List of European cities by population within city limits

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This is a list of the largest cities in Europe ranked according to population within their city limits. It deals exclusively with the areas within city administrative boundaries (municipalities) as opposed to urban areas or metropolitan areas, which are generally larger in terms of population than the main city.

The list includes cities geographically situated in Europe, using the conventional definition of its boundaries.

It is notable that Istanbul's commercial and historical center lies on the European side, and about a third of its population lives on the Asian side.[1] 64.7% of the residents live on the European side, and 35.3% on the Asian side.[2] According to the population within city limits value listed below, the city as a whole is more populous than Moscow. However, the European side is not as populous as Moscow.

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Largest cities[edit]

Note: The cities are sorted by official population. Cities in bold are capital cities of their respective countries. Only cities with more than 1 million people are listed.

City Country Official
population
Date 2011 Eurostat
population[3]
Image Location Ref.
1 Istanbul[a]  Turkey 15,029,231 31 December 2017 Halic.png 41°00′49″N 28°57′18″E / 41.013611°N 28.955°E / 41.013611; 28.955 (1 Istanbul) [4]
2 Moscow[b]  Russia 13,197,596 1 January 2017 Moscow-City2015.jpg 55°45′00″N 37°37′00″E / 55.75°N 37.616667°E / 55.75; 37.616667 (2 Moscow) [5]
3 London  United Kingdom 8,825,001 28 June 2018 8,173,941 London from a hot air balloon.jpg 51°30′26″N 0°07′39″W / 51.507222°N 0.1275°W / 51.507222; -0.1275 (3 London) [6]
4 Saint Petersburg  Russia 5,323,300 1 January 2017 Saint Isaac's Square SPB (01).jpg 59°57′N 30°18′E / 59.95°N 30.3°E / 59.95; 30.3 (1 Saint Petersburg) [7][8]
5 Berlin  Germany 3,711,930 31 December 2017 3,460,725 Siegessaeule Aussicht 10-13 img4 Tiergarten.jpg 52°31′00″N 13°23′00″E / 52.516667°N 13.383333°E / 52.516667; 13.383333 (5 Berlin) [9]
6 Madrid  Spain 3,182,981 1 January 2017 3,198,645 Ejército del Aire (25408739923).jpg 40°23′00″N 3°43′00″W / 40.383333°N 3.716667°W / 40.383333; -3.716667 (6 Madrid) [10]
7 Kyiv  Ukraine 2,934,401 1 February 2018 Lavra Kyiv.JPG 50°27′00″N 30°31′24″E / 50.45°N 30.523333°E / 50.45; 30.523333 (8 Kiev) [11]
8 Rome  Italy 2,879,038 19 October 2017 2,873,494 Roma dall'aereo.JPG 41°54′N 12°30′E / 41.9°N 12.5°E / 41.9; 12.5 (7 Rome) [12]
9 Paris  France 2,241,346 1 January 2014 2,249,977 Sunset over Paris 5, France August 2013.jpg 48°51′24″N 2°21′03″E / 48.8567°N 2.3508°E / 48.8567; 2.3508 (9 Paris) [13]
10 Bucharest  Romania 2,106,144 1 January 2016 1,903,299 Bucuresti de sus.jpg 44°25′57″N 26°06′14″E / 44.4325°N 26.103889°E / 44.4325; 26.103889 (11 Bucharest) [14] [15]
11 Minsk  Belarus 1,949,400 1 October 2015 Centre de Minsk.jpg 53°54′00″N 27°34′00″E / 53.9°N 27.566667°E / 53.9; 27.566667 (10 Minsk) [16]
12 Vienna  Austria 1,889,083 1 January 2018 1,598,626 Vienna Skyline.jpg 48°12′00″N 16°22′00″E / 48.2°N 16.366667°E / 48.2; 16.366667 (12 Vienna) [17]
13 Budapest  Hungary 1,759,407 1 January 2015 1,729,040 Budapest castle night 5.jpg 47°29′33″N 19°03′05″E / 47.4925°N 19.051389°E / 47.4925; 19.051389 (14 Budapest) [18]
14 Hamburg  Germany 1,758,041 31 October 2014 1,786,448 Hamburg Rathaus.jpg 53°33′55″N 10°00′05″E / 53.565278°N 10.001389°E / 53.565278; 10.001389 (13 Hamburg) [19]
