List of cities in the European Union by population within city limits

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Below is a list of the largest cities in the European Union according to the population within their city limits.[Note 1] The cities listed all have populations over 300,000. The list deals exclusively with the areas within city administrative boundaries as opposed to urban areas or larger urban zones (metropolitan areas), which are generally larger in terms of population than the main city.

As some cities have very narrow city limits and others very wide, the list may not give an accurate view of the comparative magnitude of different places, and the figures in the list should be treated with caution. Paris is the most populous urban area in the European Union, but the strict definition of the administrative limits of the City of Paris results in a far lower population shown in the table.

Cities by population within city limits[edit]

Cities in bold are capital cities of their respective countries; Brussels (italics) is the capital of both Belgium and de facto the European Union.

City Country Official
population
Date of census Reference Photography
London[Note 2]  United Kingdom 8,787,892 30 June 2017 [1] Super moon over City of London from Tate Modern 2018-01-31 4.jpg
Berlin  Germany 3,711,930 31 December 2017 [2] Berlin Skyline Fernsehturm 02.jpg
Madrid  Spain 3,182,981 1 January 2017 [3] Calle de Alcalá (Madrid) 16.jpg
Rome  Italy 2,879,215 31 December 2016 [4] Roma dall'aereo.JPG
Paris  France 2,228,409 1 January 2015 [5][6] Paris vue d'ensemble tour Eiffel.jpg
Bucharest  Romania 2,106,144 1 January 2016 [7] Palacio CEC, Bucarest, Rumanía, 2016-05-29, DD 91-93 HDR.jpg
Vienna  Austria 1,889,083 1 January 2018 [8] Parlament Vienna Austria.jpg
Hamburg  Germany 1,787,408 30 December 2015 [9] Hamburg Rathaus.jpg
Warsaw  Poland 1,764,615 31 December 2017 [10] Panorama of Warsaw by night (cropped).jpg
Budapest  Hungary 1,752,704 1 January 2017 [11] Széchenyi Chain Bridge in Budapest at night.jpg
Barcelona  Spain 1,620,809 1 January 2017 [3] Barcelona from Sagrada Familia (2).JPG
Munich  Germany 1,464,301 31 December 2016 [12] Stadtbild München.jpg
Milan  Italy 1,368,590 31 December 2016 [4] Milano skyline.jpg
Prague  Czech Republic 1,280,508 1 January 2017 [13] Night view of the Castle and Charles Bridge, Prague - 8034.jpg
Sofia  Bulgaria 1,307,376 31 December 2016 [14] Party House by night, Sofia (by Pudelek, cropped by ArionEstar).JPG
Brussels[Note 3][dubious ]  Belgium 1,191,604 1 January 2017 [15] Brussels floral carpet B.jpg
Birmingham  United Kingdom 1,124,569 30 June 2017 [1] Birmingham-Skyline-from-Edgbaston-crop.jpg
Cologne  Germany 1,075,935 31 December 2016 [16][17] Nightview of Cologne Cathedrale across the River Rhine.jpg
Naples  Italy 970,185 31 December 2016 [4] Napoli6.png
Stockholm  Sweden 949,164 1 November 2017 [18] Stadshus-Panorama 2.jpg
Turin  Italy 886,837 31 December 2016 [4] Turin monte cappuccini.jpg
Marseille  France 869,815 1 January 2015 [5][19] Marseille-la-nuit-by-F.Laffont-feraud.jpg
Amsterdam  Netherlands 856,928 31 January 2018 [20] Amsterdam (5086325695).jpg
Zagreb  Croatia 803,647 31 December 2016 [21] Zagreb (29255640143).jpg
Valencia  Spain 787,808 1 January 2017 [3] Plaza del Ayuntamiento - 5. January 2006 - 1.jpg
Leeds  United Kingdom 781,743 30 June 2017 [1] Leeds CBD at night.jpg
Kraków  Poland 765,320 1 January 2017 [10] Sukiennice and Main Market Square Krakow Poland.JPG
Frankfurt  Germany 736,414 31 December 2016 [22] Frankfurt Am Main-Stadtansicht von der Deutschherrnbruecke zu Beginn der Abenddaemmerung.jpg
