Edinburgh Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Edinburgh Airport
EdinburghAirport.svg
Edinburgh Airport - Taxi rank.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Global Infrastructure Partners
Operator Edinburgh Airport Ltd.
Serves Edinburgh, Lothian, Fife, the Scottish Borders and Central Scotland
Location Ingliston, United Kingdom
Elevation AMSL 136 ft / 41 m
Coordinates 55°57′00″N 003°22′21″W / 55.95000°N 3.37250°W / 55.95000; -3.37250Coordinates: 55°57′00″N 003°22′21″W / 55.95000°N 3.37250°W / 55.95000; -3.37250
Website edinburghairport.com
Map
EGPH is located in Edinburgh
EGPH
EGPH
Location in Edinburgh
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 2,556 8,386 Asphalt
12/30 1,797 5,896 Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 12,348,425
Passenger change 15–16 Increase11.1%
Aircraft movements 122,220
Movements change 15–16 Increase6.0%
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[1]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

Edinburgh Airport (Scottish Gaelic: Port-adhair Dhùn Èideann) (IATA: EDIICAO: EGPH) is an airport located in the Ingliston area of the City of Edinburgh, Scotland. It was the busiest airport in Scotland in 2016, handling over 12.3 million passengers in that year, an increase of 11.1% compared with 2015. It was also the sixth busiest airport in the UK by total passengers in 2016.[2] It is located 5 nautical miles (9.3 km; 5.8 mi)[1] west of the city centre, just off the M8 and M9 motorways. It is owned and operated by Global Infrastructure Partners, who are also the majority shareholder and leads the management of Gatwick Airport.[3] The airport has two runways and one passenger terminal, and employs about 2,500 people.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

Turnhouse Aerodrome was the most northerly British air defence base in World War I used by the Royal Flying Corps. The small base opened in 1916[4] and it was used to house the 603 (City of Edinburgh) Squadron from 1925, which consisted of DH 9As, Westland Wapitis, Hawker Harts, and Hawker Hind light bombers. All the aircraft used a grass air strip.

In 1918 the Royal Air Force was formed and the airfield was named RAF Turnhouse and ownership transferred to the Ministry of Defence.

When the Second World War broke out, RAF Fighter Command took control over the airfield and a runway of 3,900 ft (1,189 m) was paved to handle the Supermarine Spitfire. During the Battle of Britain, No.3 Squadron RAF3, 65, and 141 Squadrons were present at the airbase.

Post World War II[edit]

When the war ended the airfield remained under military control, but by the late 1940s the first commercial services were launched. In 1947, British European Airways started a service between Edinburgh and London using Vickers Vikings followed by the Viscount and Vanguard series.[citation needed]

In 1952 the runway was extended to 6000 ft to handle the Vampire FB5s operated by the based[clarification needed] 603 Squadron; and an aircraft carrier Catcher Net (never used) was installed to protect traffic on the adjacent A9 road. In 1956 a new passenger terminal was built to provide an improved commercial service; five years later it was extended. After the disbandment of 603 Squadron in March 1957, the Ministry of Defence transferred ownership to the Ministry of Aviation in 1960 to offer improved commercial service to the airport. Flying was temporarily diverted to East Fortune, which had its runway extended to accommodate the airliners of the period.[citation needed]

BAA Ownership 1971 to 2012[edit]

Aerial view of Edinburgh Airport
Departure gate area

The British Airports Authority took over ownership of the airport on 1 April 1971 at a time when the original terminal building was running at about eight times its design capacity. Immediate improvements to the terminal were cosmetic, such as extra seating and TV monitors for flight information, and it took two years for plans to be proposed for a completely new terminal and runway redesign. A public consultation on planning started in November 1971 and ended in February 1972. Initial stages of the redevelopment began in June 1973; they included a diversion of the River Almond. Work on the new terminal building, designed by Sir Robert Matthew, started in March 1975, and the building was officially opened by Her Majesty the Queen on 27 May 1977, opening to the public two days later.

Although the original main runway 13/31 (which is now 12/30) served the airport well, its alignment (NW-SE) had the disadvantage of suffering from severe crosswinds, and the other two minor runways were very short and could not be readily extended, so movements were transferred to a new runway (07/25, which has since become 06/24) in an addition completely outside the original airfield boundary. This runway, completed in 1977, is 2,556 m (8,386 ft) in length, and was able to take all modern airliners including Concorde. A new terminal was built alongside the runway to cater for the additional traffic. The old terminal and hangars were converted into a cargo centre.