15 Warsaw  Poland 1,748,916 30 June 2016 1,708,491 Lotnicza panorama Warszawy.jpg 52°14′00″N 21°01′00″E / 52.233333°N 21.016667°E / 52.233333; 21.016667 (15 Warsaw) [20]
16 Barcelona  Spain 1,602,386 1 January 2014 1,611,013 Central business district of Barcelona (2).JPG 41°23′00″N 2°11′00″E / 41.383333°N 2.183333°E / 41.383333; 2.183333 (16 Barcelona) [10]
17 Munich  Germany 1,521,678 31 December 2015 1,378,176 Stadtbild München.jpg 48°08′00″N 11°34′00″E / 48.133333°N 11.566667°E / 48.133333; 11.566667 (18 Munich) [21]
18 Kharkiv  Ukraine 1,431,565 1 January 2014 Kharkov Freedom Square.jpg 50°00′16″N 36°13′53″E / 50.004444°N 36.231389°E / 50.004444; 36.231389 (17 Kharkiv) [22]
19 Milan  Italy 1,380,873 31 December 2017 1,324,110 Milano skyline.jpg 45°28′00″N 9°11′00″E / 45.466667°N 9.183333°E / 45.466667; 9.183333 (19 Milan) [12]
20 Belgrade  Serbia 1,369,000 1 January 2015 Kralja Milana Street, Belgrade, Serbia.jpg 44°49′00″N 20°28′00″E / 44.816667°N 20.466667°E / 44.816667; 20.466667 (25 Belgrade) [23]
21 Sofia  Bulgaria 1,324,024 15 September 2017 1,324,025 Aleksandar-nevski15.jpg 42°42′N 23°20′E / 42.7°N 23.33°E / 42.7; 23.33 (22 Bulgaria) [24]
22 Prague  Czech Republic 1,301,132 30 June 2018 1,241,664 Prague old town square panorama.jpg 50°05′00″N 14°25′00″E / 50.083333°N 14.416667°E / 50.083333; 14.416667 (21 Prague) [25]
23 Nizhny Novgorod  Russia 1,250,000 1 January 2013 Рождественская церковь, ночной вид на Стрелку.JPG 56°19′37″N 44°00′27″E / 56.326944°N 44.0075°E / 56.326944; 44.0075 (20 Nizhny Novgorod) [26]
24 Birmingham  United Kingdom 1,223,000 mid-2017 1,073,045 Birmingham Skyline from Edgbaston Cricket Ground.jpg 52°28′59″N 1°53′37″W / 52.483056°N 1.893611°W / 52.483056; -1.893611 (28 Birmingham) [27]
25 Kazan  Russia 1,216,965 1 January 2016 Kazan skyline view.jpg 55°47′25″N 49°08′05″E / 55.790278°N 49.134722°E / 55.790278; 49.134722 (23 Kazan) [28]
26 Brussels  Belgium 1,171,828 1 January 2015 1,136,778 Brussels floral carpet B.jpg 50°50′48″N 4°21′09″E / 50.8467°N 4.3525°E / 50.8467; 4.3525 (26 Brussels) [29]
27 Samara  Russia 1,170,910 1 January 2016 Samara 8-01-2009.jpg 53°12′10″N 50°08′27″E / 53.202778°N 50.140833°E / 53.202778; 50.140833 (24 Samara) [30]
28 Ufa  Russia 1,121,429 1 January 2016 BashkirWhiteHouse.jpg 54°45′00″N 55°58′00″E / 54.75°N 55.966667°E / 54.75; 55.966667 (29 Ufa) [31]
29 Rostov-on-Don  Russia 1,119,875 1 January 2016 Река Дон, Набережная Ростова-на-Дону.jpg 47°14′00″N 39°42′00″E / 47.233333°N 39.7°E / 47.233333; 39.7 (27 Rostov-on-Don) [32]
30 Perm  Russia 1,041,876 1 January 2016 Perm Russia.jpg 58°00′00″N 56°19′00″E / 58°N 56.316667°E / 58; 56.316667 (32 Perm) [33]
31 Cologne  Germany 1,039,488 30 June 2014 1,007,119 Kölnpanorama bei Abenddämmerung (2).JPG 50°56′11″N 6°57′10″E / 50.936389°N 6.952778°E / 50.936389; 6.952778 (30 Cologne) [34]
32 Voronezh  Russia 1,032,382 1 January 2016 Главное здание управления ЮВЖД.jpg 51°40′18″N 39°12′38″E / 51.671667°N 39.210556°E / 51.671667; 39.210556 (33 Voronezh) [35]
33 Volgograd  Russia 1,016,137 1 January 2016 Mamaev kurgan (ОКН).JPG 48°42′00″N 44°31′00″E / 48.7°N 44.516667°E / 48.7; 44.516667 (31 New York City) [36]
34 Krasnodar Russia 1,000,000

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Istanbul is a transcontinental city, with its commercial and historical centre and two-thirds of the population in Europe, the rest in Asia (see Istanbul Province § Districts for details).
  2. ^ Moscow is the most populous city entirely within Europe.

