Linux kernel version history

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This article documents the version history of the Linux kernel. The Linux kernel is a free and open-source, monolithic, Unix-like operating system kernel. It was conceived and created in 1991 by Linus Torvalds.[1]

Linux kernels have different support levels depending on the version. The oldest currently-supported version, 4.4, released in January 2016, was declared to have six years of Long-Term Support (LTS), followed by Super Long Term Support (SLTS), i.e. Civil Infrastructure Platform will provide support (for 32-bit ARM and x86-64 only) until at least 2026, possibly until 2036.[2]

Releases 5.x.y[edit]

Version Original release date Current version Maintainer EOL Notes
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.0 3 March 2019[3] 5.0.21[4] Greg Kroah-Hartman June 2019[4]
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.1 5 May 2019[5] 5.1.21[6] Greg Kroah-Hartman July 2019[6]
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.2 7 July 2019[7] 5.2.20[8] Greg Kroah-Hartman October 2019[8] 5.2-rc2 is named Golden Lions[9][10]

5.2 is named Bobtail Squid[11]

Old version, no longer maintained: 5.3 15 September 2019[12] 5.3.18[13] Greg Kroah-Hartman December 2019[13]
Older version, yet still maintained: 5.4 24 November 2019[14] 5.4.196[15] Greg Kroah-Hartman & Sasha Levin[16] December 2025[16] 20th LTS release, used in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
5.4-rc2 is named Nesting Opossum[17]

5.4-rc5 is named Kleptomaniac Octopus[18]

Old version, no longer maintained: 5.5 26 January 2020[19] 5.5.19[20] Greg Kroah-Hartman April 2020[20]
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.6 29 March 2020[21] 5.6.19[22] Greg Kroah-Hartman June 2020[22]
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.7 31 May 2020[23] 5.7.19[24] Greg Kroah-Hartman August 2020[24]
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.8 2 August 2020[25] 5.8.18[26] Greg Kroah-Hartman November 2020[26]
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.9 11 October 2020[27] 5.9.16[28] Greg Kroah-Hartman December 2020[28]
Older version, yet still maintained: 5.10 13 December 2020[29] 5.10.118[15] Greg Kroah-Hartman & Sasha Levin[16] December 2026[16][30] 21st LTS release; used in Debian 11 "Bullseye"[31]

3rd SLTS release;[32] 5.10.19 is named Dare mighty things[33]

Old version, no longer maintained: 5.11 14 February 2021[34] 5.11.22[35] Greg Kroah-Hartman May 2021[35] Named "💕 Valentine's Day Edition 💕"[36]
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.12 25 April 2021[37] 5.12.19[38] Greg Kroah-Hartman July 2021[38] Named Frozen Wasteland[39][40]
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.13 27 June 2021[41] 5.13.19[42] Greg Kroah-Hartman & Sasha Levin September 2021[42] Named Opossums on Parade
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.14 29 August 2021[43] 5.14.21[44] Greg Kroah-Hartman November 2021[44] Used in RHEL 9.x and derivatives[45] (Redhat ignores LTS-Kernel, own kernel-backports)
Older version, yet still maintained: 5.15 31 October 2021[46] 5.15.43[16] Greg Kroah-Hartman & Sasha Levin[16] October 2023[16] 22nd LTS release; used in Ubuntu 22.04 LTS and Slackware 15[47]

Named Trick or Treat[48]

Old version, no longer maintained: 5.16 9 January 2022[49] 5.16.20[50] Greg Kroah-Hartman & Sasha Levin[16] April 2022[50]
Older version, yet still maintained: 5.17 20 March 2022[51] 5.17.11[52] Greg Kroah-Hartman & Sasha Levin[16] Named Superb Owl[53]
Current stable version: 5.18 22 May 2022[54] 5.18[55] Edit this on Wikidata 22 May 2022 Greg Kroah-Hartman & Sasha Levin[16]
Future release: 5.18-rc7 16 May 2022 5.18-rc7[56] Edit this on Wikidata 16 May 2022 Linus Torvalds
Legend:
Old version
Older version, still maintained
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release