International service from Edinburgh began in 1962 with a direct service to Dublin, but for many years international flights were charter and private only. This started to change during the late 1970s, with direct services to continental Europe (Amsterdam, 1975). By the mid-1980s direct routes included Paris, Düsseldorf, Brussels, Frankfurt and Copenhagen, but until the Open Skies Act in 1990, all transatlantic flights had to land first at Prestwick, with very few exceptions. By the time BAA had been privatised in 1987, Edinburgh Airport handled over 1.8 million passengers each year; compared to the 681,000 passengers handled in 1971 when BAA first took control of the airport.[5]

RAF Turnhouse was operational near the passenger terminal of the airport for all of the post war period, but was finally closed in 1997.[6]

Since the original terminal upgrade in 1977, there have been major reconstructions, including extensions of the two passenger terminal aprons and a major expansion of car parking facilities, including a multi-storey car park in 2004. In 2005, a new 57 m (187 ft) tall air traffic control tower was completed at a cost of £10m. An extension to the terminal called the South East Pier opened in September 2006 . This extension initially added six gates on a new pier to the south-east of the original building. A further four gates were added to the South East Pier at the end of 2008.

On 19 October 2011, BAA Limited announced its intention to sell the airport, following a decision by the UK's Competition Commission requiring BAA to sell either Glasgow Airport or Edinburgh Airport.[7] BAA announced on 23 April 2012 that it had sold Edinburgh Airport to Global Infrastructure Partners for a price of £807.2 million.[8]

Expansion[edit]

