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MAPPA Co., Ltd.
Native name
株式会社MAPPA
Kabushiki-gaisha MAPPA
Company typeKabushiki gaisha
IndustryJapanese animation
FoundedJune 14, 2011; 13 years ago (2011-06-14)
FounderMasao Maruyama
Headquarters,
Japan
Key people
MAPPA:
Manabu Otsuka (CEO)
Masao Maruyama (board chairman)
Hiroya Hasegawa (executive vice president)
MAPPA Sendai:
Wataru Kawagoe
ProductsAnimation planning and production
Number of employees
408 (as of April 2024)[1]
DivisionsMAPPA Tokyo Asagaya 1st Studio
MAPPA Tokyo Ogikubo 2nd Studio
MAPPA Tokyo Ogikubo 3rd Studio
MAPPA Sendai Studio
MAPPA Osaka Studio
SubsidiariesContrail
Websitemappa.co.jp

MAPPA Co., Ltd. (Japanese: 株式会社MAPPA, Hepburn: Kabushiki-gaisha Mappa) is a Japanese animation studio headquartered in Suginami, Tokyo. Founded in 2011 by Madhouse co-founder and producer Masao Maruyama, it has produced anime works including Terror in Resonance, Yuri!!! on Ice, In This Corner of the World, Kakegurui, Banana Fish, Zombie Land Saga, Dororo (in co-production with Tezuka Productions), Dorohedoro, The God of High School, Jujutsu Kaisen, Attack on Titan: The Final Season, Vinland Saga Season 2, Chainsaw Man, and Hell's Paradise: Jigokuraku. MAPPA is an acronym for Maruyama Animation Produce Project Association.[2][3]

Business[edit]

History[edit]

The studio was established on June 14, 2011, by Masao Maruyama, a co-founder and former producer of Madhouse, at the age of 70.[4] Maruyama served as the company's first representative director, and the studio's initial goal was to produce Sunao Katabuchi's In This Corner of the World. Due to financial difficulties at Madhouse, Maruyama and Katabuchi established MAPPA in the hopes of producing the film; however, despite moving studios, the film had a lot of production troubles, and wasn't released until 5 years later.[5] Maruyama first started working with Katabuchi for the film in 2010 during Madhouse era, but it took three years to start the production due to difficulties to raising funds.[6]

In April 2016, Maruyama resigned as a CEO of the studio and became a chairman. Studio animation producer Manabu Otsuka, a founding member and a former employee of Studio 4°C, became the CEO following Maruyama's official departure.

Controversies[edit]

The studio's scheduling, work, and culture have been the subject of intense scrutiny.[7] Veteran animator Hisashi Eguchi criticized the studio's low pay.[8] Mushiyo, another animator at MAPPA, also criticized the company for not properly training its animators and the studio's culture of overwork, which led to them eventually quitting their job at the studio.[9] Besides the animator's individual output within the studio, they also criticized the company's decision to produce four series concurrently.[9] Kevin Cirugeda from Sakugablog suggested the problems were due to the studio's incredibly fast-paced growth and "recklessness".[10]

Cirugeda also noted that in the 20 televised animes MAPPA produced from the beginning of 2015 to the beginning of 2020, the company had only been on the production committee for four of them, all of which listed MAPPA near the bottom or at the very bottom of the list, indicating that they served to a capacity almost as if they were being specifically contracted for work even on "original" series.[10]

MAPPA denied offering "unreasonable compensation" to "creators" in a response to claims that the studio underpaid workers;[11] however, animator Ippei Ichii claimed that an anime produced by MAPPA under Netflix was suggesting a pay of ¥3,800 per cut,[11] to which Ichii claimed that ¥15,000 is the minimum cost that animators should negotiate for.[11]

Productions[edit]

Anime television series[edit]

