Land's End Airport
|Land's End Airport|
The new terminal building and control tower.
|IATA: LEQ – ICAO: EGHC|
|Operator||Land's End Airport Ltd|
|Serves||St Just in Penwith|
|Location||St Just, Cornwall|
|Elevation AMSL||401 ft / 122 m|
Land's End Airport (IATA: LEQ, ICAO: EGHC), situated near St Just in Penwith, 5 NM (9.3 km; 5.8 mi) west of Penzance, in Cornwall, is the most south westerly airport of mainland Britain. The airport is owned by the Isles of Scilly Steamship Company (ISSC). ISSC's subsidiary Land's End Airport Limited operates the airport, and another subsidiary, Isles of Scilly Skybus, operates a regular passenger service to St Mary's in the Isles of Scilly as well as scenic flights around west Penwith.
The airport has a CAA Private Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P568) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction for daytime use only as authorised by the licensee Lands End Airport Limited.
Cobham Air Routes started to plan the route linking the Isles of Scilly to the mainland in 1935. Cobham was subsequently acquired by Olley Air Service, whose subsidiary Channel Air Ferries developed the Land's End airport and started a service to the island of St Mary's on 15 September 1937, flying de Havilland Dragons. A hangar was brought from Squires Gate Airport in Blackpool. On St Mary's, until its own airport opened in 1939, the planes landed on the golf course. In 1938 Great Western and Southern Airlines took over Olley Air Service and Channel Air Ferries. It continued the service throughout World War II, during which it replaced the Dragons with de Havilland Dragon Rapides.
On 1 February 1947 the airline and the service were taken over by BEA. On 2 May 1964, BEA replaced the Dragon Rapides with a single Sikorsky S-61 helicopter, operated by BEA Helicopters. On 1 September 1964 the helicopter service was moved from Land's End to the new Penzance Heliport, although BEA occasionally chartered Britten-Norman Islanders to fly from Land's End when the helicopter was unavailable.
In 1984 Isles of Scilly Skybus started operations at the airport, initially freight and charter, then scheduled services from April 1987, flying Islanders and de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otters. Skybus became the sole remaining air link for the Isles of Scilly from October 2012, when the helicopter service from Penzance ended.
Up to 2014, all of the airport's runways were grass. During the winters of 2012/13 and 2013/14 the airport closed for long periods when the runways became waterlogged, and flights were temporarily moved from Land's End to Newquay. In May 2013, ISSC and the Council of the Isles of Scilly submitted a bid for finance from the European Regional Development Fund for runway resurfacing at Land's End, together with various improvements at St Mary's. In May 2014 the European Commission gave its approval. The cost of the planned asphalting at Land's End was stated to be £2.6 million, for which the European fund's contribution was £1.3 million. The airport closed on 4 July 2014 for the asphalting of two runways, with Skybus flights diverted to Newquay, and it reopened on 29 July.
Airlines and destinations
|Isles of Scilly Skybus||St Mary's|
Skybus provides scenic flights around south west Cornwall using Britten Norman Islander aircraft. Trinity House also have a depot at the airfield.
- "Land's End Airport reopens after runway work". BBC News. 29 July 2014. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- Lands End/St Just - EGHC
- "Hard runway at Land's End Airport 'vital'". BBC News. 20 June 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2014.
- CAA Aerodrome Licence
- "An anniversary of flights between Land's End and the Isles of Scilly". Cornwall Life. 14 November 2012. Retrieved 25 March 2014.
- Lo Bao, Phil; Hutchison, Iain (2002). BEAline to the Islands: The Story of Air Services to Offshore Communities of the British Isles by British European Airways, Its Predecessors and Successors. Erskine: Kea Publishing. p. 5. ISBN 978-0951895849.
- Lo Bao and Hutchison (2002), pp. 11–17.
- Wickstead, Maurice (April 2008). "Bound for Lyonesse: The History of Flying in the Isles of Scilly" (PDF). Light Aviation. Light Aircraft Association. pp. 31–33. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
- "European red tape delays airport's vital runway improvement project". Mid Devon Gazette. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2014.
- "New Terminal for Land's End", Airliner World, p. 6, June 2013
- "£6m upgrade of airports 'on the way to implementation'". The Cornishman. 18 July 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2014.
- "Runway and terminal works for Land's End to Scilly flights get go ahead from European Commission". The Cornishman. 13 May 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
- "Isles of Scilly 2014 Islands Guide". Simply Scilly. Retrieved 25 March 2014.