Edinburgh Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Edinburgh Airport
Port-adhair Dhùn Èideann
EdinburghAirport.svg
Edinburgh Airport - Taxi rank.jpg
IATA: EDIICAO: EGPH
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Global Infrastructure Partners
Operator Edinburgh Airport Ltd.
Serves Edinburgh, Lothian, Fife, the Scottish Borders and Central Scotland
Location Ingliston
Elevation AMSL 136 ft / 41 m
Coordinates 55°57′00″N 003°22′21″W / 55.95000°N 3.37250°W / 55.95000; -3.37250Coordinates: 55°57′00″N 003°22′21″W / 55.95000°N 3.37250°W / 55.95000; -3.37250
Website edinburghairport.com
Map
EGPH is located in Edinburgh
EGPH
EGPH
Location in Edinburgh
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 2,556 8,386 Asphalt
12/30 1,797 5,896 Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Passengers 11,114,587
Passenger change 14–15 Increase9.4%
Aircraft movements 115,286
Movements change 14–15 Increase5.2%
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[1]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

Edinburgh Airport (Scottish Gaelic: Port-adhair Dhùn Èideann) (IATA: EDIICAO: EGPH) is an airport located at Ingliston in the City of Edinburgh, Scotland. It was the busiest airport in Scotland in 2015, handling 11.1 million passengers in that year, an increase of 9.4% compared with 2014. It was also the sixth busiest airport in the UK by total passengers in 2015.[2] It is located 5 nautical miles (9.3 km; 5.8 mi)[1] west of the city centre and is situated just off the M8 and M9 motorways. It is owned and operated by Global Infrastructure Partners, which also owns and operates Gatwick Airport and London City Airport.[3] The airport features two runways and one passenger terminal, and employs about 2,500 people.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

Turnhouse Aerodrome was the most northerly British air defence base in World War I used by the Royal Flying Corps. The small base opened in 1916[4] and it was used to house the 603 (City of Edinburgh) Squadron from 1925, which consisted of DH 9As, Westland Wapitis, Hawker Harts, and Hawker Hind light bombers. All the aircraft used a grass air strip.

In 1918 the Royal Air Force was formed and the airfield was named RAF Turnhouse and ownership transferred to the Ministry of Defence.

When the Second World War broke out, RAF Fighter Command took control over the airfield and a runway of 3,900 ft (1,189 m) was paved to handle the Supermarine Spitfire. During the Battle of Britain, No.3 Squadron RAF3, 65, and 141 Squadrons were present at the airbase.

Post World War II[edit]

When the war ended the airfield still remained under military control, but by the late 1940s the first commercial services were launched. In 1947, British European Airways started a service between Edinburgh and London using Vickers Vikings followed by the Viscount and Vanguard series.

In 1952 the runway was extended to 6000 ft to handle the Vampire FB5s operated by the based 603 Squadron; and an aircraft carrier Catcher Net (never used) was installed to protect traffic on the adjacent A9 road. In 1956 a new passenger terminal was built to offer improved commercial service and five years later it was extended. After the disbandment of 603 Squadron in March 1957, the Ministry of Defence transferred ownership to the Ministry of Aviation in 1960 to offer improved commercial service to the airport. Flying was temporarily diverted to East Fortune, which had its runway extended to accommodate the airliners of the period.

BAA Ownership 1971 to 2012[edit]

Aerial view of Edinburgh Airport
Departure gate area

The British Airports Authority took over ownership of the airport on April 1, 1971 at a time when the original terminal building was running at about eight times its design capacity. Though immediately improvements to the terminal were cosmetic, such as extra seating and TV monitors for flight information introduced, it took a couple of years for plans to be proposed for a completely new terminal and runway redesign. A public consultation on planning started in November 1971 and ended in February 1972. Initial stages of the redevelopment began in June 1973, which included a diversion of the River Almond. Work on the new terminal building, designed by Sir Robert Matthew, was started in March 1975 and opened officially by Her Majesty the Queen on 27 May 1977, opening to the public two days later.

