List of cities in the European Union by population within city limits

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Below is a list of the largest cities in the European Union according to the population within their city limits.[Note 1] The cities listed all have populations over 300,000 and total to about 120 (2019). The list deals exclusively with the areas within city administrative boundaries as opposed to urban areas or larger urban zones (metropolitan areas), which are generally larger in terms of population than the main city.

As some cities have very narrow city limits and others very wide, the list may not give an accurate view of the comparative magnitude of different places, and the figures in the list should be treated with caution. Paris is the most populous urban area in the European Union, but the strict definition of the administrative limits of the City of Paris results in a far lower population shown in the table.

Cities by population within city limits[edit]

Cities in bold are capital cities of their respective countries; Brussels is the capital of both Belgium and de facto the European Union.

City Member State Official
population
Date of census Reference Photography
1London  United Kingdom 8,908,081 30 June 2018 [1] Super moon over City of London from Tate Modern 2018-01-31 4.jpg
2Berlin  Germany 3,748,148 31 December 2018 [2] Berlin Skyline Fernsehturm 02.jpg
3Madrid  Spain 3,223,334 31 January 2018 [3] 001813 - Madrid (4317078136) (cropped).jpg
4Rome  Italy 2,856,133 31 December 2018 [4] Roma dall'aereo.JPG
5Paris  France 2,140,526 1 January 2019 [5][6] Paris vue d'ensemble tour Eiffel.jpg
6Bucharest  Romania 2,131,034 1 January 2018 [7] Bucharest city center.jpg
7Vienna  Austria 1,910,370 1 October 2019 [8] Parlament Vienna Austria.jpg
8Hamburg  Germany 1,841,179 31 December 2018 [9] Hamburg Rathaus.jpg
9Warsaw  Poland 1,777,972 31 December 2018 [10] Warsaw (19130300421).jpg
10Budapest  Hungary 1,752,286 1 January 2019 [11] Széchenyi Chain Bridge in Budapest at night.jpg
11Barcelona  Spain 1,620,343 31 January 2018 [3] Barcelona from Sagrada Familia (2).JPG
12Munich  Germany 1,471,508 31 December 2018 [12] Stadtbild München.jpg
13Milan  Italy 1,378,689 31 December 2018 [4] Milano skyline.jpg
14Prague  Czech Republic 1,308,632 1 January 2019 [13] Night view of the Castle and Charles Bridge, Prague - 8034.jpg
15Sofia  Bulgaria 1,302,297 15 March 2019 [14] Party House by night, Sofia (by Pudelek, cropped by ArionEstar).JPG
16Brussels[Note 2][dubious ]  Belgium 1,208,542 1 January 2019 [15] Brussels floral carpet B.jpg
17Birmingham  United Kingdom 1,141,374 30 June 2018 [1] Birmingham-Skyline-from-Edgbaston-crop.jpg
18Cologne  Germany 1,085,664 31 December 2018 [16][17] Nightview of Cologne Cathedrale across the River Rhine.jpg
19Stockholm  Sweden 972,647 30 September 2019 [18] Stadshus-Panorama 2.jpg
20Naples  Italy 959,188 31 December 2018 [4] Napoli6.png
21Turin  Italy 875,698 31 December 2018 [4] Turin monte cappuccini.jpg
22Amsterdam  Netherlands 864,217 31 January 2019 [19] Amsterdam (5086325695).jpg
23Marseille  France 862,211 1 January 2016 [5][20] Marseille-la-nuit-by-F.Laffont-feraud.jpg
24Zagreb  Croatia 804,049 1 January 2018 [21] Zagreb (29255640143).jpg
25Valencia  Spain 791,413 31 January 2018 [3] La ciutat de València des del Micalet.JPG
26Leeds  United Kingdom 789,194 30 June 2018 [1] Leeds CBD at night.jpg
27Kraków  Poland 771,069 31 December 2018 [22] Sukiennice and Main Market Square Krakow Poland.JPG
28Frankfurt  Germany 753,056 31 December 2018 [23] Frankfurt Am Main-Stadtansicht von der Deutschherrnbruecke zu Beginn der Abenddaemmerung.jpg
