List of European cities by population within city limits

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The largest cities in Europe according to the population within their city boundary have populations over 1 million inhabitants. Cities are sorted by official population. Capital cities are in bold. The list deals exclusively with the areas within city administrative boundaries as opposed to urban areas and metropolitan areas, which are generally larger in terms of population than the main city.

As some cities have very narrow boundaries and others very wide ones, the list may not give an accurate view of the comparative magnitude of different places, and the figures in the list should be treated with caution. For example Paris is the third most populous urban area in Europe, but the strict definition of the administrative limits of the City of Paris results in a far lower population shown in the table.

Largest cities[edit]

City Country Official
population
Date 2011 Eurostat
population[1]
Image Location Ref.
1 Istanbul[a]  Turkey 15,840,900[b] 31 December 2021 Istanbul asv2020-02 img47 Galata Tower.jpg 41°00′49″N 28°57′18″E / 41.013611°N 28.955°E / 41.013611; 28.955 (1 Istanbul) [2]
2 Moscow[c]  Russia 12,632,409 1 January 2022 Saint Basil's Cathedral and the Red Square.jpg 55°45′00″N 37°37′00″E / 55.75°N 37.616667°E / 55.75; 37.616667 (2 Moscow) [3]
3 London  United Kingdom 8,799,800 21 March 2021 8,173,941 Big Ben at sunrise, 2016.jpg 51°30′26″N 0°07′39″W / 51.507222°N 0.1275°W / 51.507222; -0.1275 (3 London) [4]
4 Saint Petersburg  Russia 5,376,672 1 January 2022 Moika river from Nevsky Prospect 01.jpg 59°57′N 30°18′E / 59.95°N 30.3°E / 59.95; 30.3 (4 Saint Petersburg) [3]
5 Berlin  Germany 3,677,472 31 December 2021 3,460,725 Aerial view of Berlin (32881394137).jpg 52°31′00″N 13°23′00″E / 52.516667°N 13.383333°E / 52.516667; 13.383333 (5 Berlin) [5]
6 Madrid  Spain 3,305,408 1 January 2021 3,198,645 40°23′00″N 3°43′00″W / 40.383333°N 3.716667°W / 40.383333; -3.716667 (6 Madrid) [6]
7 Kyiv  Ukraine 2,920,873 1 January 2021 Maidan Nezalezhnosti2.jpg 50°27′00″N 30°31′24″E / 50.45°N 30.523333°E / 50.45; 30.523333 (7 Kiev) [7]
8 Rome  Italy 2,761,632 1 January 2022 2,873,494 Rome Skyline (8012016319).jpg 41°54′N 12°30′E / 41.9°N 12.5°E / 41.9; 12.5 (8 Rome) [8]
9 Bucharest  Romania 2,161,347 1 July 2021 1,903,299 Bucharest city center.jpg 44°25′57″N 26°06′14″E / 44.4325°N 26.103889°E / 44.4325; 26.103889 (9 Bucharest) [9]
10 Paris  France 2,139,907 1 January 2022 2,249,977 La Tour Eiffel vue de la Tour Saint-Jacques, Paris août 2014 (2).jpg 48°51′24″N 2°21′03″E / 48.8567°N 2.3508°E / 48.8567; 2.3508 (10 Paris) [10]
11 Minsk  Belarus 1,996,553 1 January 2022 Miensk - Plac Niezaležnaści.jpg 53°54′00″N 27°34′00″E / 53.9°N 27.566667°E / 53.9; 27.566667 (11 Minsk) [11]
12 Vienna  Austria 1,962,779 1 July 2022 1,598,626 Stephansdom 11.jpg 48°12′00″N 16°22′00″E / 48.2°N 16.366667°E / 48.2; 16.366667 (12 Vienna) [12]
13 Warsaw  Poland 1,863,056 31 December 2021 1,708,491 2017-05-27 Plac Zamkowy w Warszawie 1.jpg 52°14′00″N 21°01′00″E / 52.233333°N 21.016667°E / 52.233333; 21.016667 (13 Warsaw) [13]
14 Hamburg  Germany 1,853,935 31 December 2021 1,786,448 HamburgSpeicherstadt.jpg 53°33′55″N 10°00′05″E / 53.565278°N 10.001389°E / 53.565278; 10.001389 (14 Hamburg) [5]