Although the original main runway 13/31 (which is now 12/30) served the airport well, its alignment had the disadvantage of suffering from severe crosswinds and the other two minor runways were very short and could not be readily extended, so movements were transferred to a new runway (07/25 which has since become 06/24) in an addition completely outside the original airfield boundary. This runway, completed in 1977 is 2,556 m (8,386 ft) in length, and was able to take all modern airliners including Concorde. A new terminal was built alongside the runway to cater for the additional traffic. The old terminal and hangars were converted into a cargo centre.

International service from Edinburgh began in 1962 with a direct service to Dublin, but for many years international flights were charter and private only. This started to change during the late 1970s with direct services to continental Europe (Amsterdam, 1975,). By the mid-1980s direct routes included Paris, Düsseldorf, Brussels, Frankfurt and Copenhagen but until the Open Skies Act in 1990, all transatlantic flights had to first land at Prestwick, with very few exceptions. By the time BAA had been privatised in 1987, Edinburgh Airport handled over 1.8 million passengers each year; this was treble the number of 681,000 passengers handled in 1971 when BAA first took control of the airport.[5]

RAF Turnhouse which was operational near the passenger terminal of the airport for all of the post war period, was finally closed in 1997.[6]

Since the original terminal upgrade in 1977, there have been major reconstructions, including extensions of the two passenger terminal aprons and major expansion car parking facilities, including a multi-storey car park in 2004. In 2005, a new 57 m (187 ft) tall air traffic control tower was completed at a cost of £10m (€16m). An extension to the terminal opened in September 2006 called the "South East Pier". This extension initially added six gates on a new pier to the South-East of the original building. A further four gates were added to the South East Pier at the end of 2008.

On 19 October 2011, BAA Limited announced its intention to sell the airport, following a decision by the UK's Competition Commission requiring BAA to sell either Glasgow International or Edinburgh Airport.[7] BAA announced on 23 April 2012 that it had sold Edinburgh Airport to Global Infrastructure Partners for a price of £807.2 million.[8]

Expansion[edit]