Year Title Director(s) Animation producer(s) Source Eps. Refs.
2012 Kids on the Slope
(co-produced with Tezuka Productions)
Shinichirō Watanabe Manabu Otsuka
Masao Morosawa
Sumio Udagawa
Manga 12 [12]
Teekyu Shin Itagaki Masashi Tanaka Manga 12[a] [13]
2013 Teekyu 2 Shin Itagaki Manabu Otsuka Manga 12[b] [14]
Teekyu 3 Shin Itagaki Manabu Otsuka Manga 12[c] [15]
2013–2014 Hajime no Ippo: Rising
(co-produced with Madhouse)
Jun Shishido Shintarou Hashimoto
Yasuteru Iwase
Masakazu Watanabe
Manga 25 [16]
2014 Terror in Resonance Shinichirō Watanabe Manabu Otsuka Original work 11 [17]
Rage of Bahamut: Genesis Keiichi Sato Manabu Otsuka Video game 12[d] [19]
2014–2015 Garo: The Carved Seal of Flames Yuichiro Hayashi Manabu Otsuka Original work
Tokusatsu series
24 [20]
2015 Punch Line Yutaka Uemura Manabu Otsuka
Fuuko Noda
Original work 12 [21]
Ushio & Tora
(co-produced with Studio VOLN)
Satoshi Nishimura Manga 26 [22]
2015–2016 Garo: Crimson Moon Atsushi Wakabayashi Original work
Tokusatsu series
23[e] [23]
2016 Ushio & Tora Part 2 Satoshi Nishimura Manga 13 [24]
Days Kōnosuke Uda Manabu Otsuka Manga 24 [25]
Yuri!!! on Ice Sayo Yamamoto
Jun Shishido[f]
Takahiro Ogawa
Fuuko Noda
Original work 12[g] [27]
2017 Idol Incidents
(co-produced with Studio VOLN)
Daisuke Yoshida Media-mix project 12 [28]
Rage of Bahamut: Virgin Soul Keiichi Sato Katsuhito Masuda Video game 24 [29]
Kakegurui Yuichiro Hayashi Manga 12[h] [30]
Altair: A Record of Battles Kazuhiro Furuhashi Wataru Kawagoe Manga 24 [31]
Inuyashiki Keiichi Sato[i]
Shuhei Yabuta
Katsuhito Masuda Manga 11 [32]
2017–2018 Garo: Vanishing Line Sunghoo Park Takahiro Ogawa
Manabu Otsuka
Original work
Tokusatsu series
24 [33]
2018 Banana Fish Hiroko Utsumi Manabu Otsuka Manga 24 [34]
Zombie Land Saga Munehisa Sakai Manabu Otsuka Original work 12 [35]
2019 Dororo
(co-produced with Tezuka Productions)
Kazuhiro Furuhashi Masato Matsunaga Manga 24 [36]
Kakegurui ×× Yuichiro Hayashi[i]
Kiyoshi Matsuda
Takahiro Ogawa Original work 12 [37]
Sarazanmai
(co-produced with Lapin Track)
Kunihiko Ikuhara
Nobuyuki Takeuchi[j]
Manabu Otsuka
Masakazu Watanabe
Original work 11 [38]
To the Abandoned Sacred Beasts Jun Shishido Takahiro Ogawa Manga 12 [39]
Granblue Fantasy The Animation (season 2) Yui Umemoto Masato Matsunaga Video game 12[k] [42]
2020 Uchitama?! Have you seen my Tama?
(co-produced with Lapin Track)
Kiyoshi Matsuda Tooru Kubo
Masakazu Watanabe
Character franchise 11 [43]
Dorohedoro Yuichiro Hayashi Fuuko Noda Manga 12[l] [45]
Listeners Hiroaki Ando Takahiro Ogawa Original work 12 [46]
The God of High School Sunghoo Park Tooru Kubo
Wataru Kawagoe
Manhwa 13 [47]
Mr Love: Queen's Choice Munehisa Sakai Fuuko Noda Mobile game
visual novel
12 [48]
The Gymnastics Samurai Hisatoshi Shimizu Fuuko Noda Original work 11 [49]
2020–2021 Jujutsu Kaisen Sunghoo Park Keisuke Seshimo Manga 24 [50]
2020–2023 Attack on Titan (season 4) Yuichiro Hayashi
Jun Shishido[f]
Masato Matsunaga (part 1)
Wataru Kawagoe (parts 2–4)
Manga 35[m] [n]
2021 Zombie Land Saga Revenge Munehisa Sakai Takahiro Ogawa Original work 12 [56]
Re-Main Masafumi Nishida[i]
Kiyoshi Matsuda
Manabu Otsuka Original work 12 [57]
The Idaten Deities Know Only Peace Seimei Kidokoro Fuuko Noda Manga 11 [58]
Takt Op. Destiny
(co-produced with Madhouse)
Yuuki Itoh Wataru Kawagoe
Yuuichirou Fukushi
Media-mix project 12 [59]
2022 Dance Dance Danseur Munehisa Sakai Takahiro Ogawa Manga 11 [60]
Chainsaw Man Ryū Nakayama
Makoto Nakazono[f]
Keisuke Seshimo Manga 12 [61]
2023 Vinland Saga (season 2) Shūhei Yabuta Hiroya Hasegawa Manga 24 [62]
Campfire Cooking in Another World with My Absurd Skill Kiyoshi Matsuda Takahiro Ogawa Light novel 12 [63]
Hell's Paradise: Jigokuraku Kaori Makita Wataru Kawagoe Manga 13 [64]
Jujutsu Kaisen (season 2) Shōta Goshozono Keisuke Seshimo Manga 23 [65]
2024 Bucchigiri?! Hiroko Utsumi Takahiro Ogawa Original work 12 [66]
Oblivion Battery Makoto Nakazono Hiroya Hasegawa
Kouya Okamura
Manga 12 [67]
Zenshu Mitsue Yamazaki Takahiro Ogawa Original work TBA [68] [69]
Lazarus
(co-produced with Sola Entertainment)
Shinichirō Watanabe TBA Original work 13 [70]

