Linux kernel version history

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The Linux kernel is a free and open-source, monolithic, Unix-like operating system kernel. It was conceived and created in 1991 by Linus Torvalds.[1]

Linux kernels have different support level depending on version, (e.g. version 4.4, released in January 2016, was declared to have Long-Term Support (LTS)). It has 6 years of support that way, but was also defined to have Super Long Term Support (SLTS), i.e. Civil Infrastructure Platform will provide support (for 32-bit ARM and x86-64 only) until at least 2026, possibly until 2036.[2] It is by now the oldest supported version.

Releases 5.x.y[edit]

Version Original release date Current version Maintainer Support model Name
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.0 3 March 2019[3] 5.0.21[4] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from March 2019 to June 2019)[4] Shy Crocodile[5]
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.1 5 May 2019[6] 5.1.21[7] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from May 2019 to July 2019)[7]
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.2 7 July 2019[8] 5.2.20[9] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from July 2019 to October 2019)[9] 5.2-rc2

Golden Lions[10][11]
5.2
Bobtail Squid[12]

Old version, no longer maintained: 5.3 15 September 2019[13] 5.3.18[14] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from September 2019 to December 2019)[14]
Older version, yet still maintained: 5.4 24 November 2019[15] 5.4.101[16] Greg Kroah-Hartman & Sasha Levin[17] 20th LTS release, maintained from November 2019 to December 2025[17] 5.4-rc2

Nesting Opossum[18]
5.4-rc5
Kleptomaniac Octopus[19]

Old version, no longer maintained: 5.5 26 January 2020[20] 5.5.19[21] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from January 2020 to April 2020)[21]
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.6 29 March 2020[22] 5.6.19[23] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from March 2020 to June 2020)[23]
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.7 31 May 2020[24] 5.7.19[25] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from May 2020 to August 2020)[25]
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.8 2 August 2020[26] 5.8.18[27] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from August 2020 to November 2020)
Old version, no longer maintained: 5.9 11 October 2020[28] 5.9.16[29] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from October 2020 to December 2020)[29]
Older version, yet still maintained: 5.10 13 December 2020[30] 5.10.19[31] Greg Kroah-Hartman 21st LTS release, maintained from December 2020 to 2022.[32][17] Used in Debian 11 "Bullseye".[33]
Current stable version: 5.11 14 February 2021[34] 5.11.2[35] (26 February 2021; 5 days ago (2021-02-26)) [±] Greg Kroah-Hartman Stable release 💕 Valentine's Day Edition 💕[36]
Latest preview version of a future release: 5.11 Not yet released 5.12-rc1[37] (28 February 2021; 3 days ago (2021-02-28)) [±] Linus Torvalds Preview release
Legend:
Old version
Older version, still maintained
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release

Releases 4.x.y[edit]

Version Original release date Current version Maintainer Support model Name
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.0 12 April 2015[38] 4.0.9[39] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from April 2015 to July 2015)[40] Hurr durr I'ma sheep[41] (Internet poll)
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.1 22 June 2015[42] 4.1.52[43] Sasha Levin[17][44] (formerly Greg Kroah-Hartman)[45] EOL (15th LTS release, maintained from July 2015 to May 2018)[17][42] 4.1.1
Series 4800[46]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.2 30 August 2015[47] 4.2.8[48] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from August 2015 to December 2015);[48] Canonical provided extended support until July 2016.[49][50]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.3 1 November 2015[51] 4.3.6[52] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from November 2015 to February 2016)[53] Blurry Fish Butt[54][55]
Older version, yet still maintained: 4.4 10 January 2016[56] 4.4.258[57] Greg Kroah-Hartman & Sasha Levin[17] 16th LTS release, maintained from January 2016 to February 2022.[17][58] Used in Slackware 14.2. [59]Canonical will provide extended support until April 2021.[60] As the first kernel selected for Super Long Term Support (SLTS), the Civil Infrastructure Platform will provide support until at least 2026, possibly until 2036.[2]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.5 13 March 2016[61] 4.5.7[62] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from March 2016 to June 2016)[63]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.6 15 May 2016[64] 4.6.7[65] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from May 2016 to August 2016)[65] Charred Weasel[66]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.7 24 July 2016[67] 4.7.10[68] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from July 2016 to October 2016)[68] Psychotic Stoned Sheep[69]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.8 25 September 2016[70] 4.8.17[71] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from September 2016 to January 2017)[71]
Older version, yet still maintained: 4.9 11 December 2016[72] 4.9.258[73] Greg Kroah-Hartman & Sasha Levin[17] 17th LTS release, maintained from December 2016 to January 2023.[17][74] Used in Debian 9 "Stretch".[75] Roaring Lionus[76][77]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.10 19 February 2017[78] 4.10.17[79] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from February 2017 to May 2017)[79] 4.10-rc5

