List of sovereign states and dependent territories in North America

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This is an alphabetical list of sovereign states and dependent territories in North America. This list uses the most inclusive definition of North America, which covers the landmass north of the Panama-Colombia border, and the islands of the Caribbean. North America is the northern continent of the Americas,[1] situated in the Earth's northern hemisphere and almost totally in the western hemisphere. It is bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southeast by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west by the North Pacific Ocean; South America lies to the southeast.

Sovereign states[edit]

Flag English short name English long name Domestic short names Capital Currency
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda[n 1] Antigua and Barbuda English: Antigua and Barbuda St. John's East Caribbean dollar
Flag of the Bahamas Bahamas[n 1] Commonwealth of The Bahamas English: Bahamas Nassau Bahamian dollar
Flag of Barbados Barbados[n 1] Barbados English: Barbados Bridgetown Barbadian dollar
Flag of Belize Belize[n 1][n 2] Belize English: Belize Belmopan Belize dollar
Flag of Canada Canada[n 3] Canada English: Canada

French: Canada
Ottawa Canadian dollar
Flag of Costa Rica Costa Rica[n 2] Republic of Costa Rica Spanish: Costa Rica San José Costa Rican colón
Flag of Cuba Cuba Republic of Cuba Spanish: Cuba Havana Cuban peso, Cuban convertible peso
Flag of Dominica Dominica[n 1] Commonwealth of Dominica English: Dominica Roseau East Caribbean dollar
Flag of the Dominican Republic Dominican Republic[n 2] Dominican Republic English: Dominican Republic

Spanish: República Dominicana
Santo Domingo Dominican Peso
Flag of El Salvador El Salvador[n 2] Republic of El Salvador English: El Salvador

Spanish: El Salvador
San Salvador United States dollar
Flag of Grenada Grenada[n 1] Grenada English: Grenada St. George's East Caribbean dollar
Flag of Guatemala Guatemala[n 2] Republic of Guatemala Spanish: Guatemala Guatemala City Guatemalan quetzal
Flag of Haiti Haiti[n 1] Republic of Haiti French: Haïti Port-au-Prince Haitian gourde
Flag of Honduras Honduras[n 2] Republic of Honduras Spanish: Honduras Tegucigalpa Honduran lempira
Flag of Jamaica Jamaica[n 1] Jamaica English: Jamaica Kingston Jamaican dollar
Flag of Mexico Mexico[n 3] United Mexican States Spanish: México Mexico City Mexican Peso
Flag of Nicaragua Nicaragua[n 2] Republic of Nicaragua Spanish: Nicaragua Managua Nicaraguan córdoba
Flag of Panama Panama[n 2] Republic of Panama English: Panama

Spanish: Panamá
Panama City Panamanian balboa, United States dollar
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis[n 1] Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis English: Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre East Caribbean dollar
Flag of Saint Lucia Saint Lucia[n 1] Saint Lucia English: Saint Lucia Castries East Caribbean dollar
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[n 1] Saint Vincent and the Grenadines English: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown East Caribbean dollar
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago[n 1] Republic of Trinidad and Tobago English: Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain Trinidad and Tobago dollar
Flag of the United States United States[n 3] United States of America English: United States Washington, D.C. United States dollar

Non-sovereign territories[edit]

This section contains areas that are not sovereign states, but are not part of the sovereign states listed above. This includes dependent territories and integral areas of a primarily non-North American state.

Dependent territories[edit]

Dependencies that are not internationally recognized, or not in effect, are listed in italics.