In 2013, a further extension to the passenger terminal was announced, taking the terminal building up to the Edinburgh Airport tram stop. The opening of the Edinburgh Trams in May 2014 created the first rail connection to Edinburgh Airport. Whilst the number of passengers has increased, the number of flights actually decreased in 2014 due to planes operating at higher capacity.[9] Passenger traffic at Edinburgh Airport reached a record level in 2015 with over 11.1 million passengers[10] and over 109,000 aircraft movements.[2] The terminal building is currently[when?] being expanded with an investment of £40m. A new £25m expansion project involving the construction of a new 6,000m² building, housing a security hall and retail areas, is also currently[when?] under way at the airport. On 23 February 2016, Ryanair announced a growth of 20%[in what?], bringing the airline's annual passenger capacity at Edinburgh Airport to 2.5 million. This was coupled with the news of six new services to Ryanair's winter schedule from Edinburgh, in addition to more services on its popular European destinations. In February 2016, consultancy firm Biggar Economics announced that Edinburgh Airport contributes almost £1 billion to the Scottish economy every year.[11]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Edinburgh:[12]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Athens (begins 19 June 2017)[13]
Aer Lingus Regional
operated by Stobart Air
Cork, Dublin, Shannon
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air France
operated by HOP!
Paris–Charles de Gaulle
American Airlines Seasonal: New York–JFK
Atlantic Airways Seasonal: Vágar
Austrian Airlines Seasonal charter: Innsbruck
BH Air Seasonal charter: Burgas
British Airways London–Gatwick, London–Heathrow
British Airways
operated by BA CityFlyer
London–City
Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca (begins 2 June 2017)[14]
Seasonal charter: Alicante, Barcelona, Chambéry, Faro, Geneva, Ibiza, Málaga, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Toulouse, Venice, Zürich
Brussels Airlines
operated by CityJet
Brussels
Danish Air Transport Seasonal charter: Odense[15]
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: New York–JFK
easyJet Alicante, Amsterdam, Athens, Basel/Mulhouse, Belfast-International, Berlin-Schönefeld, Bilbao, Bristol, Copenhagen, Geneva, Hamburg, Kraków, Lisbon, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, London–Stansted, Lyon, Madrid, Milan–Malpensa, Munich, Paphos, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Reykjavik-Keflavik, Stuttgart, Tenerife–South, Venice, Vienna
Seasonal: Bodrum, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Funchal, Grenoble, Heraklion, Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zürich
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Eurowings Munich
Seasonal: Düsseldorf
Eurowings
operated by Air Berlin
Munich
Seasonal: Cologne/Bonn
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Seasonal: Cologne/Bonn
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki
Flybe Amsterdam, Belfast-City, Birmingham, Cardiff, East Midlands, Exeter, Knock, London–City, London–Heathrow, Manchester, Southampton
Seasonal: Bergerac, Jersey
Seasonal charter: Geneva
Flybe
operated by Loganair
Bergen,[16] Isle of Man,[17] Kirkwall, Norwich, Stornoway, Sumburgh, Wick (all end 31 August 2017)[18]
Iberia Express Seasonal: Madrid
Israir Airlines Seasonal charter: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion (begins 14 June 2017)[19]
Jet2.com Alicante, Budapest, Fuerteventura, Funchal (begins 30 October 2017), Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Málaga, Tenerife South
Seasonal: Almeria, Antalya (begins 1 May 2018),[20] Chambéry, Dalaman (resumes 4 May 2018), [21] Dubrovnik, Faro, Geneva, Girona, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Kos (begins 2 May 2018),[22] Larnaca, Menorca, Murcia, Naples, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Pula, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Split, Thessaloniki, Turin, Venice, Verona, Vienna, Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Geneva
KLM Amsterdam
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam
Loganair Isle of Man,[23] Kirkwall, Norwich, Stornoway, Sumburgh, Wick (all begin 1 September 2017)[24]
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen
Seasonal: Stockholm–Arlanda
Norwegian Air Shuttle
operated by Norwegian Air International
Hartford (begins 17 June 2017),[25] Copenhagen, Newburgh (begins 15 June 2017),[25] Málaga, Oslo–Gardermoen (begins 1 June 2017),[26] Providence (begins 16 June 2017),[25] Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Barcelona
Powdair
operated by Trade Air
Seasonal: Sion (begins 14 December 2017)[27][28]
Qatar Airways Doha
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo, Bologna, Bratislava, Budapest (begins 30 October 2017),[29] Carcassonne (begins 31 October 2017),[30] Charleroi, Copenhagen, Dublin, Eindhoven (begins 29 October 2017),[31] Faro, Fuerteventura, Gdańsk, Gran Canaria, Hamburg (begins 31 October 2017),[32] Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden (begins 31 October 2017),[33] Katowice (begins 29 October 2017), Kraków, Lanzarote, London–Stansted, Málaga, Malta, Marseille, Nantes (begins 30 October 2017),[34] Porto, Poznań, Prague (begins 31 October 2017),[35] Rome-Ciampino, Santander, Szczecin (begins 2 November 2017),[36] Tenerife–South, Toulouse (begins 29 October 2017),[37] Treviso (begins 30 October 2017), Valencia (begins 31 October 2017), Warsaw–Modlin, Weeze, Wroclaw (begins 2 November 2017)
Seasonal: Béziers, Bordeaux, Bremen, Corfu, Girona, Gothenburg, Hahn, Ibiza, Kaunas, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Poitiers, Vigo
Scandinavian Airlines Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen
Thomson Airways Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Paphos, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Burgas, Cancún, Corfu, Dalaman, Ibiza, Larnaca, Menorca, Orlando–Sanford, Palma de Mallorca, Pula, Rhodes
Seasonal charter: Geneva, Innsbruck[38]
Transavia France Paris–Orly
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk
United Airlines Newark
Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare
Vueling Alicante (ends 30 September 2017), Barcelona, Rome–Fiumicino (ends 21 October 2017)
WOW air Reykjavik–Keflavik

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
ASL Airlines Belgium East Midlands, Liège
DHL Aviation Leipzig/Halle
Royal Mail
operated by Jet2.com
East Midlands, London–Stansted
Royal Mail
operated by Loganair
Aberdeen, Inverness
Royal Mail
operated by Titan Airways
London–Stansted
UPS Airlines
operated by Star Air
Cologne/Bonn, East Midlands

Statistics[edit]

Passenger numbers[edit]

Edinburgh Airport Passenger Totals
1985–2016 (millions)
Source: These statistics are combined BAA and CAA figures pre-1996, Edinburgh Airport: A History; McCloskey, Keith. Post 1996: United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority[2]
Number of Passengers[nb 1] Number of Movements[nb 2]
1985 1,578,000 36,926
1986 1,651,000 36,596
1987 1,852,000 39,603
1988 2,080,000 40,664
1989 2,369,000 47,100
1990 2,495,000 47,900
1991 2,343,000 49,700
1992 2,539,000 56,400
1993 2,721,000 58,800
1994 3,001,000 61,100
1995 3,280,000 64,000
1996 3,810,000 68,800
1997 4,214,919 99,352
1998 4,588,507 100,134
1999 5,119,258 101,226
2000 5,519,372 102,393
2001 6,067,333 112,361
2002 6,930,649 118,416
2003 7,481,454 118,943
2004 8,017,547 125,317
2005 8,456,739 127,122
2006 8,611,345 126,914
2007 9,047,558 128,172
2008 9,006,702 125,550
2009 9,049,355 115,969
2010 8,596,715 108,997
2011 9,385,245 113,357
2012 9,195,061 110,288
2013 9,775,443 111,736
2014 10,160,004 109,545
2015 11,114,587 115,286
2016 12,348,425 122,220

