List of European cities by population within city limits

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The list includes cities with over 1 million inhabitants. Cities are sorted by official population. Capital cities are in boldface.

Largest cities[edit]

City Country Official
population
Date 2011 Eurostat
population[1]
Image Location Ref.
1 Istanbul (entirely)[a]  Turkey 15,462,452[2] 31 December 2020 Istanbul asv2020-02 img47 Galata Tower.jpg 41°00′49″N 28°57′18″E / 41.013611°N 28.955°E / 41.013611; 28.955 (1 Istanbul) [3]
2 Moscow[b]  Russia 12,195,221 1 January 2019 Saint Basil's Cathedral and the Red Square.jpg 55°45′00″N 37°37′00″E / 55.75°N 37.616667°E / 55.75; 37.616667 (2 Moscow) [4]
3 London  United Kingdom 9,126,366 31 December 2018 8,173,941 Big Ben at sunrise, 2016.jpg 51°30′26″N 0°07′39″W / 51.507222°N 0.1275°W / 51.507222; -0.1275 (3 London) [5]
4 Saint Petersburg  Russia 5,383,890 1 January 2019 Moika river from Nevsky Prospect 01.jpg 59°57′N 30°18′E / 59.95°N 30.3°E / 59.95; 30.3 (1 Saint Petersburg) [6][7]
5 Berlin  Germany 3,748,148 31 December 2018 3,460,725 Aerial view of Berlin (32881394137).jpg 52°31′00″N 13°23′00″E / 52.516667°N 13.383333°E / 52.516667; 13.383333 (5 Berlin) [8]
6 Madrid  Spain 3,223,334 1 January 2018 3,198,645 40°23′00″N 3°43′00″W / 40.383333°N 3.716667°W / 40.383333; -3.716667 (6 Madrid) [9]
7 Kyiv  Ukraine 2,950,800 1 December 2019 Maidan Nezalezhnosti2.jpg 50°27′00″N 30°31′24″E / 50.45°N 30.523333°E / 50.45; 30.523333 (8 Kiev) [10]
8 Rome  Italy 2,844,750 31 December 2019 2,873,494 Rome Skyline (8012016319).jpg 41°54′N 12°30′E / 41.9°N 12.5°E / 41.9; 12.5 (7 Rome) [11]
9 Bucharest  Romania 2,155,240 1 July 2020 1,903,299 Bucharest city center.jpg 44°25′57″N 26°06′14″E / 44.4325°N 26.103889°E / 44.4325; 26.103889 (11 Bucharest) [12]
10 Paris  France 2,140,526 1 January 2019 2,249,977 La Tour Eiffel vue de la Tour Saint-Jacques, Paris août 2014 (2).jpg 48°51′24″N 2°21′03″E / 48.8567°N 2.3508°E / 48.8567; 2.3508 (9 Paris) [13]
11 Minsk  Belarus 1,982,444 1 January 2018 Miensk - Plac Niezaležnaści.jpg 53°54′00″N 27°34′00″E / 53.9°N 27.566667°E / 53.9; 27.566667 (10 Minsk) [14]
12 Vienna  Austria 1,921,153 1 January 2021 1,598,626 Views from Südturm St. Stephen's Cathedral (10).jpg 48°12′00″N 16°22′00″E / 48.2°N 16.366667°E / 48.2; 16.366667 (12 Vienna) [15]
13 Hamburg  Germany 1,899,160 31 December 2019 1,786,448 HamburgSpeicherstadt.jpg 53°33′55″N 10°00′05″E / 53.565278°N 10.001389°E / 53.565278; 10.001389 (13 Hamburg) [16]
14 Warsaw  Poland 1,793,579 30 June 2020 1,708,491 Poland-00808 - Castle Square (31215382745).jpg 52°14′00″N 21°01′00″E / 52.233333°N 21.016667°E / 52.233333; 21.016667 (15 Warsaw) [17]
15 Budapest  Hungary 1,768,073 1 January 2020 1,729,040 Budapest Chain Bridge (31600041191).jpg 47°29′33″N 19°03′05″E / 47.4925°N 19.051389°E / 47.4925; 19.051389 (14 Budapest) [18]
16 Barcelona  Spain 1,636,762 1 January 2018 1,611,013 41°23′00″N 2°11′00″E / 41.383333°N 2.183333°E / 41.383333; 2.183333 (16 Barcelona) [9]
17 Munich  Germany 1,471,508 31 December 2018 1,378,176 Frauenkirche and Neues Rathaus Munich March 2013.JPG 48°08′00″N 11°34′00″E / 48.133333°N 11.566667°E / 48.133333; 11.566667 (18 Munich) [19]
