Basse-Terre

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the city of Basse-Terre. For the island on which the city is located, see Basse-Terre Island.
Not to be confused with Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis.
Basse-Terre
The Town Hall
The Town Hall
Coat of arms of Basse-Terre
Coat of arms
Location of the commune (in red) within Guadeloupe
Location of the commune (in red) within Guadeloupe
Coordinates: 15°59′45″N 61°43′45″W / 15.9958°N 61.7292°W / 15.9958; -61.7292Coordinates: 15°59′45″N 61°43′45″W / 15.9958°N 61.7292°W / 15.9958; -61.7292
Country France
Overseas region and department Guadeloupe
Arrondissement Basse-Terre
Canton Basse-Terre (1st, and 2nd)
Intercommunality Sud Basse-Terre
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Marie-Luce Penchard
Area1 5.78 km2 (2.23 sq mi)
Population (2013)2 11,395
 • Density 2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 97105 / 97100

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Basse-Terre (French pronunciation: ​[bɑstɛʁ]) is a French commune in the Guadaloupe department of France in the Lesser Antilles. It is also the prefecture (capital city) of Guadeloupe.[1] The city of Basse-Terre is located on Basse-Terre Island, the western half of Guadeloupe.

Although it is the administrative capital, Basse-Terre is only the second largest city in Guadeloupe behind Pointe-à-Pitre. Together with its urban area it had 44,864 inhabitants in 2012 (11,534 of whom lived in the city of Basse-Terre proper).

Geography[edit]

The Soufrière Volcano

Basse-Terre is located in the south-western corner of the Basse-Terre portion of the island of Guadeloupe which is itself located some 100 km north of Dominica and some 450 km south-east of Puerto Rico. The commune is at the foot of the Soufrière volcano of The commune is connected to the rest of the island by three main roads:

Basse-Terre has a maritime station that receives cruise ships and has a ferry service to the Îles des Saintes.

The commune is mostly urban with some farmland in the north-east and north-west.[2][3]

The different districts of Basse-Terre are: Agincourt (also Saint-Claude), Bas-du-Bourg, Carmel, Desmarais (also Saint-Claude) Guillaud, Morne-Chaulet, Morne-à-Vaches (also Saint-Claude ), Petit-Paris, Pintade, Rivière-des-Peres, La Rue-Maillan, Saint-François, Sur-le Morne, and Versailles.

Mapping[edit]

A list of online mapping systems can be displayed by clicking on the coordinates (latitude and longitude) in the top right hand corner of this article.

Neighbouring communes and villages[edit]

[2]

Climate[edit]

Basse-Terre lies at a transitional point between a tropical rainforest climate and a tropical monsoon climate. While Basse-Terre does feature a drier stretch from January through March, the town does not quite have a dry season month. The town’s driest month (February) sees on average roughly 60 mm of precipitation. A monthly precipitation average below 60 mm is considered dry season month. As is the norm with cities with these two climate types, Basse-Terre features relatively consistent temperatures throughout the year.

Climate data for Basse-Terre
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31
(88)
32
(90)
31
(88)
32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
37
(99)
38
(100)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
32
(90)
38
(100)
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
28
(82)
30
(86)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24
(75)
24
(75)
25
(77)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
26
(79)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
22
(72)
Record low °C (°F) 15
(59)
16
(61)
15
(59)
16
(61)
17
(63)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
18
(64)
20
(68)
17
(63)
15
(59)
15
(59)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 8
(3.1)
6
(2.4)
7
(2.8)
11
(4.3)
15
(5.9)
12
(4.7)
16
(6.3)
19
(7.5)
23
(9.1)
22
(8.7)
22
(8.7)
14
(5.5)
178
(70.1)
Source: Weatherbase[4]

Toponymy[edit]

The name comes from the mariners' vocabulary of the 17th century which designated a land or coast sheltered from the wind, as opposed to Capesterre "Cape to the east of Land".[citation needed]

History[edit]

Fort Delgrès

Native American origins[edit]

Before Basse-Terre became a French town it was a village of American Indian horticulturists and potters. The village was on the site of the present Basse-Terre Cathedral where archaeological excavations found human remains and other evidence of occupation during the restoration of the cathedral.

