Malaysia–Maldives relations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Malaysia–Maldives relations
Map indicating locations of Malaysia and Maldives

Malaysia

Maldives
Diplomatic mission
Malaysian High Commission, ColomboMaldivian Embassy, Kuala Lumpur
Envoy
High Commisssioner Tan Yang ThaiAmbassador Mohamed Fahmy Hassan

Malaysia–Maldives relations (Malay: Hubungan Malaysia–Maldives; Jawi: هوبوڠن مليسيا–مالديۏس) refers to bilateral foreign relations between the two countries, Malaysia and the Maldives. Malaysia's high commission in Colombo, Sri Lanka is also accredited to the Maldives,[1] and Maldives has a high commission in Kuala Lumpur.[2]

Country comparison[edit]

 Malaysia  Republic of Maldives
Coat of Arms Coat of arms of Malaysia.svg Emblem of Maldives.svg
Flag Malaysia Maldives
Population 31,360,000 341,356
Area 330,803 km2 (127,724 sq mi) 298 km2 (115 sq mi)
Population Density 92/km2 (240/sq mi) 1,102.5/km2 (2,855/sq mi)
Time zones 1 1
Capital Kuala Lumpur Malé
Largest City Kuala Lumpur – 1,768,000 Malé – 133,412
Government Federal parliamentary elective constitutional monarchy Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Established 31 August 1957 (Independence from the British Empire proclaimed for the Federation of Malaya)
16 September 1963 (Proclamation of Malaysia)
26 July 1965 (Independence from the British Empire proclaimed for the Republic of Maldives)
Predecessor States Portuguese Colonial Period (1511–1641)
Portuguese Malacca (1511–1641)
Dutch Colonial Period (1641–1825)
Dutch Malacca (1641–1795; 1818–1825)
British Colonial Period (1771–1946)
Straits Settlements (1826–1946)
 Federated Malay States (1895–1946)
Unfederated Malay States (1909–1946)
 Raj of Sarawak (1841–1946)
Crown Colony of Labuan (1848–1946)
 British North Borneo (1881–1946)
Japanese Occupation Period (1942–1945)
Occupied Malaya (1942–1945)
Occupied British Borneo (1942–1945)
Si Rat Malai (1943–1945)
Interim Military Period (1945–1946)
Military Administration of Malaya (1945–1946)
Military Administration of Borneo (1945–1946)
Self–Government Period (1946–1963)
 Malayan Union (1946–1948)
 Federation of Malaya (1948–1963)
Crown Colony of North Borneo (1946–1963)
Crown Colony of Sarawak (1946–1963)
Federation Period (1963–present)
 Federation of Malaysia (1963–present)
Medieval Kingdom Period (1153–1965)
Sultanate of Maldives
Western Colonial Period (1558–1965)
Portuguese Maldives
Dutch Maldives
Protectorate of Maldives (1887–1965)
Post–war and Independence Period (1965–present)

 Republic of Maldives (1965–present)

First Leader Abdul Rahman of Negeri Sembilan (Monarch)
Tunku Abdul Rahman (Prime Minister)
Ibrahim Nasir (President)
Head of State Monarch: Abdullah President: Ibrahim Mohamed Solih
Vice-President: Faisal Naseem
Head of Government Prime Minister: Mahathir Mohamad none
Deputy Head of Government Deputy Prime Minister: Wan Azizah Wan Ismail none
Legislature Parliament (Bicameral) Parliament (Unicameral)
Upper House Senate
President: S. Vigneswaran
Parliament
Speaker: Qasim Ibrahim
Lower House House of Representatives
Speaker: Mohamad Ariff Md Yusof
none
Judiciary Federal Court
Chief Justice: Tengku Maimun Tuan Mat
Supreme Court
Chief Justice: Ahmed Faiz
National language Malaysian Maldivian
GDP (nominal) $800.169 billion ($25,833 per capita) $3.578 billion ($9,948 per capita)

History[edit]

Both countries were once part of the British Empire and the relations between the two countries has been established since 1968.[1] Malaysia has been one of the important partners for Maldives who has made many contributions to the development of Maldives.[3] In 1983, Maldives has co-sponsored and participated jointly with Malaysia in the establishment of the International Islamic University of Malaysia.[citation needed] Both countries also signed an agreement on economic and technical co-operation on the next year.[citation needed] While in 1994 and 2012, an agreement on air services and legal co-operation activities are also signed.[3][4] In 2013, Mohammed Waheed who is the President of Maldives has visited the former Prime Minister of Malaysia Mahathir Mohamad to enhance the bilateral relations of both countries.[5]

Economic relations[edit]

Malaysia is one of main import partners for Maldives,[6] and many Maldivian students were studied in Malaysia.[7] One of Malaysia's Airline carriers, Air Asia has interested to propose commence flights to Maldives.[8] Beside that, Maldives also participated at the World Islamic Tourism Mart in Malaysia to improve their tourism industry.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Maldives & Malaysia". Maldives High Commission – Malaysia. Archived from the original on 8 February 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
  2. ^ "High Commission in Malaysia". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Maldives. Archived from the original on 4 September 2015. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
  3. ^ a b "BILATERAL RELATIONS". Maldives High Commission – Malaysia. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
  4. ^ Nazran Mohd Sham (30 November 2012). "MEMORANDUM SIGNED BETWEEN MALAYSIA AND THE REPUBLIC OF MALDIVES ON LEGAL COOPERATION ACTIVITIES". Malaysia's Attorney General's Chambers. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
  5. ^ "President meets with former Prime Minister of Malaysia Dr Mahathir Mohamed". The President's Office, Maldives. 1 January 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
  6. ^ "Maldives Major Trade Partners". Bridgat. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
  7. ^ "More Maldives Students To Study In Malaysia". Miadhu. 21 May 2010. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
  8. ^ "Malaysia's Air Asia proposes to commence flights to Maldives". Sun.mv. 18 June 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
  9. ^ "Maldives participates at WITM - Malaysia". Visit Maldives. 3 June 2012. Retrieved 27 January 2014.