18 Kharkiv  Ukraine 1,451,132 1 January 2019 Будинок держпромисловості, Харків DJI 0044.jpg 50°00′16″N 36°13′53″E / 50.004444°N 36.231389°E / 50.004444; 36.231389 (17 Kharkiv) [20]
19 Milan  Italy 1,404,239 30 December 2019 1,324,110 Castello Sforzesco da alto.jpg 45°28′00″N 9°11′00″E / 45.466667°N 9.183333°E / 45.466667; 9.183333 (19 Milan) [11]
20 Belgrade  Serbia 1,397,939 31 October 2019 Belgrade at night.jpg 44°49′00″N 20°28′00″E / 44.816667°N 20.466667°E / 44.816667; 20.466667 (28 Belgrade) [21]
21 Prague  Czech Republic 1,324,277 1 January 2020 1,241,664 Prague 07-2016 View from Old Town Hall Tower img3.jpg 50°05′00″N 14°25′00″E / 50.083333°N 14.416667°E / 50.083333; 14.416667 (21 Prague) [22]
22 Nizhny Novgorod  Russia 1,259,013 1 January 2018 Minin and Pozharsky Square in Nizhny Novgorod.jpg 56°19′37″N 44°00′27″E / 56.326944°N 44.0075°E / 56.326944; 44.0075 (20 Nizhny Novgorod) [23]
23 Kazan 1,257,391 1 January 2020 Kazan Kremlin - panoramio (6).jpg 55°47′25″N 49°08′05″E / 55.790278°N 49.134722°E / 55.790278; 49.134722 (23 Kazan) [24]
24 Sofia  Bulgaria 1,238,438 31 December 2017 1,324,025 Cathedral Saint Alexander Nevsky (23997168458).jpg 42°42′N 23°20′E / 42.7°N 23.33°E / 42.7; 23.33 (22 Bulgaria) [25]
25 Birmingham  United Kingdom 1,223,000 mid-2017 1,073,045 Aerial Bull Ring Birmingham.jpg 52°28′59″N 1°53′37″W / 52.483056°N 1.893611°W / 52.483056; -1.893611 (28 Birmingham) [26]
26 Brussels  Belgium 1,211,035 1 November 2018 1,136,778 Mont des Arts during morning civil twilight (DSCF7450).jpg 50°50′48″N 4°21′09″E / 50.8467°N 4.3525°E / 50.8467; 4.3525 (26 Brussels) [27]
27 Tbilisi[28][29][30]  Georgia 1,171,100 7 November 2020 115,290 2014 Tbilisi, Widoki z Twierdzy Narikala (36).jpg 41°43′21″N 44°47′33″E / 41.7225°N 44.7925°E / 41.7225; 44.7925 (26 Brussels) [31]
28 Samara  Russia 1,170,910 1 January 2016 Samara P5171857 2200.jpg 53°12′10″N 50°08′27″E / 53.202778°N 50.140833°E / 53.202778; 50.140833 (27 Samara) [32]
29 Ufa 1,121,429 Night in Ufa-22.jpg 54°45′00″N 55°58′00″E / 54.75°N 55.966667°E / 54.75; 55.966667 (29 Ufa) [33]
30 Rostov-on-Don 1,119,875 Rostov-on-Don. Don River P9161486 2350.jpg 47°14′00″N 39°42′00″E / 47.233333°N 39.7°E / 47.233333; 39.7 (30 Rostov-on-Don) [34]
31 Cologne  Germany 1,085,664 31 December 2018 1,007,119 Cologne 1 (45024110025).jpg 50°56′11″N 6°57′10″E / 50.936389°N 6.952778°E / 50.936389; 6.952778 (31 Cologne) [35]
32 Voronezh  Russia 1,054,537 1 January 2019 Благовещенский кафедральный собор.jpg 51°40′18″N 39°12′38″E / 51.671667°N 39.210556°E / 51.671667; 39.210556 (33 Voronezh) [36]
33 Perm 1,051,583 1 January 2018 Perm asv2019-05 img50 Gorky Park.jpg 58°00′00″N 56°19′00″E / 58°N 56.316667°E / 58; 56.316667 (34 Perm) [37]
34 Volgograd 1,013,533 Volgograd I 2020.jpg 48°42′00″N 44°31′00″E / 48.7°N 44.516667°E / 48.7; 44.516667 (35 New York City) [38]
35 Odessa  Ukraine 1,011,494 Mys-Fontan-aerial-2.jpg 46°28′N 30°43′E / 46.467°N 30.717°E / 46.467; 30.717 (Odessa) [39]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Istanbul is a transcontinental city, with its commercial and historical centre and two-thirds of the population in Europe, the rest in Asia (see Districts of Istanbul for details).