In 2005 on the lower part of a Native American garbage dump, excavations have uncovered a new dump containing large amounts of archaeological material: food waste, ceramics, stone tools and shell tools, ornaments, charcoal and a tomb.[5]

Birth of the town of Basse-Terre (1635-1649)[edit]

In 1635, when it was part of Saint Kitts and Nevis, an expedition was seeking a place of lasting presence in Guadeloupe. The operation was entrusted to Charles Liénard de l'Olive and Jean du Plessis d'Ossonville together with 4 missionaries and 550 colonists. The landing took place on 28 June 1635, at Pointe Allègre, far from Basse-Terre. Famine pushed the party to the south near the present town of Vieux-Fort in early 1636. The relationship between Native Americans and colonists degraded quickly; Liénard then began a bloody war against the locals. In 1660 a treaty forced him to retreat to Dominica and Saint Vincent. The war forced him to build a fort, today Fort Olive at Vieux Fort. In 1640 Aubert succeeded Liénard as the government of the island and he soon left the site to settle on the left bank of the Galion, which is the current Gourbeyre marina. In 1643 Charles Houël du Petit Pré replaced Aubert and, in 1649, he left the marina site for the right bank of the Galion and built a fort. Some religious built the first church, now the Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, shortly afterwards and the city was organized around the chapel and from the fort to the river of Herbs. This was the beginning of Basse-Terre.

Birth of the town of Saint-François (circa 1680)[edit]

Around 1680 on the right bank of the river of Herbs the Capuchins build a chapel dedicated to Saint Francis of Assisi where the present Guadaloupe Cathedral is located and a second centre of population grew around this place of worship. The River of Herbs separated the two distinct villages: Basse-Terre and Saint Francis. In reality, people flocked to the new town because of attacks by the English who burned the town of Basse-Terre in 1691 and again in 1703. Following these raids the people thought that the fort was attracting the invaders and consequently moved to Saint Francis. A stone bridge was built in 1739 replacing a ford and a wooden bridge across the river of Herbs.

English occupation (1759-1763) and tentative revival (1763-1789)[edit]

On 23 January 1759 the island was taken over by the British who devastated the island. The island was occupied by the British until 10 February 1763. The colony was experiencing a resurgence of activity despite the founding of Pointe-à-Pitre in 1764 - a town in a better position for the ocean swell - and despite a fire in September 1782. The town was partially redesigned around 1787.

Revolutionary period (1789-1802)[edit]

The French Revolution reached the island and therefore Basse-Terre in September 1789. The English passed the town to Governor Collot and Victor Hugues on 22 April 1789. Colot and Hugues were sent by the National Convention in Paris to take the colony in hand and abolish slavery. They dislodged the cannon in December 1794 and installed a guillotine. The city was the scene of military operations conducted by General Richepanse, who was sent by Napoleon to reestablish slavery, against Louis Delgrès in 1802. Delgrès retreated to the fort on 20 May 1802 and abandoned it on 22 May.

Difficult Renewal (1802-1870)[edit]

The town was occupied from 6 February 1810 to 30 May 1814 and again from 10 August 1815 to July 1816. For over 20 years Basse-Terre suffered from the effects of these disturbances. Only after four hurricanes (in 1816, 1821, 1825, and 1844) did Basse-Terre think of rehabilitating the construction and development of the Champ d'Arbaud by building a Military Hospital (now Gerville-Réache High School), a bishopric, sanitation, and expansion of the city by creating new neighbourhoods such as Trianon, Versailles, Petite Guinée, and Petit-Paris but the situation remained unchanged, worsened more by a cholera epidemic in 1865.

Renewed activity (1870-1976)[edit]

From 1870 the commune began to recover and inaugurated its town hall in 1899. It was the first city in Guadaloupe to be electrified in 1913. The impetus came from Ali Tur, who arrived after the cyclone of September 1928 and built the courthouse, the General Council, and a market in the 1930s. A port was built (as wooden quays had previously served as a port) from 1961 to 1964, the boulevard was built in 1962 to serve the port: it was extended in 1964 and again in 1965 along what was once a pebble and black sand beach that ran along the coast. On 26 November, 1970, 1.5 inches of rain (38.1 mm)fell in a minute, the heaviest ever recorded. Cyclonic conditions repeatedly ravaged the development of this boulevard in 1989 with Hurricane Hugo and Hurricane Marilyn in 1995, Hurricane Lenny in 1999, and Hurricane Omar in 2008.

Since 1976[edit]

In 1976 73,600 inhabitants of the town were evacuated (from 15 August to 18 November 1976) due to the high activity of the Soufrière volcano. Some evacuees never returned and moved to Jarry. For 20 years, the town centre was depopulated in favour of peri-urban areas or neighbouring towns such Baillif, Saint-Claude, and Gourbeyre despite attempts at renewal.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Basse-Terre
The fleur-de-lis symbolise the belonging to France while sun symbolises a tropical island.