Anniversary Edition[80]
4.10-rc6
Fearless Coyote[81]

Old version, no longer maintained: 4.11 30 April 2017[82] 4.11.12[83] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from April 2017 to July 2017)[83]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.12 2 July 2017[84] 4.12.14[85] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from July 2017 to September 2017)[85]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.13 3 September 2017[86] 4.13.16[87] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from September 2017 to November 2017)[87]
Older version, yet still maintained: 4.14 12 November 2017[88] 4.14.222[89] Greg Kroah-Hartman & Sasha Levin[17] 18th LTS release, maintained from November 2017 to January 2024[17][90]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.15 28 January 2018[91] 4.15.18[92] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from January 2018 to April 2018)[92]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.16 1 April 2018[93] 4.16.18[94] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from April 2018 to June 2018)[94]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.17 3 June 2018[95] 4.17.19[96] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from June 2018 to August 2018)[96] Merciless Moray[97]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.18 12 August 2018[98] 4.18.20[99] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from August 2018 to November 2018)[99]
Older version, yet still maintained: 4.19 22 October 2018[100] 4.19.177[101] Greg Kroah-Hartman & Sasha Levin[17] 19th LTS release, maintained from October 2018 to December 2024.[17][102] Used in Debian 10 "Buster".[103] Second SLTS release with support for ARM64 platform.[104] "People's Front"[105]
Old version, no longer maintained: 4.20 23 December 2018[106] 4.20.17[107] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from December 2018 to March 2019)[107] Shy Crocodile[108]
Legend:
Old version
Older version, still maintained
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release

Releases 3.x.y[edit]

The jump from 2.6.x to 3.x wasn't because of a breaking update, but rather the first release of a new versioning scheme introduced as a more convenient system.[109]

Version Original release date Current version Maintainer Support model Name
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.0 21 July 2011[109] 3.0.101[110] Greg Kroah-Hartman[111] EOL (7th LTS release, maintained from July 2011 to October 2013, providing the base for real-time tree)[110][111] Sneaky Weasel[112][113]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.1 24 October 2011[114] 3.1.10[115] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from October 2011 to January 2012)[115] 3.1-rc2

Wet Seal
Divemaster Edition[116] (Linus' diving activities)

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.2 4 January 2012[117] 3.2.102[118] Ben Hutchings[17][119] 8th LTS release, was "projected EOL" for May 2018,[120] and has been maintained from March 2012, used in Ubuntu 12.04 LTS[121] and optionally in 12.04 ESM,[122] Debian 7 "Wheezy" and Slackware 14.0.[17][119] Canonical promised to (at least) provide long-term support until April 2017;[49] Support has continued for months after. Saber-toothed Squirrel[123]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.3 18 March 2012[124] 3.3.8[125] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from March 2012 to June 2012)[125]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.4 20 May 2012[126][127] 3.4.113[128] Li Zefan[17][129] (formerly Greg Kroah-Hartman) EOL (9th LTS release, maintained from May 2012 to October 2016).[130]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.5 21 July 2012[131] 3.5.7[132] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from July 2012 to October 2012);[132] Canonical provided extended support until April 2014.[49][133]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.6 30 September 2012[134] 3.6.11[135] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from October 2012 to December 2012)[135] Terrified Chipmunk[136][137]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.7 10 December 2012[138] 3.7.10[139] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from December 2012 to March 2013)[139][140]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.8 18 February 2013[141] 3.8.13[142] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from February 2013 to May 2013);[142] Canonical provided extended support until August 2014.[49][143] Unicycling Gorilla[144][145]

