MAPPA

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MAPPA Co., Ltd.
Native name
株式会社MAPPA
Kabushiki-gaisha MAPPA
TypeKabushiki gaisha
IndustryJapanese animation
FoundedJune 14, 2011; 11 years ago (2011-06-14)
FounderMasao Maruyama
Headquarters,
Key people
Manabu Otsuka (CEO)
Masao Maruyama (Chairman)
Makoto Kimura (Director)
ProductsAnimation Planning and Production
Number of employees
310 (as of April 2022)[1]
DivisionsMAPPA Tokyo Asagaya 1st Studio
MAPPA Tokyo Ogikubo 2nd Studio
MAPPA Tokyo Ogikubo 3rd Studio
MAPPA Sendai Studio
MAPPA Osaka Studio
Websitemappa.co.jp

MAPPA Co., Ltd. (Japanese: 株式会社MAPPA, Hepburn: Kabushiki-gaisha MAPPA) is a Japanese animation studio headquartered in Suginami, Tokyo. Founded in 2011 by Madhouse co-founder and producer Masao Maruyama, it has produced anime works including Terror in Resonance, Yuri!!! on Ice, In This Corner of the World, Kakegurui, Banana Fish, Zombie Land Saga, Dororo (in co-production with Tezuka Productions), Dorohedoro, The God of High School, Jujutsu Kaisen, Attack on Titan: The Final Season, and Chainsaw Man. MAPPA is an acronym for Maruyama Animation Produce Project Association.[2][3]

Business[edit]

History[edit]

The studio was founded on June 14, 2011, by Masao Maruyama, a co-founder and former producer of Madhouse, at the age of 70.[4] Maruyama served as the company's first representative director, and the studio's initial goal was to produce Sunao Katabuchi's In This Corner of the World. Due to financial difficulties at Madhouse, Maruyama and Katabuchi established MAPPA in the hopes of producing the film; however, despite moving studios, the film had a lot of production troubles, and wasn't released until 5 years later.[5] Maruyama first started working with Katabuchi for the film in 2010 during Madhouse era, but it took three years to start the production due to difficulties to raising funds.[6]

In April 2016, Maruyama resigned as a CEO of the studio and became a chairman. Studio animation producer Manabu Otsuka, a founding member and a former employee of Studio 4°C, became the CEO following Maruyama's official departure.

Criticism[edit]

The studio's scheduling, work, and culture have been the subject of intense scrutiny.[7] Veteran animator Hisashi Eguchi criticized the studio's low pay.[8] Mushiyo, another animator at MAPPA, also criticized the company for not properly training its animators and the studio's culture of overwork, which led to them eventually quitting their job at the studio.[9] Besides the animator's individual output within the studio, they also criticized the company's decision to produce four series co-currently.[9] Kevin Cirugeda from Sakugablog suggested the problems were due to the studio's incredibly fast-paced growth and "recklessness".[10]

Cirugeda also noted that in the 20 televised anime MAPPA produced from the beginning of 2015 to the beginning of 2020, the company had only been on the production committee for four of them, all of which listed MAPPA near the bottom or at the very bottom of the list, indicating that they served to a capacity almost as if they were being specifically contracted for work even on "original" series.[10]

MAPPA denied offering "unreasonable compensation" to "creators" in a response to claims that the studio underpaid workers;[11] however, animator Ippei Ichii claimed that an anime produced by MAPPA under Netflix, was suggesting a pay of ¥3,800 per cut,[11] to which Ichii claimed that ¥15,000 is the minimum cost that animators should negotiate for.[11]

Productions[edit]

Anime television series[edit]