Blazon:
Gules, charged with a sun of Or; in chief Azure 3 fleurs-de-lis Or.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[6]

Mayors from 1945
From To Name Party Position
1945 1951 Joseph Pitat Doctor, President of the General Council 1945-1949
1951 1953 Annibal Waneybergue Retired
1953 1959 Élie Chauffrein PCF
1959 1971 Gaston Feuillard Lawyer, MP 1958-1973
1971 1995 Jérôme Cléry PCG Doctor
1995 2001 Lucette Michaux-Chevry RPR Lawyer, President of the Regional Council 1992-2004, Senator 1995-2011
2001 2001 Pierre Martin DVD
2001 2008 Guy Georges DVD Merchant
2008 2014 Lucette Michaux-Chevry UMP Lawyer, former Minister, Senator
2014 2020 Marie-Luce Penchard UMP Territorial Administrator, former Minister

(Not all data is known)

Judicial and administrative bodies[edit]

The commune of Basse-Terre has a Courthouse, which was built in 1934 by architect Ali Georges-Tur, and which also houses the Basse-Terre Court of Appeal, a Tribunal d'instance, a High Court an Administrative Court, and an industrial tribunal.[7] The Bar Association of the Bar of Guadeloupe is also established in the commune. Basse-Terre benefits from the presence of a Chamber of bailiffs, a Chamber of Notaries, and a Chamber of Commerce. The prefecture is also present and the city is the seat of the Urban community of South Basse-Terre. There is a police station and a prison.

Twinning[edit]

Basse-Terre has twinning associations with:[8]

Demography[edit]

The total number of households in the commune in 2010 was 5158.[9] Since 1982 the population has remained stable.

In 2010 the commune had 999 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1967 1974 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 - -
15,690 15,457 13,656 14,003 12,377 11,915 - -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, [ INSEE database from 1968] (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Basse-Terre

Education[edit]

The commune has 24 educational institutions:[10]

  • 5 Public Kindegartens
    • Chevalier St-Georges
  • Circonvallation
  • Laure Abel
  • Petit Paris
  • Rivière des Pérès
    8 Primary Schools
    • Private
      • Immaculée Versailles
      • Jeanne-D Arc
      • Saint Paul de Bouillon
    • Public
      • Elie Chaufrein
      • Gaston Michineau
      • Mélanie Milly
      • Regina Richard
      • Rivière des Pérès
    3 Colleges
    • Joseph Pitat
    • Les Persévérants
    • Pensionnat de Versailles
    4 Senior High Schools
    • Lycée et lycée professionnel les Persévérants
    • Lycée général et technologique Gerville Réache
    • Lycée général et technologique Pensionnat de Versailles
    • Lycée polyvalent Raoul Georges Nicolo

Health[edit]

Medical institutions in Basse-Terre are among the largest on the island. In 2012 the hospital in Basse-Terre had 235 beds organized into four areas (emergency, surgery, enlarged internal medicine, obstetrics and pediatrics) and had a staff of 850 doctors, hospital and administrative staff.[11] The commune also has a Health Centre.

Town planning[edit]

The central Roundabout in Basse-Terre, at the intersection of boulevard du Général-de-Gaulle and boulevard du Gouverneur-Éboué.

Urban Morphology[edit]

360º Panorama of the waterfront of Basse-Terre along the boulevard du Général-de-Gaulle.

Over the centuries the commune spread along a street formerly named Grand Rue. The River of Herbs separates two early nuclei of houses which now correspond to the districts of Carmel and Saint Francis. The town developed on a narrow coastal strip between the Caribbean Sea and the first hills of the long mountain ridge that divides the island in two. The volcanic massif of the Soufrière is to the north-east and the mountains of Caraïbes and Houëlmont are to the south-east, which enclose the commune in lush greenery. The city itself stretches over 3 km in spite of a rugged terrain intersected by ravines.

Communal Territory[edit]

The boundaries of the commune have varied over the centuries. The colonial Decree of 20 September 1837 endorsed the creation of communes (endorsed on 12 November 1789) and set the powers of the mayor and city council. The territory of Basse-Terre was previously split into two: intra-muros which was the urban part and its inner periphery and extra-muros that extended to the slopes of the Soufrière (although this terminology is used, the city has never been surrounded by walls). In 1837 two new communes were created by cutting extra-muros from Basse-Terre and the future Saint-Claude and Gourbeyre were created. A decision of the municipal council of 15 March 1839 specified the limits of the commune. By 16 October 1953, the commune has grown and included the neighbourhoods of Rivière-des-Peres by the sea as well as Pintade, Thillac, Morne-à-Vaches, Desmarais, Guillard, and Delille.