3.8.5
Displaced Humerus Anterior[146]
3.9.6
Black Squirrel Wakeup Call[147]
3.10.6
TOSSUG Baby Fish[148][149][150][151]

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.9 28 April 2013[152] 3.9.11[153] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from April 2013 to July 2013)[153]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.10 30 June 2013[154] 3.10.108[155] Willy Tarreau[17][156] (formerly Greg Kroah-Hartman) EOL (10th LTS release, maintained from August 2013 to November 2017)[155] Used in Slackware 14.1 [157]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.11 2 September 2013[158] 3.11.10[159] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from September 2013 to November 2013);[159] Canonical provided extended support until August 2014.[49] The codename chosen for version 3.11 is "Linux for Workgroups". Linux for Workgroups (20 years of Windows 3.11)[160]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.12 3 November 2013[161] 3.12.74[162] Jiří Slabý[17][163] (formerly Greg Kroah-Hartman) EOL (11th LTS release, maintained from November 2013 to May 2017.)[163][162] Suicidal Squirrel[164]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.13 19 January 2014[165] 3.13.11[166] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from January 2014 to April 2014);[166] Canonical provided extended support until April 2016.[49][167] One Giant Leap for Frogkind[168] (NASA LADEE launch photo)[169]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.14 30 March 2014[170] 3.14.79[171] Greg Kroah-Hartman[17] EOL (12th LTS release, maintained from March 2014 to August 2016)[171] Shuffling Zombie Juror[172]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.15 8 June 2014[173] 3.15.10[174] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from June 2014 to August 2014)[174]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.16 3 August 2014[175] 3.16.85[176] Ben Hutchings[17][177] (formerly Greg Kroah-Hartman) EOL (13th LTS release, maintained from August 2014 to October 2014, May 2016 to June 2020)[176][17][178] Was used in Debian 8 "Jessie".[179] Canonical provided extended support until April 2016.[49][180]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.17 5 October 2014[181] 3.17.8[182] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from October 2014 to January 2015)[182]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.18 7 December 2014[183] 3.18.140[184] Greg Kroah-Hartman[185] (formerly Sasha Levin[186]) (formerly Greg Kroah-Hartman) EOL (14th LTS release, maintained from December 2014 to January 2017).[187] However Greg stated that he will release irregular updates to the 3.18 tree.[188] Starting with 3.18.140, this version will no longer be maintained on kernel.org, but on AOSP Diseased Newt[189]
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.19 8 February 2015[190] 3.19.8[191] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from February 2015 to May 2015);[191] last stable release of the 3.x.y kernel series;[192] Canonical provided extended support until July 2016.[49][193]
Legend:
Old version
Older version, still maintained
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release

Releases 2.6.x.y[edit]

Versions 2.6.16 and 2.6.27 of the Linux kernel were unofficially supported in a long-term support (LTS) fashion,[194] before a 2011 working group in the Linux Foundation started a formal long-term support initiative.[195][196]

Version Original release date Current version Maintainer Support model Name
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6 17 December 2003[197] 2.6.10[198] Linus Torvalds EOL (maintained from December 2003 to December 2004)[198] 2.6.2—2.6.4

Feisty Dunnart[199] 2.6.5—2.6.9
Zonked Quokka[200]

Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.11 2 March 2005[201] 2.6.11.12[202] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from March 2005 to June 2005)[202] Woozy Numbat[203][204]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.12 18 June 2005[205] 2.6.12.6[206][207] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from June 2005 to August 2005)[206]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.13 28 August 2005[208] 2.6.13.5[209] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from August 2005 to December 2005)[209]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.14 27 October 2005[210] 2.6.14.7[211] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from October 2005 to January 2006)[211] Affluent Albatross[212]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.15 2 January 2006[213] 2.6.15.7[214] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from January 2006 to May 2006)[214] Sliding Snow Leopard[215]

2.6.16.28-rc2
Stable Penguin

Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.16 20 March 2006[216] 2.6.16.62[217] Adrian Bunk[218] (formerly Greg Kroah-Hartman)[219] EOL (1st LTS release, maintained from March 2006 to July 2008)[220][217]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.17 17 June 2006[221] 2.6.17.14[222] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from September 2006 to October 2006)[222] 2.6.17-rc5

Lordi Rules[223] (Eurovision 2006 winners)[224]
2.6.17-rc6—2.6.17
Crazed Snow-Weasel[225]

Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.18 20 September 2006[226] 2.6.18.8[227] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from September 2006 to February 2007)[227] Avast! A bilge rat! (TLAPD 2006)[228]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.19 29 November 2006[229] 2.6.19.7[230] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from November 2006 to March 2007)[230]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.20 4 February 2007[231] 2.6.20.21[232] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from February 2007 to October 2007)[232] Homicidal Dwarf Hamster[233][234]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.21 25 April 2007[235] 2.6.21.7[236] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from April 2007 to August 2007)[236] Nocturnal Monster Puppy[237]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.22 8 July 2007[238] 2.6.22.19[239] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from July 2007 to February 2008)[239] 2.6.22-rc3—2.6.22-rc4

