Jazz Jennings (TW), Molly Ritchie (TW)" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2021-05-30. Retrieved 2021-07-02 – via Twitter.
  127. ^ Chik, Kalai; White, Abbey (June 30, 2021). "Animation's queer women, trans, and nonbinary creatives are pushing gender boundaries in kid's cartoons their counterparts couldn't — or wouldn't dare". Insider. Archived from the original on 2021-07-02.
  128. ^ a b Rudolph, Dana (February 13, 2020). "New kids' LGBTQ-inclusive shows, books and music". Philadelphia Gay News. Archived from the original on 2021-01-24. Retrieved 2021-01-24.
  129. ^ a b Williams, Francesca; Cobbing, Murphy (November 7, 2014). "Byker Grove: When Ant and Dec were PJ and Duncan". BBC News.
  130. ^ Duke, Simon (October 20, 2014). "Byker Grove: Five memorable moments from the hit Newcastle TV series".
  131. ^ "The Dumping Ground – Media Centre – BBC". BBC. Retrieved 2020-07-25.
  132. ^ "Russell T. Davies dishes on 'The Doctor Who' Spin-Off: 'The Sarah Jane Adventures'". Hypable. Retrieved 2020-07-25.
  133. ^ Rowles, Charlotte (February 25, 2020). "Dominic Cummings got it wrong. Hey Duggee is the kids' show we need to watch". Big Issue. Archived from the original on 2021-01-11. Retrieved 2021-01-18.
  134. ^ "Stories can give strength to gay and bi footballers". Sports Media LGBT. Retrieved 2020-07-25.
  135. ^ CBBC [@cbbc] (June 18, 2020). "Coming out isn't always easy, but by being a supportive ally we can hopefully create a safe space for the people we care about to be themselves #PrideMonth2020 @JamieJohnsonFC" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  136. ^ "CBBC airs its first teenage same-sex kiss and the world didn't implode". Metro. Retrieved 2020-07-25.
  137. ^ "CBBC's The Next Step's first same-sex kiss!". BBC News. July 25, 2020.
  138. ^ "BBC says lesbian kiss scene in the Next Step was important for inclusivity message, following 100 complaints". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2020-08-05.
  139. ^ "CBBC airs another groundbreaking LGBTQ+ scene days after The Next Step kiss". Digital Spy. Retrieved 2020-08-05.
  140. ^ Shandro, Morgan [@MorganShandro] (October 5, 2019). "I'm so happy so many people noticed the #Lyrabon proposal scene I posed in today's #MLPSeason9 episode!! We knew we wanted to add it in the ep about marriage and I had the idea to make it a double proposal. I hope it made a lot of other people happy to see too!" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2019-10-05. Retrieved 2020-08-05 – via Twitter.
  141. ^ Olsen, Carly (November 27, 2019). "My Little Pony: 10 Best Pairings In The Entire Series". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on 2020-06-30. Retrieved 2020-08-05.
  142. ^ Vogel, Michael [@mktoon] (April 6, 2019). "I'm ALL about fighting bi-erasure so Im more than happy to classify Sombra as a bi-icon. ;-) EVERYone deserves that dulcet voice" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2020-03-13. Retrieved 2020-03-13 – via Twitter.
  143. ^ Strapagil, Lauren (June 12, 2019). "There's Going To Be A Lesbian Couple On "My Little Pony"". BuzzFeed. Archived from the original on 2020-04-05. Retrieved 2019-06-12.
  144. ^ Haber, Josh [@joshhaber] (October 13, 2019). "Could beee" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2019-10-13. Retrieved 2020-09-10 – via Twitter.
  145. ^ Vogel, Michael [@mktoon] (October 15, 2019). "I think we both said we weren't saying anything and that it's up to everyone to interpret on their own now. We have handed over the keys. Take them and make of Equestria what you will :-)" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2020-09-11. Retrieved 2020-09-10 – via Twitter.
  146. ^ Miller, Jim [@TheBiggestJim] (October 20, 2019). "Cool!!" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2019-10-21. Retrieved 2020-09-10 – via Twitter.
  147. ^ "¡Cherilee es una profesora maravillosa! Se preocupa por todas y cada una de sus estudiantes pony y le encanta ayudarles a aprender y a crecer. Las buenas amigas siempre están juntas — como pony Cherilee y su adorable caracol. Peina su precioso pelo rosa con el cepillo, para que esté guapísima en todas vuestras aventuras y, por si se cruza a su querido Big Macintosh, el hermano mayor de Applejack" [Cherilee is a wonderful teacher! She cares about each and every one of her pony students and loves helping them learn and grow. Good friends are always together – like pony Cherilee and her adorable snail. She combs her beautiful pink hair with the brush, so that she is gorgeous in all your adventures and, in case she crosses her beloved Big Macintosh, Applejack's older brother.]. Official Facebook page of My Little Pony (European Spanish). May 8, 2013. Archived from the original on 2020-09-10. Retrieved 2020-09-10.
  148. ^ Faust, Lauren [@Fyre_flye] (March 27, 2016). "For reals one S1 character is trans" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2020-01-31. Retrieved 2020-09-10 – via Twitter.
  149. ^ Faust, Lauren [@Fyre_flye] (March 27, 2016). "Ok, that one was. At least in MY head" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2020-09-11. Retrieved 2020-09-10 – via Twitter. Screenshot of tweet she is responding to is here.
