List of countries by traffic-related death rate

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Death rates from road traffic accidents by country, per 100,000 inhabitants, world map (WHO 2012).[1][nb 1]

Legend

  no data
  less than 5
  5-10
  10-15
  15-20
  20-25
  25-30
  30-35
  35-40
  more than 40

This list of countries by traffic-related death rate shows the annual number of road fatalities per capita per year, per amount of motor vehicles and per vehicle-km in some countries in the year the data was collected.

According to the World Health Organization, road traffic injuries caused an estimated 1.25 million deaths worldwide in the year 2010. That is, one person is killed every 25 seconds. Only 28 countries, representing 449 million people (7% of the world's population), have adequate laws that address all five risk factors (speed, drink–driving, helmets, seat-belts and child restraints). Over a third of road traffic deaths in low- and middle-income countries are among pedestrians and cyclists. However, less than 35% of low- and middle-income countries have policies in place to protect these road users.[2]

The average rate was 17.4 per 100,000 people. Low-income countries now have the highest annual road traffic fatality rates, at 24.1 per 100 000, while the rate in high-income countries is lowest, at 9.2 per 100 000.[2]

Seventy-four per cent of road traffic deaths occur in middle-income countries, which account for 70% of the world's population, but only 53% of the world's registered vehicles. In low-income countries it is even worse. Only one percent of the world's registered cars produce 16% of world's road traffic deaths. This indicates that these countries bear a disproportionately high burden of road traffic deaths relative to their level of motorization.[2]

There are large disparities in road traffic death rates between regions. The risk of dying as a result of a road traffic injury is highest in the African Region (increasing 26.6 per 100 000 population), and lowest in the European Region (decreasing 9.3 per 100 000).[2]

Half of the world's road traffic deaths occur among motorcyclists (23%), pedestrians (22%) and cyclists (5%) – i.e. "vulnerable road users" – with 31% of deaths among car occupants and the remaining 19% among unspecified road users.[3]

Adults aged between 15 and 44 years account for 59% of global road traffic deaths. 77% road deaths are among men.[3]

The total fatalities figures comes from the WHO report (table A2, column point estimate, pp. 264–271) and are often an adjusted number of road traffic fatalities in order to reflect the different reporting and counting methods among the many countries (e.g. "a death after how many days since accident event is still counted as a road fatality?" (by standard adjusted to a 30 days period), or "to compensate for underreporting in some countries", see WHO report pp. 62–74).[2][4]

List[edit]

The table shows that the highest death tolls tend to be in African countries, and the lowest in European countries. The table first lists geograhic regions before alphabetically sorted countries. A comparison between left-handed and right-handed traffic cannot be done without taking into account a variety of confounding factors such as the degree of compliance with traffic regulations, the level of policing, GDP per capita, the median/mode of the age of cars and many more.

Country Road fatalities
per 100,000
inhabitants
per year[4]
Road fatalities
per 100,000
motor vehicles[4]
Road fatalities
per 1 billion
vehicle-km[5]
Total fatalities
latest year
(adjusted/estimated
figures by WHO report)
[4]
Year, data source
(standard source:
The WHO report 2015,[2]
data from 2013
)
L/R
traffic