Housing[edit]

The total number of dwellings in the commune is 5,540. 82.1% are primary residences against 83% nationally. The number of second homes is estimated at 0.5% and the number of vacancies to 16% which is above the national average of 8%.[12]

Economy[edit]

The area of the commune has been greatly reduced since the end of the 19th century and its mountainous terrain does not allow it to develop large-scale farming.[citation needed] Only the Bologna distillery, a rum producer, remains significant and is one of the jewels of local production shared with the commune of Baillif.[citation needed] The city, as capital of the department, hosts major administration establishments as well as the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Basse-Terre.[citation needed]

There has been development of the economic sector through improving the reception of cruise ships and passengers in the port of Basse-Terre.[13] The first stone for the ferry terminal was laid on 27 December 2013. The modern terminal has a capacity of 100 people with areas for ticketing and restaurants was opened on 2 October 2015.[14]

Employment[edit]

The unemployment rate in 2012 for the town was 25.6% out of a total workforce of 7,293 individuals.[15]

Division of Employees into type of activity

  Agricultural Workers Tradesmen, shopkeepers, company directors Managers and Professionals Middle Managers Employees Workers
Basse-Terre 1% 7% 6.9% 21.4% 46.9% 16.9%
Moyenne Nationale 2,4 % 6,4 % 12,1 % 22,1 % 29,9 % 27,1 %
Source od data: INSEE[16]

Culture and heritage[edit]

The commune has a very large number of buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments. For a complete list with links to descriptions (in French) and photos click here. Some of the most interesting are shown below.

Civil heritage[edit]

  • Fort DelgrèsLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg (formerly Fort Saint-Charles), built by Charles Houël in 1649; thereafter many governors expanded it and made substantial changes. It was taken and retaken several times. It had several names: Fort Houël (1650-1794), Fort Matilda by the English (1794), Fort Richepanse (30 March 1803 – 1810), again Fort Matilda (1810-1814 and 1815-1816), again Fort Richepanse (1816-1960), Fort Saint Charles (1960), and Fort Delgrès (since 1989). Classified as an historical monument by order of 21 November 1977.[17]
  • The Gerty Archimede Museum opened in 1984 in the house where the lawyer and politician Gerty Archimede lived.
  • The Town hall was built in 1889. For the Tercentenary celebrations of linking the West Indies to France Georges Rohner made ??seven paintings to decorate the building, between 1934 and 1936.[18] The seven paintings in the town hall are registered as historical objects:
    • A Painting: Portrait of Victor Schoelcher (1937)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[19]
    • A Painting: Horseman talking to a woman and small boy (1937)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[20]
    • A Painting: Workman carrying a hand of bananas (1937)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[21]
    • A Painting: Two fishermen shaking their nets with a woman (1937)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[22]
    • A Painting: Two fishermen shaking their nets (1937)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[23]
    • A Painting: Basse-Terre bay (1937)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[24]
    • A Painting: Women talking under a tree (1937)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[25]
  • The CourthouseLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg buildings were all built by Ali Tur.[26] It is used for all of the courts of the prefecture including the Court of Appeal and High Court. It is classified as historical monuments by order of 15 December 1997.[27]
  • The Market Clock located inside the City spice Market dates from 1932 and is also the work of architect Ali Tur.[26]
  • The Lycée général et technologique Gerville-RéacheLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg was built in the 1st quarter of the 19th century when it housed a military hospital. In the 1950s this was converted into the school. It was classified as an historical monument by order of 15 January 1979.[28]
  • The Regional Council of Guadeloupe was recently built (1991-1993) and houses the offices of regional councilors and the President of the Regional Executive.
  • The General Council of GuadeloupeLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg was built on the site of the former General Council building. It has been listed as an historical monument since 1997.[29]
  • The Prefecture of GuadeloupeLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg on the site of the former military hospital destroyed by fire in 1794. It was a military district which was formerly called the "Barracks of Orleans" in the 19th century. The current building was built by Ali Tur between 1932 and 1935[26] and was called the "Palace of Orleans" or the "Palace of the Governor". It was not until 1951 that the prefectural administration settled there. It was classified as an historical monument by order of 15 December 1997.[30]

Religious heritage[edit]