Releases 4.x.y[edit]

Version Original release date Current version Maintainer EOL Notes
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.0 12 April 2015[57] 4.0.9[58] Greg Kroah-Hartman July 2015[59] Named Hurr durr I'ma sheep[60] (Internet poll)
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.1 22 June 2015[61] 4.1.52[62] Sasha Levin[16][63] (formerly Greg Kroah-Hartman)[64] May 2018[62] 15th LTS release. 4.1.1 was named Series 4800[65]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.2 30 August 2015[66] 4.2.8[67] Greg Kroah-Hartman December 2015[67] Canonical provided extended support until July 2016.[68][69]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.3 1 November 2015[70] 4.3.6[71] Greg Kroah-Hartman February 2016[72] Named Blurry Fish Butt[73][74]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.4 10 January 2016[75] 4.4.302[76] Greg Kroah-Hartman & Sasha Levin[16] February 2022[76] 16th LTS release, used in Slackware 14.2.[77] Canonical will provide extended support until April 2021.[78] As the first kernel selected for Super Long Term Support (SLTS), the Civil Infrastructure Platform will provide support until at least 2026, possibly until 2036.[2] Used in Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.5 13 March 2016[79] 4.5.7[80] Greg Kroah-Hartman June 2016[81]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.6 15 May 2016[82] 4.6.7[83] Greg Kroah-Hartman August 2016[83] Named Charred Weasel[84]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.7 24 July 2016[85] 4.7.10[86] Greg Kroah-Hartman October 2016[86] Named Psychotic Stoned Sheep[87]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.8 25 September 2016[88] 4.8.17[89] Greg Kroah-Hartman January 2017[89]
Older version, yet still maintained: 4.9 11 December 2016[90] 4.9.316[15] Greg Kroah-Hartman & Sasha Levin[16] January 2023[16][91] 17th LTS release. Used in Debian 9 "Stretch".[92] Named Roaring Lionus[93][94]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.10 19 February 2017[95] 4.10.17[96] Greg Kroah-Hartman May 2017[96] 4.10-rc5 was named Anniversary Edition[97]

4.10-rc6 was named Fearless Coyote[98]

Old version, no longer maintained: 4.11 30 April 2017[99] 4.11.12[100] Greg Kroah-Hartman July 2017[100]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.12 2 July 2017[101] 4.12.14[102] Greg Kroah-Hartman September 2017[102]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.13 3 September 2017[103] 4.13.16[104] Greg Kroah-Hartman November 2017[104]
Older version, yet still maintained: 4.14 12 November 2017[105] 4.14.281[15] Greg Kroah-Hartman & Sasha Levin[16] January 2024[16][106] 18th LTS release

4.14.1 is named Petit Gorille[107]

Old version, no longer maintained: 4.15 28 January 2018[108] 4.15.18[109] Greg Kroah-Hartman April 2018[109] Used in Ubuntu 18.04 LTS
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.16 1 April 2018[110] 4.16.18[111] Greg Kroah-Hartman June 2018[111]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.17 3 June 2018[112] 4.17.19[113] Greg Kroah-Hartman August 2018[113] Named Merciless Moray[114]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.18 12 August 2018[115] 4.18.20[116] Greg Kroah-Hartman November 2018[116] RHEL 8.x (Redhat ignores LTS-Kernel, own kernel-backports)
Older version, yet still maintained: 4.19 22 October 2018[117] 4.19.245[15] Greg Kroah-Hartman & Sasha Levin[16] December 2024[16][118] 19th LTS release. Used in Debian 10 "Buster".[119] Second SLTS release, and first with ARM64 support.[120] Named "People's Front"[121]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.20 23 December 2018[122] 4.20.17[123] Greg Kroah-Hartman March 2019[123] Named Shy Crocodile[124]
Legend:
Old version
Older version, still maintained
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release

Releases 3.x.y[edit]

The jump from 2.6.x to 3.x wasn't because of a breaking update, but rather the first release of a new versioning scheme introduced as a more convenient system.[125]