Riga  Latvia 700,518 1 July 2017 [23] Riga - Latvia.jpg
Łódź  Poland 690,422 31 December 2017 [10] Łódź-Wiodok z Rudzkiej Góry - panorama.jpg
Seville  Spain 689,434 1 January 2017 [3] 19060879124 a5eac59dea o feria abril sevilla 2013.jpg
Palermo  Italy 673,735 31 December 2016 [4] Palermo-Politeama-bjs-1 edit.jpg
Zaragoza  Spain 664,938 1 January 2017 [3] 0849 pilar ebro 2004.png
Athens  Greece 655,780 24 May 2011 [24] Atenes i el mont Licabet des de l'Acròpoli.JPG
Helsinki  Finland 642,045 31 August 2017 [25] Southern Helsinki panorama 2011-06-28 1.jpg
Wrocław  Poland 638,586 31 December 2017 [10] Wrocław - Rynek 2015-12-25 12-44-18.JPG
Rotterdam  Netherlands 635,389 August 2017 [20] 206 Rotterdam bridge.jpg
Stuttgart  Germany 628,032 31 December 2016 [26] Stuttgart - panoramio (40).jpg
Glasgow  United Kingdom 615,070 30 June 2017 [1] Glasgow-Green-Geograph-2354475-by-Jim-Smillie.jpg
Düsseldorf  Germany 613,230 31 December 2016 [16][27] Düsseldorf, Marina Düsseldorf.JPG
Copenhagen  Denmark 602,481 31 December 2016 [28] Copenhagen Christiansborg IMG 5590.jpg
Dortmund  Germany 585,813 31 December 2016 [16][29] Dortmund Panorama.jpg
Genoa  Italy 583,601 31 December 2016 [4] Torre della Lanterna vista dal moderno Centro Direzionale di Genova S. Benigno ed elicoidale.jpg
Essen  Germany 583,084 31 December 2016 [16][27] Essen-Panorama.jpg
Vilnius  Lithuania 577,484 3 March 2018 [30] Vilnius city.jpg
Sheffield  United Kingdom 575,424 30 June 2017 [1] Sheffield skyline.png
Leipzig  Germany 571,088 31 December 2016 [31] Leipzig Fockeberg Zentrum.jpg
Málaga  Spain 569,002 1 January 2017 [3] Da Gibralfaro.jpg
Gothenburg  Sweden 563,439 1 November 2017 [18] Gothenburgbynight.jpg
Bremen  Germany 557,464 31 December 2015 [32] Bremen aerial view 9.JPG
Dublin  Ireland 553,165 24 April 2016 [33] OConnell Bridge Dublin.jpg
Lisbon  Portugal 547,733 1 January 2011 [34] 2012-11-17 at 08-08-47 (8235529079).jpg
Dresden  Germany 547,172 31 December 2016 [31] Dresden Altstadt (5549941423).jpg
Manchester  United Kingdom 541,263 30 June 2017 [1] Manchester Skyline.jpg
Poznań  Poland 540,372 1 January 2017 [10] Poznan centrum.jpg
Bradford  United Kingdom 534,279 30 June 2017 [1] Bradford Cityscape.JPG
Hanover  Germany 532,163 31 December 2015 [35] Luftbild Hannover Rathaus.JPG
The Hague  Netherlands 532,111 31 January 2018 [20] Cityscape of The Hague, viewed from Het Plein (The Square).jpg
Antwerp  Belgium 521,946 14 June 2017 [36] OLV-Kathedraal.jpg
Lyon  France 521,098 1 January 2015 [5][37] Lyon vue depuis fourviere.jpg
Nuremberg  Germany 511,628 31 December 2016 [12] Nürnberg panorama.jpg
Edinburgh  United Kingdom 507,170 30 June 2017 [1] Edinburgh Night Panorama from Calton Hill.jpg
Duisburg  Germany 499,845 31 December 2016 [16][27] Duisburg Innenhafen Ludwigturm.jpg
Liverpool  United Kingdom 484,578 30 June 2017 [1] Liverpool Waterfront - geograph.org.uk - panorama.jpg
Las Palmas  Spain 479,655 1 January 2017 [3] Las Palmas panorama.jpg
Toulouse  France 479,638 1 January 2015 [5][38] Toulouse by night with Basilique Saint-Sernin.jpg
Gdańsk  Poland 463,754 1 January 2017 [10] Calle Dlugie Pobrzeze, Gdansk, Polonia, 2013-05-20, DD 07.jpg
Bristol  United Kingdom 454,213 30 June 2017 [1] River.avon.from.balloon.bristol.arp.jpg
Tallinn  Estonia 449,160 1 February 2018 [39] Tallinn sea.png
Murcia  Spain 443,243 1 January 2017 [3] Murcia.JPG
Bratislava Slovakia Slovak Republic 429,564 31 December 2017 [40] Bratislava Panorama R01.jpg