29Seville  Spain 688,711 1 January 2018 [3] Cathedral & city of Seville from the Giralda (2).JPG
30Łódź  Poland 682,679 30 June 2019 [22] Dworzec Łódź Fabryczna.jpg
31Zaragoza  Spain 666,880 1 January 2018 [3] Panorama of Zaragoza from the top of the cathedral (3847901093).jpg
32Athens  Greece 664,046 31 January 2012 [24] Atenes i el mont Licabet des de l'Acròpoli.JPG
33Palermo  Italy 663,401 31 December 2018 [4] Palermo-Politeama-bjs-1 edit.jpg
34Helsinki  Finland 648,042 1 January 2019 [25] Southern Helsinki panorama 2011-06-28 1.jpg
35Rotterdam  Netherlands 645,965 31 January 2019 [19] 206 Rotterdam bridge.jpg
36Wrocław  Poland 641,607 30 June 2019 [22] Wrocław - Rynek 2015-12-25 12-44-18.JPG
37Stuttgart  Germany 634,830 31 December 2018 [26] Stuttgart - panoramio (40).jpg
38Riga  Latvia 632,614 1 January 2019 [27] Riga - Latvia.jpg
39Copenhagen  Denmark 626,508 30 June 2019 [28] Copenhagen Christiansborg IMG 5590.jpg
40Glasgow  United Kingdom 626,410 30 June 2018 [1] Glasgow-Green-Geograph-2354475-by-Jim-Smillie.jpg
41Düsseldorf  Germany 619,294 31 December 2018 [16][29] Düsseldorf, Marina Düsseldorf.JPG
42Leipzig  Germany 587,857 31 December 2018 [30] Leipzig Fockeberg Zentrum.jpg
43Dortmund  Germany 587,010 31 December 2018 [16][31] Dortmund Panorama.jpg
44Essen  Germany 583,393 31 December 2017 [16][29] Essen-Panorama.jpg
45Genoa  Italy 578,000 31 December 2018 [32] Torre della Lanterna vista dal moderno Centro Direzionale di Genova S. Benigno ed elicoidale.jpg
46Sheffield  United Kingdom 582,506 30 June 2018 [1] Sheffield skyline.png
47Gothenburg  Sweden 578,320 30 September 2019 [18] Gothenburgbynight.jpg
48Málaga  Spain 571,026 13 January 2018 [3] Da Gibralfaro.jpg
49Bremen  Germany 569,352 31 December 2018 [33] Bremen aerial view 9.JPG
50Vilnius  Lithuania 557,440 1 July 2019 [34] Vilnius city.jpg
51Dublin  Ireland 554,554 24 April 2016 [35] THE SAMUEL BECKETT BRIDGE 11 JANUARY 2018 (STILL TRYING FOR A UNIQUE IMAGE OF THIS BRIDGE)-135491 (39626174772).jpg
52Dresden  Germany 554,649 31 December 2018 [30] Dresden Altstadt (5549941423).jpg
53Manchester  United Kingdom 547,627 30 June 2018 [1] Manchester Skyline.jpg
54The Hague  Netherlands 539,040 1 January 2019 [19] Cityscape of The Hague, viewed from Het Plein (The Square).jpg
55Hanover  Germany 538,068 31 December 2018 [36] Luftbild Hannover Rathaus.JPG
Poznań  Poland 537,643 31 December 2018 [22] Ayuntamiento, Poznan, Polonia, 2014-09-18, DD 73-75 HDR.jpg
Bradford  United Kingdom 537,173 30 June 2018 [1] Bradford Cityscape.JPG
Antwerp  Belgium 525,935 1 January 2019 [37] Grote Markt and Cathedral of Our Lady - Antwerp, Belgium - panoramio.jpg
Edinburgh  United Kingdom 518,500 30 June 2018 [1] Edinburgh Night Panorama from Calton Hill.jpg
Nuremberg  Germany 518,365 31 December 2018 [12] Nürnberg panorama.jpg
Lyon  France 515,695 31 January 2016 [5][38] Lyon vue depuis fourviere.jpg
Lisbon  Portugal 506,654 31 December 2018 [39] 2012-11-17 at 08-08-47 (8235529079).jpg
Duisburg  Germany 498,590 31 December 2018 [16][29] Duisburg Innenhafen Ludwigturm.jpg
Liverpool  United Kingdom 494,814 30 June 2018 [1] Liverpool Waterfront - geograph.org.uk - panorama.jpg
Toulouse  France 479,638 1 January 2015 [5][40] Toulouse by night with Basilique Saint-Sernin.jpg
Gdańsk  Poland 466,631 31 December 2018 [22] Calle Dlugie Pobrzeze, Gdansk, Polonia, 2013-05-20, DD 07.jpg
Bristol  United Kingdom 463,405 30 June 2018 [1] River.avon.from.balloon.bristol.arp.jpg
Murcia  Spain 447,182 31 January 2018 [3] (Murcia) Vista del Este de Murcia desde la Camapana de San José de la Catedral de Murcia (1) (5373232199) (cropped).jpg