Year Title Director(s) Eps. Note(s) Refs.
2012 Kids on the Slope Shinichirō Watanabe 12 Co-produced with Tezuka Productions. [12]
Teekyu Shin Itagaki 12[a] [13]
2013 Teekyu 2 12[b] [14]
Teekyu 3 12[c] [15]
2013–2014 Hajime no Ippo: Rising Jun Shishido 25 Season 1 and 2 produced by Madhouse.
Co-produced with Madhouse.
[16]
2014 Terror in Resonance Shinichirō Watanabe 11 Original work. [17]
Rage of Bahamut: Genesis Keiichi Sato 12[d] [19]
2014–2015 Garo: The Carved Seal of Flames Yuichiro Hayashi 24 [20]
2015 Punch Line Yutaka Uemura 12 Original work. [21]
Ushio & Tora Satoshi Nishimura 26 Co-produced with Studio VOLN. [22]
2015–2016 Garo: Crimson Moon Atsushi Wakabayashi 23[e] [23]
2016 Ushio & Tora Season 2 Satoshi Nishimura 13 [24]
Days Kōnosuke Uda 24 [25]
Yuri!!! on Ice Sayo Yamamoto
Jun Shishido[f]
12[g] Original work. [27]
2017 Idol Incidents Daisuke Yoshida 12 Based on a media mix project by Mages.
Co-produced with Studio VOLN.
[28]
Rage of Bahamut: Virgin Soul Keiichi Sato 24 [29]
Kakegurui Yuichiro Hayashi 12[h] [30]
Altair: A Record of Battles Kazuhiro Furuhashi 24 [31]
Inuyashiki Keiichi Sato[i]
Shuhei Yabuta
11 [32]
2017–2018 Garo: Vanishing Line Sunghoo Park 24 [33]
2018 Banana Fish Hiroko Utsumi 24 [34]
Zombie Land Saga Munehisa Sakai 12 Original work. [35]
2019 Dororo Kazuhiro Furuhashi 24 Co-produced with Tezuka Productions. [36]
Kakegurui ×× Yuichiro Hayashi[i]
Kiyoshi Matsuda
12 [37]
Sarazanmai Nobuyuki Takeuchi[j]
Kunihiko Ikuhara
11 Original work.
Co-produced with Lapin Track.
[38]
To the Abandoned Sacred Beasts Jun Shishido 12 [39]
Granblue Fantasy the Animation Season 2 Yui Umemoto 12[k] Season 1 produced by A-1 Pictures. [42]
2020 Uchitama?! Have you seen my Tama? Kiyoshi Matsuda 11 Co-produced with Lapin Track. [43]
Dorohedoro Yuichiro Hayashi 12[l] [45]
Listeners Hiroaki Ando 12 Original work. [46]
The God of High School Sunghoo Park 13 [47]
Mr Love: Queen's Choice Munehisa Sakai 12 [48]
The Gymnastics Samurai Hisatoshi Shimizu 11 Original work. [49]
2020–2021 Jujutsu Kaisen Sunghoo Park 24 [50]
Attack on Titan: The Final Season Yuichiro Hayashi
Jun Shishido[f]
16 Seasons 1–3 produced by Wit Studio. [51]
2021 Zombie Land Saga Revenge Munehisa Sakai 12 [52]
Re-Main Masafumi Nishida[i]
Kiyoshi Matsuda
12 Original work. [53]
The Idaten Deities Know Only Peace Seimei Kidokoro 11 [54]
Takt Op. Destiny Yuuki Itoh 12 Original work.
Based on a media mix project by Bandai Namco Arts and DeNA.
Co-produced with Madhouse.
[55]
2022 Attack on Titan: The Final Season Part 2 Yuichiro Hayashi
Jun Shishido[f]
12 [56]
Dance Dance Danseur Munehisa Sakai 11 [57]
Chainsaw Man Ryū Nakayama
Masato Nakazono[f]
12 [58]
2023 Vinland Saga Season 2 Shūhei Yabuta 24 Season 1 produced by Wit Studio. [59]
Campfire Cooking in Another World with My Absurd Skill Kiyoshi Matsuda TBA [60]
Attack on Titan: The Final Season Part 3 Yuichiro Hayashi
Jun Shishido[f]
TBA [61]
Hell's Paradise: Jigokuraku Kaori Makita TBA [62]
Jujutsu Kaisen Season 2 TBA TBA [63]

Anime films[edit]

Year Title Director(s) Dur. Note(s) Refs.
2016 Garo: Divine Flame Yūichirō Hayashi 78m [64]
In This Corner of the World Sunao Katabuchi 129m[m] [65]
2019 In This Corner (and Other Corners) of the World 168m[n] Extended version of In This Corner of the World. [66]
2021 Jujutsu Kaisen 0 Sunghoo Park 105m [67]
TBA Yuri!!! on Ice the Movie: Ice Adolescence Sayo Yamamoto TBA [68]
Alice and Therese's Illusion Factory Mari Okada TBA [69]
Zombie Land Saga the Movie TBA TBA [70]

Original video animations (OVAs)[edit]

Year Title Director(s) Eps. Note(s) Refs.
2017 Days: OVA Kōnosuke Uda 2 Bundled with limited editions of manga volumes 21 and 22. [71]
2018 Days: Touin Gakuen-sen! 3 Bundled with limited editions of manga volumes 26 and 28. [72]

Original net animations (ONAs)[edit]

Year Title Director(s) Eps. Note(s) Refs.
2012–2015 Komachi and Dangorō Hisashi Abe 4 Original work. [73]
2020 Bōkyaku Battery Parako Shinohara 1 [74]
2021 Yasuke LeSean Thomas
Takeru Satou[f]
6 [75]
2022 Kakegurui Twin Yuichiro Hayashi[i]
Kaori Makita
6 [76]

