Memot District (Khmer: ស្រុកមេមត់) is a district (srok) located in Tboung Khmum Province, Cambodia. The district capital is Memot town located around 80 kilometres (50 mi) east of the provincial capital of Kampong Cham by road. Memot is a border district and the city of Tây Ninh in Vietnam is around 80 kilometres (50 mi) away by road.
The district is easily accessed by road from Kampong Cham or Kratié. Though there are numerous smaller roads within the district that cross the border into Vietnam, there is no official international border crossing within the district. The closest official crossing is 44 kilometres (27 mi) south east of the district capital at Trapeang Phlong in Ponhea Kraek District. Memot town lies on National Highway 7 near the midpoint between Kampong Cham and Kratié.
Memot district is the most easterly district in Tboung Khmum Province and shares a border with Vietnam. Reading from the north clockwise, Memot shares a border with Preaek Prasab and Snuol districts of Kratié Province to the north. The eastern border of the district is shared with the Vietnamese Province of Bình Phước, while Tây Ninh Province of Vietnam is to the south. The western border of the district abuts Ponhea Kraek and Dambae districts of Tboung Khmum province.
Memot has given its name to a prehistoric culture that lived in the area some 2500 years ago. The Memotian culture is the name given to a series of archaeological sites found in Memot and across the border in Vietnam. The district is home to a number of prehistoric sites which have only recently been studied. In 1959, French archaeologist Louis Malleret first described a series of 17 circular earthworks, each with an outer wall and an inner ditch. He reported this new category of prehistoric sites in the red soil region east of the Mekong in what was then part of Kampong Cham Province and in Vietnam. In 1962, Bernard Philippe Groslier carried out excavations in a circular earthwork near Memot, later called the Groslier site, and named this civilisation "Mimotien". To date 36 of these massive prehistoric villages have been discovered in Cambodia. Radiocarbon dating of fragments of glass bangles found at one site gives evidence for a 1st millennium B.C. date. In 2010 another site, "Samrong Circular Earthwork", was unintentionally destroyed by bulldozers to make way for low-cost housing.
The Memot district governor is Mr. Cheng Bunnara. He reports to His Excellency, the Governor of Tboung Khmum. The following table shows the villages of Memot district by commune.
|Khum (Commune)||Phum (Villages)|
|Chan Mul||Srae Ta Nong Lech, Srae Ta Nong Kaeut, Thlok, S'am, Chan Mul, Ta Kaev, Peam, Kor, Kalou, Kantraeuy, Khlong Tboung, Ampol|
|Choam||Ngiev, Leach Kraom, Leach Leu, Boeng Chroung, Choam Ampil, Choam, Cheung, Mong, Poploam, Stueng Angkam|
|Choam Kravien||Kravien Thom, Kravien Cheung, Doung, Satum, Thma Ta Daok, Kbal Slaeng, Khmaoh, Mroan, Thma Da, Danghet, Khmuor, Prei, Banghaeur Huos, Robang Chroh, Chi Plok, Chrey Laeung, Khcheay|
|Choam Ta Mau||Ta Mau Khang Cheung, Choam Ta Mau, Chumnum Pol, Sampov Lun, Tuol Kruos, Thnal Kaeng, Angkam, Kantuot, Thma Totueng, Srae Ta Pich, Koun Krapeu, Bos Ta Oem, Thmei, Lam Baor|
|Dar||Dar Kandaol, Dar Lech, Prampir Meakkakra, Spean, Dar Phsar, Srae Choam, Meaek Puk, Dar Tboung, Dar Kandal, Triek, Chhngar Cheung, Samraong Cheung, Dar Cheung, Beng, Chamkar Kor, Chhngar Kandal, Salang Ti Mouy, Salang Ti Pir, Kang Keng|