Passenger traffic at Edinburgh Airport reached a record level in 2015 with over 11.1 million passengers[9] and over 109,000 aircraft movements.[2] In 2013, a further extension to the passenger terminal was announced, taking the terminal building up to the Edinburgh Airport tram stop. The opening of the Edinburgh Trams in May 2014 created the first rail connection to Edinburgh Airport. Whilst the number of passengers has increased, the number of flights has actually seen a decrease in 2014 due to planes operating at higher capacity.[10] The terminal building is currently being expanded with an investment of £40m ($64m). A new £25m ($40m) expansion project involving the construction of a new 6,000m² building, housing a security hall and retail areas, is also currently underway at the airport. On the 23rd of February 2016, Ryanair announced a growth of 20% bringing annual passenger capacity from the airline at Edinburgh Airport to 2.5 million. This was coupled with the news of six new services to Ryanair's winter schedule from Edinburgh in addition to more services on its popular European destinations. Furthermore, in February 2016, consultancy firm, Biggar Economics, announced that Edinburgh Airport contributes almost £1 billion into the Scottish economy every year.[11]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Edinburgh:[12]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Athens (begins 19 June 2017)[13]
Aer Lingus Regional
operated by Stobart Air
Cork, Dublin, Shannon
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: Toronto-Pearson
Air France
operated by HOP!
Paris-Charles de Gaulle
American Airlines Seasonal: New York–JFK
Atlantic Airways Vágar
Austrian Airlines Seasonal charter: Innsbruck
BH Air Seasonal charter: Burgas
British Airways London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow
British Airways
operated by BA CityFlyer
London-City
Seasonal charter: Alicante, Barcelona, Chambéry, Faro, Geneva, Ibiza, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Toulouse, Venice, Zurich
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: New York–JFK
easyJet Alicante, Amsterdam, Athens, Basel/Mulhouse, Belfast-International, Berlin-Schönefeld, Bristol, Copenhagen, Funchal, Geneva, Hamburg, Kraków, Lisbon, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, London-Stansted, Lyon, Madrid, Milan-Malpensa, Munich, Paphos, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Reykjavik-Keflavik, Stuttgart, Tenerife-South, Venice, Vienna
Seasonal: Bodrum, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Grenoble, Heraklion, Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zürich
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Eurowings Seasonal: Düsseldorf
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Cologne/Bonn
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki
Flybe Belfast-City, Birmingham, Cardiff, East Midlands, Exeter, Knock, London-City, Manchester, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Southampton
Seasonal: Bergerac
Seasonal charter: Geneva
Flybe
operated by Loganair
Bergen (begins 13 May 2017),[14] Kirkwall, Norwich, Stornoway, Sumburgh, Wick (all end 31 August 2017)[15]
Iberia Express Seasonal: Madrid
Jet2.com Alicante, Budapest, Fuerteventura (begins 19 December 2016),[16] Funchal (begins 30 October 2017), Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Málaga, Tenerife South
Seasonal: Almeria (begins 27 April 2017),[17] Chambéry, Dubrovnik, Faro, Geneva, Girona (begins 28 April 2017),[18] Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Larnaca, Menorca, Murcia (resumes 31 March 2017),[18] Naples (begins 29 April 2017),[18] Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Pula, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Split, Thessaloniki (begins 30 May 2017),[17] Turin (begins 30 December 2016), Venice, Verona, Vienna, Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Geneva
KLM Amsterdam
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam
Loganair Bergen, Kirkwall, Norwich, Stornoway, Sumburgh, Wick (all begin 1 September 2017)[19]
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Málaga, Oslo-Gardermoen, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Barcelona, Stockholm-Arlanda
Qatar Airways Doha
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo (begins 27 March 2017),[20] Bologna, Bordeaux, Bratislava, Charleroi, Copenhagen, Dublin, Faro, Fuerteventura, Gdańsk, Gran Canaria, Kraków, Lanzarote, London-Stansted, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Malta, Porto (begins 28 March 2017), Poznań, Rome-Ciampino, Santander, Tenerife-South, Warsaw-Modlin, Weeze, Vigo (begins 29 March 2017)
Seasonal: Béziers, Bremen, Corfu, Girona (begins 26 March 2017),[21] Gothenburg-Landvetter, Hahn, Ibiza (begins 26 March 2017),[21] Kaunas, Marseille, Pisa, Poitiers
Scandinavian Airlines Stockholm-Arlanda
Seasonal: Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen
Thomson Airways Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Málaga (begins 7 May 2017),[22] Paphos, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Antalya, Burgas, Cancún, Corfu, Dalaman, Geneva, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Larnaca, Menorca, Orlando-Sanford, Palma de Mallorca, Pula (begins 2 May 2017),[23] Rhodes (begins 6 May 2017)[23]
Transavia France Paris-Orly
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
United Airlines Newark
Seasonal: Chicago-O'Hare
Vueling Alicante, Barcelona, Paris-Orly, Rome-Fiumicino
WOW air Reykjavik-Keflavik

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
ASL Airlines Belgium East Midlands, Liège
DHL Aviation Leipzig/Halle
Jet2.com
operated for Royal Mail
East Midlands, London-Stansted
Loganair
operated for Royal Mail
Aberdeen, Inverness
Titan Airways
operated for Royal Mail
London-Stansted
Star Air (Maersk)
operated for UPS Airlines
Cologne/Bonn, East Midlands

Statistics[edit]

Passenger numbers[edit]

Edinburgh Airport Passenger Totals
1985–2015 (millions)
Source: These statistics are combined BAA and CAA figures pre-1996, Edinburgh Airport: A History; McCloskey, Keith. Post 1996: United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority[2]
Number of Passengers[nb 1] Number of Movements[nb 2]
1985 1,578,000 36,926
1986 1,651,000 36,596
1987 1,852,000 39,603
1988 2,080,000 40,664
1989 2,369,000 47,100
1990 2,495,000 47,900
1991 2,343,000 49,700
1992 2,539,000 56,400
1993 2,721,000 58,800
1994 3,001,000 61,100
1995 3,280,000 64,000
1996 3,810,000 68,800
1997 4,214,919 99,352
1998 4,588,507 100,134
1999 5,119,258 101,226
2000 5,519,372 102,393
2001 6,067,333 112,361
2002 6,930,649 118,416
2003 7,481,454 118,943
2004 8,017,547 125,317
2005 8,456,739 127,122
2006 8,611,345 126,914
2007 9,047,558 128,172
2008 9,006,702 125,550
2009 9,049,355 115,969
2010 8,596,715 108,997
2011 9,385,245 113,357
2012 9,195,061 110,288
2013 9,775,443 111,736
2014 10,160,004 109,545
2015 11,114,587 115,286