Other productions[edit]

  • Dreaming Machine (film, N/A) – cancelled film, originally directed by Satoshi Kon and taken over by Yoshimi Itazu after Kon's death; planned co-production with Madhouse[77][78]
  • Hana wa Saku (ONA, 2013) – music video for song by Yoko Kanno, the theme for NHK's Great Eastern Japan Earthquake Project; directed by Sunao Katabuchi[79]
  • Korekarasaki, Nando Anata to. (ONA, 2013) – music video for song by Mishmash and Aimee Isobe; directed by Sunao Katabuchi
  • Sex: Prologue (OVA, 2018) – promotional video for the 30th anniversary of manga Sex by Atsushi Kamijo; directed by Sayo Yamamoto[80]
  • Kick-Flight Promotional Video; Kick-Flight × KANA-BOON (ONA, 2019) – promotional video for the mobile game Kick-Flight, featuring the song "Flyers" by Kana-Boon; directed by Munehisa Sakai[81]
  • Persona 5 Royal (game, 2019) – opening animation for PlayStation 4 video game by Atlus; directed by Yuichiro Hayashi
  • Jujutsu Kaisen: Phantom Parade (game, 2022) – opening animation for mobile game by Sumzap; directed by Takuji Miyamoto
  • Mechronicle (unknown, TBA) – directed by Shinji Kimura[82][83]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Four special episodes were included in the Blu-ray/DVD release.
  2. ^ Two special episodes were included in the Blu-ray/DVD release (volume 2).
  3. ^ Two special episodes were included in the Blu-ray/DVD release (volume 3).
  4. ^ A recap of the first six episodes was aired on November 17, 2014. Two special "short story" episodes were released on December 28, 2016, and February 20, 2017.[18]
  5. ^ A special episode titled Imprint Butterfly was included in the BD/DVD release.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Chief Unit Director (演出チーフ)
  7. ^ A special episode titled Yuri!!! on Ice: Yuri Plisetsky GBF in Barcelona EX "Welcome to the Madness" was included in the BD/DVD release (volume 6).[26]
  8. ^ Three special picture drama episodes were included in the BD/DVD release.
  9. ^ a b c d Chief Director (総監督)
  10. ^ Chief Director (チーフディレクター)
  11. ^ Two special episodes were streamed on March 28, 2020, and August 26, 2020.[40][41]
  12. ^ Six short bonus episodes were included in the Blu-ray release (volume 2).[44]
  13. ^ Original version
  14. ^ The extended version features about 30 minutes of additional footage for a total duration of 168 minutes. It surpassed the extended 70mm cut of Final Yamato by five minutes to become the longest animated film to date.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "COMPANY". MAPPA (in Japanese). Retrieved April 2, 2022.
  2. ^ "Otakon 2014 Guests". Otakon. Archived from the original on November 2, 2014. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
  3. ^ "Cowboy Bebop Helmer Shinichiro Watanabe, MAPPA Plan New TV Anime". Anime News Network. October 15, 2012. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  4. ^ "About". www.mappa.co.jp (in Japanese). MAPPA. Archived from the original on June 22, 2017. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  5. ^ "アニメプロデューサー丸山正雄氏 MAPPA設立を語る". アニメ!アニメ!ビズ. September 22, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
  6. ^ "ドロヘドロ、ゾンビランドサガ…アニメスタジオ・MAPPA、ヒット作の裏にある"手のかかること"をやる精神【インタビュー】". アニメ!アニメ!. July 1, 2020. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  7. ^ Liborek (September 19, 2017). "WHAT'S UP WITH MAPPA?". Sakugablog. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
  8. ^ Cirugeda, Kevin (January 3, 2019). "WINTER 2019 ANIME PREVIEW". Sakugablog. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
  9. ^ a b Loveridge, Lynzee (May 15, 2021). "Former MAPPA Animator Describes Working Conditions as Like a 'Factory'". Anime News Network. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
  10. ^ a b Cirugeda, Kevin (June 2, 2020). "ATTACK ON TITAN THE FINAL SEASON AND STUDIO MAPPA: FATED TO END TOGETHER". Sakugablog. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
  11. ^ a b c Loveridge, Lynzee (February 15, 2022). "Attack on Titan The Final Season Episode Director Goes Home for the First Time in 3 Days". Anime News Network. Retrieved February 16, 2022.
  12. ^ "坂道のアポロン KIDS ON THE SLOfPE". Media Arts Database (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved March 20, 2022.
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  36. ^ Hodgkins, Crystalyn (September 3, 2018). "Dororo TV Anime's 1st Promo Video, Cast, Staff, Visual Revealed". Anime News Network. Retrieved September 3, 2018.