Jeff Thinks I Should Change This, But To What?
2.6.22-rc5—2.6.22
Holy Dancing Manatees, Batman![240]

Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.23 9 October 2007[241] 2.6.23.17[242] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from October 2007 to February 2008)[242] 2.6.23-rc4—2.6.23-rc6

Pink Farting Weasel[243]
2.6.23-rc7—2.6.23—2.6.24
Arr Matey! A Hairy Bilge Rat![244] (TLAPD 2007)
2.6.24.1
Err Metey! A Heury Beelge-a Ret![245]

Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.24 24 January 2008[246] 2.6.24.7[247] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from January 2008 to May 2008)[247]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.25 16 April 2008[248] 2.6.25.20[249] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from April 2008 to November 2008)[249] Funky Weasel is Jiggy wit it[250]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.26 13 July 2008[251] 2.6.26.8[252] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from July 2008 to November 2008)[252] 2.6.26—2.6.27

Rotary Wombat[253]
2.6.27.3
Trembling Tortoise[254]

Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.27 9 October 2008[255] 2.6.27.62[256] Willy Tarreau[257] (formerly Adrian Bunk,[258] and formerly Greg Kroah-Hartman) EOL (2nd LTS release, maintained from October 2008 to March 2012)[258]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.28 24 December 2008[259] 2.6.28.10[260] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from December 2008 to May 2009)[260] 2.6.28-rc1—2.6.28-rc6

Killer Bat of Doom[261][262]
2.6.28
Erotic Pickled Herring[263]

Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.29 23 March 2009[264] 2.6.29.6[265] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from March 2009 to July 2009)[265] Temporary Tasmanian Devil[266][267]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.30 9 June 2009[268] 2.6.30.9[269] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from June 2009 to October 2009)[269] 2.6.30-rc4—2.6.30-rc6

Vindictive Armadillo[270][271]
Man-Eating Seals of Antiquity[272]

Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.31 9 September 2009[273] 2.6.31.14[274] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from September 2009 to July 2010)[274]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.32 2 December 2009[275] 2.6.32.71[276] Willy Tarreau[17][277] (formerly Greg Kroah-Hartman)[219][278] EOL (3rd LTS release, maintained from December 2009 to March 2016,[17] used in Debian 6 Squeeze.[279] Canonical also provided support until April 2015.[49]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.33 24 February 2010[280] 2.6.33.20[281] Greg Kroah-Hartman[282] EOL (4th LTS release, maintained from March 2011 to November 2011). It was the base for real-time-tree, replaced by 3.0.x.[281][282]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.34 16 May 2010[283] 2.6.34.15[284] Paul Gortmaker[285] EOL (5th LTS release, maintained from January 2011 to February 2014)[284][285] Sheep on Meth[286][287]

2.6.35.7
Yokohama

Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.35 1 August 2010[288] 2.6.35.14[289] Andi Kleen[290] EOL (6th LTS release, maintained from December 2010 to March 2012)[290]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.36 20 October 2010[291] 2.6.36.4[292] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from October 2010 to February 2011)[292] Flesh-Eating Bats with Fangs[293]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.37 4 January 2011[294] 2.6.37.6[295] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from January 2011 to March 2011)[295]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.38 14 March 2011[296] 2.6.38.8[297] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from March 2011 to June 2011)[297]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.6.39 18 May 2011[298] 2.6.39.4[299] Greg Kroah-Hartman EOL (maintained from May 2011 to August 2011), last stable release of the 2.6 kernel series.[299]
Legend:
Old version
Older version, still maintained
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release

Releases before 2.6.0[edit]