References[edit]

  1. ^ WCTR Society; Unʼyu Seisaku Kenkyū Kikō 2004, p. 281
  2. ^ "Istanbul Asian and European population details" (in Turkish). 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
  3. ^ "Population on 1 January by age groups and sex - cities and greater cities". Eurostat. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  4. ^ "The Results of Address Based Population Registration System, 2017". Turkish Statistical Institute. 31 December 2017. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  5. ^ Rosstat. [1] (in Russian)
  6. ^ "UK Population 2018". Not cited. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  7. ^ Rosstat. [2] (in Russian)
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-06-24. Retrieved 2016-05-23.
  9. ^ "Amt für Statistik Berlin Brandenburg". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
  10. ^ a b "List of place name: Population of the Continuous Municipal Register by Population Unit". Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Spain). Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  11. ^ "Чисельність населення щомісячна інформація (Population monthly information)". www.kiev.ukrstat.gov.ua (in Ukrainian). Головне управління статистики м.Києва (Main Department of Statistics of Kiev). 1 November 2017.
  12. ^ a b "Statistiche demografiche ISTAT". Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  13. ^ "Population of Paris in January 2014". INSEE. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  14. ^ "Official data for 2011 census". INSSE. INSSE. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
  15. ^ "Official Population data for 2016" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics (Romania)|INSSE. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  16. ^ "Belarus in figures 2015". National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 19 March 2015. Archived from the original on 29 October 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  17. ^ "Bevölkerung zu Quartalsbeginn seit 2002 nach Bundesland". Statistik Austria. 10 August 2017. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  18. ^ "1.2. Népesség a település jellege szerint, január 1. (1980–)*". Hungarian Central Statistical Office. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  19. ^ "Population - Hamburg". Federal Statistical Office and the statistical Offices of the Länder. 10 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  20. ^ "Tabl. 09 - Ludność według płci i miast" [Table 09. Population by gender and city] (in Polish). Central Statistical Office (Poland). October 2016.
  21. ^ Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung. "Result - 12411-001: Bevölkerung: Gemeinden, Stichtage (letzten 6)" (in German). Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  22. ^ РОЗПОДІЛ ПОСТІЙНОГО НАСЕЛЕННЯ УКРАЇНИ ЗА СТАТТЮ ТА ВІКОМ: Станом на 1 січня 2014 року [Resident Population of Ukraine by Sex and Age: as of 1 January 2014] (Report). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  23. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  24. ^ "Таблица на населението по постоянен и настоящ адрес" [Table of population by permanent and current address]. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  25. ^ Brinkhoff, Thomas. "Czech Republic: Major Cities". City Population. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  26. ^ "5.4. Cities with population size of 1 million persons and over". Russia in figures - 2014. Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  27. ^ "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
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  29. ^ "Population par région et âge, au 1er janvier 2015-2061" [Population by region and age, on 1 January 2015-2061] (in French). Statistics Belgium. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  30. ^ "Утвержденная численность постоянного населения Самарской области" (in Russian). Rosstat. Retrieved 11 July 2016. г. Самара
  31. ^ "ОЦЕНКА ЧИСЛЕННОСТИ ПОСТОЯННОГО НАСЕЛЕНИЯ РЕСПУБЛИКИ БАШКОРТОСТАН НА 1 ЯНВАРЯ 2016" (in Russian). Rosstat. Retrieved 11 July 2016. г.Уфа
  32. ^ "Результат запроса БД ПМО Ростовской области" (in Russian). Rosstat. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  33. ^ "Численность населения Пермского края, человек" (in Russian). Rosstat. Retrieved 11 July 2016. г. Пермь
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  35. ^ "Оценка численности постоянного населения Воронежской области на I января 2016 года" (PDF) (in Russian). Rosstat. Retrieved 11 July 2016. Городской округ город Воронеж
  36. ^ "БД ПМО Волгоградской области ПОКАЗАТЕЛИ" (in Russian). Rosstat. Retrieved 11 July 2016. населения на 1 января текущего года