  • The Cathedral of Our Lady of GuadeloupeLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg was built over a wooden chapel that was built in the 18th century when it was called Saint Francis Church. It was not until 1877 that it was dedicated to Our Lady of Guadeloupe. The cathedral was listedas an Historical Monument (MH) on 17 June the 1975.[31] Its annex buildings are the seat of the Diocese of Basse-Terre and Pointe-à-Pitre.
  • The Bell TowerLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg of the Cathedral was built in 1837 and recently renovated recently and is separated on the back of the cathedral without. It was classifiedas an historical monument on 19 May 2006.[32]
  • The Church of Our Lady of Mount CarmelLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg was built by the first colonists and more precisely by monks in the 17th century. It marked foundation of Basse-Terre. It was classified as an historical monument on 20 April 2006.[33] The church contains several items that are registered as histporical objects:
    • A Cabinet (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[34]
    • A Processional Cross (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[35]
    • A Monstrance (1704)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[36]
    • A Funeral plaque for Jean Louis Honoré d'Hesmivy (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[37]
    • A Funeral plaque for François Charles de Bourlamaque (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[38]
    • A Sculpture (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[39]
  • The Saint Antoine MonasteryLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg was founded in 1897 as a charitable hospice and property of the Saint Vincent de Paul congregation. It was listed in 2007 as an historical monument.[40]

Festivals[edit]

  • The Auditorium Jérôme Cléry and a Theatre with 500 seats called L'Artchipel
  • The Festival Patronale on 12 December
  • The Festival of Carmel on 16 July

Sport[edit]

Sports facilities in the commune:

  • Sports Palace of Rivière-des-Pères (1600 seats)
  • Stadium of Rivière-des-Peres (4000 seats)
  • Inter-communal Swimming Pool at Rivière-des-Peres
  • Félix-Éboué Stadium
  • Multisports halls

They are used by sports clubs:

  • The Cygne Noir, football
  • La Gauloise, football
  • The Racing Club of Basse-Terre, football
  • The Étoile du Carmel, football
  • The Basse-Terre Rugby Club (BASTRUC), rugby

Media[edit]

The TV channel Guadeloupe I and radio Guadeloupe I are available in the commune.

Picture Gallery[edit]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ INSEE
  2. ^ a b c Basse-Terre on Google Maps
  3. ^ a b Basse-Terre on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
  4. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Basse-Terre". 
  5. ^ Report of Activity 2006, Inrap, page 87 (French)
  6. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  7. ^ List of competent jurisdictions for Basse-Terre, Ministry of Justice website (French).
  8. ^ National Commission for Decentralised cooperation (French)
  9. ^ INSEE Key Statistics for Households (French)
  10. ^ Schools in Basse-Terre (French)
  11. ^ Presentation of the Hospital Centre of Basse-Terre on its official website (French)
  12. ^ Logement à Basse-Terre, INSEE data compiled by Linternaute (French)
  13. ^ Major work planned in the port in France-Antilles on 19 March 2011 (French)
  14. ^ Basse-Terre turns around its port (French)
  15. ^ INSEE Population Active (French)
  16. ^ Demographic data from INSEE compiled by L'internaute (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA97100904 Fort Delgrès (French)
  18. ^ Marie-Emmanuelle Desmoulins, The Guadaloupen interlude of Georges Rohner: the paintings in the Town Hall of Basse-Terre (1934-1936), In Situ - Revue of Heritage, No. 6, 2005 Read online (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100025 Painting: Portrait of Victor Schoelcher Camera aabb.svg (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100024 Painting: Horseman talking to a woman and small boy Camera aabb.svg (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100023 Painting: Workman carrying a hand of bananas Camera aabb.svg (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100022 Painting: Two fishermen shaking their nets with a woman Camera aabb.svg (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100021 Painting: Two fishermen shaking their nets Camera aabb.svg (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100020 Painting: Basse-Terre Bay Camera aabb.svg (French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100020 Painting: Women talking under a tree Camera aabb.svg (French)
  26. ^ a b c Michèle Robin-Clerc, Descriptive note of the works of Ali Tur, Conseil régional de Guadeloupe, Basse-Terre, 2010, p. 7-8 (French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA97100912 Courthouse (French)
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA97100911 Lycée général et technologique Gerville-Réache (French)
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00105889 General Council of Guadeloupe (French)
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA97100914 Prefecture of Guadeloupe Camera aabb.svg (French)
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00105849 Cathedral of Our Lady of Guadeloupe (French)
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA97100917 Bell Tower of the Cathedral (French)
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA97101043 Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel (French)
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100018 Cabinet Camera aabb.svg (French)
  35. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100005 Processional Cross (French)
  36. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100004 Monstrance (French)
  37. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100003 Funeral plaque for Jean Louis Honoré d'Hesmivy (French)
  38. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100002 Funeral plaque for François Charles de Bourlamaque (French)
  39. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM97100001 Sculpture (French)
  40. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA97100022 Saint Antoine Monastery (French)

External links[edit]