 World 17.4 1,250,000
 Africa 26.6 574[6] 246,719[6]
 Eastern Mediterranean 19.9 139[6] 122,730[6]
 Western Pacific 17.3 69[6] 328,591[6]
 South-east Asia 17.0 101[6] 316,080[6]
 Americas 15.9 33[6] 153,789[6]
 Europe 9.3 19[6] 84,589[6]
 Afghanistan 15.5 722.4 n/a 4734 2013 R
 Albania 15.1 107.2 n/a 478 2013 R
 Algeria 23.8 127.8 n/a 9337 2013 R
 Andorra 7.6 7.9 n/a 6 2013 R
 Angola 26.9 992 n/a 5769 2013 R
 Antigua & Barbuda 6.7 20 n/a 6 2013 L
 Argentina 13.6 24.3 n/a 5619 2013 R
 Armenia 18.3 18.2 n/a 546 2013 R
 Australia 5.4 7.3 5.2 1252 2013 L
 Austria 5.4 7.1 5.8 455 2013 R
 Azerbaijan 10.0 83 n/a 943 2013 R
 Bahamas 13.8 36 n/a 52 2013 L
 Bahrain 8.0 19.6 n/a 107 2013 R
 Bangladesh 13.6 1020.6 n/a 21,316 2013 L
 Barbados 6.7 16.9 n/a 19 2013 L
 Belarus 13.7 32.9 n/a 1282 2013 R
 Belgium 6.7 10.7 7.3 746 2013 R
 Belize 24.4 26 n/a 81 2013 R
 Benin 27.7 8177.2 n/a 2855 2013 R
 Bhutan 15.1 167.2 n/a 114 2013 L
 Bolivia 23.2 205.2 n/a 3476 2013 R
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 17.7 76.7 n/a 676 2013 R
 Botswana 23.6 91.6 n/a 477 2013 L
 Brazil 23.4 50.3 55.9[7] 41,059 2013 R
 Bulgaria 8.3 17.2 n/a 601 2013 R
 Burkina Faso 30.0 328.1 n/a 5072 2013 R
 Cape Verde 26.1 229 n/a 130 2013 R
 Cambodia 17.4 107.2 n/a 2635 2013 R
 Cameroon 27.6 1385.1 n/a 6136 2013 R
 Canada 6.0 9.5 6.2 2114 2013 R
 Central African Republic 32.4 4336.5 n/a 1495 2013 R
 Chad 24.1 497 n/a 3089 2013 R
 Chile 12.4 51.1 n/a 2179 2013 R
 China 18.8 104.5 n/a 261,367 2013 R
 Colombia 16.8 83.3 n/a 8107 2013 R
 Congo 26.4 1063 n/a 1174 2013 R
 Cook Islands 24.2 40.2 n/a 5 2013 L
 Costa Rica 13.9 38.4 n/a 676 2013 R
 Ivory Coast 24.2 828.9 n/a 4924 2013 R
 Croatia 9.2 21.1 n/a 395 2013 R
 Cuba 7.5 133.7 n/a 840 2013 R
 Cyprus 5.2 9.2 n/a 59 2013 L
 Czech Republic 6.1 8.5 13.9 654 2013 R
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 33.2 6405.4 n/a 22,419 2013 R
 Denmark 3.5 6.7 4 196 2013 R
 Dominica 15.3 44.7 n/a 11 2013 L
 Dominican Republic 29.3 94.9 n/a 3052 2013 R
 Ecuador 20.1 183.8 n/a 3164 2013 R
 Egypt 12.8 148.7 n/a 10,466 2013 R
 El Salvador 21.1 163.7 n/a 1339 2013 R
 Eritrea 24.1 2171.5 n/a 1527 2013 R
 Estonia 7.0 11.8 n/a 90 2013 R
 Ethiopia 25.3 4984.3 n/a 23,837 2013 R
 Fiji 5.8 58.9 n/a 51 2013 L
 Finland 4.8 4.4 4.8 258 2013 R
 France 5.1 7.6 5.8 3268 2013 R
 Gabon 22.9 196.4 n/a 383 2013 R
 Gambia 29.4 998.7 n/a 544 2013 R
 Georgia 11.8 54 n/a 514 2013 R
 Germany 4.3 6.8 4.9 3540 2013 R
 Ghana 26.2 443.1 n/a 6789 2013 R
 Greece 9.1 12.6 n/a 1013 2013 R
 Guatemala 19.0 114.7 n/a 2939 2013 R
 Guinea 27.3 9462.5 n/a 3211 2013 R
 Guinea-Bissau 27.5 751.9 n/a 468 2013 R
 Guyana 17.3 864.4 n/a 138 2013 L
 Honduras 17.4 1021.7 n/a 1408 2013 R
 Hungary 7.7 20.7 n/a 765 2013 R
 Iceland 4.6 6.1 4.7 15 2013 R
 India 16.6 130.1 n/a 238,562 2013 L
 Indonesia 15.3 36.7 n/a 38,279 2013 L
 Iran 32.1 92.7 n/a 24,896 2013 R
 Iraq 20.2 151.2 n/a 6826 2013 R
 Ireland 4.1 7.6 3.9 188 2013 L
 Israel 3.6 9.7 5.3 277 2013 R
 Italy 6.1 7.3 n/a 3753 2013 R
 Jamaica 11.5 61.7 n/a 320 2013 L
 Japan 4.7 6.5 8 5971 2013 L
 Jordan 26.3 151.4 n/a 1913 2013 R
 Kazakhstan 24.2 101.4 n/a 3983 2013 R
 Kenya 29.1 640.7 n/a 12,891 2013 L
 Kiribati 2.9 86.9 n/a 3 2013 L
 Kuwait 18.7 34.2 n/a 629 2013 R
 Kyrgyzstan 22.0 127.3 n/a 1220 2013 R
 Laos 14.3 67.5 n/a 971 2013 R
 Latvia 10.0 24.8 n/a 205 2013 R
 Lebanon 22.6 64.8 n/a 1088 2013 R