Version Original release date Current version Maintainer EOL Notes
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.0 21 July 2011[125] 3.0.101[126] Greg Kroah-Hartman[127] October 2013[126][127] 7th LTS release
Named Sneaky Weasel[128][129]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.1 24 October 2011[130] 3.1.10[131] Greg Kroah-Hartman January 2012[131] provided the base for real-time tree
3.1-rc2 was named Wet Seal
3.1 was named Divemaster Edition[132] (Linus' diving activities)
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.2 4 January 2012[133] 3.2.102[134] Ben Hutchings[16][135] May 2018[136] 8th LTS release, used in Ubuntu 12.04 LTS[137] and optionally in 12.04 ESM,[138] Debian 7 "Wheezy" and Slackware 14.0.[16][135] Canonical promised to (at least) provide long-term support until April 2017;[68] Support has continued for months after.

3.2 to 3.5 was named Saber-toothed Squirrel[139]

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.3 18 March 2012[140] 3.3.8[141] Greg Kroah-Hartman June 2012[141]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.4 20 May 2012[142][143] 3.4.113[144] Li Zefan[16][145] (formerly Greg Kroah-Hartman) October 2016[146] 9th LTS release
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.5 21 July 2012[147] 3.5.7[148] Greg Kroah-Hartman October 2012[148] Canonical provided extended support until April 2014.[68][149]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.6 30 September 2012[150] 3.6.11[151] Greg Kroah-Hartman December 2012[151] Named Terrified Chipmunk[152][153]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.7 10 December 2012[154] 3.7.10[155] Greg Kroah-Hartman March 2013[155][156]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.8 18 February 2013[157] 3.8.13[158] Greg Kroah-Hartman May 2013[158] Canonical provided extended support until August 2014.[68][159]

Named Unicycling Gorilla[160][161]
3.8.5 was named Displaced Humerus Anterior[162]

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.9 28 April 2013[163] 3.9.11[164] Greg Kroah-Hartman July 2013[164] 3.9.6 was named Black Squirrel Wakeup Call[165]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.10 30 June 2013[166] 3.10.108[167] Willy Tarreau[16][168] (formerly Greg Kroah-Hartman) November 2017[167] 10th LTS release,
3.10.6 was named TOSSUG Baby Fish[169][170][171][172] used in Slackware 14.1 [173]

RHEL 7.x

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.11 2 September 2013[174] 3.11.10[175] Greg Kroah-Hartman November 2013[175] Canonical provided extended support until August 2014.[68] Named Linux for Workgroups after the 20 years of Windows 3.11[176]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.12 3 November 2013[177] 3.12.74[178] Jiří Slabý[16][179] (formerly Greg Kroah-Hartman) May 2017[179][178] 11th LTS release, named Suicidal Squirrel[180]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.13 19 January 2014[181] 3.13.11[182] Greg Kroah-Hartman April 2014[182] Canonical provided extended support until April 2016.[68][183] Named One Giant Leap for Frogkind[184] (NASA LADEE launch photo)[185] Used in Ubuntu 14.04 LTS
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.14 30 March 2014[186] 3.14.79[187] Greg Kroah-Hartman[16] August 2016[187] 12th LTS release, named Shuffling Zombie Juror[188]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.15 8 June 2014[189] 3.15.10[190] Greg Kroah-Hartman August 2014[190]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.16 3 August 2014[191] 3.16.85[192] Ben Hutchings[16][193] (formerly Greg Kroah-Hartman) Maintained until October 2014, then May 2016 to June 2020[192][16][194] 13th LTS release. Was used in Debian 8 "Jessie".[195] Canonical provided extended support until April 2016.[68][196]

3.16.1 was named Museum of Fishiegoodies[197]

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.17 5 October 2014[198] 3.17.8[199] Greg Kroah-Hartman January 2015[199]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.18 7 December 2014[200] 3.18.140[201] Greg Kroah-Hartman[202] (formerly Sasha Levin[203]) (formerly Greg Kroah-Hartman) January 2017[204] 14th LTS release, named Diseased Newt[205]