Tallinn  Estonia 441,101 1 April 2019 [41] Tallinn sea.png
Bratislava Slovakia Slovak Republic 432,864 1 January 2019 [42] Bratislava Panorama R01.jpg
Palma de Mallorca  Spain 409,661 1 January 2018 [3] Bellver Castle 2008 Palma Mallorca 130.JPG
Szczecin  Poland 403,274 31 December 2018 [22] Nocny widok z wyspy Grodzkiej, Szczecin - panoramio.jpg
Bologna  Italy 390,636 31 December 2018 [4] Skyline of Bologna against the sunset.jpg
Brno  Czech Republic 380,681 1 January 2019 [13] Brno View from Spilberk 131.JPG
Iași  Romania 378,954 1 January 2018 [43] Palatculturaiasi.jpg
Florence  Italy 378,839 31 December 2018 [4] Sunset in Florence from the Piazza Michelangelo.jpg
Las Palmas  Spain 378,517 1 January 2018 [3] Las Palmas panorama.jpg
Coventry  United Kingdom 366,785 30 June 2018 [1] Skyline of Coventry as seen from Baginton 3g06.JPG
Bochum  Germany 364,628 31 December 2018 [16][31] Bergbaumuseum Bochum Pano.jpg
Cardiff  United Kingdom 364,248 30 June 2018 [1] Mermaid Quay and Pierhead Building, Cardiff Bay - geograph.org.uk - 752977.jpg
Leicester  United Kingdom 355,218 30 June 2018 [1] Central Leicester Skyline.jpg
Wuppertal  Germany 354,382 31 December 2018 [16][29] Wuppertal ansicht.jpg
Utrecht  Netherlands 352,936 31 January 2019 [19] Panorama Utrecht.jpg
Bydgoszcz  Poland 351,254 31 December 2018 [22] Bdg OperaNova noc 15 07-2013.jpg
Plovdiv  Bulgaria 346,893 31 December 2018 [44] Ancient theatre plovdiv-3.jpg
Bilbao  Spain 345,821 1 January 2018 [3] Panoramica bilbao.jpg
Wakefield  United Kingdom 345,038 30 June 2018 [1] Wakefield-1.jpg
Malmö  Sweden 343,650 30 September 2019 [18] Central Malmö.JPG
Nice  France 342,637 1 January 2016 [5][45] Aerial view downtown Nice.jpg
Belfast  United Kingdom 341,877 30 June 2018 [1] Belfast City Hall 2.jpg
Lublin  Poland 339,811 31 December 2018 [22] Lublin18395.jpg
Varna  Bulgaria 336,505 31 December 2018 [44] Varna Cathedral - 2.jpg
Bielefeld  Germany 333,786 31 December 2018 [16][46] Bielefeld City.jpg
Alicante  Spain 331,577 1 January 2018 [3] Puerto de Alicante desde el Castillo de Santa Bárbara.JPG
Nottingham  United Kingdom 331,069 30 June 2018 [1] Lace Market from London Road - geograph.org.uk - 318425.jpg
Timișoara  Romania 328,186 1 January 2018 [43] Timisoara - Catholic Dome in Union Square.jpg
Bonn  Germany 327,258 31 December 2018 [16][17] Bonn View from Heinemannstraße 2.jpg
Wigan  United Kingdom 326,088 30 June 2018 [1] Wigan skyline 2008.jpg
Córdoba  Spain 325,708 1 January 2018 [3] Córdoba vista aérea.jpg
Thessaloniki  Greece 325,182 30 June 2011 [24] Panorama solun.JPG
Cluj-Napoca  Romania 324,960 1 January 2018 [43] Biserica Mihail.JPG
Bari  Italy 320,862 31 December 2018 [4] Bari AltstadtPanorama.jpg
Constanța  Romania 317,832 1 January 2016 [43] National History Museum in Constanţa (27654665352).jpg
Münster  Germany 314,319 31 December 2018 [16][47] Münster (9277320495) (3).jpg
Karlsruhe  Germany 313,092 31 December 2018 [26] Durlach Panorama.jpg
Catania  Italy 311,584 30 May 2018 [4] Catania-Etna-Sicilia-Italy-Castielli CC0 HQ1.JPG
Mannheim  Germany 309,370 31 December 2018 [26] Mannheim NUB city2.jpg
Nantes  France 306,694 1 January 2016
Galați  Romania 304,050 1 January 2018 [43] DunareaSiPalatulNavigatiei.jpg
Craiova  Romania 301,269 1 January 2018 [43] Palatul Constantin Mihail, (azi Muzeul de Artă) vedere centrală.JPG

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Currently there are two significant exceptions: London lists the population of Greater London; Brussels lists the population of Brussels Capital Region
  2. ^ Refers to Brussels Capital Region.

References[edit]

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