  37. ^ Ressler, Karen (August 21, 2018). "Kakegurui Anime's 2nd Season to Debut in January With Returning Staff, Cast". Anime News Network. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
  38. ^ Hodgkins, Crystalyn (March 14, 2019). "Sarazanmai Anime Reveals New Promo Video, Ending Theme Artist". Anime News Network. Retrieved March 20, 2022.
  39. ^ Hodgkins, Crystalyn (June 3, 2019). "To the Abandoned Sacred Beasts Anime's Promo Video Reveals July 1 Premiere". Anime News Network. Retrieved March 20, 2022.
  40. ^ Sherman, Jennifer (December 27, 2019). "Granblue Fantasy Anime's Djeeta Special Reveals Visual, March 27 Premiere". Anime News Network. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
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  42. ^ Loo, Egan (August 3, 2019). "Granblue Fantasy Anime Season 2's 1st Promo Reveals Revamped MAPPA Staff, Cast, October 4 Debut". Anime News Network. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
  43. ^ Pineda, Rafael Antonio (June 13, 2019). "MAPPA, Lapin Track Make Tama and Friends' Uchi Tama!? TV Anime for Winter 2020". Anime News Network. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  44. ^ Hodgkins, Crystalyn (May 1, 2020). "Dorohedoro's 6 'Ma no Omake' Bonus Anime Shorts Previewed in Video". Anime News Network. Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  45. ^ Pineda, Rafael Antonio (October 11, 2019). "Dorohedoro TV Anime Reveals Promo Video, Staff, Cast, January 12 Premiere Date". Anime News Network. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
  46. ^ Loo, Egan (February 1, 2020). "Rock Battle TV Anime 'Listeners' Confirms More Cast, Characters, Story, Ending Song Artist, April Premiere (Updated)". Anime News Network. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  47. ^ Pineda, Rafael Antonio; Sherman, Jennifer (April 16, 2020). "The God of High School Anime Reveals Trailer, Cast, Staff". Anime News Network. Retrieved March 20, 2022.
  48. ^ Hodgkins, Crystalyn (June 15, 2020). "Mr Love: Queen's Choice TV Anime Reveals Theme Song Artists, July 15 Debut". Anime News Network. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
  49. ^ Loo, Egan (August 13, 2020). "MAPPA's Zombie Land Saga Team Makes Original Gymnastics TV Anime Taiso Samurai in October". Anime News Network. Retrieved August 13, 2020.
  50. ^ Pineda, Rafael Antonio (May 19, 2020). "Jujutsu Kaisen Anime's Video Reveals New Cast, Staff, October Premiere". Anime News Network. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
  51. ^ Pineda, Rafael Antonio (September 23, 2020). "Attack on Titan The Final Season Anime Premieres on December 7 (Updated)". Anime News Network. Retrieved March 20, 2022.
  52. ^ Loo, Egan (December 31, 2020). "Zombie Land Saga Revenge Anime's Promo Video Announces Cast, Staff, April Premiere". Anime News Network. Retrieved December 31, 2020.
  53. ^ Pineda, Rafael Antonio (March 4, 2021). "MAPPA Reveals RE-MAIN Water Polo TV Anime With Tiger & Bunny Writer". Anime News Network. Retrieved March 4, 2021.
  54. ^ Hodgkins, Crystalyn (November 5, 2020). "MAPPA Animates Heion Sedai no idaten-tachi Anime for Noitamina in July 2021". Anime News Network. Retrieved November 5, 2020.
  55. ^ Hodgkins, Crystalyn (June 27, 2021). "takt:op Anime Reveals Promo Video, Cast, Staff, October 5 Premiere". Anime News Network. Retrieved June 27, 2021.
  56. ^ Hodgkins, Crystalyn (October 13, 2021). "Attack on Titan The Final Season Anime's Part 2 Video Reveals Premiere on January 9". Anime News Network. Retrieved October 13, 2021.
  57. ^ Hodgkins, Crystalyn (March 10, 2022). "MAPPA Animates Dance Dance Danseur TV Anime". Anime News Network. Retrieved March 20, 2022.
  58. ^ Hodgkins, Crystalyn (December 18, 2021). "Chainsaw Man Anime Premieres in 2022". Anime News Network. Retrieved March 20, 2022.
  59. ^ Mateo, Alex (June 8, 2022). "Vinland Saga Anime's 2nd Season Reveals Promo Video, Cast, January 2023 Premiere, Production by MAPPA". Anime News Network. Retrieved June 8, 2022.
  60. ^ Hodgkins, Crystalyn (October 29, 2022). "Campfire Cooking in Another World with My Absurd Skill Novels Get TV Anime by MAPPA in January". Anime News Network. Retrieved October 29, 2022.
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External links[edit]