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest routes to and from Edinburgh (2016)[39]
Rank Airport Total
passengers
Change
2015 / 16
1 London–Heathrow 1,053,382 Decrease 23.9%
2 London–Stansted 836,860 Increase 34.5%
3 London–Gatwick 700,064 Increase 4.0%
4 Amsterdam 651,034 Increase 4.8%
5 Dublin 597,472 Increase 10.5%
6 London–City 528,029 Decrease 0.9%
7 Bristol 381,945 Increase 8.5%
8 Paris–Charles de Gaulle 308,612 Increase 2.7%
9 Belfast–International 274,292 Increase 4.4%
10 London–Luton 272,503 Increase 2.2%
11 Birmingham 267,279 Decrease 3.8%
12 Copenhagen 250,778 Increase 30.7%
13 Tenerife–South 216,647 Increase 54.4%
14 Alicante 206,991 Increase 38.0%
15 Southampton 198,501 Increase 2.3%
16 Frankfurt 197,174 Increase 2.7%
17 Madrid 185,545 Increase 14.2%
18 Palma de Mallorca 183,518 Increase 16.8%
19 Málaga 183,032 Increase 22.8%
20 Barcelona 181,033 Increase 48.5%

Access and ground transport[edit]

Road[edit]

The New Style "Airlink 100" Airport Express Bus which Serves Edinburgh Airport

The airport lies on the A8 Glasgow-Edinburgh road, and can be easily reached by the M8 (from Glasgow) and the M9 (from Stirling). The airport is also within easy access from the M90 motorway (from Perth) via the Forth Road Bridge.

Lothian Buses provide public transportation to the airport with the Airlink 100 express bus from Edinburgh city centre,[40] as well as the number 35 direct to Ocean Terminal and N22 with the same destination but alternative route. From 23rd April 2017, a second daytime route, service 200, from the Airport to Ocean Terminal was introduced travelling via northern Edinburgh suburbs. This service is branded 'Skylink' and uses five specially branded vehicles for the operation. Special fares are in operation, similar to the Airlink 100. Additionally, Stagecoach operates the newly formed JET express bus service, previously AirDirect 747 between the airport and Inverkeithing railway station and Ferrytoll Park and Ride in Fife.[41]

Tram[edit]

Edinburgh Airport tram terminus

The airport is served by Edinburgh Trams, a light rail link from the terminal to Edinburgh York Place. The system runs from Edinburgh Airport tram stop and travels across the western suburbs of Edinburgh on a segregated track; when the trams reach Haymarket railway station they switch to street-running mode and travel through the city along Princes Street. Edinburgh Trams began operation on 31 May 2014.[42][43]

Train[edit]

There are no direct mainline rail links to Edinburgh Airport, although it lies very close to the Fife Circle and the Edinburgh-Glasgow railway lines. A project to build the Edinburgh Airport Rail Link was cancelled in 2007 after a change in Government.[44]

As a cheaper alternative to the cancelled Edinburgh Airport Rail Link project, an additional interchange station was built on the Fife Circle Line. Edinburgh Gateway station provides an interchange with airport tram services. This station and upgrades were finally approved by the Scottish Parliament in 2012.[45] The station opened on 11 December 2016.[46]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

On 27 February 2001, a Loganair Shorts 360 (G-BNMT) operating a Royal Mail flight to Belfast, crashed into the Firth of Forth shortly after taking off from Edinburgh at 1730 GMT. Both crew members were killed, but there were no passengers on board. A fatal accident inquiry later blamed a buildup of slush in the aircraft's engines before the crash. A protective covering had not been fitted to the engine intakes while the aircraft was parked at Edinburgh for several hours in heavy snow.[47][48]