 Lesotho 28.2 474.8 n/a 584 2013 L
 Liberia 33.7 133.4 n/a 1448 2013 R
 Libya 73.4 128.2 n/a 4554 2013 R
 Lithuania 10.6 16.1 n/a 320 2013 R
 Luxembourg 8.7 10.7 n/a 46 2013 R
 Macedonia 9.4 49.1 n/a 198 2013 R
 Madagascar 28.4 2963 n/a 6506 2013 R
 Malawi 35.0 1310.4 n/a 5732 2013 L
 Malaysia 24.0 29.9 12.6 7129 2013 L
 Maldives 3.5 19.5 n/a 12 2013 L
 Mali 25.6 1352.5 n/a 3920 2013 R
 Malta 5.1 6.8 n/a 22 2013 L
 Marshall Islands 5.7 141.8 n/a 3 2013 R
 Mauritania 24.5 228.7 n/a 952 2013 R
 Mauritius 12.2 35.6 n/a 158 2013 L
 Mexico 12.3 43 n/a 15,062 2013 R
 Federated States of Micronesia 1.9 24 n/a 2 2013 R
 Monaco - - n/a 0 2013 R
 Mongolia 21.0 88.4 n/a 597 2013 R
 Montenegro 11.9 36.8 n/a 74 2013 R
 Morocco 18.0 209 n/a 6870 2013 R
 Mozambique 31.6 1507 n/a 8173 2013 L
 Myanmar 20.3 250.8 n/a 10,809 2013 R
 Namibia 23.9 196.4 n/a 551 2013 L
   Nepal 17.0 399.8 n/a 4713 2013 L
 Netherlands 3.4 6 4.5 574 2013 R
 New Zealand 6.0 8.4 6.7 272 2013 L
 Nicaragua 15.3 164.3 n/a 931 2013 R
 Niger 26.4 1491.1 n/a 4706 2013 R
 Nigeria 20.5 615.4 n/a 35,621 2013 R
 Norway 3.8 5.2 4.4 192 2013 R
 Oman 25.4 85.3 n/a 924 2013 R
 Pakistan 14.2 283.9 n/a 25,781 2013 L
 Palau 4.8 14.1 n/a 1 2013 R
 Panama 10.0 38.4 n/a 386 2013 R
 Papua New Guinea 16.8 1306.5 n/a 1232 2013 L
 Paraguay 20.7 114.7 n/a 1408 2013 R
 Peru 13.9 99.3 n/a 4234 2013 R
 Philippines 10.5 135 n/a 10379 2013 R
 Poland 10.3 15.8 n/a 3931 2013 R
 Portugal 7.8 13.7 n/a 828 2013 R
 Qatar 15.2 50.9 n/a 330 2013 R
 South Korea 10.4[8] 23.2 18.2 5382 2015[9] R
 Republic of Moldova 12.5 61.8 n/a 437 2013 R
 Romania 8.7 31.4 n/a 1881 2013 R
 Russia 18.9 53.4 n/a 27,025 2013 R
 Rwanda 32.1 3521.1 n/a 3782 2013 R
 Saint Lucia 18.1 2103.3 n/a 33 2013 L
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 8.2 31.7 n/a 9 2013 L
 Samoa 15.8 171.9 n/a 30 2013 L
 San Marino 3.2 1.8 n/a 1 2013 R
 São Tomé and Príncipe 31.1 5454.5 n/a 60 2013 R
 Saudi Arabia 27.4 119.7 n/a 7898 2013 R
 Senegal 27.2 956.4 n/a 3844 2013 R
 Serbia 10.4 34.5 n/a 735 2013 R
 Seychelles 8.6 43 n/a 8 2013 L
 Sierra Leone 27.3 2414.2 n/a 1661 2013 R
 Singapore 3.6 20.2 n/a 197 2013 L
 Slovakia 6.6 13.7 n/a 360 2013 R
 Slovenia 6.4 9.5 7.6 132 2013 R
 Solomon Islands 19.2 240 n/a 108 2013 L
 Somalia 25.4 4480.5 n/a 2664 2013 R
 South Africa 25.1 133.9 n/a 13,273 2013 L
 Spain 3.7 5.3 7.8 1730 2013 R
 Sri Lanka 17.4 70.9 n/a 3691 2013 L
 Sudan 24.3 2872.8 n/a 9,221 2013 R
 Suriname 19.1 49.7 n/a 103 2013 L
 Swaziland 24.2 1667.4 n/a 303 2013 L
 Sweden 2.8 4.7 3.5 272 2013 R
  Switzerland 3.3 4.7 4.3 269 2013[10][11][12][13] R
 Tajikistan 18.8 374.9 n/a 1543 2013 R
 Thailand 36.2 74.6 n/a 24,237 2013 L
 Timor-Leste 16.6 295.8 n/a 188 2013 L
 Togo 31.1 3653.4 n/a 2123 2013 R
 Tonga 7.6 98.1 n/a 8 2013 L
 Trinidad and Tobago 14.1 58.9 n/a 189 2013 L
 Tunisia 24.4 154.4 n/a 2679 2013 R
 Turkey 8.9 37.3 n/a 6687 2013 R
 Turkmenistan 17.4 107.8 n/a 914 2009 R
 Uganda 27.4 836.8 n/a 10,280 2013 L
 United Arab Emirates 10.9 38.2 n/a 1021 2013 R
 United Kingdom 2.9 5.1 3.6 1827 2013 L
 Tanzania 32.9 1073.7 n/a 16,211 2013 L
 Ukraine 13.5[3] 35.3 n/a 5099 2012[14] R
 United States 10.6 12.9 7.1 34,064 2013 R
 Uruguay 16.6 28.5 n/a 567 2013 R
 Uzbekistan 11.2 n/a 3240 2013 R
 Vanuatu 16.6 300 n/a 42 2013 R
 Vietnam 24.5 55 n/a 22,419 2013 R
 Yemen 21.5 436.6 n/a 5248 2013 R
 Zambia 24.7 670.9 n/a 3586 2013 L
 Zimbabwe 28.2 429.8 n/a 3985 2013 L