Hartman stated that he will release irregular updates to the 3.18 tree.[206] Starting with 3.18.140, this version will no longer be maintained on kernel.org, but on AOSP

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.19 8 February 2015[207] 3.19.8[208] Greg Kroah-Hartman May 2015[208] Canonical provided extended support until July 2016.[68][209]
Legend:
Old version
Older version, still maintained
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release

Releases 2.6.x.y[edit]

Versions 2.6.16 and 2.6.27 of the Linux kernel were unofficially supported in a long-term support (LTS) fashion,[210] before a 2011 working group in the Linux Foundation started a formal long-term support initiative.[211][212]

Version Original release date Current version Maintainer EOL Notes
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6 17 December 2003[213] 2.6.10[214] Linus Torvalds December 2004[214] 2.6.2–2.6.4 was named Feisty Dunnart[215]

2.6.5–2.6.9 was named Zonked Quokka[216]

2.6.9: RHEL 4.x

Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.11 2 March 2005[217] 2.6.11.12[218] Greg Kroah-Hartman June 2005[218] Named Woozy Numbat[219][220]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.12 18 June 2005[221] 2.6.12.6[222][223] Greg Kroah-Hartman August 2005[222]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.13 28 August 2005[224] 2.6.13.5[225] Greg Kroah-Hartman December 2005[225]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.14 27 October 2005[226] 2.6.14.7[227] Greg Kroah-Hartman January 2006[227] Named Affluent Albatross[228]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.15 2 January 2006[229] 2.6.15.7[230] Greg Kroah-Hartman May 2006[230] Named Sliding Snow Leopard[231]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.16 20 March 2006[232] 2.6.16.62[233] Adrian Bunk[234] (formerly Greg Kroah-Hartman)[235] July 2008[236][233] 1st LTS release
2.6.16.28-rc2 was named Stable Penguin
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.17 17 June 2006[237] 2.6.17.14[238] Greg Kroah-Hartman October 2006[238] 2.6.17-rc5 was named Lordi Rules[239] (Eurovision 2006 winners)[240]

2.6.17-rc6–2.6.17 was named Crazed Snow-Weasel[241]

Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.18 20 September 2006[242] 2.6.18.8[243] Greg Kroah-Hartman February 2007[243] Named Avast! A bilge rat! (TLAPD 2006)[244]

2.6.18: RHEL 5.x

Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.19 29 November 2006[245] 2.6.19.7[246] Greg Kroah-Hartman March 2007[246]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.20 4 February 2007[247] 2.6.20.21[248] Greg Kroah-Hartman October 2007[248] Named Homicidal Dwarf Hamster[249][250]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.21 25 April 2007[251] 2.6.21.7[252] Greg Kroah-Hartman August 2007[252] Named Nocturnal Monster Puppy[253]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.22 8 July 2007[254] 2.6.22.19[255] Greg Kroah-Hartman February 2008[255] 2.6.22-rc3–2.6.22-rc4 was named Jeff Thinks I Should Change This, But To What?

2.6.22-rc5–2.6.22 was named Holy Dancing Manatees, Batman![256]

Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.23 9 October 2007[257] 2.6.23.17[258] Greg Kroah-Hartman February 2008[258] 2.6.23-rc4–2.6.23-rc6 was named Pink Farting Weasel[259]

2.6.23-rc7–2.6.23–2.6.24 was named Arr Matey! A Hairy Bilge Rat![260] (TLAPD 2007)
2.6.24.1 was named Err Metey! A Heury Beelge-a Ret![261]

Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.24 24 January 2008[262] 2.6.24.7[263] Greg Kroah-Hartman May 2008[263]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.25 16 April 2008[264] 2.6.25.20[265] Greg Kroah-Hartman November 2008[265] Named Funky Weasel is Jiggy wit it[266]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.26 13 July 2008[267] 2.6.26.8[268] Greg Kroah-Hartman November 2008[268] 2.6.26–2.6.27 was named Rotary Wombat[269]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.27 9 October 2008[270] 2.6.27.62[271] Willy Tarreau[272] (formerly Adrian Bunk,[273] and formerly Greg Kroah-Hartman) March 2012[273] 2nd LTS release
2.6.27.3 was named Trembling Tortoise[274]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.28 24 December 2008[275] 2.6.28.10[276] Greg Kroah-Hartman May 2009[276] 2.6.28-rc1–2.6.28-rc6 was named Killer Bat of Doom[277][278]

2.6.28 was named Erotic Pickled Herring[279]

Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.29 23 March 2009[280] 2.6.29.6[281] Greg Kroah-Hartman July 2009[281] Named Temporary Tasmanian Devil[282][283]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.30 9 June 2009[284] 2.6.30.9[285] Greg Kroah-Hartman October 2009[285] 2.6.30-rc4–2.6.30-rc6 was named

Vindictive Armadillo[286][287]
Releases between 2.6 and 2.9 were named 2.Man-Eating Seals of Antiquity[288]

Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.31 9 September 2009[289] 2.6.31.14[290] Greg Kroah-Hartman July 2010[290]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.32 2 December 2009[291] 2.6.32.71[292] Willy Tarreau[16][293] (formerly Greg Kroah-Hartman)[235][294] March 2016[16] 3rd LTS release, used in Debian 6 Squeeze.[295] Canonical also provided support until April 2015.[68]

RHEL 6.x

Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.33 24 February 2010[296] 2.6.33.20[297] Greg Kroah-Hartman[298] November 2011[297] 4th LTS release. It was the base for real-time-tree, replaced by 3.0.x.[298]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.34 16 May 2010[299] 2.6.34.15[300] Paul Gortmaker[301] February 2014[300][301] 5th LTS release
It was named Sheep on Meth[302][303]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.35 1 August 2010[304] 2.6.35.14[305] Andi Kleen[306] March 2012[306] 6th LTS release
2.6.35.7 was named Yokohama
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.36 20 October 2010[307] 2.6.36.4[308] Greg Kroah-Hartman February 2011[308] named Flesh-Eating Bats with Fangs[309]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.37 4 January 2011[310] 2.6.37.6[311] Greg Kroah-Hartman March 2011[311]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.38 14 March 2011[312] 2.6.38.8[313] Greg Kroah-Hartman June 2011[313]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.39 18 May 2011[314] 2.6.39.4[315] Greg Kroah-Hartman August 2011[315] last stable release of the 2.6 kernel series
Legend:
Old version
Older version, still maintained
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release

Releases before 2.6.0[edit]

Version Original release date Current version Maintainer EOL Notes
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.01 17 September 1991 0.03 Linus Torvalds EOL
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.02 5 October 1991 Linus Torvalds EOL first "usable"; for wider distribution[316]
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.10 November 1991 0.12 Linus Torvalds EOL
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.95 8 March 1992 0.95c+[317] Linus Torvalds EOL
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.96 22 May 1992 0.96c.2[318] Linus Torvalds EOL
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.97 1 August 1992 0.97.6[319] Linus Torvalds EOL
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.98 29 September 1992 0.98.6[320] Linus Torvalds EOL
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.99 13 December 1992 0.99.15j[321] Linus Torvalds EOL The Linux 0.99 tar.bz2 archive grew from 426 kB to 1009 kB on the way to 1.0.
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.0 14 March 1994 1.0.9 Linus Torvalds EOL
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.1 6 April 1994 1.1.95 Linus Torvalds EOL
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.2 7 March 1995 1.2.13 Linus Torvalds EOL Linux '95[322]
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.3 12 June 1995 1.3.100[323] Linus Torvalds EOL Greased Weasel[324]
Old version, no longer maintained: pre2.0 12 May 1996 pre2.0.14 Linus Torvalds EOL
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.0 9 June 1996[325] 2.0.40[326] David Weinehall officially made obsolete with the kernel 2.2.0 release[327] Larry Ewing created the Tux mascot Tux.png in 1996
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.2 26 January 1999[328] 2.2.26[329] Marc-Christian Petersen (formerly Alan Cox) Made unofficially obsolete with the 2.2.27-rc2[330][331][332] Named Brown Paper Bag[333]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.4 4 January 2001[334] 2.4.37.11[335] Willy Tarreau (formerly Marcelo Tosatti) December 2011[335] Named Greased Turkey[336]
last stable release of the 2.4 kernel series.