|Kampoan||Lour, Kampoan, Tuek Tum, Srae Saom Thmei, Srae Saom Chas, Srae Kandal, Chhloung Muoy, Chhloung Pir, Chhloung Bei|
|Memong||Memong, Sangkae Chas, Sangkae Thmei, Peuk, Choam Khyang, Triek, Kabbas, Cheach, Sambour|
|Memot||Trapeang Reang, Mukh Kras, Chhngar Sala, Chi Peh, Sangkom Mean Chey Thmei, Choam M'aor, Nang Krapeu, Memot Kandal, Masin Tuek, Tboung Voat, Memot Phsar, Trabaek, Sangkom Mean Chey, Chhngar Kaeut, Memot Thmei|
|Rung||Rung, Trapeang Ruessei, Beng, Choam Tuk, Taonh, Andoung Ta Chou, Masin, Bos, Doung, Soutey, Doun Rodth Ti Muoy, Chambak, Doun Rodth Ti Pir|
|Rumchek||Rumchek, Chheu Khloem, Khpob, Thma Dab, Kampey, Phnov, Srae Pongro, Khliech, Kantuot|
|Tramung||Ou Khlout, Tramaeng Leu, Tramung, Choam Triek, Andoung Thma Leu, Andoung Thma Kraom, Roung Chakr Skar, Tramaeng Kraom, Doung, Choam Trav, Chhuk, Ngeu Thmei, Ngeu Thum, Trapeang Ngeu, Chrey, Roung Chakr Lech, Roung Chakr Kaeut, Doung, Sambour, Krouch|
|Tonlung||Kdol Leu, Kdol Kraom, Kdol Phsar, Changkum Ti Muoy, Changkum Kandal, Spean Changkum, Kaoh Thma, Sla Phnum, Mkaor, Beng Kaong, Pong Tuek, Lvea Leu|
|Triek||Dak Por, Bangkov, Prei, Khley, Romeas Choul, Preah Ponlea, Samraong Tboung|
|Kokir||Preaek Puoy, Kngaok, Srae Poul, Tuol Thma, Kokir Cheung, Kokir Tboung, Salang Bei, Chamkar Thmey|
The district is subdivided into 14 communes (khum) and 175 villages (phum). According to the 1998 Census, the population of the district was 111,296 persons in 21,775 households in 1998. With a population of over 110,000 people, Memot district had the third largest population in Tboung Khmum province after Ponhea Kraek and Tboung Khmom. The average household size in Memot is 5.1 persons per household, which is slightly lower than the rural average for Cambodia (5.2 persons). The sex ratio in the district is 94.5%, with significantly more females than males.
- General Population Census of Cambodia, 1998: Village Gazetteer. National Institute of Statistics. February 2000. pp. 49–52.
- Total Road Atlas of Cambodia 2006 (3rd ed.). Total Cambodge. 2006. p. 44.
- Cambodia Road Network (Version 03-00 ed.). Ministry of Public Works and Transport. 2001.
- "Kampong Cham Provincial Resources". Ministry of Commerce. Archived from the original on January 5, 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-25.
- Thuy, Chanthourn. "Preliminary Study of the Memotian Culture" (PDF). Siksacakr - Issue No5. Center for Khmer Studies. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 20, 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-04.
- "Research History". Memot Centre for Archaeology. Retrieved 2009-02-06.
- Gerd Albrecht; et al. (2000). "Circular Earthwork Krek 52/62 Recent Research on the Prehistory of Cambodia" (PDF). Asian Perspectives. 39 (1-2). ISSN 0066-8435. Retrieved 2009-11-15.
- Kent Davis. "Bulldozers Destroy Priceless Archaeological Site in Cambodia". Retrieved 2010-09-07.
- "‘Dry’ port to start operations in Kompong Cham" (PDF). Business Press. 17–23 October 2005. Retrieved 2009-02-04.
- "Kampong Cham Administration". Royal Government of Cambodia. Archived from the original on 2009-02-10. Retrieved 2009-01-20.
- General Population Census of Cambodia, 1998: Village Gazetteer. National Institute of Statistics. February 2000. pp. 32–73.