Version Original release date Current version Maintainer Support model Name
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.01 17 September 1991 0.03 Linus Torvalds EOL
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.02 5 October 1991 Linus Torvalds EOL; first "usable"; for wider distribution[300]
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.10 November 1991 0.12 Linus Torvalds EOL
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.95 8 March 1992 0.95c+[301] Linus Torvalds EOL
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.96 22 May 1992 0.96c.2[302] Linus Torvalds EOL
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.97 1 August 1992 0.97.6[303] Linus Torvalds EOL
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.98 29 September 1992 0.98.6[304] Linus Torvalds EOL
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.99 13 December 1992 0.99.15j[305] Linus Torvalds EOL; The Linux 0.99 tar.bz2 archive grew from 426&nbp;kB to 1009&nbp;kB on the way to 1.0.
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.0 14 March 1994 1.0.9 Linus Torvalds EOL
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.1 6 April 1994 1.1.95 Linus Torvalds EOL
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.2 7 March 1995 1.2.13 Linus Torvalds EOL Linux '95[306]
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.3 12 June 1995 1.3.100[307] Linus Torvalds EOL Greased Weasel[308]
Old version, no longer maintained: pre2.0 12 May 1996 pre2.0.14 Linus Torvalds EOL
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.0 9 June 1996[309] 2.0.40[310] David Weinehall EOL (officially made obsolete with the kernel 2.2.0 release)[311]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.2 26 January 1999[312] 2.2.26[313] Marc-Christian Petersen (formerly Alan Cox) EOL (unofficially obsolete with the 2.2.27-rc2)[314][315][316] Brown Paper Bag[317]
Old version, no longer maintained: 2.4 4 January 2001[318] 2.4.37.11[319] Willy Tarreau (formerly Marcelo Tosatti) EOL (maintained from December 2008 to December 2011), last stable release of the 2.4 kernel series.[319] Greased Turkey[320]
Legend:
Old version
Older version, still maintained
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richardson, Marjorie (1 November 1999). "Interview: Linus Torvalds". Linux Journal. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
  2. ^ a b "Kernel Maintenance". Linux Foundation Wiki.
  3. ^ Torvalds, Linus (3 March 2019). "Linux 5.0". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  4. ^ a b Kroah-Hartman, Greg (4 June 2019). "Linux 5.0.21". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  5. ^ "kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git - Linux kernel source tree". git.kernel.org. 25 November 2018. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  6. ^ Torvalds, Linus (5 March 2019). "Linux 5.1". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  7. ^ a b Kroah-Hartman, Greg (28 July 2019). "Linux 5.1.21". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  8. ^ Torvalds, Linus (7 July 2019). "Linux 5.2". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  9. ^ a b Kroah-Hartman, Greg (8 October 2019). "Linux 5.2.20". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  10. ^ "kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git - Linux kernel source tree". git.kernel.org. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  11. ^ "Linux 5.2-rc2 Kernel Released As The "Golden Lions"". Phoronix. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  12. ^ "kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git - Linux kernel source tree". git.kernel.org. 7 July 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  13. ^ Torvalds, Linus (15 September 2019). "Linux 5.3". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  14. ^ a b Kroah-Hartman, Greg (18 December 2019). "Linux 5.3.18". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 19 December 2019.
  15. ^ Torvalds, Linus (24 November 2019). "Linux 5.4". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  16. ^ Kroah-Hartman, Greg (26 February 2021). "Linux 5.4.101". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "Active kernel releases". Kernel.org. 6 August 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
  18. ^ "Linux 5.4-rc2". GitHub. 6 October 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  19. ^ "Linux 5.4-rc5". GitHub. 27 October 2019. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  20. ^ Torvalds, Linus (26 January 2020). "Linux 5.5". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  21. ^ a b Kroah-Hartman, Greg (21 April 2020). "Linux 5.5.19". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  22. ^ Torvalds, Linus (29 March 2020). "Linux 5.6". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  23. ^ a b Kroah-Hartman, Greg (17 June 2020). "Linux 5.6.19". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  24. ^ Torvalds, Linus (31 May 2020). "Linux 5.7". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  25. ^ a b Kroah-Hartman, Greg (27 August 2020). "Linux 5.7.19". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 31 August 2020.
  26. ^ Torvalds, Linus (2 August 2020). "Linux 5.8". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  27. ^ Kroah-Hartman, Greg (1 November 2020). "Linux 5.8.18". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 2 November 2020.
  28. ^ Torvalds, Linus (11 October 2020). "Linux 5.9". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  29. ^ a b Kroah-Hartman, Greg (21 December 2020). "Linux 5.9.16". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  30. ^ Torvalds, Linus (13 December 2020). "Linux 5.10". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  31. ^ Kroah-Hartman, Greg (26 February 2021). "Linux 5.10.19". LKML (Mailing list). Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  32. ^ Larabel, Michael (26 October 2020). "Linux 5.10 Is The Next LTS Kernel". Phoronix. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  33. ^ "Bullseye kernel will be Linux 5.10 LTS". Debian Wiki.
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