Flag English short name English long name Domestic short names Capital Currency Legal status
Flag of Anguilla
Anguilla Anguilla English: Anguilla The Valley East Caribbean dollar British Overseas Territory
Flag of the United States Bajo Nuevo Bank[n 4] Bajo Nuevo Bank Spanish: Bajo Nuevo N/A N/A Unincorporated Unorganized Territory of the United States of America, uninhabited, disputed by 3 other nations.
Flag of Bermuda Bermuda Bermuda Islands English: Bermuda

Portuguese: Bermudas
Hamilton Bermudian dollar British Overseas Territory
Flag of the British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands Virgin Islands English: Virgin Islands Road Town United States dollar British Overseas Territory
Flag of the Cayman Islands Cayman Islands Cayman Islands English: Cayman Islands George Town Cayman Islands dollar British Overseas Territory
Flag of Montserrat Montserrat[n 1] Montserrat English: Montserrat Plymouth East Caribbean dollar British Overseas Territory
Unofficial flag of Navassa Island Navassa Island[n 5] Navassa Island English: Navassa Island N/A United States dollar Unincorporated Unorganized Territory of the United States, uninhabited, disputed by Haiti
Flag of Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Spanish: Puerto Rico

English: Puerto Rico
San Juan United States dollar Unincorporated territory (U.S. Commonwealth)
Flag of the United States Serranilla Bank[n 4] Serranilla Bank Spanish: Bajo Serranilla N/A N/A Unincorporated Unorganized Territory of the United States, uninhabited, disputed by 3 other nations
Flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands English: Turks and Caicos Islands Cockburn Town United States dollar British Overseas Territory
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands English: United States Virgin Islands Charlotte Amalie United States dollar Unincorporated organized Territory of the United States

Other areas[edit]

Flag English short name English long name Domestic short names Capital Currency Legal status
Flag of Aruba Aruba Aruba Dutch: Aruba Oranjestad Aruban florin Constituent Country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Flag of Bonaire Bonaire[n 6] Bonaire Dutch: Bonaire

Papiamento: Boneiru
Kralendijk United States dollar Special municipality of the Netherlands
Flag of France Clipperton Island Clipperton Island French: Île de la Passion N/A Euro Overseas Possession of France
Flag of Curaçao Curaçao Curaçao Dutch: Land Curaçao

Papiamento: Pais Kòrsou
Willemstad Netherlands Antillean guilder Constituent Country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Flag of Greenland Greenland Greenland Greenlandic: Kalaallit Nunaat

Danish: Grønland
Nuuk Danish krone Constituent Country of the Kingdom of Denmark
Unofficial flag of Guadeloupe Guadeloupe[n 7] Guadeloupe French: Guadeloupe Basse-Terre Euro Department and region of France
Unofficial flag of Martinique Martinique[n 7] Martinique French: Martinique Fort-de-France Euro Department and region of France
Flag of Saba Saba[n 6] Saba Dutch: Saba

English: Saba
The Bottom United States dollar Special municipality of the Netherlands
Flag of France Saint Barthélemy Collectivity of Saint Barthélemy French: Saint-Barthélemy Gustavia Euro French Overseas Collectivity
Flag of France Saint Martin Collectivity of Saint Martin French: Saint-Martin Marigot Euro French Overseas Collectivity
Flag of France Saint Pierre and Miquelon Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon French: Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon Saint-Pierre Euro French Overseas Collectivity
Flag of San Andrés y Providencia San Andrés and Providencia[n 8] Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina Spanish: San Andrés y Providencia San Andrés Colombian peso Department of Colombia
Flag of Sint Eustatius Sint Eustatius[n 6] Sint Eustatius Dutch: Sint Eustatius

English: Statia
Oranjestad United States dollar Special municipality of the Netherlands
Flag of Sint Maarten Sint Maarten Sint Maarten Dutch: Eilandgebied Sint Maarten Philipsburg Netherlands Antillean guilder Constituent Country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Member of the Caribbean Community. The Caribbean Community also includes Guyana and Suriname.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Member of the Central American Integration System.
  3. ^ a b c Member of the North American Free Trade Agreement.
  4. ^ a b Certain U.S. government documents list these as unorganized, unincorporated territories of the United States. For the most part, however, they are under Colombia administration as an integral part of Colombia, part of the San Andrés department. They are also claimed by Nicaragua, and in part by Jamaica and Honduras.
  5. ^ Claimed by Haiti.
  6. ^ a b c Part of the Netherlands.
  7. ^ a b Part of France.
  8. ^ Part of Colombia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]