Szczecin  Poland 404,878 1 January 2017 [10] WOPR, Barka i Zamek Książąt Pomorskich.jpg
Palma de Mallorca  Spain 400,578 1 January 2015 [3] Bellver Castle 2008 Palma Mallorca 130.JPG
Bologna  Italy 388,367 31 December 2016 [4] Skyline of Bologna against the sunset.jpg
Florence  Italy 382,258 31 December 2016 [4] Sunset in Florence from the Piazza Michelangelo.jpg
Brno  Czech Republic 377,973 1 January 2017 [13] 01 airshots.cz-wallpaper16x10-noTm.jpg
Bochum  Germany 364,920 31 December 2016 [16][29] Bergbaumuseum Bochum Pano.jpg
Iași  Romania 332,142 1 January 2016 [7] Piața Palat, Iași, Roumanie.jpg
Cardiff  United Kingdom 361,468 30 June 2017 [1] Mermaid Quay and Pierhead Building, Cardiff Bay - geograph.org.uk - 752977.jpg
Bydgoszcz  Poland 353,938 1 January 2017 [10] W ciśn Bdg panorama 4 soft lewo.jpg
Coventry  United Kingdom 352,911 30 June 2017 [1] Skyline of Coventry as seen from Baginton 3g06.JPG
Wuppertal  Germany 352,390 31 December 2016 [16][27] Wuppertal ansicht.jpg
Leicester  United Kingdom 348,343 30 June 2017 [1] Central Leicester Skyline.jpg
Utrecht  Netherlands 347,644 31 January 2018 [20] Panorama Utrecht.jpg
Nice  France 346,055 1 January 2015 [5][41] Aerial view downtown Nice.jpg
Bilbao  Spain 345,141 1 January 2015 [3] Panoramica bilbao.jpg
Plovdiv  Bulgaria 341,625 31 December 2015 [14] Ancient theatre plovdiv-3.jpg
Lublin  Poland 340,466 1 January 2017 [10] Lublin18395.jpg
Belfast  United Kingdom 339,579 30 June 2017 [1] Belfast City Hall 2.jpg
Wakefield  United Kingdom 336,834 30 June 2017 [1] Wakefield-1.jpg
Aarhus  Denmark 335,684 31 December 2016 [28] Aarhus waterfront.jpg
Varna  Bulgaria 334,466 31 December 2015 [14] Varna Cathedral - 2.jpg
Bielefeld  Germany 333,451 31 December 2016 [16][42] Bielefeld City.jpg
Timișoara  Romania 352,983 1 January 2016 [7] Timisoara - Catholic Dome in Union Square.jpg
Malmö  Sweden 332,855 1 November 2017 [18] Central Malmö.JPG
Alicante  Spain 329,988 1 January 2017 [3] Puerto de Alicante desde el Castillo de Santa Bárbara.JPG
Córdoba  Spain 325,916 1 January 2017 [3] Córdoba vista aérea.jpg
Nottingham  United Kingdom 325,282 30 June 2017 [1] Lace Market from London Road - geograph.org.uk - 318425.jpg
Bari  Italy 324,198 31 December 2016 [4] Bari AltstadtPanorama.jpg
Wigan  United Kingdom 323,060 30 June 2017 [1] Wigan skyline 2008.jpg
Thessaloniki  Greece 322,240 24 May 2011 [24] Panorama solun.JPG
Bonn  Germany 322,125 31 December 2016 [16][17] Bonn View from Heinemannstraße 2.jpg
Cluj-Napoca  Romania 501,282 1 January 2016 [7] Biserica Mihail.JPG
Constanța  Romania 317,832 1 January 2016 [7] National History Museum in Constanţa (27654665352).jpg
Catania  Italy 313,396 31 December 2016 [4] Catania-Etna-Sicilia-Italy-Castielli CC0 HQ1.JPG
Münster  Germany 311,846 31 December 2016 [16][43] Münster (9277320495) (3).jpg
Karlsruhe  Germany 309,999 31 December 2016 [26] Durlach Panorama.jpg
Craiova  Romania 305,689 1 January 2016 [7] Palatul Constantin Mihail, (azi Muzeul de Artă) vedere centrală.JPG
Mannheim  Germany 304,781 31 December 2016 [26] Mannheim NUB city2.jpg
Galați  Romania 304,340 1 January 2016 [7] Palatul Administrativ Galati.JPG

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Currently there are two significant exceptions: London lists the population of Greater London; Brussels lists the population of Brussels Capital Region
  2. ^ Refers to Greater London which is composed of the Greater London Authority, 32 borough councils and the City of London.
  3. ^ Refers to Brussels Capital Region.

References[edit]

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