Jump to content

List of countries by traffic-related death rate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Death rates from road traffic accidents by country, per 100,000 inhabitants, world map (WHO 2019).[1][nb 1]
  fewer than 5
  more than 40
  Data unavailable

This list of countries by traffic-related death rate shows the annual number of road fatalities per capita per year, per number of motor vehicles, and per vehicle-km in some countries in the year the data was collected.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), road traffic injuries caused an estimated 1.35 million deaths worldwide in 2016.[2] That is, one person is killed every 26 seconds on average.

Only 28 countries, representing 449 million people (seven percent of the world's population), have laws that address the five risk factors of speed, drunk driving, helmets, seat-belts and child restraints.[citation needed] Over a third of road traffic deaths in low- and middle-income countries are among pedestrians and cyclists. However, less than 35 percent of low- and middle-income countries have policies in place to protect these road users.[3] The average rate was 17.4 per 100,000 people. Low-income countries now have the highest annual road traffic fatality rates, at 24.1 per 100,000, while the rate in high-income countries is lowest, at 9.2 per 100,000.[3]

Seventy-four percent of road traffic deaths occur in middle-income countries, which account for only 53 percent of the world's registered vehicles. In low-income countries it is even worse. Only one percent of the world's registered cars produce 16 percent of world's road traffic deaths. This indicates that these countries bear a disproportionately high burden of road traffic deaths relative to their level of motorization.[3]

There are large disparities in road traffic death rates between regions. The risk of dying as a result of a road traffic injury is highest in the African Region (26.6 per 100 000 population), and lowest in the European Region (9.3 per 100 000).[3]

Adults aged between 15 and 44 years account for 59 percent of global road traffic deaths. 77 percent of road deaths are males.[4]

The total fatalities figures comes from the WHO report (table A2, column point estimate, pp. 264–271) and are often an adjusted number of road traffic fatalities in order to reflect the different reporting and counting methods among the many countries (e.g., "a death after how many days since accident event is still counted as a road fatality?" (by international standard adjusted to a 30-day period), or "to compensate for under-reporting in some countries".[3][5]: 62–74 


The table shows that the highest death tolls tend to be in African countries, and the lowest in European countries. The table first lists WHO geographic regions before alphabetically sorted countries.

(For context, this list shall be cross-referenced with lists of motor vehicles or motorcycles per capita, as numerous countries have low per capita vehicle ownership; being either heavily reliant on motorcycles or public transportation.)

See also[edit]




  1. ^ The following groupings/assumptions were made:
    • France includes the overseas departments as well as overseas collectivities.
    • The United Kingdom includes the Crown dependencies as well as the overseas territories.
    • The United States of America includes the insular areas.
    • The Netherlands includes Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles.
    • Denmark includes Greenland and the Faroe islands.
  2. ^ a b Figure from 2010.
  3. ^ Non-harmonized figure
  4. ^ Not included in WHO 2018 report
  1. ^ Latest year (adjusted/estimated figures from WHO report)[5][1]
  2. ^ Standard source: WHO report 2019 [1]
  3. ^ [nb 3][nb 4][17]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Road traffic deaths Data by country". World Health Organization. 9 February 2021. Retrieved 2 March 2024.
  2. ^ a b c WHO, ed. (2018). Global Status Report on Road Safety 2018 (PDF) (official report). Geneva: World Health Organization (WHO). pp. xiv–xv, 1–13, 91ff (countries), 302–313 (table A2), 392–397 (table A11). ISBN 978-92-4-156568-4. Retrieved 5 May 2019. Tables A2 & A11, data from 2016
  3. ^ a b c d e WHO, ed. (2015). Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015 (official report). Geneva: World Health Organization (WHO). pp. vii, 1–14, 75ff (countries), 264–271 (table A2), 316–332 (table A10). ISBN 978-92-4-156506-6. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 October 2015. Retrieved 27 January 2016. Tables A2 & A10, data from 2013
  4. ^ WHO, ed. (2013). Global Status Report on Road Safety 2013: supporting a decade of action (PDF) (official report). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization (WHO). pp. vii, 1–8, 53ff (countries), 244–251 (table A2), 296–303 (table A10). ISBN 978-92-4-156456-4. Retrieved 30 May 2014. Tables A2 & A10, data from 2010
  5. ^ a b WHO, ed. (2015). "WHO Report 2015: Data tables" (official report). Geneva: World Health Organization (WHO). Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 November 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Road traffic deaths Data by WHO region". World Health Organization. 9 February 2021. Retrieved 2 March 2024.
  7. ^ OECD/ITF, ed. (18 May 2018). Road Safety Annual Report 2018 (PDF) (official report). Paris: International Transport Forum (itf). p. 21. Retrieved 18 December 2018. data from 2016
  8. ^ a b "Annual International road safety comparisons 2022". Australian Government Bureau of Infrastructure and Transport Research Economics. Retrieved 13 June 2024.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y "Road deaths in the European Union – latest data | ETSC". etsc.eu. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  10. ^ "Road Safety Country Profile Czechia 2023" (PDF). ITF OECD. Retrieved 13 June 2024.
  11. ^ Transport Department (21 October 2021). "Summary of Key Statistics(English)". Archived from the original on 6 January 2022. Retrieved 7 January 2022.
  12. ^ a b "Slysatölur ("Accident Statistics") – latest data | Icelandic Transport Authority". Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  13. ^ "Average population by sex and age 1841-2021".
  14. ^ "Road Safety: Japan Sees Rise in Annual Traffic Accidents and Fatalities|". nippon.com.
  15. ^ The statistical summary "Moldova in figures", 2024 edition
  16. ^ "교통사고 추세".
  17. ^ "國情統計通報 (National Statistical Bulletin)" (PDF) (in Chinese). Retrieved 12 August 2023.

External links[edit]