Long Market

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Long Market
Dlugi targ gdansk widok z wiezy ratusza.jpg
Length 200 m (700 ft)
From Town Hall
To Green Gate
Construction
Inauguration =13th century

The Long Market (Polish: Długi Targ, German: Langer Markt) in Gdańsk, Poland, is one of the most notable tourist attractions of the city.

It is situated between the end of Long Lane (Ulica Długa, Langgasse) and Green Gate (Brama Zielona, Koggentor).

History[edit]

Established in about 13th century, initially as a merchant road leading to the oval market place. Soon after bloody takeover of Gdańsk by Teutonic Knights, known as the Gdańsk slaughter,[1] the street become the city's main artery. Its official name in Latin Longa Platea was first written in 1331, German name Langgasse was introduced later and Polish Ulica Długa in 1552.[2] Before the Partitions of Poland it was also called the Royal Route because it served as a road of solemn entrances into the city during the visitations by Polish monarchs.[2] The latter name was popularized between 1457-1552. During the monarchs' visits to the city they were entertained in the tenement houses along the route and during the feasts of the Royal family the city council arrange fireworks here. The street was inhabited by the most prominent and the most wealthy citizens of the Royal City of Gdańsk. It was also a place of executions of witches, heretics and criminals that were nobles or city's citizens. The others were executed on Galgenberg/Szubieniczna Góra (Gallows Mountain) or in Peinkammertor/Katownia (Torture chamber).

Features[edit]

No. Description Picture
1 Hewel House. In the beginning of the 17th century it was owned by a merchant Jerzy Hewel. His wealth enabled him to found 11 ships to king Władysław IV in 1635, the core of the Polish fleet.[2]
9 Curicke House. After 1632 it was owned by Jerzy Curicki (Georg Curicke), whose son Rajnold was an author of famous Description of the City of Gdańsk published in 1687 in Gdańsk and in Amsterdam.[2]
12 Uphagen House. The house was erected in 1776 for a merchant Jan Uphagen. He died childless and left his property to the city under condition that his house will be kept unchanged.[2] The interior is a good example of the 18th century merchant furnishings of the king Stanisław Augustus' epoch.[2] Uphagen's House.jpg
28 Ferber House. It was built for the city mayor Constantin Ferber in 1560. The attic is decorated with coat of arms of Poland, Gdańsk and Royal Prussia and four sculptures.[3] Constantin Feber was prisoned in Łowicz by king Stephen Báthory because of his support for Archduke Maximilian during the 1575 election and rebellion against the king.[4] Gdansk Dom Ferberow.jpg
35 Lion Castle. Built for the Schwartzwalds family in 1569. The facade was adorned by Vroom of Haarlem.[5] The house was named after two lion sculptures decorating the main portal.[6] In 1636 king Władysław IV Vasa was entertained in the house during his visit to the city.[6] Today it houses the Russian Centre of Science and Culture. Lion's Castle in Gdańsk.jpg
45 Schumann House. Built for Hans Conert the Younger by unknown architect in 1560. The building was known at that time as the King's House.[7] The top of the house is decorated with the sculpture of Zeus. Schumann House's architecture bears strong resemblance to Gildehuis der Kuipers (Coopers' House) and to Huis van de Schutters (Archer's House) in Antwerp. Gdansk DomSchumannow.JPG
46 Town Hall. The original 15th-century structure was reconstructed after a fire that broke out in 1556. In 1561 a gilded statue of King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland was installed on a pinnacle of rebuilt tower.[8] Gdańsk - Ratusz Głównego Miasta (by Sfu).jpg
- Neptune's Fountain. It was constructed in 1617 to design by Abraham van den Blocke.[9] The fountain was founded by the city councillors at Barthell Schachtmann's initiative.[10] The Neptune's statue was cast in Augsburg by Peter Husen and Johann Rogge. In 1634 the fountain was encompassed by a fence decorated with gilded Polish Eagles, also designed by Abraham van den Blocke.[10] Neptun Monument in Gdańsk (5).jpg
44 Artus Court. It was originally built in about 1350 and reconstructed between 1616-1618 by Abraham van den Blocke.[11] Artus Court in Gdańsk - 20060730.jpg
41 Golden House. It was built between 1609-1618 by Abraham van den Blocke.[12] Constructed for Johann Speymann, a wealthy grain trader and mayor of the city, and his wife Judith Bahr. The attic is decorated with sculptures depicting Cleopatra, Oedipus, Achilles and Antigone by Johann Vogt of Rostock. Gdansk-golden-house-gp.jpg
24 Green Gate. It was inspired by the Antwerp City Hall (architect Regnier van Amsterdam).[12] It was built to serve as the formal residence of the Polish monarchs.[13] Gdańsk Zielona Brama.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History of the City Gdańsk". www.en.gdansk.gda.pl. Retrieved 2009-04-03. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Andrzej Januszajtis (2008-02-27). "Ulice Gdańska cz. 5". www.gnp.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2010-04-04. 
  3. ^ "Dom Ferberów i Kamienica Czirenbergów". www.pascal.pl (in Polish). 2007-02-18. Archived from the original on 2012-02-24. Retrieved 2008-12-29. 
  4. ^ Iwona Walendziak. "Ferberowie - przedstawiciele gdańskiego patrycjatu". www.pascal.pl (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2012-03-02. Retrieved 2008-12-29. 
  5. ^ Ernest Ludwin. "Osadnictwo niderlandzkie w Gdańsku". www.mhmg.gda.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2008-12-29. 
  6. ^ a b Ernest Ludwin. "Lwi Zamek". www.pascal.pl (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2012-02-24. Retrieved 2008-12-29. 
  7. ^ "Brief History". www.domschumannow.pl. Retrieved 2009-12-28. 
  8. ^ "The Main Town Hall". www.mhmg.gda.pl (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2008-12-20. Retrieved 2008-12-29. 
  9. ^ Russell Sturgis, Arthur Lincoln Frothingham (1915). A history of architecture. Baker & Taylor. p. 293. 
  10. ^ a b "Fontanna Neptuna". www.wrotapomorza.pl. ROBiDZ in Gdańsku. Archived from the original on 2007-02-14. Retrieved 2009-12-28. 
  11. ^ "Dwór Artusa". gdansk.naszemiasto.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2009-12-28. 
  12. ^ a b Juliette Roding, Lex Heerma van Voss (1996). The North Sea and culture (1550-1800): proceedings of the international conference held at Leiden 21-22 April 1995. Uitgeverij Verloren. p. 103. ISBN 90-6550-527-X. 
  13. ^ "Zielona Brama w Gdańsku". wilanowmiasta.gazeta.pl (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2007-12-29. Retrieved 2008-12-29. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Długi Targ Square in Gdańsk at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 54°20′59″N 18°38′54″E / 54.3497°N 18.6482°E / 54.3497; 18.6482