[71]

TBA
Hell's Paradise: Jigokuraku (season 2) TBA TBA Manga TBA [72]
Campfire Cooking in Another World with My Absurd Skill (season 2) TBA TBA Light novel TBA [73]
Jujutsu Kaisen (season 3) TBA TBA Manga TBA [74]

Anime films[edit]

Year Title Director(s) Animation producer(s) Source Refs.
2016 Garo: Divine Flame Yuichiro Hayashi Manabu Otsuka
Takahiro Ogawa
Original work
Tokusatsu series
[75]
In This Corner of the World Sunao Katabuchi Ryoichi Matsuo Manga [76]
2019 In This Corner (and Other Corners) of the World[o] Sunao Katabuchi Ryoichi Matsuo Manga [77]
2021 Jujutsu Kaisen 0 Sunghoo Park Keisuke Seshimo Manga [78]
2022 A Girl Meets a Boy and a Robot Shinichiro Watanabe Original work[p] [79]
2023 Maboroshi Mari Okada
Seimei Kidokoro[f]
Fuuko Noda
Ryouta Kitsunai
Original work [80]
TBA Zombie Land Saga the Movie TBA TBA Original work [81]
Chainsaw Man – The Movie: Reze Arc TBA TBA Manga [82]

Original video animations (OVAs)[edit]

Year Title Director(s) Animation producer(s) Source Eps. Refs.
2017 Days: OVA Kōnosuke Uda Manga 2 [83]
Onihei: Sono Otoko, Hasegawa Heizou Shigeyuki Miya Manga 1
2018 Days: Touin Gakuen-sen! Kōnosuke Uda Manga 3 [84]

Original net animations (ONAs)[edit]

Year Title Director(s) Animation producer(s) Source Eps. Refs.
2012–2015 Komachi and Dangorō Hisashi Abe Original work 4 [85]
2020 Oblivion Battery Parako Shinohara Ayako Sekine Manga 1 [86]
2021 Yasuke LeSean Thomas
Takeru Sato[f]
Takahiro Ogawa Original work 6 [87]
2022 Kakegurui Twin Yuichiro Hayashi[i]
Kaori Makita
Takahiro Ogawa Manga 6 [88]

Other productions[edit]

  • Hana wa Saku (ONA, 2013) – music video for song by Yoko Kanno, the theme for NHK's Great Eastern Japan Earthquake Project; directed by Sunao Katabuchi[89]
  • Korekarasaki, Nando Anata to. (ONA, 2013) – music video for song by Mishmash and Aimee Isobe; directed by Sunao Katabuchi
  • Sex: Prologue (OVA, 2018) – promotional video for the 30th anniversary of manga Sex by Atsushi Kamijo; directed by Sayo Yamamoto[90]
  • Kick-Flight Promotional Video; Kick-Flight × KANA-BOON (ONA, 2019) – promotional video for the mobile game Kick-Flight, featuring the song "Flyers" by Kana-Boon; directed by Munehisa Sakai[91]
  • Persona 5 Royal (game, 2019) – opening animation for PlayStation 4 video game by Atlus; directed by Yuichiro Hayashi; co-produced by Domerica
  • Oretachi Maji-kō Destroy (ONA, 2021) [92]anime music video
  • Jujutsu Kaisen: Phantom Parade (game, 2022) – opening animation for mobile game by Sumzap; directed by Takuji Miyamoto
  • Inazuma Eleven: Victory Road (game, 2024) – in-game animation for video game by Level-5[93]
  • Mechronicle (unknown, TBA) – directed by Shinji Kimura[94][95]
  • Seventeen (ONA, 2023) – music video for song Seventeen by Japanese music superduo YOASOBI[96]