See also[edit]

Nations:

General:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The following groupings/assumptions were made:
    • France includes the overseas departments as well as overseas collectivities.
    • The United Kingdom includes the Crown dependencies as well as the overseas territories.
    • The United States of America includes the insular areas.
    • The Netherlands includes Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles.
    • Denmark includes Greenland and the Faroe islands.
    • China includes the province and SARs of Hong Kong and Macao.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Data from World Health Organization Estimated Deaths 2012
  2. ^ a b c d e f WHO, ed. (2015). "Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015" (PDF) (official report). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organisation (WHO). pp. vii, 1–14, 75ff (countries), 264–271 (table A2), 316–332 (table A10). ISBN 978 92 4 156506 6. Retrieved 2016-01-27. Tables A2 & A10, data from 2013 
  3. ^ a b c WHO, ed. (2013). "Global Status Report on Road Safety 2013: supporting a decade of action" (PDF) (official report). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organisation (WHO). pp. vii, 1–8, 53ff (countries), 244–251 (table A2), 296–303 (table A10). ISBN 978 92 4 156456 4. Retrieved 2014-05-30. Tables A2 & A10, data from 2010 
  4. ^ a b c d WHO, ed. (2015). "WHO Report 2015: Data tables" (PDF) (official report). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organisation (WHO). Retrieved 2016-01-26. 
  5. ^ OECD/ITF, ed. (12 October 2015). "Road Safety Annual Report 2015" (PDF) (official report). Paris: International Traffic Safety Data and Analysis Group, International Transport Forum (irtad). pp. 47ff. ISBN 9789282107867. Retrieved 2016-01-29. data from 2013 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l WHO, ed. (2015). "Deaths on the roads: Based on the WHO Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015" (PDF) (official report). Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organisation (WHO). Retrieved 2016-01-26. 
  7. ^ Center for Traffic Safety Research - University of São Paulo(in Portuguese: Núcleo de Estudos em Segurança no Trânsito - NEST-USP)Master degree dissertation of Jorge Tiago Bastos published in 2011. Title: Geography of Traffic Fatalities in Brazil (in Portuguese: Geografia da mortalidade no trânsito no Brasil. School of Engineering of São Carlos - University of São Paulo, Department of Transportation, São Carlos - Brazil (data for 2008))[citation needed]
  8. ^ Official population estimate
  9. ^ ? (22 February 2016). "작년 교통사고 사망자 4621명…역대 최저 수준". Daily News (in Korean). Retrieved 2016-02-22. 
  10. ^ "Mobility and Transport: Pocket Statistics 2014" (PDF) (Official publication) (in English, German, French, and Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  11. ^ "Mobility and Transport: Key figures" (web page) (in English, German, French, and Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. October 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  12. ^ "Passenger transport performance" (web page) (in English, German, French, and Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. October 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  13. ^ "Verkehrsunfälle in der Schweiz 2012, Korrigierte Version, 30.8.2013" (PDF) (Official publication) (in German, French, and Italian). Switzerland: Federal Office for Statistics. 30 August 2013. Retrieved 2014-10-14. 
  14. ^ Число аварий по сравнению с 2011 годом возросло. Погибших оказалось тоже больше. www.liga.net (in Russian). ЛIГАБiзнесIнформ Информационное агентство. 27 February 2013. Retrieved 2016-04-14.