  150. ^ Hadley, Katrina [@isitlunchyet_t] (May 25, 2019). "Still valid" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2020-09-11. Retrieved 2020-09-10 – via Twitter.
  151. ^ Miller, Jim [@TheBiggestJim] (October 13, 2019). "Im sure she did. Shes a nice girl" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2019-10-13. Retrieved 2020-09-10 – via Twitter.
  152. ^ Hadley, Katrina [@isitlunchyet_t] (September 25, 2019). "We thought it was pretty obvious" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2019-09-25. Retrieved 2020-09-10 – via Twitter. In the previous tweet he said "Sunset is bi. So there, haters."
  153. ^ Hadley, Katrina [@isitlunchyet_t] (May 25, 2019). "We thought their conflict felt a little like a lovers quarrel rather than a friend fight as written. So we played it that way, but rode the line so the viewer could interpret it as either type of relationship. But internally, yeah, we were Rairjack shipping" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2020-09-11. Retrieved 2020-09-10 – via Twitter.
  154. ^ Hadley, Katrina [@isitlunchyet_t] (May 25, 2019). "Nope" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 2020-09-10. Retrieved 2020-09-10 – via Twitter.
  155. ^ GLAAD 2013, p. 23.
  156. ^ Perkins, Dennis (November 2019). "The Bravest Knight: Daniel Errico's quest for LGBTQ children's media". Animation from Every Angle. Archived from the original on 2020-03-18. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  157. ^ Romano, Nick (May 25, 2021). "Madagascar animated series welcomes a nonbinary character in Pride episode sneak peek". EW. Archived from the original on 2021-05-25. Retrieved 2021-05-25.
  158. ^ "Know Your Scroll". Animaniacs (2020). Season 2. Episode 5c. November 5, 2021.
  159. ^ "Mouse Madness". Animaniacs (2020). Season 2. Episode 9b. November 5, 2021.
  160. ^ Dee, Jack (December 26, 2021). "Dragons: The Nine Realms - The 8 Best Characters In The Hulu Series". Screen Rant. Retrieved 2022-01-13.
  161. ^ "Nurse Nina & Farmer Flynn". Helpsters. Season 1. Episode 12a. April 3, 2020.
  162. ^ Hogan, Heather (May 20, 2022). ""Pinecone & Pony" Gives Us the Animated Queer Nonbinary Couple We've Been Waiting For". Autostraddle. Retrieved 2022-05-20.
  163. ^ Ishiguro, Alyssa (April 30, 2022). "NEW PEANUTS SPECIAL: TO MOM (AND DAD), WITH LOVE GETS A TRAILER FOR APPLE TV+". The Illuminerdi.
  164. ^ Firozi, Paulina (June 21, 2021). "Family with two dads debuts on 'Sesame Street' during Pride Week". Washington Post. Retrieved 2021-08-28.
  165. ^ Melody Iza [@Izaart] (July 30, 2021). "While we didn't get to be explicit about it, we definitely believe they're happily married" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  166. ^ Careen Ingle, Meghan Lands (July 29, 2021). "Grocery Store". Jellystone!. Season 1. Episode 3b.
  167. ^ Elber, Lynn (September 11, 2021). "TV's Cartoonito aim: to help tots be 'best humans' possible". AP News. Retrieved 2021-09-11.
  168. ^ Wahlgren, Kari (June 17, 2020). "Such a great episode of "Cleopatra in Space." Loved playing Akila's mom Pothina with the lovely @cissyspeaks as mom Theoda. Families come in many forms, and I'm so glad this show chose to show that. Love is love. And dorky parents are universal". Instagram. Archived from the original on 2020-08-15. Retrieved 2020-08-14.
  169. ^ Eisner, Ali J [@AliEisner] (December 11, 2021). "Fun news! I'm a main character on @Peacocktv's Supernatural Academy! I play a Faerie named Jae. A chill, musical, funny charmer who can communicate with nature. One of the most rad things about Jae, is that they are Transgender/Non-Binary, just like me. Streams Jan 20th 2022!" (Tweet). Retrieved 2022-08-03 – via Twitter.
  170. ^ "American Public Media's Marketplace 2007". Archived from the original on 2011-05-20.
  171. ^ "My Martin Ask Lara Episode 21 of 26". BBC Two. Retrieved 2021-10-03.
  172. ^ "Balance Ask Lara Episode 22 of 26". BBC Two. Retrieved 2021-10-03.
  173. ^ Hart, John (September 5, 2018). ""16 Hudson," a New Animated Show for Preschoolers, Features Two Gay Dads". Gays With Kids. Archived from the original on 2020-03-24. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  174. ^ "Transcript: Oleander's Quiet Riot". TV Ontario. Retrieved 2022-06-17.
  175. ^ Whyte, Alexandra (July 28, 2021). "WildBrain Television picks up The Fabulous Show with Fay and Fluffy". Kidscreen. Retrieved 2021-07-29.
  176. ^ "WILDBRAIN TELEVISION RULES THE FAMILY AIRWAVES WITH THREE NEW EXCLUSIVE CANADIAN PREMIERES". Wildbrain. February 15, 2022. Retrieved 2022-02-18.
  177. ^ Chappell, Bill (September 7, 2022). "Thomas the Tank Engine and Peppa Pig welcome friends with autism and 2 mommies". NPR. Retrieved 2022-09-07.

Sources[edit]