  2. ^ Moscow is the most populous city entirely within Europe.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population on 1 January by age groups and sex - cities and greater cities". Eurostat. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  2. ^ Total (2020) = 15,462,452
    Europe (25 districts) = 9,959,793
    Asia (14 districts) = 5,502,659
  3. ^ "The Results of Address Based Population Registration System, 2020". Turkish Statistical Institute. 31 December 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  4. ^ Rosstat. [1] (in Russian)
  5. ^ "UK Population 2018". Not Cited. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  6. ^ Rosstat. [2] (in Russian)
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-06-24. Retrieved 2016-05-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Amt für Statistik Berlin Brandenburg". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
  9. ^ a b "Barcelona in numbers, Institut d'Estadística de Catalunya". Idescat (in Catalan). Institut d'Estadística de Catalunya (Catalonia). Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Державна служба статистики України. Оцінка чисельності наявного населення України" (Population information)" (PDF). www.ukrstat.gov.ua (in Ukrainian). Державна служба статистики України (State Statistics Service of Ukraine). 23 January 2019.
  11. ^ a b "Statistiche demografiche ISTAT". Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  12. ^ "The Regional Statistics Department of the Municipality of Bucharest". Retrieved 2021-03-10.
  13. ^ "Population of Paris in January 2014". INSEE. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  14. ^ "Belarus in figures 2015". National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 19 March 2015. Archived from the original on 29 October 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  15. ^ "Bevölkerungszahl Österreichs stieg auf mehr als 8,93 Mio. zu Jahresbeginn 2021". Retrieved 2021-02-11.
  16. ^ "Bevölkerung in Hamburg am 31.12.2019 – Auszählung aus dem Melderegister" (PDF). Statistisches Amt für Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein. 28 May 2020. Retrieved 8 July 2020.
  17. ^ "Wyniki badań bieżących - Baza Demografia - Główny Urząd Statystyczny". demografia.stat.gov.pl. Retrieved 2020-06-05.
  18. ^ "1.2. Népesség a település jellege szerint, január 1. (1980–)*". Hungarian Central Statistical Office. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  19. ^ Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung. "Result - 12411-001: Bevölkerung: Gemeinden, Stichtage (letzten 6)" (in German). Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  20. ^ РОЗПОДІЛ ПОСТІЙНОГО НАСЕЛЕННЯ УКРАЇНИ ЗА СТАТТЮ ТА ВІКОМ: Станом на 1 січня 2014 року [Resident Population of Ukraine by Sex and Age: as of 1 January 2014] (Report). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  21. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  22. ^ Brinkhoff, Thomas. "Czech Republic: Major Cities". City Population. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  23. ^ "5.4. Cities with population size of 1 million persons and over". Russia in figures - 2014. Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  24. ^ "Archived copy" Информация о численности населения Республики Татарстан (PDF) (in Russian). Rosstat. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 March 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016. город КазаньCS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  25. ^ "Таблица на населението по постоянен и настоящ адрес" [Table of population by permanent and current address]. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  26. ^ "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 July 2016. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  27. ^ "Population par région et âge, au 1er janvier 2015-2061" [Population by region and age, on 1 January 2015-2061] (in French). Statistics Belgium. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  28. ^ https://europa.eu/european-union/about-eu/countries_en#other-european-countries
  29. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/1102477.stm
  30. ^ https://www.nationalgeographic.com/travel/slideshow/partner-content-georgia-uncovered
  31. ^ "Population of Tbilisi 2020" (in Georgian). Statistics Georgia. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  32. ^ "Archived copy" Утвержденная численность постоянного населения Самарской области (in Russian). Rosstat. Archived from the original on 16 August 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016. г. СамараCS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  33. ^ ОЦЕНКА ЧИСЛЕННОСТИ ПОСТОЯННОГО НАСЕЛЕНИЯ РЕСПУБЛИКИ БАШКОРТОСТАН НА 1 ЯНВАРЯ 2016 (in Russian). Rosstat. Retrieved 11 July 2016. г.Уфа
  34. ^ Результат запроса БД ПМО Ростовской области (in Russian). Rosstat. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  35. ^ "Einwohnerzahlen im Regierungsbezirk Köln". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik Nordrhein-Westfalen. Archived from the original on 10 August 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  36. ^ "Оценка численности постоянного населения Воронежской области на I января 2016 года" (PDF) (in Russian). Rosstat. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 August 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016. Городской округ город Воронеж
  37. ^ "Archived copy" Численность населения Пермского края, человек (in Russian). Rosstat. Archived from the original on 11 August 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016. г. ПермьCS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  38. ^ БД ПМО Волгоградской области ПОКАЗАТЕЛИ (in Russian). Rosstat. Retrieved 11 July 2016. населения на 1 января текущего года
  39. ^ Чисельність населення (за оцінкою) на 1 січня 2018 року

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]