2.4.9: RHEL 2.1

2.4.21: RHEL 3.x

Legend:
Old version
Older version, still maintained
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richardson, Marjorie (1 November 1999). "Interview: Linus Torvalds". Linux Journal. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
  2. ^ a b "Kernel Maintenance". Linux Foundation Wiki.
  3. ^ Torvalds, Linus (3 March 2019). "Linux 5.0". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  4. ^ a b Kroah-Hartman, Greg (4 June 2019). "Linux 5.0.21". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  5. ^ Torvalds, Linus (5 March 2019). "Linux 5.1". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  6. ^ a b Kroah-Hartman, Greg (28 July 2019). "Linux 5.1.21". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  7. ^ Torvalds, Linus (7 July 2019). "Linux 5.2". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  8. ^ a b Kroah-Hartman, Greg (8 October 2019). "Linux 5.2.20". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  9. ^ "kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git - Linux kernel source tree". git.kernel.org. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  10. ^ "Linux 5.2-rc2 Kernel Released As The "Golden Lions"". Phoronix. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  11. ^ "kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git - Linux kernel source tree". git.kernel.org. 7 July 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  12. ^ Torvalds, Linus (15 September 2019). "Linux 5.3". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  13. ^ a b Kroah-Hartman, Greg (18 December 2019). "Linux 5.3.18". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 19 December 2019.
  14. ^ Torvalds, Linus (24 November 2019). "Linux 5.4". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  15. ^ a b c d e https://www.kernel.org/
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab "Active kernel releases". Kernel.org. 6 August 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
  17. ^ "Linux 5.4-rc2". GitHub. 6 October 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  18. ^ "Linux 5.4-rc5". GitHub. 27 October 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  19. ^ Torvalds, Linus (26 January 2020). "Linux 5.5". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  20. ^ a b Kroah-Hartman, Greg (21 April 2020). "Linux 5.5.19". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  21. ^ Torvalds, Linus (29 March 2020). "Linux 5.6". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  22. ^ a b Kroah-Hartman, Greg (17 June 2020). "Linux 5.6.19". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  23. ^ Torvalds, Linus (31 May 2020). "Linux 5.7". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  24. ^ a b Kroah-Hartman, Greg (27 August 2020). "Linux 5.7.19". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 31 August 2020.
  25. ^ Torvalds, Linus (2 August 2020). "Linux 5.8". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  26. ^ a b Kroah-Hartman, Greg (1 November 2020). "Linux 5.8.18". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 2 November 2020.
  27. ^ Torvalds, Linus (11 October 2020). "Linux 5.9". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  28. ^ a b Kroah-Hartman, Greg (21 December 2020). "Linux 5.9.16". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  29. ^ Torvalds, Linus (13 December 2020). "Linux 5.10". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  30. ^ Larabel, Michael (26 October 2020). "Linux 5.10 Is The Next LTS Kernel". Phoronix. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  31. ^ "Bullseye kernel will be Linux 5.10 LTS". Debian Wiki.
  32. ^ "Civil Infrastructure Platform". Linux Foundation Wiki.
  33. ^ "kernel/git/stable/linux.git - Linux kernel stable tree". git.kernel.org. 26 February 2021. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  34. ^ Torvalds, Linus (14 February 2021). "Linux 5.11". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 15 February 2021.
  35. ^ a b Kroah-Hartman, Greg (19 May 2021). "Linux 5.11.22". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  36. ^ "kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git - Linux kernel source tree". git.kernel.org. 14 February 2021. Retrieved 26 February 2021.
  37. ^ Torvalds, Linus (25 April 2021). "Linux 5.12". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 26 April 2021.
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