Accolades[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Number of Passengers, Freight and Mail include both domestic and international counterparts.
  2. ^ Number of Movements represents total aircraft takeoffs and landings during that year.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "NATS – AIS – Home". ead-it.com. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Aircraft and passenger traffic data from UK airports". UK Civil Aviation Authority. 3 March 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2017. 
  3. ^ "Global Infrastructure Partners". global-infra.com. 
  4. ^ "EDI Facts and figures". '"Edinburgh Airport. Retrieved 1 June 2016. 
  5. ^ Edinburgh Airport: A History; McCloskey, Keith; 2006
  6. ^ "Site Record for Edinburgh, RAF Turnhouse". Canmore. RCAHMS. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  7. ^ "Heathrow: About us – Heathrow". baa.com. 
  8. ^ Heathrow. "Press Releases". baa.com. 
  9. ^ ^ CAA: UK Annual Airport Statistics
  10. ^ "Edinburgh Airport hails record year". BBC News. 11 January 2016. 
  11. ^ "Edinburgh Airport Brings in the Bucks". Airport Parking Market. 26 April 2016. 
  12. ^ edinburghairport.com - Flight Timetable retrieved 23 November 2016
  13. ^ https://en.aegeanair.com/plan/low-fare-calendar/?dep=ATH&arr=EDI&month=2017-6&type=R
  14. ^ http://www.travelweekly.co.uk/articles/273231/british-airways-unveils-summer-balearic-services. Retrieved 19 February 2017.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. ^ "Afgange" (in Danish). Hans Christian Andersen Airport. Retrieved 17 April 2017. 
  16. ^ https://www.flybe.com/timetableClassic/timetable.jsp?selDep=BGO&selDest=XXX
  17. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-isle-of-man-39444973
  18. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-highlands-islands-38055208
  19. ^ http://www.iaa.gov.il/he-IL/airports/BenGurion/Pages/OnlineFlights.aspx#
  20. ^ http://www.jet2.com/
  21. ^ http://www.jet2.com/
  22. ^ http://www.jet2.com/
  23. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-isle-of-man-39444973
  24. ^ http://www.loganair.co.uk/loganair/press-office/256/scotland%26%23039%3bs-airline-spreads-its-wings
  25. ^ a b c http://www.travelweekly.co.uk/articles/273608/norwegian-unveils-low-cost-transatlantic-routes-from-scotland-and-Ireland
  26. ^ https://www.norwegian.com/uk/booking/flight-tickets/select-flight/?A_City=OSL&AdultCount=1&ChildCount=0&CurrencyCode=GBP&D_City=EDI&D_Day=01&D_Month=201706&IncludeTransit=true&InfantCount=0&R_Day=01&R_Month=201706&TripType=2
  27. ^ http://www.wheretoskiandsnowboard.com/news/powdair-to-fly-from-uk-regions-to-sion/
  28. ^ http://www.lenouvelliste.ch/articles/valais/valais-central/sion-sept-nouvelles-destinations-pour-l-aeroport-636444%20%20
  29. ^ "Ryanair W17 new routes as of 05MAR17". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  30. ^ "Ryanair W17 new routes as of 05MAR17". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  31. ^ "Ryanair W17 new routes as of 05MAR17". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  32. ^ "Ryanair W17 new routes as of 05MAR17". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  33. ^ "Ryanair W17 new routes as of 05MAR17". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  34. ^ "Ryanair W17 new routes as of 05MAR17". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  35. ^ "Ryanair W17 new routes as of 05MAR17". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  36. ^ "Ryanair W17 new routes as of 05MAR17". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  37. ^ "Ryanair W17 new routes as of 05MAR17". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  38. ^ http://www.crystalski.co.uk
  39. ^ "Airport Data 2016". UK Civil Aviation Authority. 3 March 2017. Tables 12.1(XLS) and 12.2 (XLS). Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  40. ^ "Edinburgh Airport – City Centre frequent express shuttle". Lothian Buses. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 
  41. ^ "Airdirect 747". Stagecoach Group. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 
  42. ^ "Edinburgh's trams roll into action". BBC News. 
  43. ^ "Route map". Edinburgh Trams. 2009. Archived from the original on 18 September 2009. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 
  44. ^ "It's £30m down the drain". The Scotsman. Edinburgh. 27 September 2007. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 
  45. ^ Stevenson, Stewart (27 September 2007). "Edinburgh Airport Rail Link". Scottish Parliament. Retrieved 12 January 2010. 
  46. ^ "New Edinburgh Gateway interchange opens in capital". Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  47. ^ Scotsman: Pilots praised as sheriff confirms snow caused crash, 13 November 2003
  48. ^ Harro Ranter (27 February 2001). "ASN Aircraft accident Shorts 360-100 G-BNMT Granton Harbour". aviation-safety.net. 
  49. ^ "ASQ Award for Best Airport in Europe" Airports Council International. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 13 April 2012

External links[edit]

Media related to Edinburgh Airport at Wikimedia Commons