15 Budapest  Hungary 1,706,851 1 January 2022 1,729,040 Budapest, Hungary (explored) (14995308504).jpg 47°29′33″N 19°03′05″E / 47.4925°N 19.051389°E / 47.4925; 19.051389 (15 Budapest) [14]
16 Belgrade  Serbia 1,688,667 30 June 2021 Belgrade at night.jpg 44°49′00″N 20°28′00″E / 44.816667°N 20.466667°E / 44.816667; 20.466667 (16 Belgrade) [15]
17 Barcelona  Spain 1,636,732 1 January 2021 1,611,013 41°23′00″N 2°11′00″E / 41.383333°N 2.183333°E / 41.383333; 2.183333 (17 Barcelona) [6]
18 Munich  Germany 1,487,708 31 December 2021 1,378,176 Frauenkirche and Neues Rathaus Munich March 2013.JPG 48°08′00″N 11°34′00″E / 48.133333°N 11.566667°E / 48.133333; 11.566667 (18 Munich) [5]
19 Kharkiv  Ukraine 1,414,319 1 January 2021 Будинок держпромисловості, Харків DJI 0044.jpg 50°00′16″N 36°13′53″E / 50.004444°N 36.231389°E / 50.004444; 36.231389 (19 Kharkiv) [7]
20 Milan  Italy 1,371,498 1 January 2022 1,324,110 Castello Sforzesco da alto.jpg 45°28′00″N 9°11′00″E / 45.466667°N 9.183333°E / 45.466667; 9.183333 (20 Milan) [8]
21 Kazan  Russia 1,308,660 1 October 2021 Kazan Kremlin - panoramio (6).jpg 55°47′25″N 49°08′05″E / 55.790278°N 49.134722°E / 55.790278; 49.134722 (21 Kazan) [16]
22 Sofia  Bulgaria 1,307,439 31 December 2021 1,324,025 Russian church (37591925970).jpg 42°42′N 23°20′E / 42.7°N 23.33°E / 42.7; 23.33 (22 Sofia) [17]
23 Prague  Czech Republic 1,275,406 1 January 2022 1,241,664 Prague 07-2016 View from Old Town Hall Tower img3.jpg 50°05′00″N 14°25′00″E / 50.083333°N 14.416667°E / 50.083333; 14.416667 (23 Prague) [18]
24 Nizhny Novgorod  Russia 1,228,199 1 October 2021 Minin and Pozharsky Square in Nizhny Novgorod.jpg 56°19′37″N 44°00′27″E / 56.326944°N 44.0075°E / 56.326944; 44.0075 (24 Nizhny Novgorod) [16]
25 Tbilisi[d]  Georgia 1,201,769 1 January 2022 Freedom Square, Tbilisi, Georgia.jpg 41°43′00″N 44°47′00″E / 41.7166°N 44.7833°E / 41.7166; 44.7833 (25 Tbilisi) [20]
26 Samara  Russia 1,187,771 1 October 2021 Samara P5171857 2200.jpg 53°12′10″N 50°08′27″E / 53.202778°N 50.140833°E / 53.202778; 50.140833 (26 Samara) [16]
27 Ufa  Russia 1,144,809 1 October 2021 Night in Ufa-22.jpg 54°45′00″N 55°58′00″E / 54.75°N 55.966667°E / 54.75; 55.966667 (27 Ufa) [16]
28 Birmingham  United Kingdom 1,144,900 21 March 2021 1,073,045 Aerial Bull Ring Birmingham.jpg 52°28′59″N 1°53′37″W / 52.483056°N 1.893611°W / 52.483056; -1.893611 (28 Birmingham) [4]
29 Rostov-on-Don  Russia 1,142,162 1 October 2021 Rostov-on-Don. Don River P9161486 2350.jpg 47°14′00″N 39°42′00″E / 47.233333°N 39.7°E / 47.233333; 39.7 (29 Rostov-on-Don) [16]
30 Krasnodar  Russia 1,099,344 1 October 2021 Krasnodar teatr.jpg 45°02′N 38°58′E / 45.033°N 38.967°E / 45.033; 38.967 (30 Krasnodar) [16]
31 Cologne  Germany 1,073,096 31 December 2021 1,007,119 Cologne 1 (45024110025).jpg 50°56′11″N 6°57′10″E / 50.936389°N 6.952778°E / 50.936389; 6.952778 (31 Cologne) [5]
32 Voronezh  Russia 1,057,681 1 October 2021 Благовещенский кафедральный собор.jpg 51°40′18″N 39°12′38″E / 51.671667°N 39.210556°E / 51.671667; 39.210556 (32 Voronezh) [16]
33 Perm  Russia 1,034,002 1 October 2021 Perm asv2019-05 img50 Gorky Park.jpg 58°00′00″N 56°19′00″E / 58°N 56.316667°E / 58; 56.316667 (33 Perm) [16]
34 Volgograd  Russia 1,028,036 1 October 2021 Volgograd Russia.jpg 48°42′00″N 44°31′00″E / 48.7°N 44.516667°E / 48.7; 44.516667 (34 Volgograd) [16]