Cancelled projects[edit]

  • Dreaming Machine (film) – cancelled film, originally directed by Satoshi Kon and taken over by Yoshimi Itazu after Kon's death; planned co-production with Madhouse[97][98]
  • Yuri!!! On Ice: Ice Adolescence (film) – cancelled film to be directed by Sayo Yamamoto and announced in 2017 before being delayed in 2019 and in production hell for several years. The film was cancelled in April 2024.[99]

Notable staff[edit]

Representative staff[edit]

  • Masao Maruyama (founder, first president (2011~2016), board chairman since 2016)
  • Manabu Otsuka (second president since 2016)
  • Wataru Kawagoe (MAPPA Sendai representative)
  • Makoto Kimura (board member, 2018~2024)[100]
  • Hiroya Hasegawa (executive vice president since 2024)[101]
  • Yasuteru Iwase (board member since 2024; former animation producer)[101]
  • Yuusuke Tannawa (board member since 2024)[101]
  • Shuuhei Yabuta (board member since 2024)[101]
  • Kousuke Hosokai (board member since 2024)[101]
  • Keisuke Seshimo (operating officer since 2024; also animation producer since 2016)[101]
  • Eiji Matsuo (chief rights officer since 2024)[101]

Animation producers[edit]

  • Masato Matsunaga (2012~present)
  • Masakazu Watanabe (2012~2014; co-founder of Lapin Track)
  • Fuuko Noda (2014~2024)
  • Takahiro Ogawa (2014~present)
  • Koya Okamura (2015~present)
  • Katsuhito Masuda (2017~2018)
  • Ryota Kitsunai (2023~present)
  • Ryo Oikawa (2024~present)
  • Yuriko Waki (2024~present)

Directors[edit]

Animators[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Four special episodes were included in the Blu-ray/DVD release.
  2. ^ Two special episodes were included in the Blu-ray/DVD release (volume 2).
  3. ^ Two special episodes were included in the Blu-ray/DVD release (volume 3).
  4. ^ A recap of the first six episodes was aired on November 17, 2014. Two special "short story" episodes were released on December 28, 2016, and February 20, 2017.[18]
  5. ^ A special episode titled Imprint Butterfly was included in the BD/DVD release.
  6. ^ a b c d e Chief Unit Director (演出チーフ)
  7. ^ A special episode titled Yuri!!! on Ice: Yuri Plisetsky GBF in Barcelona EX "Welcome to the Madness" was included in the BD/DVD release (volume 6).[26]
  8. ^ Three special picture drama episodes were included in the BD/DVD release.
  9. ^ a b c d Chief Director (総監督)
  10. ^ Chief Director (チーフディレクター)
  11. ^ Two special episodes were streamed on March 28, 2020, and August 26, 2020.[40][41]
  12. ^ Six short bonus episodes were included in the Blu-ray release (volume 2).[44]
  13. ^ The season consisted of 28 standard-length episodes followed by two specials, which were later edited into seven additional standard-length episodes.[51]
  14. ^
  15. ^ An extended version of In This Corner of the World featuring about 30 minutes of additional footage for a total duration of 168 minutes. It surpassed the extended 70mm cut of Final Yamato by five minutes to become the longest animated film to date.
  16. ^ Part of the Chinese Anthology TAISU project.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "COMPANY". MAPPA (in Japanese). Retrieved April 26, 2023.
  2. ^ "Otakon 2014 Guests". Otakon. Archived from the original on November 2, 2014. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
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  4. ^ "About". www.mappa.co.jp (in Japanese). MAPPA. Archived from the original on June 22, 2017. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
  5. ^ "アニメプロデューサー丸山正雄氏 MAPPA設立を語る". アニメ!アニメ!ビズ. September 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 19, 2020. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
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