Malaysia–Taiwan relations

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Malaysia–Taiwan relations
Map indicating locations of Malaysia and Taiwan

Malaysia

Taiwan
Diplomatic Mission
Malaysian Friendship and Trade Centre Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Malaysia

Malaysia–Taiwan relations refers to bilateral foreign relations between Malaysia and Taiwan. The economic and the cultural relations are still maintained with Malaysia has a trade centre office in Taipei,[1] and Taiwan has an economic and cultural centre in Kuala Lumpur.[2]

History[edit]

Relations was established on 1960 with Taiwan opened its consulate in Kuala Lumpur on 1964.[3] However, due to the end of diplomatic relations between the two countries on 31 May 1974, both the Consulate Office have been closed down and renamed to "Friendship and Trade Centre" in Taipei and "Economic and Cultural Centre" in Kuala Lumpur.[4]

Diplomatic relations[edit]

Economic relations[edit]

The total trade between Taiwan and Malaysia has always increased, from $678.3 million in 1985 to $2.10 billion in 1990, and from $5.85 billion in 1995 to $7.26 billion in 1997.[5] The total reached $9.48 billion in 2004, with Malaysian exports worth around $5.4 billion and Taiwanese exports at US$4 billion. In 2012, Malaysia was the 8th largest trading partner for Taiwan with the total trade amounted to $15.2 billion while Taiwan became the 10th largest foreign investor in Malaysia with the total investments worth around $2.0 billion.[3] Most of the trade between the two countries was based on liquefied natural gas (LNGs) and electrical machinery and equipment.[3] Both countries have also made a commitment to explore in other ways especially in oil and gas sector, steel, furniture and other three new sectors such as pharmaceutical, food and cosmetics to enhance their economic co-operation.[6]

Education relations[edit]

Around 10,374 Malaysian students were studying in Taiwan in 2013, making Malaysia as the largest source of overseas foreign students in Taiwan.[7]

Citizens of the Republic of China (Taiwan) residing in Malaysia are served by two international schools:[8]

Aid from Taiwan[edit]

Aside from the economic relations, Taiwan has also provided aid to Malaysia especially in technical assistance.[9] Taiwanese leaders have continuously advocated the Southward policy encouraging Taiwan's enterprises to investing more on Malaysia.[9] During the visit of Taiwanese Vice-President Lien Chan to Malaysia in 1998, the country decided to collect $100 million from all of the Taiwanese enterprises in the country to save some local enterprises which were near to collapse.[9]

The country also provided $100 million to $1 billion to help Malaysia recover from the impact of the 1997 Asian financial crisis. Also during the 1997 Southeast Asian haze, the Taiwanese authorities donated more than 100,000 respirators to Malaysia.[9]

Early in 2014, Taiwan joined the search or MH370 where one of the airline passenger was a Taiwanese citizen.[10][11] At the end of the year 2014 when Malaysia was suffering in the worst floods, Taiwan has sent a number of medical workers and volunteers with supplies and rescue equipment along with a money donation of MYR5,000 (US$1,429) to help Malaysian flood victims.[12]

Taiwanese museum and memorials in Malaysia[edit]

There are Taiwanese museums and memorials in Malaysia, such as the Sun Yat-sen Museum, Cho Huan Lai Memorial and Sandakan Massacre Memorial.

Controversy[edit]

Deportation of Taiwanese fraud suspects into China[edit]

On 30 April 2016, 32 of 117 suspects arrested in relation to transnational telecom fraud are being deported to China after first batch of 20 suspects from Malaysia has been deported into Taiwan. This was after another 45 Taiwanese citizens has been deported by the Kenyan government to China for the similar case. Taiwan's cabinet spokesperson Sun Lih-chyun believe that "Malaysia sending the remaining Taiwanese suspects into China was due to the continuous "pressure from Beijing" that maintains all the suspects must be sent to Mainland China.[13]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official Website of Malaysian Friendship and Trade Centre, Taipei". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  2. ^ "Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Malaysia". Taiwan Embassy. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "MFTC's Profile". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  4. ^ "Organisations". Taiwan Embassy. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  5. ^ Stephen Leong (23–24 October 2006). "MALAYSIA-TAIWAN RELATIONS: POLITICAL IMPERATIVES PREVAILING" (PDF). Cross-Straits Relations Center : Shanghai Institute for International Studies. Institute of Strategic and International Studies (ISIS) Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. p. 2. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  6. ^ "Malaysia, Taiwan to enhance bilateral economic relations". Bernama. The Borneo Post. 10 December 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  7. ^ "Malaysia declared No. 1 source of foreign students". CNA. The China Post. 24 December 2014. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  8. ^ "Overseas Schools" (Archive). Taiwanese Ministry of Education. Retrieved on January 10, 2016.
  9. ^ a b c d Wei-Chin Lee (2000). Taiwan in Perspective. BRILL. pp. 144–. ISBN 90-04-11849-7. 
  10. ^ "Taiwanese fishing boats to join search for missing flight MH370". The China Post. 18 March 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  11. ^ Joseph Yeh (12 March 2014). "Taiwan sends second aircraft to aid in search for flight MH370". The China Post. AsiaOne. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  12. ^ Kuay Chau-churh; Elizabeth Hsu (30 December 2014). "Taiwanese rescue team enters flood-hit Malaysian areas". Focus Taiwan. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  13. ^ Hilary Whiteman (2 May 2016). "Malaysia deports Taiwan citizens to China". CNN. WCVB-TV (Boston, USA). Retrieved 4 May 2016.