Map[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Istanbul is a transcontinental city, with its commercial and historical centre and two-thirds of the population in Europe, the rest in Asia (see Districts of Istanbul for details).
  2. ^ Istanbul total (2021) = 15,840,900
    Europe (25 districts) = 10,224,323
    Asia (14 districts) = 5,616,577
  3. ^ Moscow is the most populous city entirely within Europe.
  4. ^ Continental placement may vary depending on geographic convention being followed.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population on 1 January by age groups and sex - cities and greater cities". Eurostat. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  2. ^ "The Results of Address Based Population Registration System, 2021". Turkish Statistical Institute. 31 December 2021. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
  3. ^ a b Предварительная оценка численности постоянного населения на 1 января 2022 [Preliminary estimated population as of 1 January 2022] (XLS) (in Russian). Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  4. ^ a b "Population and household estimates, England and Wales: Census 2021 (Dataset)". Office for National Statistics. 28 June 2022. Retrieved 21 October 2022.
  5. ^ a b c d "Städte (Alle Gemeinden mit Stadtrecht) nach Fläche, Bevölkerung und Bevölkerungsdichte am 31.12.2021" (in German). Federal Statistical Office of Germany. 10 October 2022. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  6. ^ a b "Official Population Figures referring to revision of Municipal Register 1 January". Instituto Nacional de Estadística. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  7. ^ a b "Population of Ukraine: Resident Population of Ukraine by Sex and Age, as of January 1, 2021". State Statistics Service of Ukraine. 20 January 2022. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  8. ^ a b "Resident population on 1st January". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  9. ^ "Legally resident population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2021" (PDF). Romanian Statistical Yearbook 2021. National Institute of Statistics of Romania. 2022. pp. 61–64. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  10. ^ "Estimation de la population au 1er janvier 2022" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques. 18 January 2022. Retrieved 8 March 2022.
  11. ^ "Population at the beginning of year". National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  12. ^ "Population at beginning of year/quarter". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  13. ^ "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial division in 2021. As of 31 December". Statistics Poland. 14 October 2022. Retrieved 16 October 2022.
  14. ^ "Population by type of settlement, 1 January". Hungarian Central Statistical Office. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  15. ^ "Estimates of population: Estimated population, 2021". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Оценка численности постоянного населения по субъектам Российской Федерации". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 1 September 2022.
  17. ^ "Population by districts, municipalities, place of residence and sex". National Statistical Institute. 12 April 2021. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  18. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 29 April 2022. Retrieved 30 April 2022.
  19. ^ "10 things you might not know about Georgia". BBC News. 4 July 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2022.
  20. ^ "Population: Population by cities and boroughs, as of 1 January". National Statistics Office of Georgia. Retrieved 11 October 2022.