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest domestic routes (2015)
Rank Airport Passengers handled  % change
2014/15
1 London-Heathrow 1,383,915 Decrease 6
2 London-Gatwick 672,948 Decrease 3
3 London-Stansted 622,172 Increase 73
4 London-City 532,857 Increase 51
5 Bristol 351,954 Increase 9
6 Birmingham 277,911 Decrease 2
7 London-Luton 266,562 Increase 3
8 Belfast-International 262,773 Increase 12
9 Southampton 194,058 Decrease 4
10 Belfast-City 137,972 Decrease 3
11 Manchester 114,095 Increase 4
12 East Midlands 95,307 Increase 3
13 Cardiff 69,229 Increase 20
14 Exeter 45,115 Increase 18
15 Sumburgh 44,786 Steady 0
Source: UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]
Busiest international routes (2015)
Rank Airport Passengers handled % change
2014/15
1 Amsterdam 621,195 Increase 3
2 Dublin 540,651 Increase 13
3 Paris-Charles de Gaulle 300,611 Decrease 1
4 Frankfurt am Main 192,077 Decrease 3
5 Copenhagen 191,896 Increase 58
6 Madrid 162,499 Increase 52
7 Geneva 162,353 Increase 4
8 Palma de Mallorca 157,056 Increase 10
9 Alicante 150,000 Increase 4
10 Málaga 144,401 Increase 13
11 Newark 143,414 Increase 1
12 Tenerife-South 135,462 Increase 2
13 Barcelona 121,895 Increase 51
14 Kraków 117,527 Increase 7
15 Doha 115,529 Increase 114
16 Milan-Malpensa 113,892 Increase 2
17 Brussels 100,433 Increase 12
18 Abu Dhabi 99,255 Increase 84
19 Istanbul 97,498 Increase 5
20 Munich 95,437 Increase 7
21 Faro 84,779 Decrease 5
22 Stockholm-Arlanda 83,605 Increase 35
23 Oslo-Gardermoen 81,774 Increase 11
24 Prague 73,992 Decrease 6
25 Basel/Mulhouse 72,773
Source: UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

Access and ground transportation[edit]

Road[edit]

Lothian Buses Airlink 100 airport express bus to Edinburgh

The airport lies on the A8 Glasgow-Edinburgh road, and can be easily reached by the M8 (from Glasgow) and the M9 (from Stirling). The airport is also within easy access from the M90 motorway (from Perth) via the Forth Road Bridge.

Lothian Buses provide public transportation to the airport with the Airlink 100 express bus from Edinburgh city centre,[24] as well as the number 35 direct to Ocean Terminal and N22 with the same destination but alternative route. Additionally, Stagecoach operates the newly formed JET express bus service, previously AirDirect 747 between the airport and Inverkeithing railway station and Ferrytoll Park and Ride in Fife.[25]

Tram[edit]

Edinburgh Airport tram terminus

The airport is served by Edinburgh Trams, a light rail link from the terminal to Edinburgh York Place. The system runs from Edinburgh Airport tram stop and travels across the western suburbs of Edinburgh on a segregated track; when the trams reach Haymarket railway station they switch to street-running mode and travel through the city along Princes Street. Edinburgh Trams began operation on 31 May 2014.[26][27]

Train[edit]

There are currently no direct rail links to Edinburgh Airport, although it lies very close to the Fife Circle and the Edinburgh-Glasgow railway lines. A project to build the Edinburgh Airport Rail Link was cancelled in 2007 after a change in Government.[28]

As a cheaper alternative to the cancelled Edinburgh Airport Rail Link project, an additional interchange station is currently being constructed on the Fife Circle Line. Edinburgh Gateway station will provide an interchange with airport tram services. This station and upgrades were finally approved by the Scottish Parliament in 2012.[29] The station is expected to open by December 2016.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 27 February 2001, a Loganair Shorts 360 (G-BNMT) operating a Royal Mail flight to Belfast, crashed into the Firth of Forth shortly after taking off from Edinburgh at 1730 GMT. Both crew members were killed, and there were no passengers on board. A fatal accident inquiry later blamed a buildup of slush in the aircraft's engines before the crash. Protective covering had not been fitted to the engine intakes while the aircraft was parked for several hours in heavy snow at Edinburgh.[30][31]

Accolades[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Number of Passengers, Freight and Mail include both domestic and international counterparts.
  2. ^ Number of Movements represents total aircraft takeoffs and landings during that year.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "NATS – AIS – Home". ead-it.com. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Aircraft and passenger traffic data from UK airports". UK Civil Aviation Authority. 25 March 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2016. 
  3. ^ "Global Infrastructure Partners". global-infra.com. 
  4. ^ "EDI Facts and figures". '"Edinburgh Airport. Retrieved 2016-06-01. 
  5. ^ Edinburgh Airport: A History; McCloskey, Keith; 2006
  6. ^ "Site Record for Edinburgh, RAF Turnhouse". Canmore. RCAHMS. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  7. ^ "Heathrow: About us – Heathrow". baa.com. 
  8. ^ Heathrow. "Press Releases". baa.com. 
  9. ^ "Edinburgh Airport hails record year". BBC News. 11 January 2016. 
  10. ^ ^ CAA: UK Annual Airport Statistics
  11. ^ "Edinburgh Airport Brings in the Bucks". Airport Parking Market. 26 April 2016. 
  12. ^ edinburghairport.com - Flight Timetable retrieved 23 November 2016
  13. ^ https://en.aegeanair.com/plan/low-fare-calendar/?dep=ATH&arr=EDI&month=2017-6&type=R
  14. ^ https://www.flybe.com/timetableClassic/timetable.jsp?selDep=BGO&selDest=XXX
  15. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-highlands-islands-38055208
  16. ^ http://www.jet2.com/
  17. ^ a b http://www.jet2.com/destinations/edinburgh-destinations-map
  18. ^ a b c http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/14459849.Budget_airline_adds_three_new_Scottish_destinations_for_record_breaking_summer_2017_schedule/
  19. ^ http://www.loganair.co.uk/loganair/press-office/256/scotland%26%23039%3bs-airline-spreads-its-wings
  20. ^ "New Edinburgh-Milan Bergamo Route Launched For Summer 2017". Retrieved 17 August 2016. 
  21. ^ a b http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/268795/ryanair-expands-scotland-service-in-s17/
  22. ^ "Thomson Flight Timetable". Thomson.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-11-07. 
  23. ^ a b "Thomson Airways". TUI Group. Retrieved 2 May 2016. 
  24. ^ "Edinburgh Airport – City Centre frequent express shuttle". Lothian Buses. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 
  25. ^ "Airdirect 747". Stagecoach Group. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 
  26. ^ "Edinburgh's trams roll into action". BBC News. 
  27. ^ "Route map". Edinburgh Trams. 2009. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 
  28. ^ "It's £30m down the drain". The Scotsman. Edinburgh. 27 September 2007. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 
  29. ^ Stevenson, Stewart (27 September 2007). "Edinburgh Airport Rail Link". Scottish Parliament. Retrieved 12 January 2010. 
  30. ^ Scotsman: Pilots praised as sheriff confirms snow caused crash, 13 November 2003
  31. ^ Harro Ranter (27 February 2001). "ASN Aircraft accident Shorts 360-100 G-BNMT Granton Harbour". aviation-safety.net. 
  32. ^ "ASQ Award for Best Airport in Europe" Airports Council International. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 13 April 2012

External links[edit]

Media related to Edinburgh Airport at Wikimedia Commons